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and bright; but although it was as fine yourself, as you are to go along with me, a night as heart could wish for, he felt and may be tired after your walk last pinched with the cold. By my word,' night.' chattered Billy, “a drop of good liquor “ Billy thought this very considerate would be no bad thing to keep a man's of his master, and thanked him accordsoul from freezing in him; and I wish I ingly: ' But,' said he, if I may be so had a full measure of the best.'

bold, sir, I would ask which is the way 6 • Never wish it twice, Billy,' said a to your stable, for never a thing do I see little man in a three-cornered hat, bound but the Fort here, and the old thorn-trée all about with gold lace, and with great in the corner of the field, and the stream silver buckles in his shoes, so big that it running at the bottom of the hill, with was a wonder how he could carry them; the bit of bog over agairst us.' and he held out a glass as big as himself, “Ask no questions, Billy,' said the filled with as good liquor as ever eye little man, but go over to that bit of looked on or lip tasted.

bog, and bring me two of the strongest "Success, my little fellow,' said Billy rushes you can find.' Mac Daniel, nothing daunted, though “ Billy did accordingly, wondering what well he knew the little man to belong to the little man would be at; and he picked the good people ; here's your health, any out two of the stoutest rushes he could way, and thank you kindly; no matter find, with a little bunch of brown bloswho pays for the drink;' and he took som stuck at the side of each, and brought the glass and drained it to the very bot- them back to his master. tom, without ever taking a second breath Get up, Billy,' said the little man, to it.

taking one of the rushes from him, and “Success,' said the little man; and striding across it. you're heartily welcome, Billy; but don't "Where shall I get up, please your think to cheat me as you have done honour?' said Billy. others,-out with your purse and pay Why, upon horseback, like me, to me like a gentleman.'

be sure,' said the little man. « Is it I pay you?' said Billy: 'could " • Is it after making a fool of me I not just take you up and put you in you'd be,' said Billy, ' bidding me get amy pocket as easily as a blackberry?' horseback upon that bit of a rush? May.

Billy Mac Daniel,' said the little be you want to persuade me that the man, getting very angry, ' you shall be rush I pulled but a while ago out of the my servant for seven years and a day, bog over there is a horse ?' and that is the way I will be paid ; so ' Up! up! and no words,' said the make ready to follow me.'

Jittle man, looking very angry; 'the best “ When Billy heard this, he began to horse you ever rode was but a fool to it.' be very sorry for having used such bold So Billy, thinking all this was in joke, words towards the little man; and he and fearing to vex his master, straddled felt himself, yet could not tell how, obli- across the rush: " Borram! Borram! ged to follow the little man the livelong Borram ! cried the little man three night about the country, up and down, times (which, in English, means to beand over hedge and ditch, and through come great,) and Billy did the same af. bog and brake, without any rest.

ter him: presently the rushes swelled up “When morning began to dawn, the into fine horses, and away they went full little man turned round to him and said, speed; but Billy, who had put the rush You may now go home, Billy, but, on between his legs, without much minding your peril, don't fail to meet me in the how he did it, found himself sitting on Fort-field to-night; or if you do, it may horseback the wrong way, which was rabe the worse for you in the long run. If ther awkward, with his face to the horse's I find you a good servant, you will find tail; and so quickly had his horse started me an indulgent master.'

off with him, that he had no power to “ Home went Billy Mac Daniel; and turn round, and there was therefore no. though he was tired and weary enough, thing for it but to hold on by the tail. never a wink of sleep could he get for “ At last they came to their journey's thinking of the little man; but he was end, and stopped at the gate of a fine afraid not to do his bidding, so he got up house: Now, Billy,' said the little man, in the evening, and away he went to the 'do as you see me do, and follow me Fort-field. He was not long there be- close; but as you did not know your fore the little man came towards him horse's head from his tail, mind that and said, " Billy, I want to go a long your own head does not spin round until journey to-night; so saddle one of my you can't tell whether you are standing horses, and you may saddle another foron it or on your heels: for remember

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that old liquor, though able to make a Within the house there was great caroucat speak, can make a man dumb.' sing going forward, and the little man

“ The little man then said some queer stopped outside for some time to listen ; kind of words, out of which Billy could then turning round all of a sudden, said, make no meaning; but he contrived to • Billy, I will be a thousand years old say them after him for all that; and in to-morrow !' they both went through the key-hole of “ • God bless us, sir,' said Billy, 'will the door, and through one key-hole after you ?' another, until they got into the wine- « • Don't say these words again, Billy,' cellar, which was well stored with all said the little man, or you will be my kinds of wine.

ruin for ever.

