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simile. The Mississippi river and the province of Amachel are indicated with considerable accuracy. This wood cut is of rare occurrence." Nordenskiöld, Facsimile-atlas, p. 102, states: "This edition of the celebrated letters of Cortes contains, like the two editions of Venetiæ, 1524, a plan of the city of Mexico which, to judge from the description of Harrisse, is not found in the Spanish editions of Sevilla 1522 and Saragossa 1523. This and analogous plans of the famous city have often been copied in the 16th century. It is of interest to compare them with an original drawing by Alonzo de Santa Cruz of the Mexican capital and its environs, of which I have given a short account above and of which fig. 69 is a much reduced fac-simile." The Gulf of Mexico portion of this map is reproduced in pl. 4, No. 7, of Henry Stevens's Historical and geographical notes . . . 1869.

"The original engraving of this chart appeared in a letter of Cortes, addressed to the Emperor, and printed at Nuremberg in 1524. Kohl thinks it shows the explorations of Garay, and does not embody any of those of Cortes himself. He says it is the earliest map to show the name Florida. It may have been made about the time of no. 247. It is reproduced in Stevens' Amer. Bibliographer, p. 86; in his Notes, etc., pl. Iv; and in the Nar, and Crit. Hist. America, п, p. 404. It has an uncertain passage to the west, by which Yucatan is made an island, of which there is an indication in no. 247, and unmistakable expression in the Maiollo map of 1527 (ante, under no. 39) and is suggested in a map by Friess (post, no 371). Later maps, like the Verrazano, 1529 (ante, under no. 42); Ribero, 1529 (ante, no. 41); the Lenox wood-cut, 1534 (ante, no. 47, since reproduced in the Nar. and Crit. Hist. America, п, p. 223); the British Museum map of 1536 (post, no. 251) make Yucatan insular, but do not, carry the passage to the western sea." Consult Winsor's description of the Kohl Collection, no. 248.

Harrisse's Discovery of North America, pp. 509-510, states:

"This map is said to have been sent by Fernand Cortés to Charles v together with his second letter dated Villa Segma de la Frontera, October 30, 1520. The original is lost, but it was reproduced four years afterwards in facsimile, on the same plate with the plan of the City of Mexico added to the Latin version of that letter published at Nuremberg by Peypus in 1524. It measures 200 by 150 mm." See also page 563.

For a bibliographical description of the work from which this map is taken see Carter-Brown's Bibliotheca americana, v. 1, pp. 86–87.

Consult also: Harrisse's Bibliotheca americana, pp. 233-234.

In the work by Francis Augustus MacNutt, entitled Letters of Cortes . . . 2 v. 1908, no reference is made to this map but certain maps are described on page vii (preface) as follows:

"The plan of the City of Mexico is taken from the Historia Antigua of Señor Manuel Orozco y Berra and the several maps are from the editions in which they originally appeared of the Storia Antica del Messico of Clavigero, 1780, Lorenzana's Historia de Nueva Espana, 1770, and of C. St. John Fancourts' History of Yucatan from its discovery to the close of the seventeenth century." Consult also, Derby, Orville A. Una questão cartographica O “mappa das Cortes" e as suas copras. Extraido do fasc. no. 60, da Revista Brazileira. 12 pp. 8°. Rio de Janeiro, Companhia typographica do Brazil, 1897.

In The true history of the conquest of New Spain by Bernal Diaz del Castillo v. 2, p. 129: Hakluyt society. Works. 2d series, no. 24, is an interesting item: "After, as I have said, they had set off to inspect the mines, let me go back to say how the great Montezuma gave our Captain a hennequen cloth, on which were painted and marked very true to nature, all the rivers and bays on the Northern coast from Panuco to Tabasco, that is for a matter of one hundred

Cortés, Hernando, 1485-1547-Continued.

and forty leagues, and the river of Coatzacoalcos was marked on it. As we already knew all the harbors and bays marked on the cloth which Montezuma gave to Cortés, from the time we came on the voyage of discovery with Grijalva, except the river of Coatzacoalcos, which they said was very strong and deep, Cortés determined to send and see what it was like, and to take soundings of the harbor and the entrance."

