est blades of grass show from what quarter the wind blows better than the limbs of the stoutest trees, and we presume in this corner of a note, which may be considered as the place in which the author whispers, or speaks to his readers in an under tone, we desery Dr. Pusey's genuine sentiments. I suspect very few Romish clergymen would have ventured upon such language as this, and heaven preserve my church from inbibing the spirit that breathes through it. It would be more fatal to her interests tban is the Sirocco to tropical regions.

" But if the doctrine of the power of priests to pronounce authoritative absolution from sins savours of Popery, the great point of their conveying or transfusing through baptism the spirit of iminortality, by cementing a union between mankind and the sacred body of Christ, outstrips the most extravagant preten. sions ever put forth by the Pope and all his councils. It towers much above bis supremacy, his infallibility, and all the most enormous prerogatives of the keys; for these all derive their strength from the consideration, that the souls of men are immortal: but could he and his clergy fabricate immortals, another church of St. Peter's might be speedily erected in New York or Philadelphia, without any sale of indulgences, or any Augustin or Franciscan Friars to transport them, in traffic, through the country: U'pon this idea, Steele, in the Tatler, founds an ingenious and well-sustained fiction, in which he introduces Pasquin as writing to him from Rome, and mentioning the consternation into which the Pope and his conclave had been thrown, by the appearance of Dodwell's • Epistolary Discourse.' • The assertion,' says the wit, .appeared to our Literati so short and effectual a method of subjecting the laity, that it is feared auricular confession and absolution will not be capable of keeping the clergy of Rome in any degree of greatness, in competition with such teachers, whose flocks shall receive this opinion. Your readers in this city, (Rome,) some of whom have very much approved the warmth with which you bave attacked freethinkers, atheists, and other enemies to religion and virtue, are very much disturbed that you have given them no other account of this remarkable dissertation. I am employed by them to desire you would, with all possible expedition, send me over the ceremony of the creation of souls, as well as a list of all the mortal and immortal men within the dominions of Great Britain.' The Dr., we have seen, has no stomach to digest the introduction of pleasantry into the serious subjects of religion, and I should be willing to enter with him into an express convention to that effect, but it must be upon the express condition that its advocates take care to avoid all follies and whimsies wbich are worthy of nothing but ridicule.”

Such is “Warburton's " reasoning: which I do not think is strengthened or embellished by the occasional harshness or levity, which, in imitation of the prelate whose name he assumes, he allows himself to use. Put I consider that he has exhibited a prima facie case which demands a distinct reply. If the divines of the Oxford Tract school did not make prudent reserve an essential part of their system, I should say that much of what Warburton objects to in Dr. Pusey's language, is mere unintelligible mysticism ; that it conveys no well-defined idea ; and though it may be Dodwellism, it may be only vague extravagance. This however would not be respectful to Dr. Pusey, who writes too carefully not to couch some meaning, whatever it may be, under his most ambiguous phraseology. I doubt not that most readers, like myself, took for granted that Dr. Pusey meant only that the church conveys to us through baptism what is usually designated “spiritual life”-not immortality but renewal of heart; but upon reconsidering his expressions, and comparing them with those of Dodwell, it seems to me that he means more; and that he has been misunderstood only because we put our own construction upon his words, not suspecting their latent Dodwellism.

And be it remembered that not only is the non-juror Dodwell one of the special favourites of the Oxford Tract writers, but his strange notion has been actually entertained in modern times by one or another of the divines who have kept up the succession of Lau.

Christ. Observ. No. 35.

4 S

dean doctrines. Of this I will bring proof : for when about forty years ago the late Bishop Gleig of Scotland published some sermons, in which he spoke something to the effect of the above extracts from Dr. Pusey, the“ British Critic, in reviewing his sermons, said : “In some passages of these sermons an opinion is stated, apparently coincident with that of the learned Henry Dodwell, that souls, after the Fall, became mortal, and that it was only through the gift of Christ, they became immortal. He does not surely mean to say, that, without the intervention of the Saviour, there would have been no general resurrection, no future judgment. It was assuredly to save us from condemnation, not from annihilation, that the Son of God came down from heaven." Thus inquired the British Critic in former days, (Vol. xxii. p. 664). Will it put the same interrogations to Dr. Pusey in?1840 ? Dr. Gleig's language was certainly not more strong than Dr. Pusey's. “ Salvation,” said Dr. Gleig, “ denotes sometimes our redemption from the everlasting power of the grave." Again : “ The eternal purpose which God purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord, was to restore mankind to that immortality which all had forfeited by the rebellion of their first parents, and it was to accomplish this purpose that he sent his Son into the world to take upon him our nature, to suffer death upon the cross, to rise again from the dead.” That is, “ Christ's resurrection was the cause of our resurrection,” which are Dr. Pusey's very words. We should not have risen but for Christ; that is, we should have been annihilated! This boon—that is, “the principle of life ”—Dr. Pusey says is imparted by the church in baptism. What becomes of the non-baptized ? Did God so love the world that he gave his Son to substitute in their case damnation for annihilation? Would that the Oxford sophists would plainly tell us what they mean!




