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1829.]

Peterchurch, and Dore Abbey, Herefordshire.

small crosses, one at each angle, and one in the centre. This slab is six feet three inches in length, three feet three inches in breadth, and six inches thick; the total height of the altar is thirty-two inches.

1

The tower, E, situated at the extreme western end of the church, is 71 feet in height, contains a clock and six bells, bearing date 1782, and is surmounted by a lofty octagonal stone spire.

The font, elevated on two steps, is a circular stone bason, banded with indented and cable mouldings: it is 25 inches in diameter, and 27 inches in height.

In the chancel are sepulchral memorials to some descendants of the fa

mily of De-la-Hay, formerly of Urish Hay, in this parish, with the arms, Argent, an estoile of sixteen points Gules; to two of the Vaughans, father and, son, of Hinton Court in this parish, with the arms, Sable, a chevron between three boys' heads couped at the shoulders Argent, crined Or, wreathed round the necks with as many snakes Proper; and to some other individuals of minor importance.

Against the western wall of the nave is affixed a stone tablet, whereon is sculptured the figure of a large trout, having a chain round the back part of its head: it has been recently painted and gilt, and the names of the churchwardens added. The story told in the village respecting this fish is simply as follows:

Many years since a trout was caught in the river Dore, which runs through the parish, wearing a gold chain round the back part of its head; a plaster cast of it was immediately taken, an artist employed to execute the above, a faithful representation; and when finished it was placed in the church as a perpetual memorial of the circumstance.

It was suggested to me by a gentleman resident in the county, who has investigated its antiquities, and who has indeed published the result of a portion of his labours, that, as the church is dedicated to St. Peter, this tablet may have reference to the finding of the piece of money by Peter, as recorded in Matt. xvi. 27. To this opinion I feel inclined to dissent, first, because the stone bears no mark of great antiquity, and was put up probably long since the Roman Catholic GENT. MAG. December, 1829.

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religion had been dominant-at a time when the people never thought of their patron saint as such, except when keeping his revel or feast; secondly, because it is unlikely the sculptor would have encircled the fish with a chain, when the more obvious illustration of the subject would have been to insert a piece of money in the mouth. Perhaps your Correspondents may be able to throw some light on the matter.

This Church, singular in form, antient in structure, curious in its contents, connected as these are with local tradition, and widely-spread superstition, claims the attention of every visitor. WILLIAM SAWYER,

Mr. URBAN,

N

your volume LXII. p. 395, is a view of Dore Abbey in Herefordshire, with a full account of the same, by your late ingenious correspondent Mr. James Wathen. I now request your insertion of another view of it, from a different point of sight, drawn and engraved by Mr. Malcolm (see Plate II.)

Dore Abbey was of the Cistercian order, and was founded by Robert de Ewyas, the youngest son of Harold, Lord of Ewyas, in the time of King Stephen, to the honour of the Virgin Mary. Amongst its benefactors may be enumerated King John, Robert Earl of Ferrers, Alan de Plokenet, John la Warre, Walter de Clifford, and numerous others.

In Pope Nicholas's taxation, the spiritualties of the monastery amount to 9.135.4d.; the annual amount of the temporal possessions to 120/. 16s. 11d.

In the 26th Henry VIII. the gross revenues of this House amounted to 1187. Os. 2d. The clear income to 101. 5s. 2d. per annum. The site was granted, 31 Henry VIII. to John Scudamore.

A very imperfect impression of the Seal of this Abbey, is in the collection of John Caley, Esq. Its subject is, au Abbot at full length, in one hand a crucifix, in the other a book; and having on his dexter side a shield, with the arms of the Abbey, being those of the family of Tregoz, who married the heiress of the founder, Ewyas, viz. Gules, two bars gemels, and in chief a lion passant, guardant Or. The arms in the shield of the simister side are, in this impression,

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Rev. Wm. Ainsworth.-Irish Peerages.

wholly obliterated, nor can more of the legend be made out than s. c. DE DORA*.

