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LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1910.

At this time Mr. R. B. McKerrow very
kindly lent me his copy of Turbervile's

' Epitaphes, Epigrams, Songs, and Sonnets,'
CONTENTS.-No. 27.

1567, and informed me that he had traced

NOTES :-Tottel, Puttenham, and Turbervile, 1-Sir W.

Jones and the Representation of Oxford University, 3

two quotations from it in Puttenham. To

-T. L. Peacock on Fashionable Literature, 4-the make a long story short, I determined to
National Flag, 5-Sir Thomas Cooke, Mayor of London work through the book thoroughly, and I

-"Bullion"-Portable Railway-“Pepită," a Pattern

-J. R. Smith : Dr. W. Saunders, 6.

very soon learned that these

Songs and

QUERIES :-George I.'s Statue at HackwoodGaribaldi Sonnets' shed much light on the mysterious

and his Flag- William Penn's Letters-Andronicus - Arte of English Poesie' and on Turbervile's

Lascaris-Donne's Poems, 7-Spexhall Church- Poeun on method of composition.

Death of George II.-Cornelius de Witt— Sir Edward

Turbervile is the

Seaward's Narrative'-The Circle of Loda-Doge's Hat common rimer” who is most often censured
- The Duenna and Little Isaac'-Huguenot church at by Puttenham, no fewer than ten passages
of Arms, 8–Parish Registers burnt in 1837–Stones in from his book being dealt with in The Arte
Early Village Life-Prior's Salford Church - Clergy of English Poesie.?
retiring from the Dinner.Table-Heworth-Edw. Hatton
-Sir Isaac's Walk-Episcopal Visitations-Chapel le

Turbervile is mentioned only once by name

Frith-M. de Calonnie's House in Piccadilly, 9-Prince in Puttenham (Arber, p. 75), the passage

Rupert Goldsmith and Hackney, 10.

reading as follows :

REPLIES :- Bubb Dodington and his Circle, 10—'Rape of

“ And in her Majesties time that now is are

Proserpine' - London Children's Outdoor Games -

"Arabis" _"Toart"-Buff and Blue as Party Colours, 11 sprong up an other crew of Courtly makers Noble

-Flax Bourton-Duncan Liddel and Jo. Potinius-Wall. men and Gentlemen of her Majesties owne

Papers, 12—“Montjoy et St Dennis "-"Worth" in servauntes, who have written excellently well as

Place-Names—"The Cock Tavern"-Kempesfeld, 13– it would appeare if their doings could be found

“Onion"_Grey Family-Earthenware Tombstone, 14 out and made publicke with the rest, of which

“ Literary Gossip."

15 — Stretcell.Utterson... Colman's number is first that noble Gentleman Edward

'Man of the People'-Robin Hood's Men—"Brnche".
Hampden and Ship Money, 16–Firegrate Folk-lore-

Earle of Oxford. Thomas Lord of Bukhurst,

The Ravensbourne-Door-knocker Etiquette, 17-Comets when he was young, Henry Lord Paget, Sir

and Princes - Chevalier de Laurence —"Pull”—“The Philip Sydney, Sir Walter Rawleigh, Master

Fortune of War," 18.

Edward Dyar, Maister Fulke Grevell, Gascon,

NOTES ON BOOKS :—The Cornish Coast'-'Pride and Britton, Turberville and

a great many other

Prejudice Abridged-A Collection of Eastern Stories' learned Gentlemen, whose names I do not omit
- The Time of the Singing of Birds!—The Prince of for envie, but to avoyde tediousnesse, and who
Wales Prayer-Books— L'Intermédiaire.'

have deserved no little commendation."

Knowing that Turbervile was thus com-

mended, I did not expect to find that he

is the rimer

Notes.

who is belittled and held up

to censure more often than any other poet

or poetaster dealt with by Puttenham ;
TOTTEL'S 'MISCELLANY,' PUTTEN. and even now I cannot find an explanation
HAM'S ‘ARTE OF ENGLISH POESIE," for the difference between the commenda-

tion and the censures that follow, all of which

AND GEORGE TURBERVILE.

indicate in the very plainest terms that

I NOTICED some time ago, when searching Turbervile was far from being a master of his

for certain material in George Turbervile's craft, that he was an imitator or mimic of

Tragical Tales and other Pooms, 1587, other men's work, and that his verse is, in

that the author often imitated the songs and truth, very little better than doggerel.

sonnets in Tottel's ‘Miscellany,' and that Now all this seems strange, because the

occasionally his verse was almost identical faults alleged against Turbervile are faults

with quotations from the Miscellany? to be found in all poets, good and bad, who

which I had been able to identify in Putten- wrote about that time ; and Puttenham

ham's * Arte of English Poesie.' Then I need not have gone outside Tottel's ‘Mis.

