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which, under your platooning, they inent of a Roman Catholic Hierarchy, lumber on with the heavy tread of will never be satisfied under any do dismounted dragoons.

minion of England. They, then, will You may say-Why, the Edinburgh be constant auxiliaries in the same is still more stupid, and yet it subsists good cause. And, of course, the temas flourishingly as ever. I allow the porary pieces of folly with which every stupidity. I do not admit the flourishe Opposition has it in its power to posing state of the concern. They vapour sess the vulgar mind, will always afa about it, to be sure; but it is falling, ford full matter for farther swelling and has been so these five or six years, the feculent contents, and securing the in sale. But, my dear sir, you over. adherents, of a Whig Review. look one circumstance. Were the On these accounts, Mr John Mur. Edinburgh Review to become ten ray, the Edinburgh Review is always times more stupid, (if a lower deep sure of a sale-let its literary articles than the lowest deep can be supposed be as dull as its political articles are to dip so far down into the realms of base. You have not these external Bathos,) it must have still a sale. muniments. You must recollect the There is no chance, thank our happy vast difference between a triumphant stars, of the Whig party coming into and a persecuted sect. The Whigs power. They must, therefore, have stick to one another like so many some organ--some born to cast down burs. The Tories have not the same the truth, to grow and prosper under inducement. You remember the old their favour. We shall always have Æsopic fable of the Wind and the Chancellors who will not reward Sun. They, in the storm of adversity, brawling, insolence, sedition, and me- cling to everything around them-we, diocrity with the recompence due to in the sunshine of prosperity, are not knowledge of law and decorous beha- particularly anxious about any exterviour ; and the victims of their own illnal defence to keep off the weather. conduct will always be glad to heal They cannot support more than one the wounds of their smarting vanity such periodical as the Edinburgh Reby keeping up a work where they can view they will support that one. We bellow against the chieftain of their could support fifty, if it so pleased us profession. There is no danger that and there is no necessity imposed the churches established in this island on us of bestowing undue patronage will fall

at least in our time and on any. You may take my word for it, they will, of course, be marks for the that if your Review went to the shades venomous to abuse in wholesale and of Erebus--the deepest shades of Eredetail. Nor, besides open enemies, bus and profound night-we could will there be wanting ever and anon find within the land five hundred good a jack-pudding parson, who, having as it. This, for a preface. I am sure, built his hopes of preferment on from your well-known moderation and toad-eating, and writing political li- quiet temper, you take everything I bels for a party, has found these say to you in good part. hopes annihilated by the overthrow You cater for us this quarter, 1st, of the gang to which he sold his Church of England Missions by the crawling services, to crack anile jokes Doctor. It is a paper full of his usual against his brethren. It is proba- faults and merits ;- the former, now ble, also, that no knot of Ministers impossible to be cured, and useless to will be so insane as to hand over be complained of the latter, univerour colonies to spoil and massacre ; sally recognized. His late controverand, therefore, the people, who are sies with Butler have, I perceive, renhostile to the West Indians from a dered him more than usually acrimonithousand reasons, honesty, zeal, fana- ous against the “ Romanists," as he ticism, ignorance, roguery, cant, East calls them; but they will find it hard India sugar, gunpowder-jobbing, &c. to defend their humbug, missions &c. will patronize a work devoted to against a person so thoroughly armed their views. Ireland-manage it what with all the controversial weapons as way you will, emancipate or not eman- Southey is. It gave me great delight, cipate will always be a fine field for I own, to read his note on J. K. L.,clamour. The patriots of that coun- the great Irish ecclesiastical champion. try, really wanting only a disunion of the actual ignorance of this person, from this country, and the establish- every educated man who had con

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demned himself to wade through his man scholars who have been employferocious writings was of course per- ed on that interesting subject. You suaded; but in Ireland," among the much mistake, however, if you think literati of that learned country, there they were unknown to our scholars. are no bounds to his panegyric. The The Early Roman History requires to resplendent talents," the “ tran- be re-written. I have not, however, so scendent learning," the “ powerful low an opinion of Hooke as the rereading,” of that poor scribbler-are viewer appears to entertain. I are quite there the theme of all the speaking men. aware of his defects; but he carries Shiel was quite awe-struck with his into that period of history one great productions, and extolled him in the requisite, viz. total disregard for the New Monthly in one of his Whiteboy Roman vapouring. It is evident that articles as a second Bentley. Is it not he has little respect for the history of delicious to see Southey extinguish the seven kings and their immediate the learning in this quiet way? successors in the government. I own,

