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wise, I would not speak thus. I know sometimes exhibits too much of that we must all appear before the great effort; as if he were fearful of wbite throne, that the books will be opened—that human opinions, customs, saying what is common-place, and and arguments, will avail us nothing thus wearying attention ; and to that the approbation of God will be all this, in part, combined with the we want then—let it be all we seek fervour of his country, may be now. With these feelings I do affectionately entreat you to consider whether attributed some hardihood of the dying agonies of the Messiah, or the remark or expression, and occatremendous realities of the great and sional over doing in words or meandreadful day of the Lord, can without ing. But the piety, the zeal, the exhibition of musical skill, or the grati- eloquence, and often the striking fication of musical taste? Can the originality of his remarks, have practice be vindicated by arguments been widely acknowledged ; and which will be approved by, Him who his papers have been read with shall sit on the great wbite throne? If not, then you will refrain, both for the much interest, and, we trust, sake of others and of yourselves, from spiritual profit. His excellent partaking of these amusements. If you Lectures upon 1 Peter iv. 7, hesitate, you will relinquish the plea
“ Watch unto prayer," have been I
pray God to give you a right judgment in all things, that when the reprinted, and form a valuable great day of his wrath shall come, you manual of instruction in rightemay be able to stand; and that, washed ousness; and his present volume in bis blood, and renewed by his Spirit, is a suitable, and perhaps more he may present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding Hiffernan's object is evidently to
promote what Scougal strikingly The volumes which we have calls “ the life of God in the soul noticed are of English growth; of man.” He rather recognizes but we ought not to forget that and applies doctrines than disthe Established Church in Ire- cusses them. He strives to get at land is a portion of our own ; the recesses of the heart whether we are not two churches, but for conviction or conversion; for “ the United Church.” We are sanctification or consolation. He happy therefore to conclude our is anxious that the believer should desultory review with a specimen enjoy his exalted privilege as a of the quality of the sister king- regenerated being, under a code dom; and with two such sermon of privilege, a law of love; but writers in one parish in a provin- that it should ever be felt that the cial town, as Mr. Woodward, and mortification of sin is an essential his curate Mr. Hiffernan, Ireland part of that very privilege, and has no reason to shrink from that our freedom includes not comparison,-if comparison, in- less our emancipation from the stead of mutual confirmation and bondage of sin, than our deliverillustration, were our purpose. ance from its guilt; in other
Of Mr. Hiffernan's volume of words, that its curse, from which Lectures,entitled “Characters and we are to be rescued, includes its Events in Scripture History, prac- iron reign, as well as the punishtically considered,” we will not ment which it draws down upon say much; because as most of us both now and hereafter. the pieces have appeared in our The characters and events own pages with his initials, our treated of in this volume are readers can form their own judg. Eve, Adam, the Serpent, Joshua, ment concerning them, and ours Elijah, the Syrophenician, the might be considered biassed. The Rich Young Ruler, Judas, Saul, writer's style of composition and Paul. Several of the titles our readers will recognize, but fertile minds might pass by as much of the volume is new. It barren ; and though the connecwould be superfluous to exhibit a tion is sometimes very slight, we brick as a specimen, where an gladly accept a good essay, though edifice may be surveyed; and the motto did not necessarily therefore, instead of giving a
suggest it. partial extract, we refer our There is much that is striking readers to those pieces which and practically valuable in the have appeared in our pages. first Lecture, in which the writer
shews that a holy conversation Of Mr. Woodward's writings is the only means by which a we should say much, had we not minister can adapt himself to expressed our opinion upon fur- the several ranks of society, and mer occasions, in reviewing his attract their confidence. Every sermons in our volume for 1836, one must have observed that a page 105, and 1838, page 831. clergyman whose conversation His Lectures on the Woman of is holy, can associate in his pastoShunem sustain all that we re- ral labours with all sorts and conmarked of his fervid eloquence, ditions of men; nay, that even his striking originality, the classi- a pious layman, with the same cal beauty of his style, his know- passport and under the same proledge of the human heart, and tection, will find the hearts of his strong feeling of the adapta- men open to him, so that, as in the tion of the Gospel to it, in all its house of God itself, high and low, varied phases, and particularly as rich and poor, may meet together God's instrument for restoring to without any sacrifice, on either it the beauty and the blessedness side, of feeling or conventional of holiness. On account of the propriety. frequent familiarity of remark,
