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« Precious, indeed, must be the con- portunity of establishing the Papal sutents of that privileged volume, if we trust premacy by tacit reference to these sputhe authority which so decidedly enforces rious documents. Yet as this would have its perusal. There was a time when I but a slight effect upon the mass of the knew it by heart; but long neglect of faithful, a more picturesque story is relathat store of knowledge had lately, left ted in the Life of Pope St John. but faint traces of the most exquisite pas

“ His Holiness being on a journey to sages contained therein. The present Corinth, and in want of a quiet and comoccasion, however, has forced me to take fortable horse, borrowed one which the my old task-book in hand; and it shall lady of a certain nobleman used to ride. now be my endeavour to arrange and The animal carried the Pope with the condense the copious extracts made in greatest case and docility; and, when the my last revision.

journey was over, was returned to his “ The office of the Roman Catholic mistress; but in vain did she attempt to Church was originally so contrived as to enjoy the accustomed services of her fadivide the Psaltery between the seven

vourite. The horse had become fierce, days of the week. Portions of the Old and gave the lady many an unseemly fall : Scriptures were also read alternately with as if,' says the unauthorised record, extracts from the legends of the saints, feeling indignant at having to carry a and the works of the fathers. But as the woman, since the Vicar of Christ had calendar became crowded with saints,

been on his back.* The horse was acwhose festivals take precedence of the cordingly presented to the Pope, as unregular church service, little room is left fit to be ridden by a less dignified personfor anything but a few Psalms, which are age. constantly repeated, a very small part of “ After these samples, no one will be the Old Testament, and mere fragments be surprised to find, in the same authoof the Gospels and Epistles. The great

rised record, all the other supposed mi. and never-ending variety consists in the racles which, in different parts of Italy, compendious lives of the saints, of which move daily the enlightened traveller to I will here give some specimens." laughter or disgust. The translation of the Our limits do not permit us to copy

house of Loretto from Palestine to the Papal many of Mr White's examples. We

States, is asserted in the collect for that fesmust be contented with a very small

tival ; which being a direct address to the

Deily, cannot be supposed to have been carespecimen of the specimens.

lessly compiled.f The two removals of “ The use which the Breviary makes that house by the hands of angels, first of the forged epistles of the early Popes, to the coast of Dalmatia, and thence, over known by the name of false Decretal:, is the Adriatic, to the opposite shore, are frequently obvious to those who are ac- gravely related in the Lessons; where quainted with both. As these Decretals the members of the Roman Catholic were forged about the eighth century, Church are reminded that the identity of with a view to magnify the power of the the house is warranted by papal bulls, Roman See, nothing in their contents is and a proper mass and service published more prominent than that object. The by the same authority, for the annual Breviary, therefore, never omits an op- commemoration of that EVENT.


*“ Cum ei nobilis vir ad Corinthum, equum, quo ejus uxor mansueto utebatur, itineris caus.. commodasset; factum est ut Domino postea remissus equus ita ferox evaderet, ut fremitu, et totius corporis agitatione, semper deinceps dominam expulerit: tanquam indignaretur mulierem recipere ex quo sedisset in eo Christi vicarius.” Brev. Rom. die 27 Maii.

The Breviary, true to its plan of giving the substance of every story that ever sprang from the fertile imagination of the idle monks, concludes the life by stating the vision of a certain hermit, who saw the soul of Theodoric the Goth, carried to hell by Pope John and Symmachus, through one of the volcanos of the Lipari Islands. “ Paulo post moritur Theodoricus: quem quidam eremita, ut scribit Sanctus Gregorius, vidit inter Joannem Pontificem, et Symmachum Patricium, quem idem. occiderat, demergi in ignem Liparitanum." “ This legend,” says Gibbon," is related by Gregory I., and approved by Baronius; and both the Pope and Cardinal are grave doctors, sufficient to establish a probable opinion." Chap. xxxix. Note 108.