I am happy to hear Southey talking were I writing a history of Rome, I common sense about converting the should pay Niebuhr's authorities far Hindoos. I did not expect it from less respect than he does. , I should him, and therefore it is doubly agree- have little scruple in casting overboard able. For the sake of it, I forgive him the whole early story as legendary as his emptying his note-book all over the tale of Brutus and Troynovant, or us; his wit (by the by, Mr John Mur- else of condensing it as rapidly as I ray, Southey ought never to be allow- should do the Saxon heptarchy, 'I look ed to attempt wit on any considera- with a feeling, not very far from contion)-his discussions on the strong tempt, on disquisitions as to the monames of Dahomey-his philological tives, views, and policy of Servius Tul. dissertation on the talkee-talkee tongue, lius. I laugh at such sentences as, “ It and the other absurdities brought in was in the reign of Servius Tullius so unceremoniously by the head and that the exclusive aristocracy of the shoulders. Besides, they are only what earliest times was first mitigated at I look for from the Doctor. They are Rome,”—9. v. p. 79,-knowing, as I his mark—his monogram ; we should do, that the man must have been not not know him if he did not set it to two degrees above a savage. What his performances.

did he know about aristocracy, or deIn brief, the opening paper has but wocracy? He was a leader of a bantwo defects; it has nothing to do with ditti inside a rudely fortified town, and the present quarter any more than it if he made classes, it was purely in a had with this time five years, or will military, not a civil, point of view. have to do with the month of June The fault of historians in general is 1830, and that is a defect in a paper attributing the ideas of succeeding heading our actual, living, flourishing ages to those of the times of which review; and, in the second place, it is they write. In English history, had too long. Forty-two pages, Mr John Simon De Montfort, when he called in Murray depend upon it, this is the burghers, any idea that he was talkee-talkee far too much. It will be changing the face of all the goverua bad name if they think fit to call ments in the world, by commencing your opening articles, Twaddle: Mar- the representative system? Not he, in shal the troops better in the next Num- good sooth. And if the institutes of ber.

Servius made any alteration in the ciAn Essay on Palladian Architecture vil government of after ages in Rome, is the next. Very good, I presume such alteration was as completely un

I but as I know nothing about the looked for by that venerable and enscience, the less I say about it the bet- lightened monarch. A man of comter. Is this an article of pressing im- mon sense is sadly wanted on the Hisportance? Is it an article in place at tory of Rome. I should not trust a all in your Review? Let me say, that German. He would refine too much. I doubt. I have no doubt as to its not In saying this, I should be

sorry

if being worth the space of twenty-four I were thought to cast any reflections pages immediately after Southey.- on that great country. I have a high Bad tactics again.

and unfeigned respect for the intellect The third article, on Early Roman of Germany; but owing to the way in History, does justice to the great Gers which they have been governed, i

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should not set much value on the prace reviewer has made a pleasant review tical remarks of the cleverest men of out of it. I am happy to see that the any party in Germany, on government. Quarterly, notwithstanding some of I agree with your reviewer on the non- its defections, retains its geographical sense of bawling about“ German folly hands. But it is amazingly cowardly and infidelity.” There are few greater in Barrow, who, I suppose, is the retheologians than the German com- viewer, to shrink from noticing the mentators; but, my dear Mr Murray pamphlet which demolished his miwill you be so good as to recollect who ning article. Perhaps he judged siit was that raised the cry against lence best; it may be prudent, but it « German reading. Let me whisper is not brave. We shall not in a hurry in your ear-the Anti-Jacobin !-and

forget the pretty exposure of the critic let me say it out aloud, that the cry who made Mexico a South American was raised in sheer ignorance. Men State, and talked of the Mine of Real who knew German literature, never del Monte with the same savoir du joined in it. Schlegel expresses as low pays