Now, Billy, as I will be a “ The little man fell to drinking as thousand years in the world to-morrow, hard as he could, and Billy, nowise dis- I think it is full time for me to get marliking the example, did the same.

ried.' best of masters are you, surely,' said “ • I think so too, without any kind of Billy to him; no matter who is the doubt at all,' said Billy, • if ever you next; and well pleased will I be with mean to marry.' your service if you continue to give me “. And to that purpose,' said the litplenty to drink.

tle man,' have I come all the way to “• I have made no bargain with you,' Carrigogunniel; for in this house, this said the little man, “and will make none; very night, is young Darby Riley going but up and follow me.' Away they went, to be married to Bridget Rooney; and through key-hole after key-hole ; and as she is a tall and comely girl, and has each mounting upon the rush which he come of decent people, I think of marleft at the hall door, scampered off, kick- rying her myself, and taking her off with ing the clouds before them like snowballs, as soon as the swords,' Borram, “And what will Darby Riley say to Borram, Borram,' had passed their lips. that ?' said Billy,

“ When they came back to the Fort- « • Silence !' said the little man, putfield, the little man dismissed Billy, bid- ting on a mighty severe look : ' I did ding him to be there the next night at not bring you here with me to ask questhe same hour. Thus did they go on, tions ;' and without holding further arnight after night, shaping their course gument, he began saying the queer words, one night here, and another night there which had the power of passing him - sometimes north, and sometimes east, through the key-hole as free as air, and and sometimes south, until there was which Billy thought himself mighty clenot a gentleman's wine-cellar in all Ire- ver to be able to say after him. land they had not visited, and could tell “ In they both went; and for the betthe flavour of every wine in it as well- ter viewing the company, the little man ay, better-than the butler himself. perched himself up as nimbly as a cockOne night when Billy Mac Daniel

sparrow upon one of the big beams which met the little man as usual in the Fort- went across the house over all their field, and was going to the bog to fetch heads, and Billy did the same upon anothe horses for their journey, his master ther facing him; but not being much acsaid to him, ' Billy, I shall want another customed to roosting in such a place, his horse to-night, for may-be we may bring legs hung down as untidy as may be, and back more company with us than we it was quite clear he had not taken pattake.' So Billy, who now knew better tern after the way in which the little man than to question any order given to him bad bundled himself up together. If the by his master, brought a third rush, much little man had been a tailor all his life, wondering who it might be that would he could not have sat more contentedly travel back in their company, and whe- upon his haunches. ther he was about to have a fellow-ser. “ There they were, both master and vant. If I have,' thought Billy, ' he man, looking down upon the fun that was shall go and fetch the horses from the going forward--and under thena were the bog every night ; for I don't see why I priest and piper-and the father of Darby am not, every inch of me, as good a Riley, and Darby's two brothers and his gentleman as my master.'

uncle's son-and there were both the fa“ Well, away they went, Billy leading ther and the mother of Bridget Rooney, the third horse, and never stopped until and proud enough the old couple were they came to a snug farmer's house in that night of their daughter, as good right the county Limerick, close under the they had and her four sisters with bran old castle of Carrigogunniel, that was new ribbons in their caps, and her three built, they say, by the great Brian Boru. brothers all looking as clean and as clever


as any three boys in Munster and there back, which sent his unfortunate servant were uncles and aunts, and gossips and sprawling upon his face and hands right cousins enough besides to make a full in the middle of the supper-table. house of it and plenty was there to eat “ If Billy was astonished, how much and drink on the table for every one of more so was every one of the company them, if they had been double the num- into which he was thrown with so little ber.

ceremony! but when they heard his story, “Now it happened, just as Mrs Roo. Father Cooney laid down his knife and ney had helped his reverence to the first fork, and married the young couple out cut of the pig's head which was placed of hand with all speed; and Billy Mac before her, beautifully bolstered up with Daniel danced the Rinka at their wed. white savoys, that the bride gave a sneeze ding, and plenty did he drink at it too, which made every one at table start, but which was what he thought more of than not a soul said, God bless us.' All dancing." thinking that the priest would have done so, as he ought if he had done his duty,

Part of this story is Scotch, and we no one wished to take the word out of apprehend that Mr Croker's bulrush his mouth, which unfortunately was pre

was in its original existence a benoccupied with pig's head and greens. And

weed. Hogg, also, in his grand poem, after a moment's pause, the fun and mer

the Witch of Fife, has something of riment of the bridal feast went on with the kind. out the pious benediction.

Inp. 277, we have Daniel O'Rourke, “ of this circumstance both Billy and in prose. It formerly ornamented our his master were no inattentive spectators pages in ottava rima, very merrily and from their exalted stations.