The remains of the Abbey, now the parish Church, are at the east end of the village. They shew the effects of violence rather than of age, though the walls bear the marks peculiar to the earliest style of Church architecture. They are variegated with the tints of the saffron, green, and lead-coloured mosses; and covered by ivy on the north side, which clings to the interstices, and winding over the arches, assumes their form, permitting but partial glances of the stone that composes them. N. R. S.

Mr. URBAN,

Bath, Dec. 12. N the course of my inquiries respect

have become acquainted with the name of William Ainsworth, concerning whom there is an inquiry in the present volume, p. 290.

I first find him settled in the parish of Halifax, where he had the curacy of Lightcliffe. While there, he pub lished "Triplex Memoriale, or the substance of Three Commemoration Sermons, &c. preached at Halifax, in remembrance of Mr. Nathaniel Waterhouse, deceased; whereunto is added, an extract from the last Will and Testament of the said Mr. Nathaniel Waterhouse, containing his several gifts and donations, for pious and charitable uses. By William Ainsworth, late Lecturer at St. Peter's, Chester;" a description which supplies another fact in his history. It is a small 12mo, printed at York in 1650.

The writer speaks of being poor and neglected, and has incorporated with his work, dedications to Sir John Savile, and also to Langdale Sunderland and William Rooker, jun. Esqrs. to both of whom he professes obligation.

It appears by this work that he was in some way connected with Nathaniel Waterhouse, who endowed a monthly Lecture, and was in other ways a great benefactor to the parish of Halifax.

It was probably while he lived at Lightcliffe that he published the work mentioned by your Correspondent, a copy of which I never saw." The Mr.

Dugdale's Monasticon, new edit. vol. v. p. 553.-A seal of the Abbot Jordan of Dore, is engraved in our vol. LXXVI. p. 793.

[Dec.

Samuel Sunderland to whom it is dedicated, was Samuel Sunderland of Harden, uncle to Langdale Sunderland, and was living, aged 67, at the Heralds' visitation in 1665.

In 1661 Ainsworth was presented to the vicarage of Hooton-Pagnel, by Lady Hutton, the widow of Sir Richard Hutton; but he held not that living long, his successor James Rigby having been instituted to it May 15, 1662. He then removed to Hull, where he was preacher (I suppose lecturer) in the great Church. More than this I am unable to relate concerning him. In the Catalogue of Incumbents of Hooton-Pagnel, he is described as being M.A. Yours, &c.

Mr. URBAN,

IN

JOSEH HUNter.

Nov. 15. N reply to J. G. N., p. 386, allow me to observe, that the main question is, whether the Roscommon peerage remained unclaimed for twelve months after the late Earl's death, in 1816? if it did, the Crown was unquestionably entitled to treat it as an extinct peerage; and, as the present Earl was not acknowledged by the House of Peers until June 1828, the next new extinction, viz. that of Carhampton, 1829, not having been acted on, the whole case, thus considered, is without difficulty.

I suspect, however, that Lord Bloomfield, on presenting his patent, was unable to satisfy the House of Peers that the Roscommon Earldom was ever in such a state of presumed extinction; his Lordship's name does not appear in the last list of Peers of Ireland, to whom writs were issued to elect a representative Peer in the room of the Earl of Erne. The present Earl of Roscommon, it is stated, assumed the title in 1816, immediately on his predecessor's decease; and his name was included in the list of Peers, annually returned by Ulster King at Arms, to the Castle of Dublin. That the Crown did not originally consider Roscommon as an extinction, may be seen by reference to Lord Howden's patent, the alleged extinctions for which were the Barony of Callon, 1815; the Barony of Sunderlin, 1816; and the Earldom of Upper Ossory, 1818. Lord Downes's patent followed with the extinctions of the Earldom of Dublin, 1820; and the Baronies of Tyrawly and Tara, 1821. It was reserved for Lord Bloomfield's patent, to go

1829.] Dissenters Registers.-Bayeux Tapestry.-King's Evil.

back to a presumed extinction of 1816. Considering the case in this point of view, the Peerage of Bloomfield seems to be a complete failure,-the creation unwarranted by law,-being supported by two only, instead of three extinctions. The only remedy then is a new patent, inserting the two extinctions, with one of those which have since accrued. By this, Lord Bloomfield would lose the precedence of 1825; but there seems to be no alternative.

