structive, that we feel great pleasure in transferring it to our pages. Our brethren of the United States, though destitute of the advantage in their federal capacity of a church establishment, yet enjoy, in some of the older States, the remains of excellent public religious institutions ; and one relic of the old times of the pilgrim Fathers, and their godly successors, is the not unfrequent recognition and acknowledgment of the providence and protection of God, in national concerns, by the appointment of days of spiritual rejoicing or humiliation. In our own highly-favoured country, we have not had a day of special thanksgiving during the memory of the young people of the land, though many and great have been our mercies ; nor have we publicly set apart a day for fasting and supplication for many years, except once during the alarm at the time of the cholera ; notwithstanding that our national offences would oftentimes have rendered such a solemnity eminently appropriate.

Let us hope that the national gratitude for the providential deliverance of our beloved Queen, as it has been the means of reviving this pious observance, will prevent it again sinking into oblivion. We hail it as a return to the pious usages of former days; and trust that it will lead to a more frequent special commemoration of public mercies, and humiliation under national trials. (This was written when a special day was expected to be set apart.] The following is the American proclamation alluded to: “By his Excellency, William W. Ellsworth, Governor of the state of

Connecticut. “God in his universal providence presides over the affairs of men. The vastness and fitness of the works of God, as well as the endowments and dignity of man, declare the divine knowledge, power, and perfection, while the clearer light of Revelation shows that God conducts his government with infinite wisdom and benevolence. Nations and states, families and individuals, in all their progress and changes, are embraced in his comprehensive and sovereign purposes. It becomes us, as the creatures of his power, to bow before the Creator whom we acknowledge-to propitiate his favour-own his rightful authority, and unreservedly commit to him our dearest interests.

“ In such a frame of mind let us review the year now drawing to a close, and endeavour to estimate the blessings, spiritual and temporal, which it has brought for our enjoyment, that we may delight to come up, after the manner of our fathers, with united praise and thanksgiving, to pay the homage of adoring and grateful hearts to Him who was our fathers' covenant and faithful God.

“In perpetuation of a revered custom of the people of this State, I do appoint Thursday, the twenty-eighth day of November next, to be observed as a day of thanksgiving and prayer. And I invite the people of this State on said day to cease from their accustomed pursuits ; to assemble with their religious teachers in their usual places of public worship, and there, with elevated affections and joyful praise, render acknowledgments to the Author of our being and our blessings, especially to thank Him for having endowed us with intellectual and moral powers, and opened to our view, through the atonement and revelation of his Son, a destiny of enduring felicity beyond the grave; also, that in our day, light and knowledge are spreading so triumphantly through the nations of the earth, and the oppression of government gradually yielding to the philanthropic influence of Christian truth; that to our own nation he has given a constitution of free prin. ciples and equitable laws-security to property—the enjoyment of civil and religious privileges-that education, science, the arts, manufactures, commerce, and agriculture, are generally prospered, and above all, for the fruitfulness and plenty of the passing year.

“Let us also supplicate God that he would defend and preserve this nation ; impart a reverence for truth, justice, and true liberty, and an abhorrence of falsehood, selfishness, and restless ambition ; that he would bind these states in closer union-give barmony to the general and state governments--cast light upon the paths of our rulers—impart to the people a due sense of the value of our institu. tions, and open their eyes to the peculiar dangers which threaten them—that he would cause sectional and party prejudice to yield to enlarged views of the general good_local jealousy and self-aggrandizement to be extinguished in true and generous patriotism—that he would put an end to intemperance, bondage, infidelity and crime, which tend to undermine our social fabric, and are exposing us to the judgments of a righteous God—that he would encourage and give success to every benevolent and Christian enterprise at home and abroad_continue to diffuse knowledge and truth, and still extend to this land the blessings of abundant harvests, health, peace, order, the security of the law, and the best gifts of education and religious instruction; so that we may happily fulfil the destiny and enjoy the invaluable privileges of an enlightened, prosperous, and Christian are,

“Given under my hand and the seal of said State, at Hartford, this eighth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty.nine, and of the Independence of the United States, the sixty-fourth.



