'Tis the custom of some to cast them overboard, and there's an end of them: for the dumb fishes will tell no tales. But the murderer is not so soon drowned as the man. What, is a brother of false blood no kin? a savage hath God to his father by creation, though not the church to his mother, and God will revenge his innocent blood. But our captain counts the image of God, nevertheless his image cut in ebony as if done in ivory.

In dividing the gains, he wrongs no one who took pains to get them: not shifting off his poor mariners with nothing.

In time of peace he quietly returns home.

His voyages are not only for profit, but some for honor and knowledge.

He daily sees, and duly considers God's wonders in the deep.



Travel not early before thy judgment be risen; lest thou observest rather shows than substance.

Get the language (in part), without which key thou shalt unlock little of moment.

Know most of the rooms of thy native country before thou goest over the threshold thereof.

Travel not beyond the Alps. Mr. Roger Ascham did thank God that he was but nine days in Italy, wherein he saw in one city (Venice) more liberty to sin than in London he ever heard of in nine years.

Be wise in choosing objects, diligent in marking, careful in remembering of them. Yet herein men much follow their own humors. One asked a barber who never before had been at the court, what he saw there? “0,” said he, “the king was excellently well trimmed !"

Labor to distil and unite into thyself the scattered perfections of several nations. Many weed foreign countries, bringing home Dutch drunkenness, Spanish pride, French wantonness, and Italian atheism ; as for the good herbs, Dutch industry, Spanish loy. alty, French courtesy, and Italian frugality, these they leave behind them ; others bring home just nothing; and, because they . singled not themselves from their countrymen, though some years beyond sea, were never out of England.


1 "Is not this one of the earliest intercessions on behalf of the poor slaves p"-Basil Montagu. No; for a higher than all human authority proclaimed, fifteen hundred years before, “ All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them;" which, if obeyed, would break every bond of oppression throughout the world. Light and darkness, virtue and vice, heaven and earth, present no greater contrast than the code of Christian ethics and the slave code.

? This is common to all professions: “I hold,” says Lord Bacon, “that every man is a debtor to his profession, from the which, as men do of course seek to receive countenance and profit, so ought they of duty to endeavor themselves, by way of amends, to be a help and ornament thereunto.”



It is the treasure-house of the mind, wherein the monuments thereof are kept and preserved. Plato makes it the mother of the Muses. Aristotle sets it in one degree further, making experience the mother of arts, memory the parent of experience. Philosophers place it in the rear of the head; and it seems the mine of memory lies there, because there men naturally dig for it, scratching it when they are at a loss. This again is two-fold ; one, the simple retention of things; the other, a regaining them when forgotten. Artificial memory

is rather a trick than an art, and more for the gain of the teacher than profit of the learners. Like the tossing of a pike, which is no part of the postures and motions thereof, and is rather for ostentation than use, to show the strength and nimbleness of the arm, and is often used by wandering soldiers, as an introduction to beg. Understand it of the artificial rules which at this day are delivered by memory mountebanks ; for sure an art thereof may be made, (wherein as yet the world is defective,) and that no more destructive to natural memory than spectacles are to eyes, which girls in Holland wear from twelve years of age. But till this be found out, let us observe these plain rules.

First, soundly infix in thy mind what thou desirest to remember. What wonder is it if agitation of business jog that out of thy head which was there rather tacked than fastened? It is best knocking in the nail over night, and clinching it the next morning.

Overburden not thy memory to make so faithful a servant a slave. Remember, Atlas was weary. Have as much reason as a camel, to rise when thou hast thy full load. Memory, like a purse, if it be over full that it cannot shut, all will drop out of it; take heed of a gluttonous curiosity to feed on many things, lest the greediness of the appetite of thy memory spoil the digestion thereof.

Marshal thy notions into a handsome method. One will carry twice more weight trussed and packed up in bundles, than when it lies untoward, flapping and hanging about his shoulders. Things orderly fardled up under heads are most portable.

Adventure not all thy learning in one bottom, but divide it betwixt thy memory and thy note-books. He that with Bias carries all his learning about him in his head, will utterly be beggared and bankrupt, if a violent disease, a merciless thief, should rob and strip him. I know some have a common-place against commonplace-books, and yet perchance will privately make use of what they publicly declaim against. A common-place-book contains many notions in garrison, whence the owner may draw out an army into the field on competent warning.


RORERT HERRICK. 1591-1662. One of the most exquisite of the early English lyric poets, was Robert Herrick. But little is known of his life. His father was a goldsmith of London, and he was born in that city in 1591. He studied at Cambridge, and took orders in the established church, and obtained a place to preach in, in Devonshire, which he lost at the commencement of the civil wars. At the Restoration he was re-appointed to his vicarage, but died soon afterwards, in 1662.

