Moll, Herman, d. 1732.

A new map of the north parts of America claimed by France under ye names of Louisiana, Mississipi, Canada and New France, with the adjoining territories of England and Spain. 61 x 99 cms. Undated. Dublin, George Grierson, 1740?

LC 362

NOTE.-A copy of this edition is in the collection of the Library of Congress.
See title 303 for the original impression.

The only detail in which this impression differs from the one described in
title 303 is the cartouche over the title "To Ambrose Philips Esq! Register
to the Prerogative court this map is most humbly Dedicated by yo! humble
servt G. Grierson."

The Gentleman's magazine for september, 1734, p. 512, mentions under promotions, “Ambrose Philips, Esq., Register of the Prerogative Court at Dublin." The life of Philips in the Dictionary of national biography, erroneously states that in august 1733 he was made judge of the prerogative court. Therefore this impression was made after 1734.

For a life of Moll, consult Dictionary of national biography.


Olano, Pedro Ruiz de.

"Plano del Fuerte de San Agustin de la Florida y sus contornos: en el qual se demuestran los parages que han ocupado los Ingleses, Baterias de cañones y morteros conque han atacado el referido Fuerte y Plaza por espacio de 27 dias, contados desde el 24 de Junio hasta el 20 de Julio (ambos inclusives) de este año de 1740. San Agustin de la Florida 8 de Agosto de 1740" por D. Pedro Ruiz de Olano. 45.5 x 36 cms. Ms. in colors.

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 87; Caj. 3; Leg. 12. (1) Marginal explication. Transmitted with a letter of Olano of even date. There is a dup. in the same file, 90 x 63 cms. No. 137 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 363

NOTE.-A copy of the letter here mentioned is given from the ms. translation in the Library of Congress.

"Sir. In compliance with my duty I have the honor to inform Y. M., that the English laid siege to this fort and city. I send to Y. M., herewith enclosed, a plan of the said Fort, part of the city and of its environs, where the English placed their batteries in position, commanded by General Don Diego Oglethorpe. Also showing the places where they established their camps and other points occupied by them during the time of the siege, which commenced on the 13th of June of the present year, opening fire with their batteries and mortars on the 24th of June which lasted until the 20th of July-Twenty-seven consecutive days of incessant fire. Notwithstanding which this Fort did not receive much damage, although its parapets sustained some injury owing to their being too weak and not sufficiently thick. Some of the old constructed ones have been demolished, and the new ones have suffered very much owing to their recent construction. But no time has been lost in endeavoring to repair the damage to the best of our means and ability-and at present are entirely repaired.

"I have also to inform Y. M. that notwithstanding the enemy placing a battery of heavy guns within a distance of 870 "toesas" from this Fort, yet, they caused the aforesaid damage to the parapets, because of the stone of which they are built being porous and soft. The balls did not penetrate into the walls of the Fort more than a foot and a half, but the parapets as they were much lighter, when a ball penetrated a foot and a half, they would tear up the stones and scatter them around.

"Consequently I decided to build that portion of the parapets which have to be elevated, thicker, but in examining the walls I found out that where they support the bastions they have not sufficient strength.

"In the event of building them of stone outside and terrace inside, we find the inconvenience that it will occupy too much of the space of the bastions. So that they will not be capable of sustaining much fire, as you will see by the special plan of the Fort which I shall remit to Y. M. by the first opportunity, in order that you may have full knowledge of the condition and strength of this Fort.

"If next Spring, General Oglethorpe decides to besiege us again, as he has pub-
licly said, it is possible that he may plant his batteries on the main land and
nearer to the Fort, in order to utilize every shot from his guns; in which case
he will no doubt succeed in destroying the parapets and dismounting the guns.
As the parapet on the side of the covered entrance has not as yet been con-
nected with the terrace of the esplanade, (although at present it is being
extended) it will be very easily demolished at the begining of the Siege.
The line and land parapet which runs from the Fort to the San Sabastian Creek,
is of little defence, not only on account of the weakness of the parapet, narrow-
ness and little depth of the ditch that surrounds it, but also, because the bas-
tions owing to their small size are only capable of accomodating very few men,
and the curtains being very extensive and the force small for their proper

"It is probable they will not be very anxious to return, especially after the warning and defeat they suffered lately. But if they do they will come better provided with what they need for the surrender of this Fort and City. All of which I have the honor to lay before Y. M., in order that you may issue the necessary orders for the remission of men and money with which to put this place in the best possible state of defence. So that the name of God and the honor of Y. M. may be preserved in it, and that those of us who may have the glory of sacrificing our lives in defence of our Lord, our faith and the service of Y. M., may be able to preserve it, notwithstanding the pride of the heretics. San Agustin de la Florida August 8—1740.

Don Pedro Ruiz de Olano."

For another map by Olano consult title 351.


Robert de Vaugondy, Gilles, 1688-1766.