• Ha!' ex

wittily told. We forget whence it was claimed the little man, throwing one leg originally derived, but we certainly from under him with a joyous flourish, have seen it somewhere in print beand his eye twinkled with a strange light, fore. Mr Croker has here, however, whilst his eyebrows became elevated into much amplified, and bedecked it with the curvature of Gothic arches Ha!' various flowers of speech, hitherto unsaid he, leering down at the bride, and known in the English language. He then up at Billy, ' I have half of her now, might have illustrated also his story surely. Let her sneeze but twice more, of * The Field of Boliauns,” (p. 199,) and she is mine, in spite of priest, mass- from our pages; for he will find its book, and Darby Riley.'

miraculous circumstance told in a note “ Again the fair Bridget sneezed ; but

on Sketches of Village Character in it was so gently, and she blushed so much,

our eighth volume, as having happenthat few except the little man took, or seemed to take, any notice ; and no one

ed to Archy Tait.

The notes are learned and amusing ; thought of saying, God bless us.' Billy all this time regarded the poor

we copy one, to make a remark or two girl with a most rueful expression of countenance ; for he could not help thinking « " Don't call them my enemies,' exwhat a terrible thing it was for a nice claims Tom Bourke, on hearing Mr Maryoung girl of nineteen, with large blue tin apply the term enemy to an adverse eyes, transparent skin, and dimpled fairy faction; and throughout it will be cheeks, suffused with health and joy, to observed that he calls the fairies, as all be obliged to marry an ugly little bit of a Irish in his class of life would do, Good man, who was a thousand years old, bar- People.' (Dina Magh, correctly written ring a day.

Daoine Maith.) “At this critical moment the bride gave “ In some parts of Wales, the fairies a third sneeze, and Billy roared out with are termed tylwyth teg, or the fair family ; all his might, • God save us !' Whether in others y teulu, the family; also, benthis exclamation resulted from his solilo- dith eu mamau, or the blessings of their quy, or from the mere force of habit, he mothers; and gwreigedh anwyl, or dear never could tell exactly himself; but no wives. sooner was it uttered, than the little man, “A similar desire of propitiating supehis face glowing with rage and disappoint- rior beings of malignant nature, or a wisha ment, sprung from the beam on which to avoid words of ill omen, characterizes he had perched himself, and shrieking out people of higher civilization. The Greeks in the shrill voice of a cracked bagpipe, denominated the furies by the name of ' I discharge you my service, Billy Mac Eupervides, the benevolent, and gave to one Daniel-take that for your wages, gave

of them the title of Mayaiga, the merciful. poor Billy a most furious kick in the On similar principles, without having re

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on it.


course to grammatical quiddities, may dictments for witchcraft, and they conpossibly be explained the name of Charon, tinued late in the 17th century, they

the grim ferryman that poets write of,' are uniformly called “the gude neichwhich, if it be of Greek origin, signifies boris.” • the rejoicing; and why Lucus, the Our little author has been very cangloomy and appalling grove, should be did in acknowledging his obligations derived from luceo, to shine with light; to others. We must tell him, there. other instances will immediately occur to fore, against his next edition, (for we the scholar, as Maleventum changed to think the book will run to another,) Beneventum; golos agevos, the sea un

that the Legend of Knockgrafton, p. 23, friendly to strangers to movos svčevos

, the in which the hump is taken from one friendly, &c. We see it in more modern days in the alteration of the Cape of Miss Edgeworth, as Mr Croker re

man, and put on another, is Italian. Storms into the Cape of Good Hope, marks, claims for the Irish Legend In one of the Waverley novels, Sir Wal

the merit of giving the hint to Parnell, ter Scott, if Sir Walter it be, mentions that the Highlanders call the gallows, by Britain's Isle and Arthur's Days;

(an Irishman,) for his pretty poem of

and which so many of their countrymen suffered, the kind gallows, and address it with it may be the case, but it was already uncovered head. Sir Walter cannot ac

in print. The scene of the Italian story count for this, but it is evidently propi- is laid at Benevento; it is exactly the tiatory.”

same as the Irish, with the addition of

one comic and fairy-like circumstance. This last sentence is not exactly ac- They saw off the hump of the invocurate. The Highlanders do not ad- luntary intruder with a saw of butter, dress the gallows generally by this en- without putting him to any pain. It dearing title, but simply the gallows may be found, we think, in one of

, of Creiff. It is hard to say why they Redi's Letters. call it kind; but we are not quite sure We hope Mr Croker is not done of its being intended for propitiation, story-telling; but that he will give us, as Mr Croker explains it; for the usual not exactly as says himself, p. 137, salutation is, “Och! ye're tae kind two thick quartos, properly printed callows o' Creiff! God pless us, and in a rivulet of print running down a God tamn you ;" at least such is the meadow of margin, for Mr John Murversion of the salute which we have ray, of Albemarle-street," but a regular heard. If wrong, we are ready to sub- annual duodecimo, for the same great mit to any correction. But Mr Croker bookseller of the Western World, unmight have added, in illustration of til he be himself claimed by the fairies, his general position, that even the law and carried away mounted on a bulof Scotland itself has not ventured to rush. offend the fairies ; for in the very in

[We subjoin a communication on something of a similar subject, which we have just received from a correspondent. Would a letter to Hailebury reach him?--C. N.]