+" Deus, qui beatæ Mariæ Virginis domum per incarnati Verbi mysterium misericorditer consecrasti, eamque in sinu ecclesia tuæ mirabiliter collocasti," &c. &c. The account of the pretended miraculous conveyance of the house by the hands of the angels, is given in the lessons : " Ipsius autem Virginis natalis domus divinis mysteriis consecrata, Angelorum ministerio ab Infidelium potestate, in Dalmatiam prius, deinde in Agrum Lauretanum Picenæ Provinciæ translata fuit, sedente sancto Coelestino quinto; eandemque ipsam esse in qua Verbum caro factum est, et habitavit in nobis, tum Pontificis diplomatibus, et celeberrima totius Orbis veneratione, tum continuâ miraculorum virtute, et coelestium beneficiorum gratia, comprobatur. Quibus permotus Innocentius Duodecimus, quò ferventius erga Matris amantissimæ cultum Fidelium memoria excitaretur, ejusdem Sanctæ Domus Translationem anniversariâ solemnitate in tota Piceni Provincia veneratam, Missa etiam et officio proprio

celebrari præcepit." VOL. XVIII.


“ It is rather curious to observe the dif. person," he tells us, may disbelieve every ference in the assertion of Italian and of other miracle, (except those which are reFrench miracles; the unhesitating confi. lated in the Old and New Testament,) and dence with which the former are stated, may even disbelieve the existence of the the hypercritical jealousy which appears persons through whose intercession they in the narrative of the latter. The walk are related to have been wrought, with of St Dionysius, with his own head in his out ceasing to be a Roman Catholic.' hands, from Paris to the site of the pre- We must, however, exempt from this very sent abbey of St Dennis, is given only as ample privilege those who thus solemnly pubi a credible report. • De quo illud meno- lish the miracles themselves, or their honesty rie proditum est, abscissum suum caput would certainly be placed in a strange prei sustulisse, et progressum ad duo millia dicament. Still, by a stronger reason, we passuum in manibus gestasse.'* The must suppose them perfectly convinced French, indeed, with their liberties of the of the reality of that annual wonder, which Gallican church, have never been favour- for ages lias been repeated under their ites at Rome; but all is certainty in the eyes. How, then, can they be so insenaccounts of Ítalían worthies. Witness sible to the forlorn condition of heretics the renowned St Januarius, wliose extra- and unbelievers, as not to allow a close inordinary miracles, both during his life spection of that undeniable proof of the under Diocletian, and in our own days, Roman Catholic faith? The present Pope are stated with equal confidence and pre. invites us to see the manger where the cision. That saint, we are told, being infant Saviour lay at Bethlehem. Would thrown into a burning furnace, came out it not be more charitable to allow one of so perfectly unhurt, that not even his our chemists to view the blood of St Jan clothes or hair were singed. The next nuarius, and observe its change,not day all the wild beasts in the amphitheatre surrounded by priests, candles, and the came crouching to his feet. I pass over smoke of frankincense, and thus conthe other ancient performances of Janu- vert us all at once." arius to show the style in which his wonderful works, after death, are given. His

This church, however, does not pabody, for instance, on one occasion, ex

tronize mere absurdities, though it tinguished the flames of Vesuvius.t This

were charge enough that she was is no miracle upon vague report, but one guilty, as she unquestionably is, of which, according to the Breviary, de- the Antichristian sin of degrading the serves a peculiar remembrance. ''Next miracles of the Bible, by loading them comes that noble miracle'-præclarum with the weight of her own vile inillud the liquefaction of Januarius's ventions. The superstitions which she blood, which takes place every year in

inculcates are not merely absurd, and Naples. The usual state of the blood, as consequently dangerous to the faith a coagulated mass, and its change into a which they disfigure they are often bubbling Auid, are circumstantially de- directly and distinctly of immoral, scribed, as might be expected, from his- sinful, and most unchristian tendency. torians, who convey the most minute in- “ The first noxious ingredient which formation, even about the clothes and poisons charity in the Roman Catholic hair of a martyr that died fifteen hundred system of sanctity, is intolerance. The years ago. The liquefaction, indeed, with seeds of this bitter plant are, indeed, inall its circumstances, they must have wit- separable from a hearty reception of her nessed themselves, or derived their infor: ' doctrines, as I have proved before ; but mation concerning it from thousands of its mature fruit, persecution, is praised Neapolitan witnesses.

among the virtues of saints, whose cir* And here let me observe by the way, cumstances enabled them to use force the extraordinary liberality of his church against pagans or heretics. Thus, in the upon these points, which Mr Butler sets life of Canute the Dane, his donations to forth to the admiration of the world. A the church are hardly more commended