1525

Ptolemæus, Claudius.

Map of the New World. 37.8 x 28.8 cms. Without name, date, or title. Latin text on reverse. In his Geographicae Enarrationis Libri Octo. . . 1525. The title given this map at the beginning of the descriptive text, no. 28, is: Oceani occidētalis seu Terre Noue tabvla.

LC 22

NOTE.-The Library of Congress has a copy of the atlas from which this map is taken and which is described in title 362 in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases.

The maps which relate to America, nos. 28, 34, 49 and 50 are described in the 1522 edition.

"The maps are generally without the scrolls at the top, and nearly all have
descriptive text on the back. Title, text, and nearly all descriptions of maps
are within ornamental wood cut borders similar to those of the edition of 1522.
These maps
are all with the exception of the Tabula v. Asiae, printed from
the same blocks as the maps of ed. 1522, and, like these, are almost unaltered
copies, on a reduced scale, of maps in the edition of 1513." Consult Norden-
skiöld's Facsimile-atlas, p. 22.

66

1525

Waldseemüller, Martin, 1470-1521?

Oceani occide[n]talis Seu Terre Noue Tabvla.

NOTE. This map is the same as described in title 22.

1525-27

LC 23

Salviati World map. Unsigned, undated, no title. Ms. on parchment. Anonymous. 209 x 93 cms. Original in Biblioteca Mediceo-Laurenziana (Mediceo-Palatine 249) Derives its name from the Salviati arms, which appear twice on the map. One of the oldest known Spanish maps. Shows Florida with names. Interesting facsimile photo. reproductions of same size as original in Maps illustrating early Discovery and Exploration in America by E. L. Stevenson. No. 7.

LC 24

NOTE. The Stevenson reproduction of this map with description in "Text" is mentioned in title 1139, contents no. 7, Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. Consult also Nordenskiöld's Periplus, p. 180, title 77; and v. 2, p. 114, of Pietro Amat di San Filippo and Gustavo Uzielli, Studi biografici e bibliografici sulla storia della geografia in Italia pubblicati in occasione del 111° congresso

geografico internazionale. Ed. 2a. Roma, alla sede della società, 1882. (Società geografica italiana)

Notice of the life of Giovanni Salviati in Biographie universelle (Michaud) v. 13, pp. 571–572.

Harrisse, in his Discovery of North America, p. 540, no. 163, gives this descrip-
tion: "The Laurentiana Map. A planisphere on parchment, 1490 by 945
mm., in Spanish, but including purely Portuguese names. The American
coast extends unbroken from Labrador to the Strait of Magellan. The con-
figurations of the South American continent recall those of the Turin map, and
bear the only generic name of "Tierra firme." West of the Gulf of Mexico
there is a plan of "Tenvstitam." Our impression is that this map was con-
structed in the time which elapsed between the making of the Turin map and
that of the Weimar chart of 1527. It gives for the northern coast of South
America several of the names which are in the former and not in the later, viz.:
"Costa de Paricura," "Valle de Amerigo," "Monte espeso," and the legends:
"Visto de lexo," and "Visto no mas el fondo." The new names are few, but
important: R. de Pascua Seturma Campana de Roldan La Garça Rio Solo Rio
de S. Sebastian Barreras blancas Canal de todos los sanctos.
This map, which is preserved in the Library of the Medici at Florence, con-
tains the arms of the Salviatis, surmounted by a cardinal's hat, which leads
us to suppose that it belonged to Giovanni Salviati, who was nuncio in Spain
from 1525 until 1530."

1527

Maggiolo, Vesconte de.

Vesconte de Maiollo conposuy hanc cartam in Janua anno dñy. 1527. die xx Decenbris. 75 x 50 cms. Parchment ms. Original in Ambrosian Library. Milan.

