as some seem to do. It is not his way heard them praised too, that imitated to chop logic with Nature, being mo humanity as abominably as Hamlet's dest enough to attend to what she says, ranting actor ever did. A picture may in preference to lecturing himself. strut as well as a player, whatever Our geniuses now-a-days appear to be some people may think to the contraproud to have, as they call it, “ made ry. There is no doubt that Nature à picture.” Bewick probably would sometimes produces combinations the have been proud to have made you for- most singularly beautiful, and mingles get that his was a picture. If you took her tints with a gorgeous profusion it for plain reality, he would not have that seeins akin to the preternatural; been offended. Such humble ideas but are we to stick exclusively to some people have.

this ? Are we to make the exception All this, however, to own the truth, the rule? and deduce canons of art, would have been no objection to us. not from the common law of appear, Far from it. We are quite serious, ances, but from occasional deviations? Messieurs Academicians. Let us not, Probably a natural rock that is perhowever, be misunderstood. We do fectly square may be found: are we, not say that highly-wrought pictures therefore, to paint nothing but square are not to be painted; we only say we rocks? The grand evil of this sysare apt to distrust those who paint tem is, that it teaches us to think that them. When we hear the jargon of nature, in her everyday and common “ contrast,"

warmth," " keeping," guise, is not beautiful. This is a and " repose," and all the other tech- sad mistake. The flattest landscape nical slang of what is called virtu, we that Salisbury Plain ever produced, if confess we have an instinctive dread painted by a master-hand, would be of mischief.- We cannot help it. Dr worth looking at. We admire Dutch Johnson used to insist, that "he who and Flemish pictures of pots of beer, would make a pun, would pick a pock- tobacco-pipes, cabbages, Frows, and et.” Now, we don't go so far." But Boors. Is not this inconsistent? Is when we see a man perpetually in, not the most common life-piece of sist upon displaying Nature in such scenery always better than a Dutch lights as never were before, and never cheese? We recollect-we shall not will be again-who must always have easily forget it-a water-colour drawher in full-dress-and that a new suit ing—we have forgotten by whom,

always at the top of her bent,” perhaps it might be by Fielding, no one way or other-ever in extremes- matter--it represented the encampwe say we shrewdly suspect such a ment of a gang of gipsies about nightman can have no very violent objec- fall, or, as Burns would say, tion to-what shall we call it-colour gloaming.” The fire was just lighted, a little or, as the editor of the Won- and the tent up. The place was a derful Magazine hath it, “ indulge a plain, flat, unpretending, dark, grassfalsity.” “ Magnas est derity," we ex

The hedge ran in a claim with thee, wonderful soul. Thy straight line along the top of it, paralLatin may be bad, but thy sentiment lel with the horizon, a few ill-grown, is sound, in painting as well as morals. scrubby-looking trees growing out of

The overstrained taste for what may it at intervals. The sky was in the be called the extreme of the pictu- dull gray of twilight, merely gloomy, resque, whether in design or colour, with a few dingy, mean-looking clouds, ing, has always appeared to us a most the advanced guard of night, passing dangerous one. It is a sort of dram- over it. Nothing could be more comdrinking at the eye. How often are mon; and yet so true to nature was we told, " True, sir, the place is very the whole, that nothing could be more beautiful ; but it won't make a pic admirable. That picture of all the ture!" Won't it? and why? Why rest won our heart; being common, should that which is confessedly beau- it was rare-in “ the Exhibition.” tiful in itself, become not so if faith- And what would any man have gainfully transferred to canvass ? “ Youred by improving this sketch, as he most exquisite reason, Monsieur. would call it? by planting trees where This is unintelligible refinement; and trees were not, or raising hills where is not the exclusive cultivation of this all was level? He would only please taste the readiest way to open a way

at last ;-and is there no risk in thus for all manner of exaggeration ? We tampering with reality? Nature is repeat, we have seen pictures, and the host of gardeners. When we find

" the


green field.

