ry so depraved and ungovernable ? sidiary to the education given by, and They have no masters. What has re- the authority of, the masters, let them cently made our working classes of va- prosper; if they are to destroy these, rious large places imitate, as far as let us at once have an Act of Parliać possible, the conduct of the Irish Rock- ment for their suppression. ites ? - They have been emancipated What political benefits are to flow from the control of masters. If the from the independence of the working authority of the masters be destroyed, classes ? Do these form the only part we must have laws to keep us in order of the community which has a stake which will scarcely leave us the sha- in the public weal, and which is ca« dow of liberty: there will be no pos- pable of displaying integrity, wisdom, sible alternative between this and the and patriotism, in the discharge of poinsupportable tyranny of the multi- litical duties? Why are we to be so tude. Liberty may fall in this coun- greatly terrified by the political influtry--perhaps it will fall—but if it do, ence of the masters? Have they no it will be overthrown by those canting, interest in public order and prospebragging, selfish, hollow-hearted hy- rity? Are they without honesty and pocrites, who call themselves its exclu- intelligence--are they sycophants, pasive worshippers.

rasites—the tools of power, and the And what, in good sooth, is to be slaves of party and faction ? Every one the substitute for the authority of the can answer the questions. masters ? What is to render the inde- Let the friends of the country set pendence of the working classes harm- their faces against the new doctrines, Tess ? Education-lectures, and me- and adhere steadfastly to the old maxchanics” institutes. Do then none need ims, which have brought us to our discipline and control but the unedu- proud elevation let our national incated ? Are those who have received dustry be protected from the tremencostly educations the most industrious dous evils which are arraying themand "moral part of the community? selves on every side against it-let it Are our men of science the best friends be kept in employment-let no foreign of peace and oder?. Alas! Alas! that workman be resorted to, so long as an there should be a single man in this English one can be found to do the nation so simple as to mistake doc- work, even though the charge of the trines like these for wisdom! If these latter be somewhat higher; and, mechanics' institutions are to be sub- above all, let that authority be jea

* We believe the “restrictive system” never reached the importation of French milliners and dress-makers. We think these precious foreign commodities are not even subject to a protecting duty on being imported. They, therefore, naturally enough, are very plentiful in the metropolis. We cannot, do what we will, entirely close our ears to scandal ; and we absolutely have been assured, that there are British ladies of high rank, who, when they order their dresses, give strict injunctions that these shall only be touched by the outlandish people. We have been further 'assured, that these British ladies of high rank are constrained to act towards the French women, as the nurse acts towards the spoiled child, when she wishes to keep it from an outrageous fit of squalling. We have been even further assured, that these British ladies of high rank endure insulting impertinence and insolence from the Gallic damsels, almost as though they were matters to be proud of.

It is quite impossible for us to believe this of our lovely countrywomen. That a British Peeress, or the lady of one of our country gentlemen, should thus lavish her favours on a foreign ingrate, and studiously withhold employment and bread from the humble, obliging, and industrious daughter of her own country, is a thing that can be believed by no one. It is the more incredible, because no earthly cause can be assigned for it. If our English girls were devoid of taste, and could only stitch with pack-thread, and needles six inches long, the case would be different; but a man has only to look at the females of the middle classes, to be convinced that English hands can make dresses capable of giving the utmost effect to the charms of any female whatever. We, however, think, that when the English dress-makers are so fully employed that not one can be obtained, a lady of rank will then reluctantly employ a French one. We think this, because we have occasionally seen ladies of rank garbed in dresses, so grotesque and unbecoming, and having such a lously preserved, from which the work- not receiving wages, which not only ing classes draw the greater part of support them in a plentiful manner, their best characteristics. Do what but enable them to contribute largely we will, we cannot reach perfection, to the funds of the combinations, Every system must have its evils, and which not only support them thus the best one is that which has the when they deign to labour, but which fewest and the lightest. After all our enable them to spend weeks and changes and legislation, we must at months in idleness, to the grievous last leave a great deal to the discretion injury of the empire. and honesty of some part or other of 5th, Whether these workmen are the community; and the best plan not receiving-making every proper must be, to confide this to those who allowance-double the wages received may have the best security to offer in by the husbandry labourers. respect of character and circumstances, 6th, Whether these workmen-taagainst the trust being abused. To king all things into calculation-do make the working orders the favoured not possess much greater incomes than portion in regard to power and autho- the mass of our counting-house clerks, rity, is to do what madness alone could naval and military officers, officiating sanction.

