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WILLIAM COLLINS, SONS, AND COMPANY,
GLASGOW, EDINBURGH, AND LONDON,

1877.

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PREFACE.

This little book makes no pretension to originality either in its manner or its matter, but is rather meant to supply the student with a Manual of English Grammar that shall put him fairly abreast of the results of modern research. It is impossible to write an English Grammar without putting oneself under many obligations to such writers as Dr. Abbott, Dr. Morris, Professor Adams, Professor Mason, Dr. Latham, and to the works of Mätzner, Fiedler, Sachs, and others, and I gratefully acknowledge my debts; but in all cases I have exercised my own judgment, and, in the selection of examples and illustrations, have striven to draw from my own reading new and unhackneyed passages from the great masters of the language.

It is hoped that this book will enable the advanced student to deal with the English Language as a whole, and help him to trace its growth and changeful formation, from the speech of our Saxon, Jutish, and Danish forefathers, to the cultured prose and verse of the Poets, Philosophers, and Historians of modern times. With this object in view, I have made copious extracts from the carliest writers as well as from the successive works of later periods of English.

In the Analysis and Parsing of Sentences my aim has

Ison to reduce the operations of thought to the simplest mules, and not to orerburden the student with intricate and ermplicated formulas of Analysis.

Exercises on the general scope of the Grammar are given in an Appendix, and will, it is hoped, not only fumish tests of proficiency for scholars, but suggest b) trachers other questions bearing more minutely on the mujoot matter of each chapter.

I am quite aware that this book falls very far short of ile Idee, but if it enables its readers to take a more sulmuate measure than is usually taken of the historical lignity and literary wealth of the English tongue, it will bet have altogether missed its aim.

C. U. D.

Toth Noptember, 15.6.

CONTENTS.

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CHAPTER V.

The Verb,

36 | Titles of Verbs,

Inflection of Verb, Voices,

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37 Auxiliary Verbs,

The Verb Finite,

37 | To be,

Tenses,

38 Can,

Moods,

38 May, must, shall,

Conjugations,

39 | Will, huve,

.

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