Le Nouveau Continent ou l'Amérique Divisée en Septentrionale et Meridionale: où l'on trouve, Les Climats, les Méridiens, les différentes Possessions, les Peuples Naturels Libres, les différentes Religions, et les différentes Langues. Par les S Sanson Géog. ord. du Roi. Revue et corrigée en plusieurs endroits, sur les Mémoires les plus récents, et assujettie aux Observations Astronomiques, Par le S: Robert Géog. ord. du Roi. À Paris, Chés l'Auteur

Robert de Vaugondy, Gilles-Continued.

quai de l'horloge du Palais, proche la rue de Harlay. Avec Privilége du Roi. 1740. 64.3 x 49 cms.

WL 364

NOTE. For references to Sanson, consult title 136. This map is mentioned among the "Cartes particulières de m. Robert''. . . in Nicolas Lenglet Dufresnoy's Méthode pour étudier la géographie . 3d éd. Paris, 1742, v. 1, pt. 2, pp. 445-447. On the left is a historical table relating to events in american history.

For a notice of Robert de Vaugondy consult:

Joseph Victor Barbier's Le livre d'or de la géographie: Société de géographie de
l'Est. Bulletin. 8°. Nancy, 1880, v. 2, p. 695.
Biographie universelle (Michaud) ancienne et moderne v. 36, pp. 138-139.
In Mémoires pour l'histoire . . . à Trévoux . . . Juin 1752 . . . Paris, 1752,
p. 1520, is a review of the Robert de Vaugondy atlas of 1752, in which this
map may also be found. It is entitled:




Atlas universel complet en cent cartes géographiques dressées sur les relations &
les observations les plus exactes & les plus récentes. Par m. Robert & m. de
Vaugondy son fils, géographes du roi, grand in-fol. proposé par souscription.
Chez Boudet libraire-imprimeur, rue S. Jacques, 1752.


Silver, Thomas.

A View of the Town and Castle of St. Augustine and the English Camp before it June 20, 1740, by Tho: Silver. 29.2 x 16.5 cms. In An impartial Account of the late Expedition against St. Augustine, under General Oglethorpe Anonymous. London, for J. Huggonson, 1742. Facsimile in Old Saint Augustine, a Story of Three Centuries by Charles B. Reynolds. 5th ed. St. Augustine, Florida. This is an interesting view with a long legend at the bottom. The same view is reproduced, 16 x 28 cms., in William Bacon Stevens' A History of Georgia. New York, 1847. vol. 1. p. 174.

LC 365

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NOTE. This is not the view originally published in the work mentioned above. It is inserted and was originally published in the Gentleman's magazine for july, 1740. The Library of Congress copy contains this inserted map. A reproduction of the map originally published in this work is found in Winsor's Narrative and critical history of America, v. 5, pp. 382-383, and is entitled "A Plan of the Town, Castle, and Harbour, of St Augustine, (and the adjacent Coast of Florida) with the disposition of the Forces in the Expedition, under General Oglethorpe, in the Year 1740."

In Sunny Lands, a Florida monthly magazine for jan. 1900, in an article by De Witt Webb, entitled "Gen. Oglethorpe's siege in 1740," is a description of a map by gen. James Edward Oglethorpe in the possession of the St. Augustine institute of science. The Library of Congress has two ms. maps which were probably made for this expedition, entitled: "Plan of the Inlet Strait & Town of St Augustine. Sam. Roworth Dept Survṛ General. Scale of three quarters of an English mile." Size 14 x 40 inches.

"A Plan of the Land Between Fort Mossy and St Augustine in the province of East Florida. Sam Roworth Dept. Survṛ Gen! Scale of three quarters of an English mile." Size 15 x 16 inches.

The water mark in the paper of these maps consists of "I. Villedary" and a large fleur de lis.

Consult also a map in Archer Butler Hulbert's The crown collection, v. 2, no. 5, entitled by him: "A plan of the coast of East Florida from Fort William to Anstatia Island: with a bird's-eye view of the town of St. Augustine, to shew the attack and capture of the place by the English forces under General Oglethorpe in 1740; unfinished. Size 2 ft. 4 in. x 1 ft. 8 in." The title actually appearing on the map is nearly illegible, but is given in this list under title 369.

Another map in The crown collection which may be mentioned here is in v. 1, no. 40, and entitled:

"Carte du cours du fleuve St. Louis, depuis dix lieues audessus de la Nouvelle Orléans, jusqu'à son embouchure, où sont marquées les habitations formées et les terrains concedez, aux quels on n'a pas travaillé," drawn about 1740, on a scale of 1.066 in. to a league (of 22,882 toises) Size, 2 ft. 3 in. x 10 in.


In Charles Leslie's A new history of Jamaica, 2d ed. [anon.] 1740, is "A map or chart of the West Indies. containing an inset entitled "Harbour of San Augustin on the coast of Florida." The same map with inset is found in A geographical and historical description of the principal objects of the present war in the West Indies . . . London, 1741.