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The Breviary, however, does not betray such hesitation as to the works of the said Dionysius the Areopagite-the most barefaced forgery which ever was foisted on the credulity of the world. Libros scripsit admirabiles, ac plane cælestes, de divinis nominibus, de cælesti et Ecclesiastica Hierarchia, de mystica Theologia, et alios quosdam. 17" In ardentem fornacem conjectus ita illæsus evasit ut ne vestimentum aut capillum quidem famma violaverit.-(Feræ) naturalis feritatis oblitæ, ad Januarii pedes se prostravere.In primis memorandum quod erumpentes olim e monte Vesuvio flammarum globos, nec vicinis modo, sed longinquis etiam regionibus vâstitatis metum afferentes, extinxit.-Præclarum illud quoque, quod ejus sanguis, qui in ampulla vitrea concretus asservatur, cum in conspectu capitis ejusdem martyris ponitur, admi. randum in modum colliquefieri, et ebullire, perinde atque recens effusus, ad hæc usque tempora cer. nitur."

# Book of the Roman Catholic Church, p. 46.

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than the real with which he conquered şion of shame which these passages must the barbarians, with the purpose of ma- produce, by the usual method of recrimi. king thema Christians. St Ferdinand, nation. I protest before Heaven, that King of Castille, is represented as an neither through these quotations, nor by eminent sample of that peculiar Roman any expression which in the course of Catholic-virtue, which visits dissent from this work may have flowed from my feel. the faith of Rome with the mild correc- ings, it has been my purpose to hurt tives of sword and fire. "In alliance yours. Remember, that whatever abwith the cares of government, the regal surdities you might glean from Protestant virtues (SAYS THE BREVIARY) shone in writers, cannot affect a church whose auhim-magnanimity, clemency, justice, thorised articles of faith and form of prayand above all, zeal for the Catholic faith, er, have nothing in common with such and an ardent determination to defend aberrations from common sense and the and propagate its worship. This he per- Gospel. Observe, on the other hand, formed, in the first place

, by persecuting how naturally the credulity and dangerheretics, to whom he allowed no repose in ous sentimentality with which your prious 'any part of his kingdom ; and for whose books abound, flow from the systeni of execution, when condemned to be burned, Rome, exhibited in her prayer-book, as he used to carry the wood with his own well as in her whole conduct in regard to hands.'t Who then shall be surprised miracles and devotional practices. Reto find inquisitors canonized by Rome, mark the activity and watchfulness with or to hear her addressing a daily prayer which she has at all times persecuted all to the great and merciful Father of man- kinds of books, wherein the least insinukind, that he would be pleased to ation was thrown out, not against her ar. bruise, by the power of his right hand, ticles of faith, but even the least part of all pagan and heretical nations ? Snch are this her deluding system. Compare it the words wbich Rome puts in the mouth with the supine indifference which she of every Spanish priest who celebrates exhibits in giving free course to thousands high mass.”

of books whicli, at this very day, propaThis is followed by an exposure, gate everything that can degrade the unquite as complete, of the dreary non- derstanding and enfeeble the mind, under sense inculcated in every page of this the name of piety. When you have caneternal genuflexions, repetitions upon of every ingenuous and liberal Catholic Breviary, about fastings, scourgings, didly and honestly weighed all this, de.

cide witli yourselves, if it be not the part repetitions of Ave Marias, and so

of these kingdoms, to strike out the Roforth; and that again is followed by

man from his religious denomination, and an equally clear and painful summary place in its stead the noble epithet of of the odious canting stuff with which

Christian? Preserve, with God's blessthe same book of books overlays every- ing, so much of your tenets as may ap. where the pure emotions of Christian pear to you consistent with his word; piety. There are many passages in this but disown a church which, by her miralast section which we do not hold ex- cles, libels the Gospel history with im. actly adapted pueris virginibusque. We posture ; and whose mawkish piety disfi. shall, therefore, leave the whole una gures the sublime Christian worship into touched—but let us gratify ourselves drivelling imbecility." and our readers by quoting the manly We are unquestionably of opinion, and Christian appeal, with which the that of late years much ignorance has author closes his text.

prevailed among the Protestants of " In the name of the Father of Spi- Britain, in regard to the real character rits," whose eyes are upon the truth, I and effects of the Romish superstition. entreat such as love the Author of our We cannot account for much of what common faith, more than the name of a has been done and said in Parliament, religious party, not to efface the impres- without believing that this ignorance


* “ Religioni promovendæ sedalo incumbens, ecclesias redditibus augere, et pretiosa supellectili omare cæpit. Tum zelo propagandæ fidei succensus, barbara regna justo certamine aggressus, devictas, subditasque nationes Christianæ fidei subjugavit.” Die 19 Januarii.

