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Give sorrow leave awhile to tutor me
seize the crown;
resign. King Richard. My crown, I am; but still my griefs are mine.
30 You may my glories and my state depose, But not my griefs; still am I king of those. Bolingbroke. Part of your cares you give me with
your crown. King Richard. Your cares set up do not pluck
my cares down. My care is loss of care, by old care done; 35 Your care is gain of care, by new care won.
24. owes) has.
The cares I give I have, though given away;
crown? King Richard. Ay, no; no, ay; for I must nothing
be; Therefore no no, for I resign to thee. Now mark me how I will undo myself: I give this heavy weight from off my head, And this unwieldy sceptre from my hand, The pride of kingly sway from out my heart; With mine own tears I wash away my balm, With mine own hands I give away my crown, With mine own tongue deny my sacred state, With mine own breath release all duteous rites: All pomp and niajesty I do forswear; My manors, rents, revenues, I forego; My acts, decrees, and statutes I deny: God pardon all oaths that are broke to me! God keep all vows unbroke are made to thee! Make me, that nothing have, with nothing griev'd, 55 And thou with all pleas'd, that hast all achiev'd! Long mayst thou live in Richard's seat to sit, And soon lie Richard in an carthy pit ! God save King Henry, unking'd Richard says, And send him many years of sunshine days! 60
W. SHAKESPEARE (from Richard II).
46. balm) the sacred oil.
THE RED HARLAW
(1411) The battle of the Harlaw settled whether the Gaelic or the Saxon race should be predominant in Scotland. The weak rule of the early Stuarts had led to such a state of anarchy in the country that the Highlanders thought Scotland would be an easy prey.
Donald, Lord of the Isles, enforced his claim to the earldom of Ross by ravaging the North with an army of Highlanders and Islesmen. He was opposed by Alexander Earl of Mar at the head of the Northern nobility and gentry of Saxon and Norman descent, for once united against the common peril. The battle was indecisive, but Donald had to retire and renounce his claims to Ross; so that all the advantages of the field were gained by the Saxons. [See Scott's Antiquary.]
Now haud your tongue, baith wife and carle,
And listen, great and sma'
That fought on the red Harlaw.
And doun the Don and a',
For the sair field of Harlaw.
They saddled a hundred milk-white steeds,
They hae bridled a hundred black,
And a good knight upon his back.
A mile, but barely ten,
Wi' twenty thousand men
11. chafron] frontlet.
5. cronach] coronach, death-wail. 15. branking) prancing.
Their tartans they were waving wide,
Their glaives were glancing clear, The pibrochs rung frae side to side,
Would deafen ye to hear.
The great Earl in his stirrups stood,
That Highland host to see;
May prove a jeopardie:
• What would'st thou do, my squire so gay, 25
That rides beside my reyne, Were ye Glenallan's Earl the day,
And I were Roland Cheyne?
• To turn the rein were sin and shame,
To fight were wond'rous peril ;
Were ye Glenallan's Earl ?'
And ye were Roland Cheyne,
And the bridle upon his mane.
* If they hae twenty thousand blades,
And we twice ten times ten,
And we are mail-clad men.
My horse shall ride through ranks sae rude,
As through the moorland fern,-
Grow cauld for Highland kerne.'
SIR W. SCOTT.
44. kerne) foot-soldier.
HENRY V IN FRANCE
After reducing Harfleur, Henry V's purpose was to march on Paris. But he had underestimated the resistance of northern France, and with his army much weakened he was forced to fall back on Calais, and at Agincourt to fight his way through the French in order to secure his retreat.
O! FOR a Muse of fire, that would ascend