WL 25

NOTE.-Nordenskiöld's Periplus, p. 150, states:

"If we consider Canerio's and Cantino's maps, that of Hamy, and Kunstmann Nos. 2 and 3 more as charts in portolano style rather than real portolanos, then Vesconte Maiolo was the first to publish maps of the New World in the same style as ordinary portolanos. In this respect he was a forerunner of Battista Agnese and vied with him in respect to the ornamental execution of the work. What its geographical value may have been I cannot determine owing to the want of complete reproductions. Pl. V of Kunstmann is a fine reproduction of the map of the New World in Maiolo's Atlas of 1519, which is signed: "Vesconte de Maiollo civis Janue composuy hanc cartam in Janua de anno domini 1519." The original is in the Royal Library at Munich. The map of 1527 is a planisphere on two leaves of parchment, together 1.70 x 0.60 m., signed: "Vesconte de Maiollo composuy hanc cartan in Janua anno dñу 1527 die xx Decenbris." At present the date on the map reads 1587, but as Desimoni notes, this has arisen from a falsifying of dates quite usual with portolanos. The American part of the map, which has been reproduced by Harrisse (Disc. of N. Am., p. 217) and by Kretschmer, is of importance as representing a new type of map for the northern part of America, here called Francesca, which type first appeared after the return of Verrazano. The isthmus of Panama is divided by a narrow strait, "streito dubitoso." A map of this type was plainly the source of Münster's delineation of America (FA, fig. 73) and of Georg Hartmann's (?) globe of about 1540 (FA, pl. XL) The original is in the Ambrosiana at Milan." There is a reproduction from the original in Kretschmer's Die entdeckung Amerika's. Atlas, sec. 14, no. 7. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1136.

Maggiolo, Vesconte de-Continued.

A reproduction is given in Stevenson, no. 10, with description in key. Consult
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, no. 1139.

See also reference in P. Amat di San Filippo and G. Uzielli, Studi biografici e
bibliografici. v. 2, pp. 118.

The following is a list of articles relating to Maggiolo:

Avezac de Castera-Macaya, Marie Armand Pascal d'. Atlas hydrographique de 1511 du génois, Vesconte de Maggiolo. 15 pp. 8°. Paris, Challamel aîné,

1871.

(Extrait des Annales des voyages de la géographie, de l'histoire et de l'archéologie, juillet 1870)

Avezac de Castera-Macaya, Marie Armand Pascal d'. Encore un monument géographique parmi les manuscrits de la bibliothèque d'Altamira. Atlas hydrographique de 1511 du génois Vesconte de Maggiolo.

Dirigées par m. V. A. Malte-Brun. 1870. 8°. Paris,

[In Annales des voyages.
1870. v. 3, pp. 20-32]
Crino, Sebastiano. Notizia sopra una carta da navigare di Visconte Maggioli.
[In Societa geografica italiana. Bollettino. 1907. Ser. iv. bd. viïï, s. 1114–21]
Reviewed by Viktor Hantzsch in Petermanns mitteilungen. nov. 10, 1908.
Literaturbericht. nr. 645. A review of this article is also in the Scottish geo-
graphical magazine, march, 1908, p. 157:

"An old Italian chart.-The November number of the Bollettino della Societa
Geographica Italiana contains an account of the discovery, in the Bibliotheca
Federiciana of Fano in the Adriatic, of an old navigating chart, hitherto un-
known to students, by Visconte Maggiolo, the Genoese cartographer. The
oldest known charts by this cartographer are, one at Paris, dated 1511; and
another at Parma, dated 1512, while several others of later date are extant.
The present map is the only one of these which includes the whole of the then
known world, and is dated 15-4. It is known that in April 1534, Maggiolo
received a commission from Lorenzo Lomellino to construct such a map, and
it is surmised by the author of the paper, Professor S. Crinò, that in the legend
of the chart the figure 3 has disappeared, and that it is therefore the chart
alluded to. It has several peculiarities. Thus the coast of America is more
accurately shown than in other works of Maggiolo's, and the coast line of Africa
and the course of the Nile are wonderfully exact."

Luksch, Josef. Zwei denkmäler alter kartographie (Vorläufiger bericht)

[In Kaiserlich-königliche geographische gesellschaft. Wien. Mittheilungen. 1886. Neue folge, 19. 8°. Wien, 1886.. v. 29, pp. 364–373. 2 maps]

Describes a map by Vesconte Majolo, Maiolo, or Maggiolo, 1513, and a globe,
presumably by Johannes Schöner, 1515.

