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"Les fleuve Saint-Laurent représenté plus en détail que dans l'étendue de la carte . . .'

19

In the margin of the lower left hand sheet is "G. De-la-Haye."

LC 408

NOTE.-This map was originally published with the article entitled Mémoire
sur la carte intitulée: Canada, Louisiane, & Terres angloises. 26 pp. 4°.
[Paris, Le Breton, 1756] a copy of which is in the Library of Congress.

It is extensively reviewed in the Journal des sçavans. Juin, 1756. 16°.
Amsterdam, M. M. Rey, 1756. pp. 23-34.]

For his map of Louisiana of 1732 consult title 333.

For references to the life and works of Anville consult title 326.
Various copies of this map and also english impressions of the same are described
in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases.

1755?

Bowen, Emanuel, d. 1767, and Gibson, John.

An Accurate Map of North America. Describing and distinguishing the British, Spanish and French Dominions on this great Continent; Exhibiting the present seat of war, and the French Encroachments Also all the West India Islands Belonging to, and possessed by the Several European Princes and States. The whole laid down according to the latest and Most authentick Improvements. By Eman Bowen Geogr: to His Majesty and John Gibson Engraver. Colored. 101.5 x 91.5 cms.

In American maps. vol. I. no. 20. P. Lee Phillips in "A List of Maps of America," gives [London, 1755?]

LC 409 NOTE.-The latest date found in the Library of Congress copy of this map is "Sandoské Usurped by the French 1751.”

A map in Thomas Jeffery's A general topography of North America, 1768 (consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1196) has a similar engraved cartouche containing the title with considerable additional descriptive text and also the provinces divided by boundary lines. It has the same insets; the title differs as follows:

An Accurate Map of North America. Describing and distinguishing the British, Spanish, and French Dominions on this great Continent; According to the Definitive Treaty Concluded at Paris 10th Feb'y, 1763. Also all the West India Islands Belonging to, and possessed by the Several European Princes and States. The whole laid down according to the latest and most authentick Improvements. By Eman Bowen, Geogr: to His Majesty and John Gibson, Engraver.

The same impression is found in Thomas Kitchen, A General atlas, 1770? and also in the edition of 1773. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 643, and supplemental volume.

Only one impression in the Library of Congress is dated, and that in separate form "Printed for Robert Sayer No. 53 Fleet Street as the Act Directs 2d July, 1772."

Most of these impressions have slight additions and eliminations.

The Library of Congress has an impression of this map which shows various alterations and changes. The inset of California by Kino is omitted and is

Bowen, Emanuel-Continued.

replaced by another, entitled "A Map of the Country between Montreal, Albany and Oswego." The size is about the same. The cartouche is different and Bowen's and Gibson's names are omitted. The title within the cartouche is as follows:

"North America, and the West Indies; a New Map, Wherein the British Empire and
its Limits, according to the Definitive Treaty of Peace, in 1763, are accurately de-
scribed, and the Dominions Possessed by the Spaniards, the French, & other
European States. The whole Compiled from all the New Surveys, and Authentic
Memoirs, that have hitherto appeared.”

Beneath the figures is the imprint "London, Printed for Car[r]ington Bowles,
Map & Print Seller, No. 69 in St Pauls Church Yard." The map has no date.
Carrington Bowles, referred to, died in 1793. The "American maps" referred
to in this title are a miscellaneous collection in the Library of Congress.
See also title 472.

An impression of this map dated 1783 is described in title 652.

1755

Cierto, Andres.

Descripcion de las Costas de tierra firme, en la America Septentrional, Islas de Barlovento, Seno Mexicano, Sondas, Canales, Islas y Arrecifes, sacados por las Latitudes y Long: del Piloto maior de la Harmada de Barlovento Da Bartholomé de la Rosa y ultimamt. Emandado, por las que al presente se hallan correg! por los Pilotos Practicos de este Seno, Calculado al Meridiano de Thenerife, Delineado por Andres Cierto 1o Piloto de la R' Harmda Veracruz y Apto. 1755. Ms. 110 x 82.7 cms.

Original in Direc. de Hid. Madrid. Sec. 9. Cart. 2. Orig. Mss. Shows Florida as far as 37° N. lat.

410

1755

Cortés, Phelipe Feringan.

"Plano de parte de la Isla de Santa Rosa, punta de siguenza, y costa de tierra firme que forma la entrada del Puerto" (Florida) "Santa Rosa punta de Sigüenza 26 de Agosta de 1755." 71 x 52 cms. Ms. in colors.