which would distinguish a genan opinion of the writers quizzed in tleman talking of the Mine of Cornthat witty journal, as Mr Canning wall. He evidently is beaten; and, could have done ; and after all, poor what is worse, everybody knows it. Kotzebue, who was the chief butt, fell Such an article as his Rail-Roads, and a victim to his zeal for Anti-Jacobin- the reply it drew forth, was not a very ism. Some of the conclusion of this well-omened affair for our friend's coinpaper is such mere inanity, that I sus- mencement, my dear sir. pect the admixture of a different hand. The Library Companion, by that imIs it not so ?--If you wish to drop me measurable ass Dibdin, is, I see, your a note on this important subject, by next. He is abused, of course; how sending to Mr Hume you will save me could it be otherwise ? I am sorry to postage, as he franks all my letters. see that there is no information brought

I suppose, by way of novelty, after to bear upon him. Carping at the style the light papers on Palladio and Ser- of such a creature is nothing. His vius Tullius, you have concocted the real, solid, downright total ignorance fourth article-on the Origin of Equi- ought to have been shown. table Jurisdiction. It is indeed very afraid that your reviewer knew as litpretty summer reading, and important tle about the subject as Dibdin does. withal. My dear sir, instead of poking Have the goodness to compare the arinto these musty legal antiquities, you ticle in the Westminster Review, on the would have been much better employ- same subject, with your own, and you ed in defending the great man at the will just see the difference between a head of equity against the filthy at- pretender to knowledge and a possessor tacks made on him every day these last of it. And as for the wit of your arti, two months. It is such things that cle, it is downright, horrible, disgustwe expect from the Quarterly.* It ing stupidity, almost as bad as Dibshould be as ready to answer all the din's. He is an ass, no doubt-What is slanders against the Earl of Eldon, as the reviewer, when he tells us that the the Edinburgh and its coadjutors are Roxburghe Club,“ if less enlightened, to attack him. I confess I was so sure, is not more numerous than Johanna from the words put at the head of the Southcote's sect," when one of the first article, that we should have had some- names on its roll is Sir Walter Scott? thing of the kind, that when I found He might as well have looked before I was called on to read dull disquisi- he made the assertion. tions on antiquated jurisdictions, I If I thought little of the last article, could hardly refrain from throwing dear sir, I think very highly of the the book out of my hand. This will next-On the Past and Present State of not do, Mr John Murray.

the Country. I read with joy always As I happen to have read Caldcleugh's the picture of our national improveSouth America, I can join in the ment, for I love the country from north praises of it in your fifth article. It to south, from east to west, from high is indeed an interesting book, and your to low. I love it in every relation, and

• We must apologize to a valuable London correspondent for not inserting in this Number his article on Lord Eldon. He sent it too late. We must have articles before the 12th, or they will not do. It will appear in our next, C. N.

I am

*

SO.

that love thrills through every pulse Again, Satan is drawn attractively, of my heart. I read that picture also and is the hero. Satan is drawn as his with vanity, for it fulfils anticipations name implies, the Adversary of Heaand prophecies made by me in the ven, and therefore must be drawn as a darkest and gloomiest seasons, when being of power. It never would do to even some of the most sanguine quaile introduce, as you seem to wish, a devil ed. I wish I could copy the whole in hoofs, horn, and tail. He was fallen article-its details proving our im- but he was an Archangel fallen. And provement in agriculture, manufac- I can assure you, he is not the hero of tures, and property of every kind—but Paradise Lost. It was a false theory of that is impossible; I shall, however, Epic poets that made anybody think make room for two bits of it. First, If you have nothing else to say, the improvement of the merchants, I recommend you to keep away from peasantry, &c.*

Milton. [En passant, as I shali prove I am sorry that I must stop here, some of those days, Milton was an for the details that follow must gratify Arian. I do not think anybody has every friend of his country. The other yet noticed that curious fact, but you morceau shall be on the national debt, may take my word for it.] The artifor it is a view of the subject I have cle is altogether very paltry. often taken. I even see my own phrases And the last of Henderson on Wines in this article. *

is dull, very dull indeed. There are I rejoice to read this article, and higher authorities on that subject than hope pever to live to see any other yours, my dear sir. picture of the country.