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To the Editor of the Christian Observer, I would suggest to C. S. in your last Number, that Laymen who so much regret that the Clergy do not sufficiently visit them at their own homes, have the remedy, in great measure, in their own hands. Let, for example, C. S. subscribe £20 or £30 per annum, (less than his baker or butcher's bill would amount to) and prevail on a few friends, equally anxious with himself for Pastoral Visitation, to do likewise. Let him then call on the Rector of the parish-and show him that a suitable maintenance is provided for an additional Clergyman, and doubtless he will joyfully appoint one. Till the Laity show more anxiety of this description for their own supply of spiritual instruction, I confess, Sir, that their complaints—that in the present awful lack of Clergy (a lack which they have it in their power at once to supply) they are not sufficiently attended to—their complaints, I say, with me at least, go for very little. Your constant reader,

J. H. W.

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The Correspondence of William Wilberforce, edited by his Sons R. J.

WILBER FORCE, M.A., Vicar of East Farleigh, late Fellow of Oriel
College, and S. WILBERFORCE, M.A., Archdeacon of Surrey,

Rector of Brightstone. 2 Vols. 1840.
We rise from the perusal of these ment. The Correspondence forms
volumes with a full persuasion a befitting sequel to the Life ; and
that in no way can we consult so the Life is so fresh in memory,
much the interest or edification of that we need no other introduc-
our readers, as offering extracts tion to the correspondence. We
from them as largely as our limits are presented with a great num-
permit, with little of note or com- ber of letters from Mr. Wilber-

force himself, and from many of character, present many most the most eminent men of his age beautiful and valuable remarks -statesmen, divines, and philan- connected with “ the life of God thropists, of all shades and va- in the soul of man," and its rieties; their varied compositions beamings forth in the details of assuming a character of unity,from Christian practice. It is edifying the constant presence of the hero

to see Mr. Wilberforce himself so of the piece, whose urbanity, be- often thrusting aside the urgent nevolence, piety, and delightful worldly affairs which pressed upon vein of epistolary address, give him, to enjoy hallowed intercourse unceasing interest and animation with a Christian friend ; and even to the whole range of corres

in the lighter epistles, a passing pondence.

Whether writing to word or thought evinces, that Mr. Pitt or John Newton, to Lord religion was felt by him habitually Grenville or to a Yorkshire yeo

to be the most momentous of man, on a question of state or a

human concerns. domestic incident, in joy or in

The readers of the Christian sorrow,—but most in his letters Observer will find themselves to his bosom friends—to Thorn. among many old friends in glancton, to Stephen, to Hey, to Ma- ing over these pages. Several of caulay, to Babington, to H. More the letters allude to papers in -and to members of his family, our volumes

; and among Mr. a sister, a dependant relative, a Wilberforce's correspondents we child, there is throughout so much find many whose pens have both of intellect and feeling, such adorned our pages ;:- Hey, Richa spirit of amiableness and warm

ardson, Babington, Gray, Venn, heartedness, such a wish to impart Buchanan, Dean Milner, Gispleasure and profit, such love to borne, Bowdler, Teignmouth, MaGod and man, in short, some- caulay, H. More, and not least thing so thoroughly Wilberforcian, Wilberforce himself : that the reader must love and “And all that round us blooms, is venerate the writer, even if he blooming o'er the dead.” had never before heard of his The first letter in the work is name—and how much more when

one from Mr. Pitt, with whom memory recalls the many endear. Mr. Wilberforce enjoyed a very ing associations connected with it. intimate acquaintance-indeed an The letters also of many of his endeared friendship, which concorrespondents are highly interest. tinued till Mr. Pitt's death, so far ing, either from the celebrity of the as was compatible with occasional writers, or the subject of their com- differences in political opinion, the munications; or both. There are incessant occupation of both in of course, in the mass, many that their respective spheres of busilead to nothing ; and familiar ness, and the great stateman's letters are not to be scanned as if coldness towards those highest they were prize essays; but in concerns which to his friend most there is something worth were of the dearest interest. In collecting, or at least that is these letters Mr. Pitt is seen either innocently recreating. But to in his moments of relaxation and others belongs a higher value; social intercourse, or great moral and political questions nicating confidentially with his are touched upon ; the secret friend on important public quesmachinery of many public mea- tions, especially the abolition of sures is unveiled; and above all the slave-trade; while Mr. Wilthe letters of a directly religious berforce, popularly known in his


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latter years chiefly by his con- for crossing the seas.

