little season, and deceiving the nations during that period, and after that of his being cast into the lake of fire ; is he, then, to deceive the nations in the four quarters of the earth? What nations are they? or what earth will he find to deceive them in ? Must it be the new earth ? that cannot be, because there will be no more curse there. Where are we to find Gog and Magog ? Indeed, one ingenious Writer generates them out of the mud and slime of the burnt world *. If he had faid, out of the smoke and ashes of the burnt world, it would have founded better, and would just have answered his purpose as well. Others have been a little bolder, and more merciful, having made the burning of the world to preceed. the Millennium, they have brought forth the Damned out of Hell, or their Purgatory, and placed them in a state of probation, and so given them another chance for it, and from thence have brought forth their Gog and Magog, who are to surround the camp of the Saints t. But this hypothesis seems as abfurd as the former ; there is not the smallest proof given to either of thefe schemes in the Word of God; and the


Buroct's Theory of the Earth-Vol. II. Page 313.

| Hartley on the Millennium.

placing the Millennium at the time, and order, which the twentieth Chapter of Revelation has appointed it, will set ahde the need of such uncouth conjectures.

6. We may depend upon it, the Day of Judgment will immediately follow, or be closely connected with, the burning of the world ; and Satan, and the beast, and the false Prophet, and Gog and Magog, will be secure enough from giving the Saints any more trouble ; for they will all be cast into the lake of fire.

7. In the following Sermons, I have not only guarded the great essentials of Religion, but have Jo incorporated them with what is said, that they are become, even a necessary part thereof; fo that let my scheme of the Millennium be all a mistake, Javing truth, may sustain no lo/s thereby. It is true, by that means, the subječt is considerably lengthened, which might have been delivered in much less compass ; but I hope that will be easily pardoned by candid readers. .

8. Perhaps my bringing in some sketches of Natural History will need an apology to fome readers, who are well acquainted with things of that nature, as well as fome small parts of Geography. It may be necessary to observe, these Discourses


will fall into the hands of many who have had no opportunity of reading, or knowing, any thing of that kind, and yet it is obvious to every one, that the nature of the subje&t requires fome little knowledge of that fort, especially in the spreading of the Gospel, and the change which must take place in the creation. For the sake of such, I judged it neceffary to introduce a few hints of that fort.

9. I HAVE been very sparing in quotations from the original. Scriptures, being very unwil ling to present my readers with useless, dry criticisms, or to offend their eyes with the uncouthfigures of Greek and Hebrew characters, seeing they swell the book with what is generally tedious, and to little purpose. When any thing of that kind occurs, I insert it at the foot of the page, so that it need not interrupt the reading. For the most part, our translation is a very good. one, and gives the Jenife of the original very clearly, and the altering any thing for the sake of altering, often favours of vanity and Jelf .conceit. In polemical writings, there is often much racking and torturing of words, in order to make

them speak what the Writer has a mind to make them ; but that seldom fits easy, it has too much



of the inquistion in it to fit easy on the mind of an impartial reader.

10 I Cannot pretend to account for every thing in the

following Sermons, any more than I can account for the wind, or the nature and operation of fire. I know there are such things as air and fire ; but their qualities, their effence, and causes, I believe will puzzel the wiseft of mortals. I could ask more questions concerning the frame and texture of a fly, yea, a grain of sand, or a blade of grass, than the keenest philofopher would be capable of answering. I have drawn the following Sermons purely from the oracles of God; and, as far as I can see, the doctrines advanced, are the pure result of those scriptures refered unto.

11. But, after all, I am conscious there are many things which will crave the indulgence of the candid reader, especially in point of stile and accuracy; and my reader need not be surprized at that, when he knows that this attempt is the fruit of innumerable small scraps and fragments

of time, as they could be obtained from many other avocations. : he need not be surprized, when he knows that the writer has had to travel, more or less, almost every day; and also to preach often

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once or twice, fome times thrice a day, and that is not the sixth part of his work ; often having to hear the little differences and misunderstandings which are but too frequently happening, and trying to reconcile the contending parties; the keepup a necessary discipline, and excluding improper persons; the visiting the sick, and answering a variety of calls in different departments; the writing of letters upon different occasions, with numbers of things which cannot be particularized: I say, let any one attend to this, and he will be Sparing in cenfures upon little inadvertencies.Often have I been obliged to lay down the pen very abruptly, yea before a sentence could be finished, the hour being arrived necessary to take horse in order to preach at the appointed time; or Some sudden call has made it necessary to lay by my work at a moment's notice.

a 12. If any one, who has more leisure and better abilities, will set the glorious doctrine of the Millennium in a clearer, and yet more scriptural light, he will do a good and acceptable work unto mankind, and shall have my hearty prayers, though my own work should be thrown into oblivi

The truths of God are a great deep, and are not easily searched out, nor are they seen in



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