certain things absent or present, we stand them, but that is of little immay be sure there is a reason for it. port. How are we to know what egregious Mr Bewick is said to have noted incompatibilities we may sometimes down, from time to time, memoranda ignorantly produce by capriciously of his own life. We hope it is true. tampering with natural arrangement? If we are not mistaken, it will prove Everybody would see the absurdity of one of the best presents to the art that painting a Norwegian pine amidst the artist ever made. Let him put down sands of Africa, or of putting an ice- his beginnings and progress, his feelberg under the line. But who can ings, his conceptions, his conclusions, say how far this principle may be his difficulties, his success; in short, carried ? who has ascertained where it the mental formation and growth of stops? We must, however, conclude, his skill, and the record is invaluable. and conclude with Bewick.

Above all, we conjure bim to write Arrived at that period of life when from himself. Let him jot down his many men become averse to new un- ideas as they rise, without clipping or dertakings, Bewick is busy with a straining them to suit any set of conprojected History of Fishes. This ceited rules of composition. Let the might be expected from the strong and book be of Thomas Bewick altogether, knotty character of his mind. A full- and only. Let him shun, as he would bodied vintage will improve in raci- the plague, all contact with the race ness for forty years. The oak grows who commonly style themselves gramfor three centuries. We have been marians and critics; and if he does favoured with a sight of some of the not publish in his lifetime, we think cuts for this work, and can answer he may as well, unless he has a parfor their partaking, to the full extent, ticular reason to the contrary, not make of the marked characteristics of his Thomas Moore, Esq. his executor. earlier works. We noticed, especially, There may be little danger in this two or three angling scenes, which case; but one really would not wish might make the heart of a fisher leap any Christian book, much more that at the recollection. Never were the of a man of genias, like Bewick, to mountain streams of Northumberland run even the remotest risk of being put given as Bewick gives them. The into the parlour fire to please

« The Cockneys, to be sure, will not under. Ladies.”




On the towers of Leon deep midnight lay ;
Heavy clouds had blotted the stars away;
By fits 'twas rain, and by fits the gale
Swept through heaven like a funeral wail.
Hear ye that dismal—that distant hum?
Now the dirge of trumpet, the roll of drum,
Now the clash of cymbal; and now, again,
The sweep of the night-breeze, the rush of rain !
Hearken ye, now, 'tis more near, more loud-
Like the opening burst of the thunder-cloud;
Now sadder and softer,- like the shock
Of flood overleaping its barrier rock.
List ye not, now, on the echoing street,
The trampling of horses, the tread of feet,
And clashing of armour ?-a host of might
Rushing unseen through the starless night!
St Isidro ! to thy monastic gate,
Who crowding throng? who knocking wait ?
The Frere from his midnight vigil there
Upstarts, and scales the turret-stair ;

Then, aghast, he trembles—that knocking loud
Might awake the dead man in his shroud :
Thickens the blood in his veins through fear,
As unearthly voices smite his ear.-
“ Ho! brethren, wake !-ho! dead, arise ! -
Haste, gird the falchions on your thighs ;
Hauberk and helm from red rust free
And rush to battle for Spain with me!
“ Hither-hither- and join our hosts,
A mighty legion of stalwart ghosts;
Cid Ruydiez is marching there, and here
Gonzalez couches in rest his spear!
“ Pelayo is here and who despairs
When his Oaken Cross in front he bears ?-
And sure ye will list to my voice once more,
'Tis I, your Cid, the Campeador!
“ Ho! hither, hither--through our land, in arms,
The host of the Miramamolin swarms;
Shall our Cross before their Crescent wane?
Shall Moormen breathe in the vales of Spain ?
“ Ho! burst your cerementshere we wait
For thee, Ferrando, once the Great ;
Knock on your gaoler Death, and he
Will withdraw the bolts, and turn the key !
“ Prone to the earth their might must yield,
When we the Dead Host sweep the field;
Our vultures, to gorge upou the slain,
Shall forsake the rocks, and seek the plain.
“ Ho! hurry with us away-away, -,
Night passes onwards, 'twill soon be day:
Ho! sound the trumpet ; haste ! strike the drum,
And tell the Moormen, we come, we come!"-
The Frere into the dark gazed forth-
The sounds went forwards towards the North ;
The murmur of tongues, the tramp and tread
Of a mighty army to battle led.
At midnight slumbering Leon through,
To battle field throng'd that spectral crew;
By the morrow noon, red Tolosa show'd,
That more than men had fought for God !


