Manet and the American Civil War: The Battle of U.S.S. Kearsarge and C.S.S. Alabama
Juliet Wilson Bareau, David C. Degener, Édouard Manet, Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.), N. Y.) Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York
Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2003 - 86 pagina's
On June 19, 1864, the United States warship Kearsarge sank the Confederate raider Alabama off the coast of Cherbourg, France, in one of the most celebrated naval engagements of the American Civil War. The battle was widely reported in the illustrated press and riveted public attention on both sides of the Channel. When Kearsarge later anchored off the French resort town of Boulogne-sur-Mer it was thronged by curious visitors, one of whom was the artist Edouard Manet. Although he did not witness the historic battle, Manet made a painting of it partly as an attempt to regain the respect of his colleagues after having been ridiculed for his works in the 1864 Salon. Manet's picture of the naval engagement and his portrait of the victorious Kearsarge belong to a group of his seascapes of Boulogne whose unorthodox perspective and composition would profoundly influence the course of French painting. This book, which accompanies an exhibition at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, begins by examining Manet's early experience of the sea, including the voyage to South America he took when he was sixteen years old. The detailed narrative of the battle that follows recounts the intriguing, at times clandestine history of the two ships, the tangled prelude to their encounter, and some of the vivid personalities involved. Manet's paintings and watercolors related to the battle are then considered in depth alongside numerous prints, photographs, letters, and archival newspaper illustrations that illuminate the stirring history of the episode and in some cases dispel lingering misconceptions. Manet's other Boulogne seascapes are also discussed in terms of their complex chronology and evolution. A final chapter touches on some of the sources for the seascapes from Old Master paintings to Japanese woodblock prints and traces the influence of the seascapes on such artists as Gustave Courbet, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, and Claude Monet.
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Alabama Albumen silver print American Civil War anchored Antonin Proust artist Astor Battle Bazire Bibliotheque blockade Boulogne Boulogne-sur-Mer Bullﬁght C.S.S. Alabama captain Caricature catalogue Chasseloup-Laubat Cherbourg Claude Monet coast color Confederate crew Dayton Deerhound depiction drawing Dupouy Durand-Brager's Edouard Manet engraving ﬁg ﬁght ﬁgures ﬁrst ﬁshing boat ﬁve ﬂag France French navy gallery Gideon gray Guadeloupe H. O. Havemeyer Havre et Guadeloupe ibid Illustrated London inﬂuence john Ancrum Winslow july june 19 Kearsarge's Le Havre Leenhoff Lenox and Tilden letter lune Marine Metropolitan Museum Monet Musée Museum of Art National Archives Nationale Navy Secretary ofﬁcial Oil on canvas painting paper Paris Penhoat Peter H. B. Frelinghuysen photograph Pickering picture port print from glass proﬁle Raphael Semmes Records...Navies RONDIN Sailing Ships Salon Semmes Semmes’s sketchbook sketches Steamboat Leaving Boulogne steamer Sumter Tilden Foundations U.S. Navy U.S.S. Kearsarge vessel Washington watercolor York