“And it fell on a day that Elisha and the apt stories and illustra- passed to Shunem, where was a great tions which he has introduced, woman; and she constrained him to the author has considered it pro
eat bread. And so it was, that as oft
as he passed by, he turned in thither to per to state that these “Lectures
eat bread.'--2 Kings iv. 8. were not “addresses from the “ The preceding verses represent the pulpit ; ” but we think it probable prophet as exercising his ministry in far that at least the substance of different scenes from what these words
exhibit. He had lately been an inmate them was used either in that or
in the abodes of poverty. He had been some other form of oral pastoral visiting the widow and the fatherless. instruction ; but be this as it may,
He had been listening to a tale of sorthe “ Lectures,” or “Chapters,
and hearing the complaints of one
whose heart was wounded in the tenas he calls them in the “ Sequel,” derest point ; and who waz, moreover, are so full of interesting and pro- to prepare for the loss of the only comfitable matter that we are thank- pensations which God had left her. ful for the gift, and shall proceed But the story is best told in her own
few words : nor indeed could anything, to impart a portion of the treasure
save the divine simplicity of Scripture, to our readers. The brief rela- do justice to such a theme. Now tion respecting the Shunamite there cried a certain woman of the woman, 2 Kings iv., may not seem
wives of the sons of the prophets unto to furnish a suflicient text for two
Elisha, saying, Thy servant my husband
is dead; and thou knowest that thy volumes of remark : but besides servant did fear the Lord : and the crethe more obvious points of the ditor is come to take unto him my two narrative, Mr. Woodward is inge- happiness, it is true, of averting
so sore nious in eliciting theses from
a calamity, and of causing this widow's events and remarks which less heart to sing for joy. But still, it was
from the abodles, so lately, of want and not envy Judah. It discloses scenes' sorrow, that we trace him to scenes where the servant is free from his masthus strikingly in contrast with them. ter, and where Lazarus rests in AbraWe see him, at one moment, the fami- ham's bosom. It announces the preliar guest of the poor and friendless ; sence of Hiin before whom all earthly and, at another, solicited and constrain. splendours fade, and who, nevertheless, ed to accept the hospitalities of the for our sakes became poor. The hum. wealthy. Such were the vicissitudes blest of the humau family, if born fiom of this prophet's life: the disparities above, is at home and at ease in the of condition with which he was daily presence of his God.
He may not conversant. Such also are the chequer- know by what suitable titles to address ed scenes through which the Christian his earthly superiors ; but to the minister has, more or less, to pass. He Majesty of heaven he can cry, with is the shepherd of the whole flock, tilial confidence, Abba, Fatber. In one without distinction. He is debtor both respect, at least, the poor man has a to the rich and to the poor. He is the decided advantage, religiously considerservant, equally, of all, and there is no ed, over his more exalted brother. respect of persons. It is his duty to Standing below them both, bis position become all things to all men, that be naturally leads him to compare the may by all means save some.
greatness of man with the greatness of “ Hence arises a motive, additional God; and this in a manner which can. to every other, for the minister of reli- not but endear religion to his heart.”' gion being a spiritual man. Nothing “This is the victory that overbut what abstracts him from common cometh the world,' says the Apostle; interests, separates him from common 'even our faith. Faith is the tele. babits, takes bim out of the ranks of scope of the soul, by whose magic high or low, and lifts him off the level
power those objects stand revealed, of human precedences ;-nothing but which remove, at once, all that painful what saves him from being identified sense of inferiority which we bave been with any of the castes which lie along describing. It places upon the field of the graduated scale of worldly little. vision Him before whom all this ness or worldly greatness ;-nothing, I world's glory hides its diminished head; say, but this unearthly character, can and whose presence alone can, without adapt his ministrations to each and disturbance to the order of society, every division of his people ; and enable equalize all buman ranks, and level all him to visit them freely as the common man's conventional distinctions in the air, and to offer himself as a universal dust. For thus his coming was anblessing, which none can monopolise or nounced by his great forerunner : appropriate to themselves. It is this “Every valley shall be filled, and which renders him, as far as sinful dust every mountain and hill shall be brought can be, a fit representative of Him who low; and the crooked shall be made came down to the level of the lowest, straight, and the rough ways shall be while he announced himself the spiri- made smooth; and all Hesh shall see the tual Sovereign of the world; who was salvation of God.' numbered amongst the sons of poverty, " It is in this view, as well as every while kings fell down and worshipped other, that the separation of God's mihim.