"In eo, adjunctis regni curis, regiæ virtutes emicuere, magnanimitas, clementia, justitia, et præ cæteris Catholicæ Fidei zelus, ejusque religiosi cultus propagandi ardens studium. Id præstitit in pri. mis hæreticos insectando, quos nullibi regnorum suorum

consistere passus, propriis ipse manibus ligna comburendis damnatis ad rogum, advehebat.” Propria Ss. Hispan.“ Die 30 Maii. # The concluding

collect contains a prayer for the Pope in the first, for the bishop of the diocese in the second, and for the royal family in the third place; it then proceeds to pray for peace and health, and concludes, " et ab ecclesia tua cunctam repelle neguitiam, ET GENTES PAGANORUN BT HÆRETIOORUM DEXTERÆ TUÆ POTENTIA CONTERANTUR," &c. &c.

has prevailed to a great extent even tempted into making himself the inamong the best-informed classes of strument of a powerful throne. Supe society in England. The absurdities pose the late Pope to have truckled to and extravagancies of that system are Buonaparte-suppose Buonaparte to be in fact so glaring, that it is no wonder now emperor, with a submissive Pope people should be slow of believing at his beck, will any man say, that in that it is really maintained among that situation of things it would be safe any nations who have at all profited to admit Catholics to sit in our Parliaby the light of modern civilization. ment, it being, by their own account, This general aversion to believe a thing quite consistent with their good behaex facie, so strange and unaccountable, viour as Catholics, that they should coupled with the unceasing craft of the believe in the doctrine of the Pope's priestly leaders of the British Catho- supremacy, even according to the most lics, who have long had an exoteric violent transalpine explanation of that doctrine for us, and an esoteric one for doctrine. We do not see the wisdom their flocks, goes far, we think, to ex- of doing that, in relation to a question plain at first sight the incredible and of endless importance, in 1825, which, monstrous fact, that British statesmen, it must be conceded on all hands, of the highest rank and talent, should could not have been done without ab actually be seen fighting in the British solute insanity in 1811. The thing Parliament, in the 19th century, the that hath been may be again. cause of a Church, which degrades all It is eternally said that we have no that adhere to her, and holds no faith power, by political measures, to dimi. with those who do not. We no longer, nish the number of our Catholics, and after what we have quoted in this pa- that therefore we must admit them per, fear to use these last words. We

as they are into the sanctum of our appeal to the proof, that the Pope government and legislature. We apclaims the power of declaring any oath, peal to plain facts. England was, for the keeping of which is favourable to the most part, a Catholic country for heretics, and therefore noxious to the some time after the Protestant re. Catholic Church, to have been ab initio ligion was the religion of the Engnull and void. We appeal to that proof, lish state. The Popish sect has and we repeat distinctly, that this is dwindled into nothing, comparativea Church which holds no faith, as a ly speaking, in England-and even Church, with those who, having recei- the few great families that adhere to ved Christian baptism, deny the su- it are split. The last Duke of Norpreme authority of the See of Rome. folk was a Protestant, and the brother The adherents of that Church must of the present Duke was one also. We not, until that doctrine be disavowed have no doubt, that if it were possible by the highest authority of the Church to make these people understand the herself, sit within the walls of Parlia- deep-rooted aversion of the English ment, to affect by their votes the in- mind to their superstition, and the terests of the Protestant Church and absolute impossibility that their claims Government of England.