clergymen, and shopmen. There is one important topic con

The most full and correct informanected with this question, on which tion, we say, must be demanded on we must not be silent. The combina- all these points. It is alleged, that tions have generally asserted, that the the sums paid for the labour of these high price of provisions compelled workmen render it necessary for the them to demand advanced wages. A price of corn to be lowered ; and cerclamour has therefore been got up for tainly this ought not to be listened to, the admission of foreign corn, and until it is satisfactorily proved that Parliament is pledged to make some these sums are not greater than they alteration in the Corn Laws in the next ought to be. Session. Now, we beseech our Country When we write, some of these workGentlemen to insist upon having the men are earning in London three most full and correct information laid pounds a-week, others fifty shillings, before them on the following points, and others forty-five and forty shilbefore they consent to anything what- lings. Some of those who have lately ever that may depress the corn-mar- struck, were hired at the rate of five ket:

shillings per day before they struck; 1st, The exact wages paid by every and, if they thought proper to make trade and manufacture to the work- what is called seven days in the week, men employed in them.

they earned thirty-five shillings week2d, The exact sum which these ly. Most of those workmen earned workmen really require for procuring before their strikes twenty-five, twena sufficiency of the necessaries of life. ty-eight, and thirty shillings per week.

3d, Whether these workmen are In London, the mass of the clerks, not receiving wages far higher than shopmen, curates, half-pay officers, are necessary for procuring them such &c.--men who have been educated a sufficiency of necessaries.

as gentlemen, who are compelled to 4th, Whether these workmen are appear as gentlemen, and who are

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murderous effect upon their beauty, that we have been quite convinced these dresses never could have been made by English fingers.

As to the calumny, that a British lady of rank will submit to the impertinence and insolence of the outlandish women, it is really shocking. The wives and daughters of our high-minded nobility—the females born on the soil of England, and filled with that blood, in which pride and lofty spirit luxuriate to the last-submit to disgrace like this ? No, no_it cannot be. It would be just as possible for them to fall in love with apes and monkeys.

We hear, too, that among our females, the partiality for foreign silks, laces, and gloves, is as great as ever. This we are compelled to believe. We lament it, and are ashamed of it. It will, however, in due time, greatly benefit trade, and this must satisfy us.


constrained to live at far greater ex- ty, and we trust it will remain 60. pense than the workmen in question In spite of all that Political Economy --have not, perhaps, more than from has invented, or may invent, we maina seventy to one hundred pounds per tain that the government has a right