nisters from worldly habits, worldly • There is, inseparable from human business, and wordly pleasures, should weakness, a distressing sense of inferi- be carried into the fullest possible etority, which those of the humbler fect. Without this, they cannot exerclasses feel when brought into familiar cise an influential or acceptable minis. contact with, what are termed, their try, as it respects the poor. They canbetters. The appearance of a gentle- not come down to their level; and noman in a poor man's dwelling producesthing else can open to them the ave. of necessity, restraint and awkward. nues of the heart. It was this which ness, provided the parties meet on caused the Son of God to descend from worldly terms. There is but one thing, heaven. To save man, it was necesin this case, that can remove the obsta. sary that he should become man, that cles to free and unembarrassed inter- be might thereby not only suffer in the course, and that is, religion. At its nature which incurred the penalty of approach, all painful distinctions vanish. death, but that he might speak to us For religion brings men's higher natures as a man speaketh to his friend ; that a into play: It puts them, mutually, on brother's blood should warm his heart the footing of immortal beings. It and flow through all his veins; that he anticipates that time, when Judah shall might touch us at every point of kin. not vex Ephraim, and Ephraim shall dred feeling ; and say to every soldier of Curist. Observ. No. 34.
the cross,-'Be of good cheer, I, en- would a military officer incur, if he compassed with your infirmities, and were to associate with the private sol. tempted like as you are, I have fought diers of his regiment in their ordinary the good fight, and overcome the and familiar babits, and, still more, in world. All, then, who would further riotous pursuits or vicious pleasures ? the work which their Saviour humbled Yet no one could call it condescension himself to accomplish, inust follow in unsuited to his station (glad as too many his steps : if they would preach the are to assail the character of a religious Gospel to the poor, they must conde. man) if he knelt by the sick-bed of his scend to men of low estate.
humblest fellow-soldier ; if he listened * But how is this to be done? The to him, while he opened the very seclergy of the Established Church are, as crets of his heart; and besought him to their temporal rank, entirely off their by every endeariug motive, with all the level. They are all, as their births, or importunity of a friend, the tenderness stations in the Church may happen, re. of a brother, and the imploring earnest. 'spectively, to be, of either the middle, liess of a supplicant, that he would be or the upper orders of society. What reconciled to God. Again, how freely, then can make the poor man feel, in his and on what equal terms, do the exintercourse with them, that perfect ease tremes of society, separated from one and unrestraint which a sense of fair another by many intervening classes, equality alone can give ? Nothing, I and never, by possibility, coming into repeat it, but the clergyman's being, as familiar contact in any of the scenes of on every account he is bound to be, a ordinary life, how do they kneel holy and a spiritual man. While he down together before the memorials of preserves this character, he identifies a Saviour's love ; and, in the presence himself with a system which is above of God and of each other, pray that the world, and not of the world ; and they all may be one, one with Christ, which, as I have before observed, and Christ with them; and there eat places men in mutual relations belong- the same spiritual meat, and drink the ing to eternity, and not to time. On
same spiritual drink; blend together in the other hand, the moment he assumes the finest sympathy ot' soul, and join the air and deportment of a man of the heart to heart in one common flame of world, he becomes, thereby, a party in gratitude and love! I need adduce no a state of things where earthly distinc. further instances. These are abund. tions are displayed in their full import antly suficient to establish the princi. ance, and where, consequently, the cha- ple I lay down.” racter of the minister, who is the ser. vant of all, ‘for Jesus's sake,' is trans. The following remarks upon formed into that of the gentleman, from making a due provision for the whom the poor man stands at humble distance.
clergy suggest many important “ Perhaps there is nothing which considerations; and they are the more remarkably distinguishes what more entitled to be carefully the Scripture calls the world,' from what it terms (I mean in reference to
weighed, for that the writer has this life) the kingdom of heaven,' than personally witnessed the gocd this,-that in the former, it is neces, and evil of existing systems and sary to guard the lines which mark the
proposed improvements. As the different classes of society with the most rigid strictness; while in the lat.