This slight ballad is founded on a striking passage in the Chronicle of the Cid. The idea is certainly a beautiful one, of the patriotic retaining a regard for their country after death, and a zeal for its rescue from danger and oppression. At all events, it is sufficiently imaginative and romantic.

Ferrando the Great was buried in the Royal Monastery of St Isidro at Leon. The time of the occurrence is during the reign of King Alphonso, on the evening before the great battle of the Navas de Tolosa, wherein it is reported sixty thousand of the Mahometans were slain.

Cid Ruy Diaz is a name consecrated in Spanish, chivalrous song.–Pelayo is said to bave carried an Oaken Cross in the van of his army, when he led them on to battle. --The Gonzalez mentioned, is the Count Fernan Gonzalez, so renowned in the ancient Spanish Chronicles, and one of the many ballads concerning whom is given in the splendid Translations of Mr Lockhart.-On St Pelayo and the Campeador, see the admirable remarks of Dr Southey, passim.


We did intend to abstain from be- nistry? This, and this alone, is the stowing any farther notice on the Ca- question. The British nation, the two tholic Question, until circumstances Houses of Parliament, and the Exewould permit us to advert to it in ta- cutive, constitute the only tribunal that king a review of the leading features can decide it. of the present session of Parliament, It must be clear to all men to whom but we feel it to be our duty to aban- the blessing of common sense is not don this intention. The gigantic im- denied, that this tribunal could not portance of the subject demands, that decide rationally and constitutionally in discussing it, we should keep it apart upon removing the disabilities, withfrom all other topics. The question out first receiving satisfactory evidence is the leading one of the moment, and that the causes for them no longer exwe apprehend that it will long be the isted. It must be equally clear to all leading one. The conduct which the such men, that the Catholics could Opposition prints have adopted, and only have a right to hope for the rethe course which the Catholics threate moval of the disabilities through the en to pursue, lead us to believe, that, tendering of such evidence. It must for some time to come, the deeds of be alike clear to all such men, that in Catholicism will occupy a prominent all matters of difference between the station in political discussion. State and the Catholics, the latter, and

We will, in the first place, as in duty not the former, should make the sabound, strip the question of the mis- crifice; or, at any rate, sacrifice in the representations and falsehoods in which one, should be followed by equal saparty-spirit has been pleased to invest crifice in the other. Nothing can be it, and place it before us in all the wa- more indisputable than that, if the kedness of truth.

Catholics cannot prove that they are The Roman Catholics of these realms reformed, cannot show their qualificalie under certain disabilities, which, tion, and will not conform their conwhen they were imposed, and long af- duct and religion to the laws and conterwards, were most just and neces- stitution, they ought still to be subject sary. This is not merely the opinion to the disabilities. of Tories and high-churchmen ; it is Passing by justice and reason, and an opinion which, during the present looking at fact alone,-the British nasession of Parliament, has been ex- tion, Parliament, and the Executive, pressed by Lord Holland and other deny, that the Catholics have any ableading Whigs, and it has been coin- stract right to the removal of the discided in by some of the better portion abilities. They insist upon qualificaof the Catholics. Of course, it cuts up tion. Were the question debated in the doctrine of abstract right by the the House of Commons on the ground roots. In the judgment, not only of of abstract right only, the Catholics the Tories, but of the genuine Whigs would have scarcely any advocates. If

- not only of the opponents of the the Catholics, therefore, really wish Catholics, but of the greater part of for the removal of the disabilities, their advocates-not only of Protest- there is but one path that will lead ants, but of certain of the Catholics them to success ; they must tender themselves the disabilities ought not to the only tribunal that can relieve io be removed on the ground of ab- them the proper evidence; they must stract right. In the opinion of all clear their character, and display their these, the disabilities were originally qualification. most justly and wisely imposed. We assume this to be perfectly in

