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Iwt before his death he had formed a design for exccuting an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, the propeatus of which he actually printed and distributed among his acquaintance. In this work several of his literary friends (particularly Sir Joshua Reynolds, Dr. Joh! son, Mr. Beauclerc, and Mr. Garrick,) had engaged to furnith him with articles upon different subjects. He had entertained the most fanguine expectations from the success of it. The under-taking, however, did not meet with that encouragement from the Booksellers which he had imagined it would undoubtedly receive, and he used to lament this circumstance almost to the last hour of his existence.
He had been for some years afflicted, at different times, with a violent strangury, which contributed not a little to imbitter the latter part of his life; and which, united with the vexations he fuffered upon other occasions, brought on a kind of habitual despondency. In this unhappy condition he was attacked by a nervous fever, which, being improperly treated, terminated in his dissolution on the 4th day of April, 1774, in the forty-third year of his age. His friends, who were very numerous and respectable, had deterinined to bury him in Weltıninster-abbey, where a tablet was to have been erected to his memory. His pall was to have been supported by Lord Shelburne, Lord Louth, Sir Joshua Reynolds, the Hon. Mr. Beauclerc, Mr. Edmund Burke, and Mr. Garrick ; but from some unaccountable circumstances this delign was dropped, and his remains were privately deposited in the Temple burial-ground. As to his character, it is strongly illustrated by Mr. Pope's line,
In wit a man, simplicity a child. The learned leisure he loved to enjoy was too often interrupted by distresses which arose from the openness of his temper, and which sometimes threw him into loud fits of passion ; but this impetuosity was corrected upon a moment's reflection, and his servants have been known, upon these occasions, purposely to throw themselves in his way, that they might profit by it immediately after; for he who had the good fortune to be reproved was certain of being rewarded for it. His disappointments at other times,' made him peevilh and sullen, and he has often left a party of convivial friends abruptly in the ever
ing, in order to go home and brood over his misfortunes. A circú in stance which contributed not a little to the encrease of his malady.
The universal esteem in which his poems are held, and the repeated pleasure they give in the perusal, is a striking test of their merit. He was a studious and correct observer of nature, happy in the selection of his images, in the choice of his subjects, and in the harmony of his versification; and, though his embarrassed situation prevented him from putting the last hand to many of his productions, his Hermit, his Traveller, and his Deserted Village, bid fair to claim a place among the most finished pieces in the English language.
The writer of these Anecdotes cannot conclude without declaring, that as different accounts have been given of this ingenious man, these are all founded upon facts, and collected by one who lived with him upon the most friendly footing for a great number of years, and who never felt any sorrow more sensibly than that which was occafioned by his death.
R E T A L I AT ION:
F old, when Scarron his companions invited,
Each guest brought his dish, and the feast was
If our (a) landlord supplies us with beef, and with fish,
Let each guest bring himself, and he brings the best dish:
(a) The Master of the St. James's Coffee-house, where the Doctor, and the Friends he has characterized in this Poem, held an occasional Club.
Our (6) Dean shall be venison, just fresh from the plains ;
Our (c) Burke shall be tongue, with a garnish of brains;
Our (d) Will shall be wild fowl, of excellent flavour,
And (e) Dick with his pepper, shall heighten their favour :
Our (f) Cumberland's sweet-bread its place shall obtain,
And (g) Douglas is pudding, substantial and plain :
(6) Doctor Barnard, Dean of Derry in Ireland, author of many ingenious pieces.
(c) Mr. Edmund Burke, member for Wendover, and one of the greatest orators in this kingdom.
(dl) Mr. William Burke, late secretary to General Conway, and member for Bedwin.
(e) Mr. Richard Burke, collector of Granada, no less remarkable in the walks of wit and humour than his brother Edmund Burke is justly distinguished in all the branches of useful and polite literature.
(f) Author of the West Indian, Fashionable Lover, the Brothers, and other d amatic pieces.
(8) Doctor Douglas, Canon of Windsor, an ingenious Scotch gentleman, who has no less distinguished himself as a Citizen of the World, than a sound Critic, in detecting several literary mistakes (or rather forgeries) of his countrym:; particularly Lauder on Milton, and Bower's History of the Popes.
Our (b) Garrick's a sallad, for in him we fee
Oil, vinegar, sugar, and saltness agree:
To make out the dinner, full certain I am,
That (i) Ridge is anchovy; and (k) Reynolds is lamb;
That (1) Hickey's a capon, and by the same rule,
Magnanimous Goldsmith, a goofberry fool:
At a dinner so various, at such a repast,
Who'd not be a glutton, and stick to the last :
() David Garrick, Esq; joint Patentee and acting Manager of the TheatreRoyal, Drury-lane. For the other parts of his character, vide the Poem.
(1) Counsellor John Ridge, a gentleman belonging to the Irish bar, the relife of whose agreeable and pointed conversation is admitted, by all his acquaintance, to be very properly compared to the above sauce.
(k) Sir Joshua Reynolds, President of the Royal Academy.
(1) An eminent Attorney, whose hospitality and good-humour have acquired him, in this Club, the title of honest Tom Hickey.'