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v is a voiced consonant

Equivalent: f as in of

Press the upper teeth and lower lip firmly together as for f, and expel the breath with vibration of the vocal cords.

Webster, v

Funk and Wagnalls, v

Phonetic Symbol, v

Drill: vah, va, vee, voo, voh, vaw

av, ev, iv, oov, uv, ov

This sound occurs initially, finally, and medially:

[blocks in formation]

1. The visitor viewed the viaduct in the valley. 2. Vivian gathered violets for the Venetian vase. 3. Did the veteran visit the venerable vicar? 4. The vicious vagabond ventured into the vineyard.

5. Voice is produced by the vibration of the vocal cords.

6. Vote to remove evil and vice from the village.

7. Victor gave Victoria a violin and Virginia a Victrola.

8. Mr. Vaile bought vichy, veal, and vegetables.

[blocks in formation]

1. Steve drove twelve nails into the sieve. 2. Wave upon wave of vapor swept over the valley. 3. Gustavus invested his savings in a Victory note. 4. Strive to remove the vinegar from the shelves.

5. Resolve to improve your voice by practice every evening.

6. The vesper service is over at five. 7. Eva lived in a vine-clad villa. 8. Calvin's voice has more volume than David's. 9. Irving received seven dollars for moving the vase. 10. The thieves took Sylvia's vacation souvenirs. 11. The divers arrived at twelve and left at seven. 12. The valet put the five cravats into the valise. 13. The violinist lives on Vanderbilt Avenue.

14. The servant did not leave the shovel on the gravel walk.

15. Harvey proved that the event was a decisive victory for the voters. 16. "With many a shout we mock the wind

that in the pine top grieves,
And slumber long and sweetly on beds

of oaken leaves.'

Substitution of One Sound for Another

v for w
w for v

wah vah, wa va, wee vee, woo voo, woh voh, waw vaw

[blocks in formation]

1. Walter wore a violet vest trimmed with silver lace.

2. Vincent Watson's van overturned on Williams Avenue.

3. The villain won no welcome from the weary villagers.

4. The wan woman viewed the venerable volume with wonder.

5. Will said: “The valley will ring with shouts of victory.”

6. Winifred and Veronica walked toward the water to view the victorias.

7. On Wednesday the veterans went to Virginia to visit Mount Vernon, Washington's home.

Substitution of One Sound for Another

f for v

v for f fah vah, fa va, fee vee, foo voo, foh voh, faw vaw, af av, ef ev, if iv, oof oov, uf uv, of ov

Pronounce these words vertically then horizontally:
Say fair not vair

Say vote not fote

[blocks in formation]

1. Very fine grapes hung from the vines. 2. Oliver found the frame in the moving van. 3. Steve is suffering from a severe cold. 4. Fairy forms floated in the silvery vale. 5. Our valiant fighters proved their love for the flag. 6. The forester viewed the verdant foliage on the firs. 7. The vine was covered with feathery snowflakes. 8. Violet or Florence will remove the flowers from the

vase.

9. From the veranda Frank had a fine view of the forest and valley.

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Drill: thah, tha, thee, thoo, thoh, thaw

ath, eth, ith, ooth, uth, oth

This sound occurs initially, finally, and medially:

thane
theme
thorax
thaw
thimble
thump

thank theft thick thumb thong thin

thermos thews thigh thousand theory thorn

1. Theodora placed the thick thimble on her thumb. 2. Thelma and Theodore thanked the thoughtful youth. 3. The panther thrust his head from the thicket.

4. Mr. Thurston thwarted the plans of the three thugs.

5. Theobald hurt his thigh and his thumb when he fell through the thatched roof.

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