Manchu: A Textbook for Reading Documents
University of Hawaiʻi Press, 2000 - 408 pagina's
Manchu was the language of a group of people who in the sixteenth century lived to the northeast of China and later became known as Manchus. After establishing a new state in the southern part of Manchuria in the early seventeenth century, they conquered China and ruled as the Qing dynasty until 1911. Millions of Manchu records along with records in Chinese and Mongolian were created during nearly three hundred years in power. Nowaday, with an imperial Manchu court out of the picture, hardly anybody knows the language. With the accessibility of large number of Manchu documents, today scholars study Manchu to understand the documents.
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How to use the texts
B Official documents
Old ManchuFrom the Old Manchu archives
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accusative action akim Aksu akū amba amban aniya army arrived baita become beile bihe bithe brother Chin Chinese converb cooha documents Dzungars edict ejen emperor Examples express front gemu geogr geren gisun governor gurun hese hesei hoise Hojijan Hošik hoton ilan imperial jalin Jaohūi jergi juwan juwe khan language letter live Manchu manggi manju matter meaning memorial mini Mongol month Muslim nikan niyalma Note occur official original orin Osman particle pers person prince Qing rank Reading Selection rebels request Review saying script sehe sembi seme sent sentence Sibe singgeri Studies submit suffix taiji tere towns translate troops Turfan turgunde Ūdui uthai verb vowel wang wesimbuhe write written Yarkand با ها هم وا ويا يا