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Syngeth the nyghtyngale; gredeth | Singeth the nightingale; screamtheo jay;
eth the jay; The hote sunne chongeth the clay; The hot sun changeth the clay; As ye well yseen may.
As ye well may see.
8. Havelok. (Manual, p. 34.)
(From Guest's History of English Rhythms, vol. ii. pp. 142–145.)
Hwan he was hosled and shriven, When he was housled and shriven, His quiste maked, and for him His bequests made, and for him given,
given, His knictes dede he alle site, His knights he made all sit, For thorw them he wolde wite, For from them would he know, Hwo micte yeme hise children who should keep his children yunge,
young, Till that he couthen speken wit Till they knew how to speak with tunge, [riden, tongue,
[horse, Speken, and gangen, on horse To speak, and walk, and ride on Knictes and sweynes bi hete' Knights and servants by their side. siden. [sone
[soon He spoken there offe — and chosen They spoke thereof — and chosen A riche man was, that, under Was a rich man, that, under mone,
moon, Was the trewest that he wende Was the truest that they knew Godard, the kinges oune frende; Godard, the king's own friend; And seyden, he moucthe hem And said they, he might best them best loke
keep Yif that he hem undertoke, If their charge he undertook, Till hise sone mouthe bere
Till his son might bear
9. ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. (Manual, p. 33.)
Thuse come lo! Engelond into | Thus came lo! England into NorNormannes honde,
mans'-hand. And the Normans ne couthe speke And the Normans not could speak tho bote her owe speche,
then but their own speech, And speke French as dude atom, And spake French as (they) dic
and here chyldren dude al so at home, and their children teche;
did all so teach : So that heymen of thys lond, that So that high men of this land, that of her blod come,
of their blood come, Holdeth alle thulke speche that hii Hold all the same speech that they of hem nome.
of them took; Vor bote a man couthe French me For but a man know French men tolth of hym wel lute;
tell (reckon) of him well little : Ac lowe men holdeth to Englyss | But low men nol! to English and
and to her kunde speche yute. to their natural speech yet. Ich wene ther ne be man in world I wen there not be man in world contreyes none
countries none That ne holdeth to her kunde That not holdeth to their natural
speche, bot Engelond one. speech but England (al-) one. Ac wel me wot vor to conne both But well I wot for to know both
well it is : Vor the more that a man con, the For the more that a man knows, more worth he ys.
the more worth he is.
wel yt ys;
10. ROBERT MANNYNG OR ROBERT OF BRUNNE.
(Manual, p. 33.)
Lordynges, that be now here, Lords, that be now here,
If ye will listen and learn
All the story of England, Als Robert Mannyng wryten it | As Robert Mannyng found it writfand,
ten, & on Inglysch has it schewed, And in English has shewed it, Not for the lerid bot for the lewed, Not for the learned but for the un
learned, For tho that in this land wonn, For those that in this land dwell, That the Latyn no Frankys conn, That know not Latin nor French, For to haf solace & gamen
In order to have solace and enjoy
ment In felawschip when thai sitt samen. In fellowship when they sit to
THE AGE OF CHAUCER.
11. The Vision of Piers Ploughman, 1350. (Manual, p. 54.)
SATIRE OF LAWYERS.
Yet hoved' ther an hundred
Til moneie be shewed.
2 howves, hooks or caps.
12. JOHN GOWER, d. 1408. Confessio Amantis. (Manual,
p. 56, seq.)
TALE OF THE COFFERS OR CASKETS.
From the Fifth Book.
In a Cronique thus I rede:
These oldè men upon this thing,
Among hemself' compleignen ofte:
So that erliche 8 upon a day
There shall no man his hap despise : I wot well ye have longe served, And God wot what ye have deserved; But if it is along on me Of that ye unavanced be, Or elles if it belong on yow,
4 Saw. 6 Jewels, or precious stones. 9 Fetched.
The sothè shall be proved now:
with tresor so full begon,
They knelen all, and with one vois
The king, which wolde his honor save,
11 Choose. 12 Go.
18 Every one.
13 At last. 14 Their
15 Lose. 16 Then. 17 A rod. 20 As their reward. 21 Seen.