Paz y Melia, Antonio. Un mapa del Vizconde Maiollo de 1535. (Biblioteca
Nacionale) Review signed P. y M.

3a epoca. Enero-febrero de 1908.

[In Revista de archivos, biblioteca y museos.
8°. Madrid, 1908. v. 12, pp. 170-171]
Simples notes pour servir à l'histoire de la cartographie en Lorraine du xvie au
XIXe siècle.

[Société de géographie de l'Est. Bulletin. 8°. Nancy, 1880. v. 2, p. 621]
Consult Lasteyrie's Bibliographie générale des travaux historiques et archéolo-
giques. Paris, 1893. v. 2, no. 29470.

Staglieno, Marcello. Sopra Agostino Noli e Visconte Maggiolo cartografi.
Lettera.
13 pp. 12°. Genova, typografia del R. istituto sordo muti, 1875.
Estratto dal giornale ligustico.—Anno 11, fasc. 11.

1527

Carta vniversal en que se contiene todo lo qve descvbr(torn) del mundo sea fasta aora hizola vn cosmographo de sv magestad anno M.D.XXVII en Sevilla. 216 x 86 cms. Unsigned. Anonymous. Ms. parchment. Original in Grand-Ducal Library Weimar. This map is known in the Kohl Col., U.S. L. C., No. 38, as The Hernando Colon map, in which there is a copy. Facsimile same size as original in Stevenson. Maps illustrating Early Discovery and exploration in America. No. 9 "Weimar-Spanish." There is a reproduction, but not with absolute fidelity of the American part in Die beiden ältesten General-Karten von America, by John G. Kohl. Weimar. 1860. See Bibliography of Ptolemy's Geography by Justin Winsor sub anno 1540. A section including the Floridian Peninsula and part of Gulf Coast in Lowery's Spanish Settlements, 1513-1561. p. 146. The map shows Florida with names. It is discussed by Henry Harrisse, the Discovery of North America, London and Paris, 1892, pp. 557-59, where he gives a list of the names which appear on the map for the first time. V. H. Paltsits in the Am. Hist. Review, Vol. x, p. 867 (July, 1905) says: "Variously ascribed to Ferdinand Columbus, Nuño Garcia de Toreno, and Ribero, but the maker has not been absolutely determined. . . It portrays for the first time the New World as a whole land

""

mass.'

WL 26-27 NOTE.-Winsor describes this map in his description of the Kohl Collection, p. 36-37, title 38, in which he calls it the so called Hernando Colon map: "The original (on parchment) is anonymous, and in the Grand-Ducal library at Weimar, and is dated at Seville in 1527. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries it had been kept in Nuremberg. Kohl, as has been the custom; assigns it to Ferdinand Columbus, but Harrisse dismisses his and other claims, and is inclined to ascribe it to Nuño Garcia de Toreno. Cf. Winsor's Bibliog. of Ptolemy's Geog., sub anno 1540, for references. It shows the line of demarcation, as established between Spain and Portugal, or rather the Spanish view regarding that vexed question. Kohl later published a fac-simile of the American parts of this map in his Die beiden ältesten Generalkarten von Amerika, Weimar, 1860." For the Kohl reproduction mentioned see reference in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1135.

Stevenson in his descriptive "Text" to his reproductions no. 9, consult the above "List" title 1139, describes it in detail and calls it Weimar-Spanish. Nordenskiöld, Periplus, p. 154, gives the following: "An anonymous Spanish map of the world in the Grand Ducal Library at Weimar signed: 'Carta universal en qve se contiene todo lo qve del mundo sea descubi[erto] fasta aora hizola un cosmographo de Su Magestad anno MDXXVII en Sevilla.' The author is not stated, but the agreement of the map, even as regards details of decoration, with Diego Ribero's map of 1529 in the Propaganda Library proves this to be a work of the aforesaid cosmographer or a copy of the original which Ribero employed. This again was obviously founded on the map composed by the Chamber of Commerce in Seville, the Padron real, now lost. Portuguese authorities also were accessible to the designer of the map, this being plainly proved by the manner

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