« VorigeDoorgaan »
house of Parliament. But before any person be admitted to study herein, he ought to take the statutable oath before the vice-chancellor; and if any one should be so impudent as to study or remain here without taking this oath, he incurs one day's imprisonment and a pecuniary mulct; but the congregation of masters haye power, upon humble request made, to indulge this privilege to any foreigner coming hither for the sake of study.
"The library-keeper, in buying all books, is to follow the advice of the curators; and no book ought to be bought in any faculty without the approbation of the professors in each faculty, to be had in writing either before or after such purchase of book or books, and these books so bought to be presented to the curators at the next visitation, with the price thereof,
"The librarian moreover ought to take care, that if any book or books be desired by any student, or recommended by him, the titles thereof be immediately writ down in a book for this end; that upon advice with the respective professors, the book or books be bought by the vice-chancellor's consent, for the use of the students. book ought to be delivered to any person without an entry of his name and the place of his abode in a paper-book, kept for this end by the library-keeper, who ought every year to prepare a perfect catalogue, and deliver it to the curators on the day of visitation."
THE following letter, printed from the original dent to me by Mr. Richardson, is a proper introduction to the charities noticed in this work.
« Her Majesty having been pleased in the brief which she has granted for the relief of the poor Palatines, whom the French cruelties on the frontiers and other hardships on the account of their religion have driven from their own country to seek shelter here; a copy of which brief you will herewith receive, to recommend it in a particular manner to all the archbishops and bishops in England and Wales, to give particular directions and commands to all parsons, vicars, and curates, of the several parishes within their respective dioceses, for the advancement of that charitable work,' I send this letter to you, in obedience to her majesty's commands, hoping that it would have been otherwise superfluous for me to write to you touching this ministering to these distressed Christians: for you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet
for our sakes he became poor, that we through his poverty might be rich: you know who hath given commandment, that he that loves God love his brother also: you know who it is that reputes himself to suffer in the person of his members, and of those more especially who are persecuted for his sake and the truth of his gospel. Whoso then hath this world's goods, and can see these our brethren, brethren on many accounts, as men, as Christians, as reformed Christians, exposed to the extremest need, and that for their stedfast adherence to the truth as it is in Jesus, how dwelleth the love of God in him?
"We do and may glory that our church has deservedly the character, not only of the bulwark of the Reformation, but of the common refuge of those that are persecuted for it; and I trust none shall ever be able to stop us in this boasting. Let me, therefore, beseech you, and require you, in the bowels of our Lord Jesus, both by word and example, to forward this great and pious design of our gracious Queen, by contributing yourself according to your power; by charging those in your parish that are rich and love much, that they be ready to give plenteously, and glad to distribute; by exhorting those that have little, to do their diligence gladly to give of that little; assuring both, that by so doing, they will gather to themselves a good reward in the day of neces
sity, and lay up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may attain eternal life.
"I shall add only one thing more, that this is one of the best methods we can take, both of testifying our sense of God's great goodness, and our thankfulness to him for it, in so wonderfully preserving to us the free exercise of our religion in its purity in this church hitherto, and of prevailing with him to continue this invaluable blessing to us and our posterity. To God's blessing and grace your person and work and labours of love are most sincerely recommended by your affectionate brother and servant,
"I think it would much forward this service, if you could prevail with some of the chiefest of your parishioners to accompany you when you go to collect the charity of the rest."
CLASSES OF SOCIETY IN ENGLAND.
"The degrees of people in England are divided into five classes:
"The peers of the realm.
"The baronets and knights batchelors.
"The French, you know, give the general title of Noblesse to the whole gentry; and every gentleman that has a marquisate or barony of land there, carries the title without any other prerogative so that the French word noblesse doth not signify in English nobility, which belongs only to the princes of the blood and peers of France, as it signifies the whole peerage of England. Those peers are endowed with vast privileges; such as, not to be arrested for debt, not to be tried for murder or treason, but by their fellow-peers.; and their word of honour, instead of an oath, to pass in all courts of justice.
"The second degree of baronets is an hereditary title of honour, not known abroad; but that of knights batchelors for life only, as the chevaliers of the several orders of knighthood are abroad.
"An esquire is a gentleman of a good estate not otherwise dignified, and belongs to counsellors at law, physicians, and commanders in the army for when the king grants a commission to a man to be a captain, he always calls him esquire.
"Gentlemen is the common denomination of all younger brothers, as also of attorneys, and the other lesser degrees of the law.
"The French, you know, are very fond of titles; and you have known a gentleman there to