son of an Irish prelate, in the ter, the whole human family can meet
days of “ Protestant ascendancy,” and live as brethren. What, for ex- and himself the incumbent of a ample, would be thought of a gentle. valuable benefice, he has seen man, if, of choice, he dined with his
the sunny side of church en. servants ; or assembled them in the evening to talk of the news and gossip dowments; and as a partaker of the day? And yet be may gather in the vicissitudes which have them together, and take sweet counsel befallen his church of late years, on the things of God, and, as I myself he may have known what it was have seen, in the case of a nobleman of bigh rauk, inquire of the humblest of to be scantily supplied as well his domestics, how they thought and as how to abound. His judgment felt upon the passages which he read therefore upon the subject of due from Holy Scripture ;—and here there provision for the clergy, comes was no confusion of ranks, no breach of order or decorum, In like manner,
with the weight of experience as what scandal and loss of character well as observation. From his
remark, that “ The new tithe Act Nay, may we not conceive that the little is by far the best modification
inventory of its contents was formed of a scheme which leaves the
from the observation, tbat these simp'e
articles were, on former occasions, the clergyman to collect his income
only ones he seemed to want or value; from his own parishioners," we or even (a thing by no means improgather that he disapproves of the bable) from
bable) from having beard bim say, that,
if he were to choose a resting-place clergy being their own tithe
upon earth, it would be an apartment collectors; and we believe that
so situated and so furnished ? Nor do he proved the sincerity and dis- I esteem such a conjecture trifling. I interestedness of his conviction, consider nothing unimportant which
serves to exbibit an example of readiby refusing to appeal to the
ness to give cheerfully and liberally to courts of law for the recovery
a servant of God, in honour of his Mashis tithes, when robbed of them ter. I feel this the more, because it is by conspiracy and violence. my strong conviction, that the present ... Let us," said the Shunammite, and that, amongst many hopeful symp
age stands in need of such examples ; make a little chamber, I pray thee, on the wall; and let us set for him respect, a lamentable failure. That an
toms of advancing piety, there is, in this there a bed, and a table, and a stool, ungodly world should pass over and and a candlestick : and it shall be, neglect the messengers of Him who when he cometh to us, that he shall
came to save it, however to be deplored, turn in thither.'
can neither surprise or startle the well. “ It would require a minuter ac
instructed mind. If the world hate quaintance than we now can have with
you,' says that blessed Saviour, ‘ye the domestic habits of those remoter
know that it bated me before it hated times, to ascertain whether the simple
you.' That men should pay with furniture of this apartment was such grudging calculation for services which as was usually found in the habitations they do not value, is strictly natural, of the wealthy. But of this we may rest assured, from the distinction with popular cry for what is termed a cheap
and in full consistency. Hence the which the prophet was, in every other religion. Hence, if a man devote his respect, treated by his entertainers, time and talents to the bar, to arms, to that all which concerned his personal medicine, to public business, or to the accommodation was regulated accord.
finer arts, the general sense and feeling ingly: and that if his lonely chamber
are that, in all these instances, the lawas devoid of customary decorations, bourer is worthy of his hire. While, if it was simply because he so desired it. The mantle of him who was fed by in the offices of the sanctuary, and in
equal zeal and equal gifts are employed ravens, and who shared the widow's
the service of the altar, there is an albarrel of meal and cruise of oil, bad
most universal cry of Shame,' where fallen upon Elisha. It was enough for
it can be proved that the ambassador the servant to be as his master. A so
from God to man, receives not even the litary student, a holy pilgrim, a pas- half of what would be considered fair senger on his way to heaven, such was
remuneration in any secular calling. Elisha; and under circumstances like
God forbid that I should speak, eren these,
upon the part of my most bighly gifted “ Man wants but little here below, brethren, in a spirit of murmuring or
Nor wants that little long." complaint. I have no anxieties upon A bed, on which to repose after his daily the subject, but that every minister of toils of charity, the type of his ever- the Gospel should welcome poverty, if lasting rest; a table, where to record it be the will of God concerning him, the inspirations of bis God; a stool, to and feel that no humiliation can be sit for pious meditation, or kneel in greater than he deserves. Nor have I secret prayer; a taper, to light bim a wish respecting the temporal interests through many an hour of midnight of the established clergy, save that their study ;- no more he needed, or it would provision, whetherless or more, should be have been gladly and abundantly sup- so dispensed as to rescue them for ever plied. For what could look more like from all pecuniary collisions with their a delicate and anxious attention to ren- own parishioners; from heart-burnings der the visits of such a man tranquil and and broils, in the midst of which it refreshing, than erecting for his sole use seems almost a farce to talk of deadness a new chamber, withdrawn from the to the world, or of setting the affections business and bustle of the family, and on things above. Still, it is no less my out of the reach of every disturbance. firm persuasion, that the parsimony with