Eliot and I meet nexion with objects of philan- punctually at Bankes's the 1st of Sen

tember, and in two days after shall be thropy and piety-is found in the

in London. Pray let us see you, or very centre of elevated political hear from you by that time, and do not intercourse ; on the high road, if verify my prophecy of detaining us a he had pleased to wend it, of fortnight, and jilting us at the end of

it. We shall really not have a day to worldly ambition, a coronet doubt

lose, which makes me pursue you with less and lucrative acquisition this hasty admonition. Adieu. being within his easy grasp ; yet

“ Ever yours, W. Pitt." devoting himself, with exemplary

Burton Pynsent, Aug. 30, 1783. disinterestedness, to laborious and

“Dear Wilberforce,-Your letter bas often ill-requited duties ; willing relieved me from the two fears I have to suffer loss and obloquy for con- for some time entertained ; the one of science sake; foregoing all the ad- losing the pleasure of your company,

the other of being made to wait for it. vantages of party connexion ; and

I am very sorry for the state of your satisfied, if as an honest and di

eyes; but I am quite of opinion that ligent and Christian man, he might the air of Rheims is exactly the thing be found devoting his talents to for you. I hope to find it equally sohis Lord's glory, occupying till he vereign for tooth-aches and swelled

faces, which have persecuted me ever should come, and endeavouring since I have been here, as if it was the to discharge his duties in that state middle of a session. We shall agree of life to which it had pleased excellently as invalids, and particularly God to call him. Of the who

in making the robust Eliot fag for us, many

and ride bodkin, and letting him enjoy were solaced by him in affliction, all the other privileges of health. He relieved in pecuniary pressure, is to be at Bankes's certainly on the 2d advised in spiritual difficulties, or

or 3d, that is, Tuesday or Wednesday.

I shall be there the 1st, and mean be aided in objects of charity and

should not bait more than one night, if humanity, few perhaps were aware I can help it. Bankes will bave some how much, according to worldly reason to quarrel with me; but I hardly maxims, he was sacrificing; or

see why you should come 100 miles were aware that the devout author

from London merely to go back the

next day. I am afraid of all unneces. of the “ Practical View” of Chris

sary delays, as we shall certainly find tianity; the promoter of Bible no time to spare. and Missionary institutions; the “ If you can meet with a very comunostentatious patron of village

modious carriage, I think you will do

well to secure it; if not, we must take schools, might have basked in

up with such as Monsieur Dessein will the sunshine of courts, and en- furnish us with at Calais. I direct this joyed, for less than the asking, all

to the Castle of Wimbledon. If you

do not come to Bankes's before we set that statesmen and princes could

out, leave word in Spring Gardens bestow.

where you are, that we may be sure of A few of the letters from Mr. of you as soon as you arrive. I have Pitt shall be our first series of heard some rumour of your having extracts. Some of them touch talked of embarking at Brighthelm

ston; but I assure you Dover is the upon important matters; and place, especially as I must absolutely others, not so weighty, are at least pass through London. curious and characteristic, as ex

“Yours most sincerely, W. Pitt.” hibiting that eminent and digni

Downing Street, Dec. 24, 1784. fied man in undress, and talking “My dear Wilberforce,-I hope you about trifles

will have received a letter I sent you

last post, the chief business of which Burton Pynsent, Saturday, was to apprise you that the Reform

August 22, 1783. must come on early in the session-I “Dear Wilberforce,--I hope you have now think the time must be between found benetit enough from your inland the 20th and 25th of February. Since rambling, to be in perfect order now I wrote, I find that it is probable a