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 95; Caj. 7; Leg. 7. On one side is a "plano de un fuerte de campaña proyectado para transferencia y establecimiento del Presidio nombrado vulgarmente Panzacola situado en la Isla de Santa Rosa Punta de Sigüenza para executarlo en la parte de tierra firme que el Excmo. Sr. Virrey determine en vista del informe que remito." . . . No. 202 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1.

411

1755

Hinton, John, d. 1781.

A Map of the British and French Settlements in North America. Univ. Mag. J. Hinton Newgate Street. 38 x 27.5 cms. Colors. 1 cart.

In the Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure. London, Oct. 1755. vol. 17, pp. 144-145.

WL 412

NOTE.-John Hinton is the publisher of this magazine and therefore the map is
credited to him. An inset to this map is entitled “Fort Frederick at Crown
Point built by the French 1731." The following explanation is in p. 145:
"All the coloured part of this map, with those small spots on which the French
have built forts, shews the right and possessions of Great Britain; and the
various colours distinguish the several provinces, as their respective Governors,
at present, exercise their jurisdictions. The uncoloured part of this map, to
the northward of the river St. Laurence, contains all the territories, France has
any just right to, in North America. And the rest of the uncoloured part, to
the southward of South Carolina, is all that belongs to Spain, according to the
stipulations between Great Britain and that crown, in the year 1738. The Five
Nations, called Iroquois by the French, are acknowledged, by the Treaty of
Utrecht, to be friends and allies of Great Britain; and, consequently, all the
lands belonging to them can by no means belong to France. So that we have a
double claim, first, by right of prior discovery, and, secondly, as belonging to
our friends and allies, to those countries, which France so unjustly pretends to
claim. The hereditary and conquered country of the Iroquois, or Five united
Nations of the Indians residing in the province of New York, which has been
ceded and confirmed by them in many treaties, and a deed of sale, in 1701, and
by France, in the treaties of Utrecht and Aix la Chapelle, to the crown of Great
Britain, extends, to the eastward, from the south side of St. Laurence river to
the western bounds of New England, and, on the north side of that river, to the
Ulawas river and lake Abitibis: From lake Abitibis, south-west, to the north-
east end of the lake Michigan; and from thence, through that lake, to the river
Illinois; and from thence, down that river, to the Mississippi. From the con-
fluence of the rivers Illinois and Mississippi, its western boundary is the course
of the Mississippi as far as Georgia. This is a vast country, extending about
twelve hundred miles in length, from north to south, and from seven to eight
hundred miles in breadth.

"The pricked line, which runs from Escondido, in the Gulph of Mexico, along the Alligany mountains, through New Hampshire, along Penobscot river, across the Bay of Fundi, to Cape Canso, is what the French are pleased to prescribe, as the boundary of our settlements; pretending, that all the country to the westward and northward of it, to the bounds of Hudson's-bay, belongs to them."

1755

Hinton, John, d. 1781.

A New & accurate Map of the West Indies and the adjacent Parts of North & South America. Univ. Mag. J. Hinton, Newgate Street. R[obert] William] Seale, sculp. 37.5 x 26.5 cms. Colors. 1 cart.

In The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure. London, Dec. 1755. vol. 17, p. 241.

WL 413

NOTE.-John Hinton is the publisher of this magazine and therefore the map is credited to him. The following explanation is on p. 241:

"The parts of the map coloured red belong to the English; those coloured green to the Spaniards; those yellow to the French; and those blue to the Dutch, except St. Thomas's, which belong to the Danes. The neutral islands, not at present inhabited by the Europeans, are coloured brown. But it should be observed, that the parts near the mouth of the Mississippi river, which are

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Hinton, John-Continued.

coloured yellow, because at present in the possession of the French, really belong to the English, and are within the bounds of South Carolina, according to the charter of 1665. See a map of the English and French settlements in North America, in our Magazine for October last, where this part is coloured red, as, in justice, belonging to the English."

1755

Huske, John, 1721-1773.

A New and Accurate Map of North America (wherein the Errors of all preceding British, French and Dutch Maps, respecting the rights of Great Britain, France & Spain & the Limits of each of His Majesty's Provinces, are Corrected.) Humbly Inscribed to the Honorable Charles Townshend... by ... Huske. British statute miles 69 to a degree. Tho. Kitchen, sculp. Published . . . by R. & I. Dodsley in Pall-mall 1755. 50 x 40.3 cms. Colors. 1

cart.

Inset in upper 1. h. cor., "A Map of Hudsons Bay &c." 9.7 x 8 cms. Shows N. Flo., i. e., 29° N.- 51° N. lat. & a little W. of the Miss. River.

LC 414

NOTE. This map is found in the anonymous work, 2d edition, 1755, by John Huske, entitled The present state of North America. . . London, printed for, and sold by R. and J. Dodsley, 1755.