to give, not only the most full, but. In all this we are saying nothing the most equal, protection to the proagainst high wages, if they can be prety and industry of the nation; and with propriety demanded. We should that it cannot favour one interest, or rejoice if our labourers could earn ten one part of the people, to the cost and pounds per week, even though tеn injury of another, without grossly vio shillings might supply them with ne- lating its duty. cessaries, if they could do this with- Let these misguided workmen who out producing injustice and public are agitating the country, and preevil." But the question is not, whe- paring for it the most serious evils, ther general high wages be, or be not, be assured that, in the upshot, they beneficial—it is, whether one part of will be the greatest sufferers from their the working-classes shall be doomed madness. The cup of bitterness will to penury and want, that the other not be long in reaching them. Their part may receive far higher than ne- turbulence and outrages—their sickcessary wages? It is declared, thatening cant, touching their right to inthe present wages of the workmen in fiict the most grievous wrongs on all question cannot be paid without a re- but themselves, have already stripped duction in the moderate rents of the them of all respect and sympathy on landholders, the scanty profits of the the part of the rest of the nation. farmers, and the bread-and-water earn- They stand the objects of general inings of the husbandry-labourers. It dignation—they are regarded as men is declared, in effect, that our country who disgrace their country—who are population must be condemned to dis- acting the part of enemies to their tress and privation, that our town po- country. Do they suppose that the pulation may riot in profusion and masters, and the rest of the commuextravagance. We protest against nity, are men to be robbed of the consuch outrageous injustice and oppres- trol of their property and of their sasion. If trade ought to injure one cred rights by them, or any other peopart of the community more than ple in the universe ? If they do, they another, it certainly ought to injure will soon be better informed. They those who are engaged in, and not may rely upon it, that if one law fail those who have nothing to do with, it. to curb them, another will be framed If trade cannot be maintained without that will; and that if nothing else sacrifices—if, in reality, a grinding will do, the rest of the nation will tax must be imposed upon us to make unanimously place them bound hand it flourish-in the name of common and foot at the mercy of the masters. justice let :is all suffer equally. Bring We entreat the more moderate and down the profits of the merchants, ma- honest members of the combinations nufacturers, and tradesmen, to the level to withdraw from them immediately, of those of the farmer-reduce the wages and we call upon those of the workof the town workman, until, all things ing classes who are unconnected with considered, they only equal those of them to remain so. The workingthe husbandry-labourer-and then, orders ought to be the last to prepare whatever sacrifices may be necessary public evils, for such evils always fall for the prosperity of trade, we will upon them the most heavily. Calaanswer for it, that agriculture will mity cannot visit the empire without bear its part without a murmur. But pouring its worst ills upon them. They this abominable attempt to sacrifice, can only prosper through the prospenot only one great interest to another, rity of the masters; and they will but one part of the population to an- ever benefit far more from gaining other, must be fairly resisted, who- the respect and good-will of the masever may countenance it. This has ters, than from exciting their animoalways been a land of justice and equisity.


In a Letter by the Ettrick Shepherd, to the Hon. Mrs A-ry.

Dated Edinburgh, August 11, 1816.

name, (indeed, I rarely ever recollect For a circumstance of which you anybody's name at first,) so, for the are not aware, I owe you an ample present, I was obliged to defer ad. apology; but as, some day or other, dressing this intimate and interesting the extent of my error may reach your acquaintance. The party at the table ear, or be unfurled to your discover- where we both stood, were playing a ing eye, I deem it incumbent on me pool, and some of the on-lookers were to offer you some explanation in wri- making casual remarks, when this ting. I have, therefore, set myself mysterious gentleman made a chance down with the intent of inditing a reference to me, naming me at the long letter, giving you some account same time in that easy familiar way, of the most singular character I have as if we had not only been daily, but ever met with; and though the cir. hourly companions. cumstances I have to relate are trivial I was now more puzzled than ever, in themselves, and things of no value, and before I left the room, I asked I am certain they will strike you, as Mr Robertson, I asked Captain Harthey did me, with a novelty altogether per, the master of the billiard-room, peculiar,

and several others, who was the genWhen I visited you in May last, on tleman in black, with the gold chain my way to Glen-Lyon, what did you and quizzing-glass ? All of them dethink of my companion? You cer- clared an acquaintance with his face tainly showed him every attention and none with his name ; and for sevekindness; and, on the whole, appear. ral days and nights I could not forget ed a good deal captivated by his man- the circumstance, but neither could I ner and conversation. But I have tell why I was so much interested in some impression which did not strike it. me till very lately, that on the day we Some weeks subsequent to that, as took the ride up the river, you either I was sitting in the Turf Coffee-room, said something, or looked something, an officer, dressed partly in a Highor hinted something, in one way or land uniform, came in, and began other, that you had suspicion of some reading the papers straight opposite to thing equivocal in his character. I me. I knew the face quite well, and assure you, my dear madam, that I he likewise tipped me a nod of recoghad none; and whether I had any nition. I do not know what I would reason or not, the following detail will have given to have been able to recolfully evince.

lect that officer's name, for it struck In December last, I chanced one me that I had been particularly oblievening to stray into a billiard-room gated to him at some former period; with a Mr Robertson, a friend of but his name I could not recollect, so mine ; but being only a looker-on at I was obliged to go away highly disthat engaging game, I had to saunter satisfied with myself for my stupidity, about, waiting for Mr Robertson, with and suspecting that I had lost my whom I was going to sup at a tavern. small portion of memory altogether. I had not well entered, till my eye On the same day I again perceived caught a gentleman with whose face I this gallant and respectable-looking felt

conscious of being intimately ac- officer, coming up the street after me, quainted. He was an on-looker like still walking by himself; and so much nyself, and was watching the game did I feel interested in knowing him, ery attentively through a quizzing, that I determined to wait his coming glass. I was assured I knew him per- up, and address him at all hazards. I fectly well, and, as I thought, for thought him one of the Highland something very remarkable ; but for chiefs that had entertained me in the all that I could toil in a confusion of north, but where, Heaven knew !--I reminiscences, I could not recollect his did not. I moved my bonnet to him,

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you Cornel?"