called to mind the fact that the time of the cellany' for similar examples for his book.

composition of Puttenham's book is still a Why does he open his criticism of bad verse

matter for intelligent speculation, and I with a quotation from Turbervile, and close

compared the date of its publication, 1589, it with a succession of quotations from the

with that of Turbervile's Tragical Tales,' same author, and then at the end of his

1587. And I thought what a good thing book hark back to Turbervilo's writings ?

it would be if I could find the latter quoted If this attack on Turbervile is new to us, it is

in Puttenham. But I was doomed to hardly likely that it passed unrecognized by

disappointment, for I could find no evidence his contemporaries ; and it would seem that

to show that Puttenham had read the Puttenham had quarrelled with Turbervile

work.

some time after he wrote the words of com.

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mendation. Puttenham is a mysterious Magistrates' which John Higgins wrote, personage about whom we should like to printed in 1575 and again in 1587, or before know something more than the few bare Puttenham's book appeared, and I find details that have been ascertained up to “roy

12 twice : the present ; and therefore it is just possible what thousand tongues (thinke you) could telt that some day somebody may be able to point our joy ! us to one or more replies to Puttenham by This made our hearts revive, this pleas'd our Roy. Turbervile's friends, or even to something

* Legend of Lord Irenglas,' st. 16. by Turbervile himself, in work known to have Without disdayne, hate, discorde or anoye : been written subsequent to the production of Even as our father raign'd, the noble Roy. • The Arte of English Poesie. And then

Legend of King Forrex,' st. 4. we may get to know more about the singu- Under Macrologia or Long language we larly able critic, but wretched poetaster, find :who wrote the latter work.

“So said another of our rimers, meaning to shew The first two quotations I shall deal with the great annoy and difficultie of those warres of are those which were pointed out to me by Troy, caused for Helenas sake.

Nor Menelaus was unwise, Mr. McKerrow.

Or troupe of Troians mad, Puttenham says there cannot be a fouler

When he with them and they with him, fault in a poet than to falsify his accent to For her such combat had.” serve his cadence, or by untrue orthography

Arber, p. 264. to wrench his words to help his rime. To This is correctly quoted from the sonnet do either is a sign that the poet or maker headed 'In Praise of Ladie P.' (Collier, is not copious in his language, or (as they p. 248). are wont to say) not half his craft's master; We are told :- that he is but a bungler, and not

" These clauses (he with them and they with poet :

him) are surplusage, and one of them very imas he that by all likelyhood. having no word at pertinent, because it could not otherwise be inhand to rime to this word (joy), he made his other tended, but that Menelaus, fighting with the verse ende in [Roy] saying very impudently thus, Troians, the Troians must of necessitie fight O mightie Lord of love,

dame Venus onely joy, with him." Who art the highest God of any heavenly Roy.'

In Tottel's 'Miscellany,' p. 158, a similar Arber, p. 95.

case of " surplusage occurs, and in a poem This quotation (altered) is dealt with from which Puttenham quotes with approval again on p. 259, where it is cited as an elsewhere :instance of Soraismus,' or 'The mingle But gase on them and they on me as bestes are mangle,” the false orthography being dealt wont of kinde. with a second time as an inexcusable vice, • The Lover refused lamenteth his Estate.' ignorant, and affected,

As very much of Turbervile's work in his as one that said using this French word Roy, Songs and Sonnets' is directly founded on to make ryme with another verse, thus :

poems in Tottel's 'Miscellany,' I have no O mightie Lord of love, dame Venus onely joy, Whose Princely power exceedes ech other in this case.

doubt he caught up his phrasing from Tottel heavenly roy.

But you never find PuttenIn neither case is Turbervile correctly Tottel, although he deals with twenty

ham speaking slightingly of anything in quoted, and this circumstance seems to

seven passages to be found in that book, mark malice. Turbervile wrote :

some of which are quoted twice and even O Mightie lorde of love!

three times. Dame Venus onely joy, Whose princely powre doth farre surmount

Most of the quotations in Puttenham are all other heavenly roy.

from effusions of his own, which ungrateful * The Lover to Cupid for Mercie,' &c. and ill-discerning men have allowed, with Collier's reprint, p. 80.

the exception of one poor remnant, to be The verse, says Puttenham, is good, but the drowned in the black waters of oblivion. term peevishly affected ; and at p. 95 he One hardly knows whether to weep or to says roy was never yet received in our laugh at these examples of his muse ; and language for an English word.