For a descriptive account of this expedition consult:

South Carolina (Colony) Assembly. Committee to enquire into the causes of the disappointment of success in the expedition against St Augustine. Report of the Committee appointed by the general assembly of South Carolina in 1740 on the St. Augustine expedition under General Oglethorpe. Published by the South Carolina historical society. Charleston, Walker, Evans & Cogswell co.



Tirion, Isaak, d. 1769?

Nuova Carta del Polo Artico secondo l' ultime osservazioni A Amsterdam da Isac Tirion. Diameter 27.7 cms. Undated.

In Atlante Novissimo Del Sig Guglielmo de l'Isle. Venezia. vol. 1. (1740)

WL 366 NOTE.-A description of the atlas from which this map is taken is found in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 594.

For references to the life of Delisle consult title 247. For a description of another map from this atlas consult title 361.

1742 ?


Plan de la ville et Port St. Augustin. Ms. 29 x 20.2 cms. name, place or date. Anonymous.

Original in Dép. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 138-4-4. On Anastasia Island is a legend: "Place pour mettre à terre du General Oglethorpe." This may indicate the date. It appears to be copied from an English plan. Brit. Mus. Add. Mss. 792. Narrative of Oglethorpe's attempt against St. Augustin July 8, 1740–42.

LC 367

NOTE.-A photographic reproduction of this map is in the collection of the
Library of Congress.


Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772.

Plan de la Baye de Pensacola. Par N. B. Ingénieur de la Marine. 1742. 27.7 x 19.5 cms.

There is a 1744 edition of this map in Charlevoix's Nouvelle France. Paris, 1744. vol. II. p. 480.


NOTE. The following is copied from an article entitled: Remarques de mr.
Bellin sur les cartes & plans, qu'il a été chargé de dresser, pour joindre à l'Histoire
générale de la Nouvelle-France, du r. p. de Charlevoix & au journal de son .
voyage dans cette partie du monde.

[In Mémoire de Trévoux. Oct.-nov. 1743. 16°. Paris, 1743. pp. 2521-2541,
2713-2737]. It shows that this map was published separately as above stated:
"La Louisiane & le cours du fleuve Micissipi, auroient mérité un tout autre
détail, que celui, qu'il m'a été possible de faire entrer dans une carte générale,
& je m'y serois livré avec d'autant plus de plaisir, que j'ai beaucoup de maté- .
riaux à pouvoir mettre en oeuvre, mais comme cela m'auroit jetté un peu loin,
& auroit multiplié les cartes: je me suis contenté de charger en quelques
endroits ma carte générale de façon qu'on y trouvât ce qui m'a paru de plus
intéressant & de plus nécessaire à l'intelligence de l'Histoire. J'ai fait plus,
j'ai donné quelques morceaux particuliers, que j'ai cru devoir faire plaisir au
public. Par exemple, on y trouvera une carte d'une partie de la côte de la
Louisiane & de la Floride, depuis la nouvelle Orleans jusqu'à S. Marc d'Apa-
lache, une petite carte des embouchures du Micissipi, un plan de la Nouvelle
Orleans, & un de la Baye de Pensacola." This article is also published in Char-
levoix's Journal d'un voyage fait par ordre du roi dans l'Amérique Septentrionale,
Paris, 1744, v. 3, p. i-xix.

An impression of this map is also found in Bellin's Le petit atlas maritime, 1764,
v. 1, no. 42, described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 638.
For a life of Bellin consult Biographie universelle (Michaud) Paris, 1854, v. 3,
pp. 582-583.

For a critical estimate of the value of Bellin's maps, consult William Francis
Ganong's A monograph of the cartography of the province of New Brunswick . . .
Ottawa, 1897.

The following is quoted from an answer to a letter to Henry N. Stevens requesting information as to this impression:

"It is an earlier impression of the same plate afterwards appearing in Charlevoix with date 1744. If you look at Charlevoix you will see that the second 4 has the appearance of having been altered on the plate. There are several indications that the 1742 is earlier, beyond the variation in date. The impression is much finer. There is no indication of the figure 16 which appears in the left margin of Charlevoix outside the border line. The Fort under Pensacola named F. S. Charles in Charlevoix is not named at all. At the left end of Isle de Ste Rose the letterings Pointe de Siguenca and "Brasses" against the figure 30 do not appear nor the word "Brasses" against the figure 30 in the sea below. The British Museum has several other maps in this series also dated 1742 which appear in Charlevoix as 1744 and bearing similar alterations more or less; e. g. Rivière de Richelieu 1742. Isle d'Orleans 1742. Bassin de Québec 1742. Rivère du Saguenau 1742. All these bear evidence in Charlevoix of the last figure in the date having been altered. I do not know that these maps were actually issued as a series with dates 1742. More probably the Charlevoix book, maps and plates took a long time to prepare and the work

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