To the Editor of the Christian Observer. I was surprised to read in a paper by J. M. H., in your September Number, p. 515, the following remark, " Satan is designated by the title, a strong man, to indicate the power which he possesses relative. ly to man." There is much danger in drawing inferences from such slight expressions; and in my experience I am sure that the errors and heresies in the church, since I can remember, have been principally promoted by such a system of interpretation. I should consider the inference in question untenable, even if the sacred text verbally allowed of it; but it is utterly groundless, as the word for man does not occur in the original.



WORKS ON EGYPT, SYRIA, AND TURKEY. 1. Sketches of a Missionary's Travels in Egypt, Syria, Western Africa,

&c. By R. M. MACBRIAR, author of the Mandingo Grammar,

&c. London, 1839. 2. A Pilgrimage to Palestine, Egypt, and Syria. By M. DE GERAMB,

Monk of La Trappe. 2 vols. London, 1840. 3. Narrative of a Voyage to Madeira, &c., with Observations on the

Present State and Prospects of Egypt und Palestine. By W. R.

WILDE, M.R.I.A., &c. 2. vols. Dublin, 1840. 4. Narrative of a Tour through Armenia, Kurdistan, Persia, and Mesopotamia ; with Observations on the condition of Mohammedanism Christianity in those countries. By the Rev. H. SOUTHGATE, Missionary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States

of America. 2 vols. London and New York, 1840. 5. The Illuminated Atlas of Scripture Geography, delineating the Physi

cal and Historical Features of the Geography of Palestine, &c., with an explanatory notice of each map. By W. Hughes, F.R.G.S.

1640. The words Egypt, Syria, and and many of them connected Turkey, will shew why we have with concerns far more momenstrung together the above publi- tous than any that refer only to cations. These three countries, man's mortal nature, and fraught the important political questions with his eternal destinies. Palesconnected with which at this mo- tine in particular awakens deep ment excite such intense interest, emotions; and its annals are suggest themes fraught with the distinguished from those of other most impressive recollections and lands, in that they are universal the most solemn anticipations. history. The records of Greece Hundreds of volumes have been or Rome affect the human race written upon them, and yet only remotely or partially. What almost every new one adds some- is it personally to a Cherokee, a thing to the stock of information Caffer, or a New Zealander, that or important reflection. But it the battle of Marathon was is not secular history which en- fought; or whether Romulus and compasses these countries and Remus did really found the impethe surrounding regions with the rial city ? But the things of most thrilling associations The which Moses and the prophets sacred records, with which our spake, and most especially the earliest childhood was familiar, incarnation, sufferings, death, introduce us, from the book of resurrection, and ascension of the Genesis to that of Revelation, to Son of God, of which the emphaevents of which they were the tically named Holy Land was the site ; events more striking even site, equally concern all the deas narratives than those of any scendants of Adam; the Bible other series of human annals; which records them is the Book

of every age, and every land; however specious, are much less and therefore those localities with weighty than the innumerable which its pages are chiefly con- bonds of union, or causes of dis. versant, are in a measure every sonance, arising from language, man's country. Judea is the religion, manners, political insticentral spot; and as we look tutions, antipathies or predilecupon the regions which surround tions, and long continued union it, or are contiguous to it—as we or separation. All Europe has glance from Egypt to the Red determined (for even France acSea, passing over the sands of knowledges the principle, though the Arabian wilderness, and

and there is some difference of opinion looking to the south towards the about the details) that the interugged cliffs of Sinai; thence grity of the Ottoman empire ought ascending northward, traversing not to be disturbed; for that the from the Euphrates to Mount disruption of the long-established Caucasus, throngh countries relations by which it is held to. which were the cradle of the gether would lead to much evil human race, and the scenes of to the great family of nations. many of its most remarkable We are not at present considering histories; and thence, turning the policy of this or westward to Turkey, the throne for the retention of the balance of of Mohammedanism, once the power, but merely stating the fact, flourishing soil of primitive Chris- that all Europe has determined tianity, and still, like Palestine, that it shall not be disturbed ; the predicted scene of great whereas the tendency of antagonist events yet unaccomplished ; we local forces, if left to themselves, take in a range of lands fraught is to disturb it ; for Egypt has with an accumulation of the most encroached upon, and wishes still interesting and important recol


to encroach upon, the lections, that the whole course of Ottoman empire from the south, history and the whole extent of while to the north Russia seems the globe can furnish.