the suspicion often haunts one's mind that the Now Puttenham's censure, after all, terse, eloquent, and clear-headed proseamounts to this only, that Turbervile writer is making a May-game of his reader. wrenched a word to help his rime, and that These quotations come in strings; they are he had nò authority for using “roy.” But often contrasted with passages from the best I turn to that portion of “The Mirror for | writers ; and occasionally the productions

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of poets like Surrey, Wyatt, and Sir Philip himself a Fellow, sat for Oxford from 31 Sidney are alluded to merely to enable January, 1750, until 1780, when he retired. Puttenham to cite something of his own, The University was represented in 1780 which he makes you clearly understand is to by Sir William Dolben, Bt., D.C.L., somebe preferred to things that are to be found time Student of Christ Church, and Francis in the works of the persons named. And Page, D.C.L. of New College. Sir William, then he will deal with one your ordinary great-grandson of John Dolben, Archrimers " It is all done so pleasantly, and bishop of York, represented Oxford during the assurance of the critic in the merit of seven Parliaments, from 3 February, 1768, his own verse is so superbly self-confident, until 1806, when he retired. He always that one feels compelled not only to accept gave his steady support to Wilberforce's with good-humoured toleration what he measures for the abolition of the slavesays, but also to forget his side," and trade. Francis Bourne assumed the name only remember his supreme ability as a of Page on inheriting the Oxfordshire estates teacher.

of his great-uncle Sir Francis Page, the judge. Following one of these strings of his He was junior member for Oxford from own verse, pp. 187-8, we come to Endiadis 23 March, 1768, until 1801. or the Figure of Twinnes, a

of The following letter is not among those speech which seems to make two phrases printed by Lord Teignmouth in his life of of one :

Sir William Jones (1806), vol. i. pp. 358–83 : And as one of our ordinary rimers said.

Lamb Building, Temple, 29 April, 1780.
Of fortune nor her frowning face,

DEAR SIR,
I am nothing agast.

I beg you will accept a Latin Ode, lately In stead, of (fortunes frowning face.) ”

written in imitation of Collins by a person The ordinary rimer" is George Turber. who has a high respect for you, and who has vile again, but why he should be dragged under that of Julius Melesigonus. The writer is in thus needs explanation, because no fault not ashamed to confess that this little poem is to be found in the manner of his speech contains his own political sentiments with some that does not occur frequently in all writers poetical amplification and colouring. Very few of poetical compositions, who use the form, copies have been printed, to save the trouble

of making many transcripts. with more or less judgment, to give euphony

I had fully intended to send you a copy of this to their verse. But some of Puttenham's ode, without giving you any further trouble ; readers would know who was aimed at, but I have just received a piece of news, which and it may be that in this case, as in others, induces me to trouble you with one short question. the poet is purposely misquoted.

Sir Roger Newdigate having declared his intention

of vacating his seat for Oxford, the university Turbervile wrote :

will at the general election be called upon to chuse I will not be agast

one of their members è gremio Academice to Of Fortune nor her frowning face.

represent them, and, to protect in the legis• That Lovers ought to shunne no Paines lature the rights of the republick of letters," for to attaine their Love,' Collier, p. 237.

which purpose, as Sir W. Blackstone observes, the

franchise of sending members was first granted to CHARLES CRAWFORD.

our learned body. Now, the great attention (To be continued.)

and kindness, which you have shown me, Sir, tempt me to ask you, who are well able to inform me, whether the writer of the enclosed poem,

if his friends were to declare him a candidate, SIR WILLIAM JONES AND THE would have any chance of respectable support REPRESENTATION OF OXFORD

from such members of the University, as would

trust the defense of their rights, as scholars and UNIVERSITY IN PARLIAMENT.

as Englishmen, to a man who loves learning as

zealously as he does rational constitutional IN 1780 Jones, who was not knighted until Liberty. If the little personal influence that he three years later, offered himself as a candi- has at Oxford, joined to his avowed affection for date for the representation of the University the genuine freedom of our English constitution, of Oxford in the House of Commons. But would make it improbable that he should be ať his Liberal opinions and his detestation of all supported, it would be absurd in him to harbour

a thought of making so fruitless an attempt ; the American war and of the slave - trade but if there were a prospect even of an honourable were too frankly expressed to be agreeable nomination, it would be an honour, which no to the electors, and he withdrew from the other man or society of men could confer. I contest in order to avoid an overwhelming entreat you to excuse this liberty, and to believe

me, with infinite respect, Sir, defeat.

