"A Time to Heal": The Diffusion of Listerism in Victorian Britain
American Philosophical Society, 1999 - 173 pagina's
Joseph Lister was one of many people in the 19th century who experimented with new techniques. He related the germ theory of fermentation to the cause of putrefaction in wounds. That was his singularly insightful deduction, & it has permanently changed health care. A number of factors contributed to the diffusion of Listerism, but it was adopted because its success was greater & more consistent than other methods of healing the sick. The circumstances which made this possible were a theory for explaining the consistency, scientific evidence to support the theory, & a courageous person who was capable of bringing about the necessary changes, even if it meant risking personal & professional alienation. That person was Joseph Lister. This study records how with much pain & trial & error the prevention of nosocomial infections was achieved in the 19th century. Today, we have learned we must implement again Lister's prevention techniques & other precautions in our hospitals to prevent the spread of nosocomial infections. Illus.
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Social Interpretation as a Factor in the Diffusion of Listerism
National Competition as a Factor in the Diffusion of Listerism
Theoretical Orientation as a Factor in the Diffusion of Listerism
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abscesses amputations antisepsis antiseptic method antiseptic principle Antiseptic Surgery antiseptic system antiseptic technique Antiseptic Treatment aseptic August bacteria Bastian Bennett blood British Medical Journal Budd Burdon-Sanderson carbolic acid catgut catgut ligatures caused cavity cholera Clinical Surgery College of Surgeons compound fractures contagionists death December Diffusion of Listerism Edinburgh Medical Journal epidemic experiments fermentation fever germ theory Glasgow Royal Infirmary Godlee Guy's Hospital healing History of Medicine Hospital Reports Ibid infection James G January John Joseph Lister King's College Hospital Koch Lancet Lancet 14 Lancet 29 ligatures Lister's method Lister's system Lister's technique Lord Lister medical profession microorganisms November Nunneley October Ogston operations organisms ovariotomy Pasteur patients physician practitioners Professor Lister putrefaction Robert Koch Royal College Science scientific September Simpson spontaneous spray success suppuration surgical Syme Theory of Disease tion tissues Treatment of Wounds Tyndall University Victorian Wakley wards Wellcome Institute Western Manuscripts William York