Again I must say, MR John MurWhat have we next? Crofton Cro- RAY, THIS WILL NEVER DO, hoping ker's Fairy Legends a pretty book the next will be better. indeed, by an excellent young fellow. I am, dear sir, yours faithfully, It only receives the commendation it

TIMOTHY TICKLER. deserves. North ought to have reviewed it long ago. I hope Croker

Southside, June 13. will give us another volume.

The Star in the East, by a Mr Con- P. S.-A filthy and silly pamphlet der ! In the name of goodness, why has been published in Glasgow against do you praise such trash, and put its you, for cutting up that poor thing doggrel in contrast with Cowper and

Theodric. Never mind it. The chief Burns ? The remarks on Milton are argument against our promising young mere trash. It is objected to him that friend is, that as he is not known in in Paradise Lost the female character our literature, he has no right to review is undervalued. Do you remember Campbell. Mind the impudence of the the subject of Paradise Lost?-the Whigs. Jeffrey, who could no more ruin of mankind by a woman's indis- write a book than yourself, has reviewed cretion. Could she in that poem ap- and abused Scott, Wordsworth, Colepear otherwise than undervalued ? ridge, Southey, Moore, Byron, and

And again it seems the good angels many others, all the time to the great insult the bad! My dear sir, the doc- delight of the sapient persons who betrine of Conciliation was not known in lieve in his review. But the moment those days. There did not appear any

a Whig is attacked, a man far inferior great necessity to compliment the spi- to at least three of them, if not to the rits of evil,

whole five, an uproar is set up as if The authors of vice and wickedness, be- you had committed sacrilege. They fore unknown.

are a neat set of fellows. See Sir Morgan ODoherty's Maxims, Maxim 89.

* At these places, Timothy had the assurance to expect that we should reprint screeds from the Quarterly.--Come, come, lad. As much of Timothy as you please, but we cannot afford space for what is in everybody's hands.-C. N.

Printed by James Ballantyne and Co., Edinburgh.

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No. CIII.

AUGUST, 1825.

VOL. XVIII.

Contents.

******

Parry's Last Days of LORD BYRON,

137 THE COCKNEY SCHOOL OF POETRY. No. VIII. Hunt's Bacchus in Tuscany,

155 CHANNING's DISCOURSE ON THE EVIDENCES OF REVEALED RELIGION, 160 REMARKS ON MR COVENTRY'S ATTEMPT TO IDENTIFY JUNIUS WITH LORD GEORGE SACKVILLE,

164 LEXICOGRAPHY, No I. Jon BEE's DICTIONARY,

177 LETTERS ON THE PRESENT STATE OF INDIA. No. III.

ill.

183 THE SUBALTERN. CHAP. XVIII.

195 CHAP. XIX.

199 CHAP. XX.

203 CHAP. XXI.

207 ATTACKS ON THE LORD CHANCELLOR,

212 THE LATE SESSION OF PARLIAMENT,

217 LETTER FROM HIS R. H. THE DUKE OF CUMBERLAND TO

227 Note BOOK OF A LITERARY IDLER. No. II.

233 1. Villaneuva's pamphlet against Doctor Doyle. 2. Blanco White's Evidence against Catholicism. 3. Butler's Book of the Catholic Church. 4. Blackwood's Magazine, No. CI. 5. Phillpott's Reply to Butler. 6. O'Hara. 7. Tales by the O'Hara Family.

8. To-day in Ireland. THE DRAMA. TO C. NORTH, Esq.'

240 WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION,

247 MONTHLY LIST OF New PUBLICATIONS,

249 MONTHLY REGISTER. APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, &c.

258 Births, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS,

266

EDINBURGH:

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD, No. 17, PRINCE'S STREET, EDINBURGH ;

AND T. CADELL, STRAND, LONDON ;
To whom Communications (post paid) may be addressed.

SOLD ALSO BY ALL THE BOOKSELLERS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.

TRINTED BY JAMES BALLANTYNE & CO. EDINBURGH:

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