Your much obliged and ever faithful servant Sir Roger Newdigate, Bt., D.C.L., of

W. Jones. University, of which College Jones was To Dr. Adams, Master of Pembroke Colledge.

Johnson's friend Dr. William Adams was especially when we consider that the English are Master of Pembroke College and Canon the most thinking people in the universe, but that of Gloucester from 1775 until his death in the gloss on a new coat does seem at first view a

the faculty of amusing should be as transient as 1789. He was also for some time Archdeacon little singular: for though all fashionable people of Llandaff. The Ode to Liberty had been read (gentlemen who have been at college exprinted in the preceding March under the cepted), yet as the soul of fashion is novelty, the title of ‘Julii Melesigoni ad Libertatem.? books and the dress of the season go out of date The assumed name is formed by a trans- together, and to be amused this year by that

which amused others twelve months ago would position of the letters of Gulielmus Jonesius. be to plead guilty to the heinous charge of having

A. R. BAYLEY. lived out of the world

“ The stream of new books, therefore, floats over

the parlour window and the drawing-room table T. L. PEACOCK'S 'ESSAY ON

to furnish a ready answer to the grunt of Mr. FASHIONABLE LITERATURE.” Donothing as to what Mrs. Dolittle and her

daughters are reading, and having served this This hitherto unpublished fragment, to purpose, and that of putting the monster Time which allusion has already been made in to a temporary death, flows peacefully on towards the pages of ' N. & Q.,' is the only work of the port of Lethe. its author which alludes to writers and changes which it has undergone with the fashions

“ The nature of this lighter literature and the periodicals under their own names, and as of the last twenty years deserve consideration for such is an invaluable addition to our know- many reasons, and afford a subject of speculaledge of Peacock's views as well as a charac- tion which may be amusing and, I would add, teristic specimen of his style. It is contained instructive, were I not fearful of terrifying in vol. 36,815 of the MSŠ. in the possession my readers in the outset. As every age has its of the British Museum. Admirers of Peacock are influenced even in their lightest forms, by the

own character, manners, and amusements, which will find his likes and dislikes portrayed in fundamental features of the time, the moral the same trenchant style that the novels and political character of the age or nation display, and the explanation, perhaps, of may be read by an attentive observer, even in its difficulties · which have arisen owing to facie' from morals and politics.

lightest literature, how remote soever 'prima suppression of names. The first part of it The newspaper of the day, the favourite is as follows :

magazine of the month, the tour, the novel, and “The fashionable metropolitan winter, which the poem which are most recent in date and most begins in spring and ends in autumn, is the fashionable in name, furnish forth the morning season of happy reunion to those ornamental table of the literary dilettante. The springtide of varieties of the human species who live to be metropolitan favour floats these intellectual amused for the benefit of the social order. It is deliciæ into every minor town and village in the the season of operas and exhibitions, of routs kingdom, where they circle through their little and concerts, of dinners at midnight and suppers day in the eddies of reading societies. at sunrise. It is the period of the general muster,

“ It may be questioned how far the favour of the levy en masse of gentlemen in stays and fashionable readers is a criterion of literary merit. ladies in short petticoats against their arch enemy It is certain that no work attracts any great share Time. But these are the arms with which they of general attention which does not possess assail the enemy in battalion : there are others considerable originality and great power to with which in moments of morning solitude they interest and amuse. But originality will someare compelled to encounter him single-handed"; times attract notice for a little space, as Mr. .and one of these weapons is the reading of light Romeo Loates attracted some three or four and easy books which command attention with- audiences by the mere force of excessive absurout the labour of application, and amuse the dity; and the records of the Minerva Press will idleness of fancy without disturbing the sleep of shew that a considerable number of readers can understanding.

be both interested and amused by works com“ This species of literature which aims only to pletely expurgated of all the higher qualities of amuse and must be very careful not to instruct had mind. And without dragging reluctant dullness never so many purveyors as at present: for back to-day, let us only consider the names of there never was any state of society in which Monk Lewis and of Kotzebue—they have sunk there were so many idle persons as there are at in a few years into comparative oblivion-and present in England, and it happens that these we shall see that the condition of a fashionable idle persons are, for the most part, so circum- author differs very little in stability from that of stanced that they can do nothing if they would, a political demagogue. and, in the next place, that they are united in the “Mr. Walter Scott seems an exception to this. links of a common interest which, being based in Having long occupied the poetical throne, he delusion, makes them even more averse than the seems indeed to have been deposed by Lord well-dressed vulgar always are from the free Byron, but he has risen with redoubled might exercise of reason and the bold investigation of as a novelist, and has thus continued from the truth

publication of The Lay of the Last Minstrel' “That the faculty of amusing should be the the most popular writer of his time-perhaps only passport of a literary work in the hands of the most universally successful in his own day of general readers is not very surprising even, any writer that ever lived. He has the rare talent

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