ambitiously, and we think Egypt, Syria, and Turkey foolishly, anxious to extend her were till of late years potentially conquests : so that between them one empire; and they are still we might soon expect to witness nominally so; for Mehemet Ali, the Apocalyptic drying up of the though absolute master of Egypt Euphrates, which is usually conand the conqueror and ruler of sidered to mean the weakening Syria, is in words only the vassal or dismemberment of the Turkish of the Sultan. As they lie in the empire, that being the central seat map, reposing upon the shores of of Moslemism. This, however, the Mediterranean, to the North, England and her allies have the South, and the East, Turkey set themselves to counteract; separated from Syria by the range not of course with any inof Taurus, and other natural boun- tention of frustrating prodaries, and Syria from Egypt by phecy ; or thinking at all the sandy deserts, they might about it; but as viewing the inwell form three independent em. tegrity of the Ottoman empire as pires, aiding each other by neigh- subservient to their several polibourly relations. But states are tical or commercial interests; the growth of a variety of long and we remember that blame was operating events, and ought not thrown upon the Duke of Wel. to be parcelled out by mere geo- lington's cabinet, a few years graphical considerations, which, since, by some expositors of unfulfilled prophecy, as if he were for religious conference with the fighting against God because he natives of various creeds. The wished (and the present allied two travellers viewed Egypt, and powers have followed up his that remarkable man its goverviews) to conserve to Turkey its nor, with glasses of different full strength. Such minute ap- hue, and the juxta-position of plications of unfulfilled prophecy their sketches will therefore be the to passing events are ill-judged; more amusing, and perhaps somefor, first, it is by no means per. times suggest a third more corfectly certain, however probable, rect than either. Mr. Macbriar that the drying up of the Eu- cannot speak of Mehemet Ali (we phrates does necessarily mean the adopt the spelling of his name downfall of Mohammedanism; now usual) without displeasure secondly, though it probably and indignation; whereas Mr. does, it is not certain that the Wilde, though he does not deny present time is the precise era of or palliate the enormous crimes that predicted event; and,thirdly, which have stained his career, it is still less certain that the gives him credit for better qualidismemberment of Turkey will ties than most English travellers weaken the sway of the False discern in him. At this moment, Prophet; for Mehemet Ali pro- when the Pasha's character, gnfesses to be as good a Mussulman vernment, and institutions are so as the Sultan, and Syria is not much discussed, a few particulars less Mohammedan for being allied will not be uninteresting. with Egypt; and even if it were, The following passages are from it is but a small fragınent of the Mr. Wilde. immense mass of nations which

(Mehemet Ali.)-“While remount. adhere to the faith of the Koran. ing, Mohammad Alee Basha passed on his It is not clear, therefore, that Mo. way to visit his daughter, wbo is marhammedanism would materially ried in Cairo; a father, brother, or suffer, if the allies left Russia and

uncle being the only males allowed to

visit a Turkish lady, except her hus. Egypt, Turkey and Syria, to their band. Seeing a company of Franks, own arrangements; or that they his pace slackened to salute us, thus add much strength to it by their affording us a view of this extraordinary present line of policy. The jus

He is a tine-looking old man, tice or necessity of that policy has birth year of Napoleon, Wellington,

now upwards of seventy, (1769, the nothing to do with the question; and Mohammad Alee), with a very we speak only in relation to what long silver beard; he was dressed in has been said upon the suppos

scarlet, and wore the simple turboosh,

which he is anxious to introduce, and ed bearings of unfulfilled pro- sets the example in his own person. The phecy.

turban would have been, to him at Our cursory glances may as least, a much more becoming head. well commence with Egypt, of dress

. Slight as was our view of him, which Mr. Wilde and Mr. Mac

it did not pass without making us feel

the power of an eye of more brilliancy briar shall furnish us with a few and 'penetration than I ever beheld. characteristic sketches. Mr. Wilde His equipage was very plain—he sat is an intelligent surgeon at Dub. in an old lumbering machine, which in lin, who travelled with an invalid nuated family coach ; drawn, however,

England would be styled a superangentleman. Mr. Macbriar is a by four most magnificent white horses, Wesleyan Missionary, who per- which were managed with considerable ambulated Egypt, distributing the skill by an Arab coachman ; about a Scriptures, and availing himself beside his carriage, and six or eight

dozen cavalry officers of bis staff rode of such opportunities as occurred dromedaries followed, each carrying


« VorigeDoorgaan »