Discourse and Identity
Anna De Fina, Deborah Schiffrin, Michael Bamberg
Cambridge University Press, 29 jun. 2006 - 462 pagina's
The relationship between language, discourse and identity has always been a major area of sociolinguistic investigation. In more recent times, the field has been revolutionized as previous models - which assumed our identities to be based on stable relationships between linguistic and social variables - have been challenged by pioneering new approaches to the topic. This volume brings together a team of leading experts to explore discourse in a range of social contexts. By applying a variety of analytical tools and concepts, the contributors show how we build images of ourselves through language, how society moulds us into different categories, and how we negotiate our membership of those categories. Drawing on numerous interactional settings (the workplace; medical interviews; education), in a variety of genres (narrative; conversation; interviews), and amongst different communities (immigrants; patients; adolescents; teachers), this revealing volume sheds light on how our social practices can help to shape our identities.
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and relational practice
The discursive construction of teacher identities
On being white heterosexual and male in
Urban fathers positioning themselves through
Performing self family and community
shared meanings in
List of contributors page x
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
actions analysis analyzed argue Auschwitz Bella Bella’s Ceil’s chapter Chez Panisse Ciro community of practice construction context conversation critical discourse analysis cultural models Demjanjuk describes Desley discourse discourse marker doctor’s evaluation Example experience father focus frame fraternity gender Goffman Hannah Fisher hegemonic heterosexual Hispanic Holocaust homoeroticism ideologies indexicality individual inter interac interpretation interview interviewer’s Ivan the Terrible John Demjanjuk Kiesling language linguistic Louis masculinity Mick Mishler Moita-Lopes na˜o narrated events narrative practices narrative self-construction negotiation participants particular past pause performance perspective present question reference relationship relevant response Robert role Schiffrin sense shared meanings situation social constructionism social identities social world sociolinguistic speakers speaking position specific stance story story-world storytelling survivors taleworld talk teacher telling tion Transnistria understand uterus voice words workplace anecdotes Wortham yeah
Pagina 355 - Tajfel's (1981) social identity theory we find a definition of social identity as, ' . . . that part of an individual's self-concept which derives from his knowledge of his membership of a social group (or groups) together with the value and emotional significance attached to that membership
Pagina 31 - I mean the intelligible whole that governs a succession of events in any story. This provisory definition immediately shows the plot's connecting function between an event or events and the story. A story is made out of events to the extent that plot makes events into a story.
Pagina 31 - The evaluation of a narrative is defined by us as that part of the narrative that reveals the attitude of the narrator towards the narrative by emphasizing the relative importance of some narrative units as compared to others.
Pagina 34 - The clock's tick-tock I take to be a model of what we call a plot, an organization that humanizes time by giving it form; and the interval between tock and tick represents purely successive, disorganized time of the sort that we need to humanize.
Pagina 31 - I take temporality to be that structure of existence that reaches language in narrativity and narrativity to be the language structure that has temporality as its ultimate referent.
Pagina 34 - If not in all stories, certainly in all mystery stories, the writer works backward. The ending is known and the story is designed to arrive at the ending. If you know the people of the world speak many languages, that is the ending: The story of the Tower of Babel gets you there. The known ending of life is death: The story of Adam and Eve arrives at that ending.
Pagina 109 - Each individual is responsible for the demeanor image of himself and the deference image of others, so that for a complete man to be expressed, individuals must hold hands in a chain of ceremony, each giving deferentially with proper demeanor to the one on the right what will be received deferentially from the one on the left.
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In Other Words: Variation in Reference and Narrative
Gedeeltelijke weergave - 2006