Farewell to the Leftist Working Class
Social conflicts and voting patterns in Western nations indicate a gradual erosion of working-class support for the left, a process that class theory itself cannot adequately explain. Farewell to the Leftist Working Class aims to fill this gap by developing, testing, and confirming an alternative explanation of rightist tendencies among the underprivileged. The authors argue that cultural issues revolving around individual liberty and maintenance of social order have become much more significant since World War II. The obligation to work and strict notions of deservingness have become central to the debate about the welfare state. Indeed, although economic egalitarianism is more typically found among the working class, it is only firmly connected to a universalistic and inclusionary progressive political ideology among the middle class. Farewell to the Leftist Working Class reports cutting-edge research into the withering away of working-class support for the left and the welfare state, drawing mostly on survey data collected in Western Europe, the United States, and other Western countries.
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Alford analysis anomie authoritarianism authoritarianism/libertarianism become more salient Chapter Clark class and voting class issues Class Politics class theory class voting class-based economic interests conﬁrms conﬂict Cronbach’s cultural issue salience cultural participation cultural voting decline of class economic egalitarianism economic egalitarianism/conservatism economic populism Explained ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst ﬁve GroenLinks Higher professionals Higher working class increase of cultural Inglehart issues are salient issues have become left-libertarian leftist leftist parties leftist-voting working class level of education libertarian Lipset Lower professionals measured Middendorp Model Netherlands new-rightist Nieuwbeerta 1995 Nonmanual workers one’s Pearson’s percent Petty bourgeoisie political culture postmaterialism PVDA Reference category relationship between class response categories right-authoritarian rightist voting salience of class Semi and unskilled Seymour Martin Lipset signiﬁcant Skilled manual workers strongly Table Terry Nichols theory of politics trend unemployed unemployment beneﬁt unskilled manual workers Variance Vlaams Blok voters voting and cultural voting behavior workfare World War II Zijderveld