I

AN OLD SUBSCRIBER.

Mr. URBAN, Maize Hill, Dec. 16. BELIEVE that the registers inquired after by a "Constant Reader," and ordered by the Act of William III. to be kept for the purpose of enabling a tax upon marriages, births, burials, &c. to be collected, were regularly kept by the parochial ministers, and at certain periods transmitted to the Stamp or other office, having jurisdiction over that revenue: that when examined, and of no further utility to the revenue, they were transferred to His Majesty's Exchequer Officers, to be by them preserved with other official documents, and that they are now in large boxes in the temporary wooden building destined to preserve the Exchequer records in Westminster Hall. I have seen a few of these Registers, and if the whole be like the few, all are useless, since they are simple numerical accounts of the information required by the statute, and contain no

names.

I now request permission to ask your antiquarian readers to oblige me by looking at the fifteenth plate of the Bayeux tapestry, as engraved by the Society of Antiquaries, and examining the breast part of the coat of mail of the Standard Bearer, who is immediately in advance of the Conqueror. Upon his breast is a square, inclosing some diagonal lines from right to left, as well as from left to right, and thereby forming the figure commonly called diamond.

I will not make any observation which may express my own idea upon the meaning of this mark, because I am anxious to have the unbiassed sen

timents of some of the able Antiquaries who are likely to read this application, and I particularly request the favour of their opinions upon the subject, because if I should be correct in my conclusion as to the object of these lines,

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I shall be enabled to lay some most in-
teresting and novel antiquarian infor-
mation before the public.
Yours, &c.
S. G.

Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 12.

HE following account of the cere

Tmony of touching for the King's

Evil, written evidently by an eye-witness, is translated from a book, entituled, "Relation, en forme de Journal, du Voyage et Sejour que le serenissime et tres puissant Prince Charles II. Roy de la Grande Bretagne afait en Hollande, depuis le 25 May, jusq' au 2 Juin, 1660. A la Haye, chez Adrian Vlacy, 1660." The portion of our history to which it belongs, the actors concerned in it, the minute particularity of its description, and the royal etiquette so ostentatiously observed by an exiled monarch in a republican state, may render it interesting to your readers. It may be compared with a communication which appeared in the Gentleman's Magazine, dated June 1774, on the Auncient Ordre for hallowinge of the Crampe Rings, where it is asserted, on the authority of Dr. Percy, that the gift of curing the King's Evil was claimed by none of our sovereigns prior to the Stuarts. The religious part of the ceremony, which took place on Sunday, May 30, 1660, may also be compared with the office At the Healing, in some of the early editions of the Book of Common Prayer. The assertion noticed at the end of this narrative, that to lose the coin appended to the neck of the patient, was to lose the benefit of the rite, seems to me a mere pretence, invented to account for some of the many cases of failure to which this method of cure must have been liable, if ever, from the force of an excited imagination, it could have been at all efficacious in removing such a disease as the scrophula.

ENEFELDENSIS.

After the sermon, several persons labouring under the King's Evil presented themselves, whom His Majesty was to touch, after several others, whom he had touched in private, on Friday and Saturday, the 28th and the 29th of this month. And as this

ceremony is performed with circumstances those which accompany it in France, when very remarkable, and very different from the King there touches such patients, it will not be improper to relate here all the particularities; constituting, as they do, an essential part of our narrative, which pro

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Ceremony of touching for the King's Evil.

fesses to omit nothing done by His Majesty at the Hague. But before we enter upon this recital, it will be necessary to disabuse the minds of those who believe that whatever the Kings of England do in this matter, is but a copy of what is done in France; and that it is only because of the pretension which they have to that crown, and in virtue of the title which they assume, and the arms of France which they bear on their escutcheon, that they attribute to themselves a gift which belongs to the eldest son of the Church alone. For it is most certain, that the King of Great Britain possesses this right and this advantage, not at all as King of France, although he takes that quality in his titles, but as King of England; and because the Kings, his predecessors, have efficaciously exercised it from the reign of Edward the Confessor, that is, from the beginning of the 11th century, long before the Kings of England had declared that pretension, which they did, when Philip de Valois came to the crown. This ceremony is now performed in the manner which we are about to describe.

