Manet's Modernism: Or, The Face of Painting in the 1860s
University of Chicago Press, 1996 - 647 pagina's
Manet's Modernism, or, The Face of Painting in the 1860s is the culminating work in a trilogy of books by Michael Fried exploring the roots and genesis of pictorial modernism. Building on his earlier studies of the central antitheatrical tradition within Enlightenment and post-Enlightenment French painting, Fried argues that previous accounts of Edouard Manet as the first modernist painter are based on a simplistic reading of the situation Manet inherited and, partly as a result, fail to grasp the specificity, complexity, and ambition - also the deeply problematic nature - of his epochal paintings of the 1860s. By placing the painter squarely within his generation (along with Henri Fantin-Latour, Alphonse Legros, and James McNeill Whistler, all of whom are treated at length) as well as in the context of the art-critical discourse of his time, Fried transforms our sense of Manet's artistic project. Instead of the usual emphasis on flatness and visuality, Fried focuses on aspects of Manet's work that have either been minimized or ignored: his repeated allusions to Old Master sources, his desire for "universality" as regards both national schools and individual genres, his efforts to annul the absorptive basis of the modern French tradition, his invention of a sort of portrait-tableau, above all his pursuit of facingness and strikingness as means of reconstructing the relationship between painting and beholder. The result is an entirely new understanding not only of the art of Manet and his generation but also of the way in which the Impressionist simplification of Manet's achievement had determined subsequent accounts of pictorial modernism down to the present. Like Fried's previousbooks, Manet's Modernism is a milestone in the historiography of modern art.
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absorptive Alphonse Legros Antoine Watteau artist Astruc Baudelaire Beaux-Arts beholder bien Burger Thore c'est canvas Castagnary Champfleury Chardin Chesneau color composition contemporary Courbet Couture critics d'une David Dejeuner sur I'herbe depicted deux drawing Duranty Duranty's ebauche Edouard Manet engraving essay etching Ex-Voto Execution exhibition face fait Fantin figure France French painting Gallery gaze genre Gericault Gustave Courbet Henri Fantin-Latour Ibid Impressionism Impressionist Italian James McNeill Whistler L'Art Le Nain Legros's London Louvre Manet's art Manet's paintings Manet's Sources Mantz meme Michelet Millet mirror modern morceau Musee Musee d'Orsay Museum of Art n'est Nain nature oeuvre Old Musician Olympia painter palette Paris Paul Mantz peintre pictorial picture portrait pose Proust qu'il Reff relation remarks rien Rubens Salon Sandblad seems seen Self-Portrait suggests tableau theatrical Thomas Couture tion Tomb of Christ tout tradition Velasquez Victorine Meurent viewer Watteau Wilson-Bareau woman wrote young Zola