Abating some of the impurities of Herrick, we can fully join with an able critic in the Retrospective Review! in pronouncing him one of the best of English lyric poets. “ He is the most joyous and gladsome of bards; singing like the grasshopper, as if he would never grow old. He is as fresh as the Spring, as blithe as the Summer, and as ripe as the Autumn. ... His poems resemble a luxuriant meadow, full of king-cups and wild flowers, or a July firmament, sparkling with a myriad of stars. His fancy fed upon all the fair and sweet things of nature: it is redolent of roses and jessamine; it is as light and airy as the thistle down, or the bubbles which laughing boys blow into the air, where they float in a waving line of beauty."

Fair daffodils, we weep to see

You haste away so soon;
As yet the early-rising sun
Has not attain'd his noon:

Stay, stay,
Until the hastening day

Has run
But to the even-song;
And, having pray'd together, we

Will go with you along!
We have short time to stay, as you;

We have as short a spring,
As quick a growth to meet decay,
As you, or any thing:

We die,
As your hours do; and dry

Like to the summer's rain,
Or as the pearls of morning dew,

Ne'er to be found again.

Why do ye weep, sweet babes? Can tears

Speak grief in you,

Who were but born
Just as the modest morn

Teem'd her refreshing dew?
Alas! you have not known that shower

That mars a flower;

1 Vol. v. page 156. Read also, remarks in “Drake's Literary Hours."

Nor felt th' unkind
Breath of a blasting wind;
Nor are ye worn with years;

Or warp'd, as we,

Who think it strange to see
Such pretty flowers, like to orphans young,
To speak by tears before ye have a tongue.
Speak, whimpering younglings; and make known

The reason why

Ye droop, and weep.
Is it for want of sleep;

Or childish lullaby?
Or, that ye have not seen as yet

The violet?

Or brought a kiss
From that sweetheart to this?
No, no; this sorrow, shown

By your tears shed,

Would have this lecture read, 6 That things of greatest, so of meanest worth, Conceived with grief are, and with tears brought forth.”


Fair pledges of a fruitful tree,

Why do ye fall so fast?

Your date is not so past,
But you may stay yet here awhile
To blush and gently smile,

And go at last.
What, were ye born to be

An hour or half's delight,

And so to bid good-night?
'Tis pity nature brought ye forth
Merely to show your worth,

And lose you quite.
But you are lovely leaves, where we

May read how soon things have

Their end, though ne'er so brave:
And after they have shown their pride,
Like you, awhile, they glide

Into the grave.


Frolic virgins once these were,
Over-loving, living here;
Being here their ends denied,
Ran for sweethearts mad, and died.
Love, in pity of their tears,
And their loss of blooming years,
For their restless here-spent hours,
Gave them heart's-ease turn'd to flowers.


As Julia once a slumbering lay,
'It chanced a bee did fly that way,
After a dew, or dew-like shower,
To tipple freely in a flower;
For some rich flower he took the lip
Of Julia, and began to sip:
But when he felt he suckd from thence
Honey, and in the quintessence,
He drank so much he scarce could stir;
So Julia took the pilferer:
And thus surprised, as filchers use,
He thus began himself t excuse:
Sweet lady-flower! I never brought
Hither the least one thieving thought;
But taking those rare lips of yours
For some fresh, fragrant, luscious flowers,
I thought I might there take a taste,
Where so much syrup ran at waste:
Besides, know this, I never sting
The flower that gives me nourishing;
But with a kiss, or thanks, do pay
For honey that I bear away.
This said, he laid his little scrip
Of honey 'fore her ladyship;
And told her, as some tears did fall,
Tnat, that he took, and that was all.
At which she smiled; and bade him go
And take his bag; but thus much know
When next he came a pilfering so,
He should from her full lips derive
Honey enough to fill his hive.

Her eyes the glow-worm lend thee,
The shooting stars attend thee,

And the elves also,

Whose little eyes glow
Like sparks of fire, befriend thee!
No will-o'-th'-wisp mislight thee,
Nor snake nor slow-worm bite thee;

But on, on thy way,

Not making a stay,
Since ghost there's none to affright thee!
Let not the dark thee cumber;
What though the moon does slumber,

The stars of the night

Will lend thee their light,
Like tapers clear without number!
Then Julia, let me woo thee,
Thus, thus to come unto me:

And, when I shall meet

Thy silvery feet
My soul I'll pour into thee!

[ocr errors]
« VorigeDoorgaan »