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me so.

meeting will be called before that time sure for the use of his pen. They in Yorkshire, to renew a general peti- I believe, perfectly happy (though tion, and in fact to support my propo- after having had some family plagues sals. It is impossible for me in writ. to encounter); and this, you will ima. ing, and especially in violent haste, to gine, contributes not a little to make enter into all the particulars. I think

A vacancy has occurred of Re. a reasonable and generally satisfactory membrancer in the court of Exche. proposal may be digested; and I am quer, an office for life of about 1,4001. working hard on all sides with a view per annum, which I am to be a good to it. The idea with regard to York- deal abused for having given to Eliot. shire seems to be what it ought, to I think not justly, though perhaps a procure as general a concurrence of the little plausibly; but which I shall have county as possible, and to steer clear abundant reason to endure with paof jealousies with regard to the Asso- tience. It will be obsolete history to ciation. Wyvill seems to suppose the talk of the fate of the Irish proposi. business not very difficult; though tions. It is not forced pbilosophy sodne friends are unwilling to stir. which makes me look back to it as an The time of the meeting is likely to issue (though not the best), yet, on the be the end of January or beginning of whole, far from bad. To bave carried the February. You may just have time whole triumphantly would have been to write ; and your suggestions to your the first wish ; to fail without endanparty (which, I believe, is vot less nu- gering the quiet of the country, and merous, in proportion, in Yorkshire even with fresh security against partial than in the House of Commons) may innovations in the present state of our be of great use. You will perhaps commercial relations; and to leave the have heard from Wyvill about this ; business on a clear and honourable but I would not delay telling you all I issue, to be resumed or abandoned as know; as your taking some steps may the real current of opinion in that be very material, and it is of great country may direct,-ought to be seconsequence that the business should cond. “And that I take to be the actual come forward in a proper manner. situation. It is said that there is a

“Adieu : I must conclude, having change of disposition already in favour ño time for foining-I hope you have in of the system. But I receive these abundance, and profit by that, and by reports with caution; and though posbeing some hundred miles from as hard sibly it may one day be called for, I a winter as the last. You have left do not expect that day to be very ús an unreasonable while without any

I hear of you at Spa, where news of your motions; and I rather (except for climate) you have, I imafear Aix-en-Provence is become an gine, your choice at once of all nations obsolete direction, but it is the best in a small compass ; at least a collecwe have.

tion of what your friend calls excellent “Ever affectionately yours, speciinens, and, which must resemble

W. Put." a little forest in our jardin of les

peuples végétaux surpris de croître * Brighthelmston, Sept. 30, 1785. ensemble.'. I hope you profit by the " My dear Wilberforce,

waters, and that, in the mean time, it hardly imagine (though perhaps from will be your principal care to select observation and experience you may the best correspondences for the best guess) how it bas come to pass that, by wines from all the countries you hear the simple operation of putting off only of. I am going in a few days to from one day to the next, I have been Somersetshire to meet Eliot and my now some months without writing to sister. you. By the date of my letter you “ I touch at Bankes's in my way will perceive that idleness has had back, and shall then conclude my homore share than business in the latter lidays with a fortnight more at this part of this delay. I have been here place. My scene of business is reabout three weeks in the enjoyment of moved from Putney Hill to one in exercise and leisure, and eating and Kent, about fourteen miles from town, drinking; things which to me, from where I have just bad the folly to pur. their antiquity, were nearly forgotten, chase the most beautiful spot within that and (as you know) must for that very distance, and wanting nothing but a reason have the charm of novelty: house fit to live in. A-propos, we are all

“ The only interruption which has turning country gentlemen very fast; called me to town was to dispose of my George Rose having just bought an sister, whom Eliot has taken into his estate in the New Forest, which he possession, as you have probably heard vows is just a break fasting distance. from himself, if he bas yet found lei. The produce of our revenues is gloriChrist. OBSERV. No. 31.

3 I


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