Huske was a nephew of gen. John Huske, whose life is given in the Dictionary of national biography; at the end of which notice is a short reference to the author of this map.

Appleton's Dictionary of american biography, contains a more extensive notice of Huske.

1755

Le Rouge, George Louis.

Canada et Louisiane Par le Sr le Rouge Ingénieur Géographe du Roy, à Paris rue des Augustins, Avec Privilège du Roi 1755. 49.5 x 60.5 cms. 1 vignette "Sault du Niagara de 135 Pieds de haut."

This is an assemblage of 3 maps: A. East Atlantic coast from 28° to 52° 30′ N. Lat. B. Louisiana with course of the Mississippi from 34° to about 48° N. Lat. C. The Mouth of the Mississippi River. D. A vignette of Niagara Falls.

WL 415

NOTE. Very little seems to be known of the life of Le Rouge. Joseph Marie Quérard, in La France littéraire, mentions that he was born in Hanover and gives a list of some of his works. The map was evidently intended for reference in connection with the boundary dispute relating to North America existing at that time between Great Britain and France. The Library of Congress has an impression with ms. boundary line and remarks copied from the map in the Mémoires des commissaires du Roi et de ceux de sa majesté Britannique sur les possessions et les droits respectifs des deux Couronnes en Amérique. . . 1755. The map is entitled: "Carte d'une partie de l'Amérique Septentrionale . . ." Another map, with accompanying text, published at this date, referred to frequently in connection with this boundary and published in english, french, and dutch is a map by Jean Palairet (1697-1774), entitled: "Carte des possessions angloises et

françoises du continent de l'Amérique Septentrionale, 1755." The english text
is entitled: A concise description of the english and french possessions in North-
America, for the better explaining of the map published with that title; the
french: Description abrégée des possessions angloises et françoises du continent
septentrional de l'Amérique, pour servir d'explication à la carte publiée sous le
même titre; the dutch: Beknopte beschryving der engelsche en fransche bezitingen
in het vasteland van Noord-America, dienende tot verklaaring van de landkaart onder
dezelve tytel uitgegeven. All impressions of the map seem to have the french
title. The map is also found in Palairet's Atlas méthodique, 1755, a copy of
which is in the Library of Congress. "Thos. Kitchin sculp."
Title 420 gives the map to accompany the dutch edition.

For a notice of the life of Palairet consult Dictionary of national biography.

1755

Lopez, Tomás, i. e. Tomás López de Vargas Machuca, 17311802, and Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, Juan de la, 1734-1790.

Mapa de la America Septentrional Dividido en dos partes. En la primera se descriven sus provincias segun los derechos que piensa tener a ellas la Corona de Francia: en la segunda, segun las pretensiones de la Inglaterra. Delineado por Lopez y Cruz Año de 1755. 52.2 x 41 cms.

A small vignette, "Salto del Niagara," in upper 1. h. corner. Shows Florida N. of St. Augustine, West Florida, and as far west as Nachitoches-75° W. long.

416

NOTE. For a reference to life of Lopez, with a list of his maps, consult Gabriel Marcel's Le géographe Thomas Lopez et son œuvre. In page 70 he gives the title of this map, with the date 1757, and states "Il nous a été impossible de rencontrer dans aucuns des dépôts que nous avons visités, cette œuvre de jeunesse de Lopez publiée en collaboration avec D. Juan de la Cruz." For a notice of the life of Cruz Cano y Olmedilla consult Catarelo y Mori's Don Ramon de la Cruz, Madrid, 1899.

The Library of Congress has a map, without date, published about 1780, entitled: Mapa de la America Septentrional. Por d. Juan Lopez, geógrafo del rey. 2a edicion."

"

1755

Lopez, Tomás, i. e. Tomás López de Vargas Machuca, 17311802, and Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, Juan de la, 1734–1790.

Mapa Maritimo Del Golfo de Mexico é Islas de la America, Para el uso de los Navegantes en esta parte del Mundo, Construido sobre las mexores memorias, y observaciones Astronomicas de Longitudes, y Latitudes. Dedicado a la Catholica Magestad de Don Fernando vi Rey de España, y de las Yndias, por sus mas Rendidos, y fieles Vasallos, Thomas Lopez, y Juan de la Cruz Año de 1755. 2 sheets, each 38.7 x 55.7 cms. The entire map 78.5 x 55.7

cms.

WL 417

NOTE. This map is mentioned in pages 103-104 of Marcel's Life of Lopez, referred to in title 416: It includes the whole country around the gulf of Mexico, with soundings. For a notice of Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, consult that

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