The Catholic Question therefore is disputable, and we shall therefore use simply this:-Have those public dane it as our test in reviewing the conduct gers which called for, and sanctioned, of the Catholics in their late applicathe disabilities, passed away without tion to Parliament. having been replaced by others equally The hostility of the Catholics toformidable ;-are the Catholics so far wards the established religion and changel, that they can be safely ad- Protestantism generally, has been one mitted into Parliament and the Min of the chief reasons for continuing the disabilities. Proofs, therefore, to show had to offer, to prove that the hostility that they were no longer actuated by to the national church establishment, such hostility, were essential for giving which had been mainly instrumental success to their application. Now, in placing them under the disabilities, what proofs did they offer? For some no longer existed. time previously to the assembling of From the greatness of the number Parlianient, they were occupied in of the Catholics, and their perfect orputting down, by the instrumentality ganization as a body, it was of the first of ferocious mobs, the Bible, Mission importance for them to convince the ary, and School Meetings, of the mem- tribunal which had to decide on their bers of the Established Church, and case, that their political principles the other Protestants. They petitioned were at least harmless-were in no reParliament for a revision of the pro- spect inconsistent with, and hostile to, perty of the Irish church, the mean- the constitution. Now, what evidence ing of which, according to their open did they tender to produce this condeclarations, was, that this church viction? Their question, so far as reshould be robbed of a large part of its gards parties, is not a party one ; men possessions. One of their priests de- of all parties support it, and men of clared at a meeting of the Catholic all parties oppose it. Some of the Association, that their priesthood did most eloquent and influential of the not admit the established clergy to Ministers, and the flower of the Oppohave any religious character. A mem- sition, stood before them ready to beber of this Association expressed a come their advisers and advocates, wish at two of its meetings, that the Now, no one would have quarrelled Protestant Church might long be the with them for keeping at a distance established church of Ireland, and it from the Tories for passing by Mr was received with murmurs and dis- Canning and Mr Plunkett for their approbation. They linked themselves Toryism ; but it was natural for every to Cobbett, who was striking with all one to expect that they would not go his might at the foundations of British beyond the genuine and constitutional Protestantism, and they circulated Whigs; it was natural for every one among the ignorant people the most to expect that they would from polia foul and diabolical slanders, touching cy, if not from principle, scrupulously the religion of the state and its mini- avoid all connexion with faction, and sters. Everything that could goad the more especially with those who advopeople into a determination to pay no cated schemes involving the rain of the tithes—everything that could exaspe- constitution. We have already menrate the people against the Established tioned Cobbett; we need not give his Church-everything that could mani- history; we need not repeat what he fest a wish for the ruin of this church has at various times published touchand of Protestantism, was said or done ing the King, the Royal Family, the by their leaders, and solemnly sanc- Aristocracy, the Church, the Clergy, tioned by the body at large.

the Protestant religion, the ConstituEven after the Catholic deputation tion, and all our public possessions ; arrived in London ; after its members we need not say what character is ashad assumed the mask of peace, and signed to this man by every one of our at the critical moment when their case sects and parties. 'Well, with this was before Parliament, they could not Cobbett the Catholic Deputation conrefrain from displaying their animosi- nected itself immediately on its arrity towards Protestantism. Lawless en val in London. It was ostentatiously tered a London Bible Meeting, and announced in the newspapers, that the attempted to get up an uproar, but Deputation had been to visit Mr Cobnot having an Irish mob to aid him, bett-it was ostentatiously announced he was put down. O'Connell straggled in the newspapers, that Mr O'Connell into a Whig School Meeting, and made had been to Mr Cobbett, to obtain his such insinuations against the Protest advice for the guidance of the Cathoants, that he was hissed out of it. lics, and that, in obedience to this ad

Setting aside some empty profes- vice, they had put their cause into the sions which were only calculated to bands of Sir F. Burdett. impose upon children, this cor:stituted Our readers are no strangers to the the only evidence that the Catholics history of the Radical Baronet; we,


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