should be granted until after they have Why should all the concessions modified their tenets, we should soon come from us? Why should not the see their ranks thinned, and thinned Catholic Church disclaim from the with a vengeance. If pride be a powerfountain-head the impious dogma, in ful motive, vanity and ambition are which, even by Mr Butler's own ac- strong ones also. We have no sort of count of the matter, a Roman Catho- belief that there are many well-educalic may, as the matter stands, unre- ted gentlemen in England who are provedly believe, viz. that the Pope's bonâ fide Catholics. We utterly dissupreinacy

is not more inalienable than believe this. There are few such either illimitable? What security have we in France, or Italy, or Germany; and that another Pope is never to appear why should the breed flourish in Engin the Vatican, backed by great tem- land, when it is virtually extinct even poral power ? What knowledge have in the Catholic countries themselves ? we that an Austrian Archduke, or a This is a religion built up for the beSpanish Prince, may not one day sit hoof of priests, propped up on the abon the chair of St Peter? We have ject ignorance and superstitions of the at all events seen, even in our time, vulgar, which it degrades, and advohow liable the Pope may be to be cated, we devoutly believe, by no


well-informed and intelligent layman, that account with what history has bee who at once understands its system queathed us about the Court of Leo thoroughly, and believes in it sincere. Š.-the last Pope, whose court and

conduct were not checked by the know.' This religion is seen flourishing in ledge that a tremendous proportion all its vigour in Spain, and Portugal, of the intellect of Europe was unceas and South America. Let us judge of ingly observing the Vatican, with scruit by what it is when it is at liber- tiny quickened by deliberate hostility. ty to show itself as it pleases. Mr Read Roscoe's Life of Leo, and obBrougham bids as judge of the King's serve the blasphemous jokes in which sentiments on the Catholic question, all those polite cardinals indulged not by what he does in the limited themselves then. They are now more monarchy of England, but by what he cautious; but, perhaps, when a cardidoes in Hanover. The inference as to nal comes over, we may hear a story not that case is nonsensem but the princi- very different from what has now been ple is right. Apply it here. If you told us by a reformed priest. Comwish to know what Popery is, do not pare for a moment Catholic Germany ask Mr Butler, who has lived all his and Protestant Germany-step across life in Lincoln's Inn, mixing with the line that divides them, and deny, ourselves, and reading our books—but if you dare, that you feel as if you had ask Mr Blanco White, who comes walked back three hundred years. with his story fresh and fearful from Compare England or Scotland, with the unchallenged domain of Popish Catholic Ireland, and say whether it power in Spain. See the very demo- is possible to doubt, that part, at least; cracies of South America avowing Poo of the misery of the last named counpish intolerance on the front and fore- try is owing to her religion. head of their most jacobinical consti- And yet we have lived to see a tutions. Look at these things, and proposal for eternizing the Catholic then talk to men about the smooth Church of Ireland, by endowing her speeches of Dr Doyle-that thorough- clergy directly from the purse of the lý learned and judicious Prelate, who, state ! not above a year ago, published two It may be proper that all clergymen pamphlets, one of which was to prove, should be paid by the state-old opithat all are damned who disbelieve nions are so much unsettled, that, Hobenlohe's miracles; and another, perhaps, some one may be found to that tithes are an unlawful method of support even that notion. But wc, paying clergy. What! are we to be for ourselves, must avow our opinion guided by the advice of men of this that, even if that be true, the Cathostamp? Are we seriously to follow the lic clergy are the last body of dissentadvice of a Catholic Bishop, who, in ing clergy in this empire, who ought the face of all the decrees and councils to have been selected whereon to comof his own Church, denounces tithes mence the operation of such a sysmerely because it suits his particular tem. purpose to attempt the overthrow of We cannot-however aware that the Protestant Church of Ireland ? our remarks have already extended to Are we seriously to be affected as to great length - we cannot close this our views of rational sense and policy, paper without saying a very few by the opinions of a man, who asserts words in regard to the abuse which his faith in that trumpery of Hohen- has been showered upon the Duke of lohe? That fact, we should have York, in consequence of a late (rethought, might have spoken for itself. ported) speech of his Royal Highness

Wherever the Catholic Church has in the House of Lords. That that the opportunity of managing matters speech should have excited emotions of as she likes, we find brutally degra- the most bitter description in the breasts ding superstitions received by the lower of such people as Mr Brougham, we classes, and Christianity itself sunk by no means wonder; although, we beneath the load of human inventions, must confess, the mean and dastard50 as to become virtually exploded ly revenge of introducing his Royal among the higher classes, wherever Highness's private and domestic affairs education is diffused among them. into a debate in the House of ComHear what this Mr White tells us of mons, (if, indeed, the newspapers give the upper clergy in Spain. Compare anything like a fair account of that

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