"

Those who are afflicted with the glandular disease called "the King's Evil," because the King cures it, are obliged to apply to his Majesty's first Surgeon, who examines them; and if he judges that theirs is the disease which the King cures, he appoints them a day and an hour to be in attendance at the Chapel, where the King is to touch them. As in France, the ceremony of touching the sick takes place in the morning, after the King has received the Sacrament, so on this day it was performed at the Chapel of the Princess Royal, after the King had been present during a sermon and public prayer. The preaching being concluded, a large chair was placed for the King, at a little distance from the congregation. As soon as his Majesty was seated, one of his private Secretaries took his station on the right side of the chair, holding on his arm, or else in his right hand, as many "Angels," each suspended from a riband of white silk, as there were patients, who had presented themselves to be touched. But as Angels, a gold coin so named from its being marked with the figure of an Angel, of the value of about two crowns and a half, are so rare, especially in these provinces, that there is a difficulty in procuring them, the King commonly uses, as he did on this occasion, halfCaroluses, which are of the same value. The Chaplain, who has preached before the King, and who usually takes a text appropriate to the ceremony, goes through the succeeding office, and stands on the left of the chair, whilst the surgeon, with the patients, places himself in front, but at some distance from the King. Upon the occasion, however, of which we now speak, the text had nothing in common with the ceremony; nor was it the Clergyman who had

[Dec.

preached that assisted at it, but Dr. Brown, Chaplain of the Princess Royal, who officiated throughout it, representing the King's Chaplain, as he had done on all similar occasions, at Breda, during the stay which his Majesty had made there.

After the King had taken his place, having the Secretary by his side, and the Surgeon in front of him, the Chaplain, who held in his hand the New Testament, chose the text of St. Mark's Gospel, chap. xvi. from the 14th verse to the end: and, in the mean time, the Surgeon, taking one of the patients by the hand, after each of them had made three low bows, came with him to kneel down before the King, close to the chair. And, whilst the Chaplain pronounced these words of that Gospel," they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover, the King put his hands on the two cheeks of the sick person. This being done, he who had been touched, retired, and they brought another sick person to the King, who touched him in the same manner; the Chaplain repeating the same words as often as there were patients whom the King touched, and who were brought, one after another, to the feet of his Majesty. The Surgeon, who remained on his knees whilst the King was touching. did not rise until the King had finished touching the last; and he then again made three low bows, and retired with the patients to the place where they were at first, and remained there until the Chaplain had finished reading the rest of the Gospel, the reading of which he did not go on with until after the King had touched the last of the sick. This being done, the Chaplain began another Gospel, taken from the 1st chapter of St. John's Gospel, from the 1st to the 15th verse: and whilst he read it, the Surgeon brought back the persons touched by the King, in the same manner as before; and his Majesty, whilst the Chaplain was pronouncing these words of the Gospel, "that was the true light, which lighteth every man, that cometh into the world," taking from the hand of his private Secretary one of the Angels, suspended from a riband, hung it upon the neck of one of the sick, who approached in succession, as they had done, when the Surgeon presented them to he touched; the Chaplain, also, repeating these words as often as there had been persons touched. After that, they all retired to their former station, and then the Chaplain finished reading the Gospel, as far as the verse already pointed out. Some other passages of the Holy Scriptures were then read, and the whole service was concluded by the Lord's prayer, and by a prayer to God, that he would be pleased to bless the ceremony which the King had been performing.

The service being finished, the Gentleman Usher (Mr. Sandys at that time offi

1829.]