“ Tar

and bade him good day. He instantly said he," that was such a morning: held out his hand, gave mine a hearty and such a day, ay, and such a night! shake-named me, and expressed much “ We had sad doings at Ensay, cer... satisfaction that I recognized my old tainly,” said I,“ but shame fa' me, if friend, having of late suspected I had I remember of meeting you there, forgot him.

Cornel. I hope I am right in calling

I “ I am in a worse predicament now than ever," thought I ; and I am sure To this last question he shortly nodI looked very sheepish ; for, indeed, ded assent, and then went on. “ It no situation could be more awkward is very likely you may not, for I was than the one in wbich I stood, having then only a sort of a---a-boy, or a forced an introduction of myself on a something between a boy or a lad—a gentleman of whom I still knew not stripling, in short. My father, the the least circumstance. I am sure, my Colonel, had set me out on a ramble dear Mrs A you will think that that summer, and happy I was to come was a dilemma that must soon have several times in contact with you. We come to an end ? I thought so too; met again at Tarbet and at Greenock, but, on the contrary, it still increased you know.” -never came to an end-and never I was utterly confounded. will come to an end while I live. bet ? Tarbet?” says

I. Sure, CoThere was one thing, however, that I lonel, I never did meet you at Tarbet? now discovered, which stunned me You were not of that ridiculous parstill the more. I perceived that he ty, when we sailed away with the was the very individual whom I had man's two daughters to Cowal, and met in the billiard-room, but so trans- then took them with us to Bute for formed, that a witch could not have two or three days." known him.

“ Was I not? But I was, though," It was necessary for me to say some- said he ; “For though I could not get thing; and so I did. “I beg pardon, my father's brigandine, the Empress, sir," says I. “But I was so sure we left, as he had allowed me to take her were old acquaintances when we met at out on a pleasure jaunt that summer, billiards the other evening, that I have I treated your party at the inn, and been both grieved and angry with my- saw you fairly away: We met again self ever since for forgetting your at Greenock, and had a brilliant party name.”

at the Tontine.-But this is my do“ And what was the great matter micile for the present," added he, stepfor that ?" said he. “ You might ping up to the door of a hotel in Prince's have called me Captain, which never Street. “Dine with me here to-day comes wrong to one of my country- at half past five, or six-say six, puncmen; or Colonel, which would have tually, and we will have a chat about - sounded a little better; or Duncan, or old matters, and some literary things. Donald, or M‘Devil, or any patrony. We shall have a quite sober dinner, mic you listed. What was the matter and I promise you that we shall not how you denominated an old acquaint- have above a bottle and a half a-piece ance? It is a long time, Mr H- -or two bottles-well, say two bottles since you and I first met. Do you re- each. Will you come, now ? Give me member that morning, at a fishing, your hand on it.” party, in Major Campbell's boat?" “ With the utmost pleasure, sir,"

“Perfectly well, sir,” says I, (which says I. “ At six o'clock precisely ? was not true.) “ Was it at Ensay, in And whose party shall I ask for?" the sound of Harries, that you mean?" “Oh, no party. We dine by our

“ Yes, to be sure !" said he. selves in my own room," said he.

“I was at so many fishing parties “ Ask for me-just for me.” at Ensay, that I can hardly at this I went away over to Charles' Street, distance of time recollect one from an- scratching my ears and beating my other," said I. “ Was it that morn- brains to no purpose, trying to find ing that Dr M'L.eod, and Luskinder, out who the devil this grand Colonel and Scalpa, were with us, when we I had been engaged in all these caught the enormous skate, that weigh scenes that he had mentioned, but I ed 300 weight?"

could have made oath that he was not “Yes, to be sure, the very same," present at one of them, unless it had VOL. XVIII.


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