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It was long since well remarked, theses framed to account for this fact. that we can be hardly said to have a I admit that it is possible that the teller new story in the world. All the of the Arabian story may have read new tales, says Chaucer, were in his Homer, or received his “speciosa mitime come out of the old books. And racula" at second hand, but it is not the farther we trace back into the very probable. My theory is, that the East, the more remote does the origin Greek in Ionia, and the Arab in Bagof our most trivial and popular legends dad, drew on a common source, the

origin of which it would perhaps be It is impossible for the readers of the difficult to trace. A slight acquainOdyssey not to be struck by the simi- tance with the stores of Sanscrit larity which many of the adventures knowledge makes me think that it is of Ulysses bear to those of Sinbad the to that literature that we are to look Sailor. There have been many hypo- for the germ of many of our fictions.

appear to be.


* Fortunatus's Wishing-Cap is a from the East, (witness the common common story. The site of the tale story of his looking after grapes, which is placed in Famagosta, the famous our western foxes do not eat,) is a city of Cyprus. This location was greater favourite than Irgoin the Wolf, chosen by the story-tellers of the mid- or Bruin the Bear. Homer in this, dle ages to whom that island, in con- too, shows his eastern origin, for sequence of the crusades, Richard's Ulysses the wodutgowos, is evidently exploits in it, the House of Lusignan, the hero for whom he has most res &c. &c. became a sort of country of spect and affection. romance. Tracing farther back, we The Fabliaux are generally admitfind the tale to recede eastward, and ted to be directly oriental. I do not told in the Bahur Danish. If we pur

remember that their Indian origin has sue our inquiries we shall trace it to been pointed out by their commentaIndia. In the Vrikat Katha, which tors in any instance. I shall therefore is a collection of Hindoo tales, deri- avail myself of another story, translaved from the Sanscrit, we are told the ted from the Vrikat Katha. It is the adventures of Putraha, one of which foundation of the famous fabliau of

Courtant Du Hamel, ou la dame qui “ While wandering in the woods he attrappa un Pretre, un Prevot, et un beheld two men struggling with each Forestier. other. He inquired who they were. “ Whilst I, Vararuchi the Storyteller, They replied that they were the sons of was thus absent, my wife, who performed Mayasar, and were contending for a ma- with pious exactitude her ablutions in the gic cup, staff, and pair of slippers—the Ganges, attracted the notice and desires first of which yielded inexhaustible viands, of several suitors, especially of the king's the second generated any object which domestic priest, the commander of the it delineated, and the third transported guard, and the young prince's preceptor, a person through the air. The stronger who annoyed her by their importunities, of the two was to possess tliese articles. and terrified her by their threats, till at Putraha then observed to them, that vio- last she determined to expose and punish lence was a very improper mode of set- their depravity. Having fixed upon the tling their pretensions; and that it would plan, she made an appointment for the be better they should adjust the dispute same evening with her three lovers, each by less objectionable means. He there- being to come to her house an hour later fore proposed, that they should run a race than the other. Being desirous of profor the contested articles, and the fleetest pitiating the gods, she sent for our hankwin them. They agreed, and set off. They er to obtain money to distribute in alms; were no sooner at a little distance, than and when he arrived, he expressed the Putraha, putting his feet into the slip- same passion as the rest, on her compli. pers, and seizing the cup and staff, ance with which, he promised to make mounted into the air, and left the racers over to her the money that I had placed in vain to lament their being outwitted." in his hands; or on her refusal, he would

Here the slippers play the part of retain it to his own use. Apprehending Fortunatus's Cap, and the magic cup, made a similar assignation with him, and

the loss of our property, therefore, she which yields inexhaustible viands, is

desired him to come to her house that not very unlike his purse. The trick which Putraha plays resembles one in evening, at an hour when she calculated

on having disposed of the first comers, Grimm's German stories, where a prince for whose reception, as well as his, she obtains possession of a sword, the arranged with her attendants the necesdrawing of which cuts off heads in a

sary preparations. similar manner.

But in general our “ At the expiration of the first watch northern legends do not turn so much of the night, the preceptor of the prince on the exploits of stratagem as of open arrived. Upakosa affected to receive him force. The Eastern evidently prefer with great delight; and, after some conthe clever and ingenious trickster. versation, desired him to make a bath, Reynard the fox, who comes to us which her handmaids had prepared for

* I am indebted to the Calcutta Quarterly Magazine for the two stories I am going to quote.

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