On Bell-ringing.

ciated) brought a basin, an ewer, and a napkin, and being accompanied by two noblemen, namely, the Lord Lionel Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex, and the Lord Henry Jermyn, whom the King has since created Earl of St. Alban's, presented the basin and ewer to the younger of the two, who placed himself on the left; the gentleman, who carried the napkin, taking the right of the older of the two Lords. The latter being thus between them, they advanced in this order towards the King, and after making three low bows, they all three knelt before his Majesty; and whilst the Earl of St. Alban's poured water on the King's hands, the Earl of Middlesex took the napkin from the Gentleman Usher, and presented it to his Majesty, who wiped his hands with it. After that, the two Lords and the Gentleman Usher rose, made again three low bows to the King, and retired: the King then rose, also, and withdrew to the apartment of the Princess Royal.

It is well known that the King has very often touched sick persons both at Breda, where he touched 260 from Saturday the 17th of April, to Sunday the 23d of May, and at Bruges and Brussels, during his stay there; and the English confidently assert, not only that it was not without success, because it is the relief experienced which daily draws a great number of these patients, even from the most remote provinces of Germany, but also that not one of them is thus so perfectly cured as not to be attacked again by the same disease, if he be so unfortunate as to lose, by accident or otherwise, the coin which the King hangs about his neck, when he is touched: and without hope of recovering from it if he does not procure himself to be touched again, and to have another Angel hung about his neck.

We should have had some reluctance in mentioning this particular, if several grave persons, whom one could not suspect of superstition or bigotry, had not spoken of it as of a fact of constant occurrence, and of which no doubt ought to be entertained.

Mr. URBAN,

London, Nov.

THE
HERE is, I am grieved to find, a

spirit methodistically set against Fairs, Wakes, Morris-dancing, Maying, Bell-ringing, and all old English sports and pastimes, without distinction. These innocent amusements are worthy of some respect, were it only because they were the delight of our ancestors of the olden time, who were certainly as well meaning and orderly people as their posterity.

Being a lover of the noble science of Campanology, and knowing that it is not only healthful and tranquillizing to those who are its students, but has a

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most enlivening and joyous effect on all who can appreciate the sweet undulating melody, I am concerned to observe a strong desire in some quarters to “ put down" this truly national and Christian recreation. I have rung in many a peal, and can safely say, that I never found my companions ought but good fellows, and had any of them been in an unpleasant humour, when he came to the pull, he never failed to be in good spirits when he retired, may the village itself became more hilarious as the peal increased in its intricate chimes.

England has been for ages justly famous for the art, from which in former times it was denominated "the

Bell-ringing country," an appellation
that I trust it will still continue to de-
serve, maugre the heartless enemies of
tinnulous melody. Meantime I cannot
refrain from saying somewhat in de-
fence of this innocent and scientific
amusement; for I view the hostility
to this appropriate and almost sole use
of the steeple, as an insidious attempt
on the Church itself. Enemies to this
diversion appear, indeed, not to be con-
fined to the present day; for in the
curious work entitled " Campanalo-
gia," published in the time of Charles
II. it is regretted that, " many ma-
licious aspersions were cast upon this
diverting, ingenious, harmless, and
healthful art, by partial and extrajudi-
cial persons;
"but in this advanced
state of society it is discovered that
ringing the bells shakes not only the
steeple but the whole fabric of the
church, and adjacent buildings; and
St. Mary le Bow, with her celebrated
bells, dear to all natives of the land
yhent Cockayne, is silenced without a
peal. To be sure the "rocking of the
steeple" may not be very agreeable to
its near neighbours. Those sensitive
people who are unable to bear a slight
vibration are much to be pitied, in
being still subjected to the grating
noise and heavy incessaut rattling of
some thousand carriages. Alas! I have
heard, when the world had not the
light afforded by the high civilization
of the present age, that when the tower
shook it proved the goodness of the
masonry, the walls being well ce-
mented, solid, and all of a piece as it
were, but these were old-fashioned no-
tions. I, however, should like to know
tower was ever actually
whether a
pulled down by ringing the bells?

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