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3. m

4. wh

5. W

6. Substitution of b for

р

and

for b; w for wh

7. f

8. V

9. Substitution of v for w and w for v; f for v and v for f .

10. th as in thin

11. th as in this

12. Substitution of t for th; f for th and v for th

13. t

14. d

15. Substitution of t for d and d for t; d for th

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

32

16. n

dth ;

17. Final combinations-pt, ft, bd, md; vd, thd, nth, mp, un,

nt, nd, tn, dn 18. Substitution of n for m and m for n

.

19. s

34

37

38

40

41

42

46

20. Initial combinations—tw, sw 21. Substitution of th for s, and s for th 22. Initial and final combinations-st; sp, sm; sn 23. Final combinations-ps, fs, ths; ts, sts, ns

üi

S

24. 2

25. s as in raps

26. z as in buzz

27. Final combinations—bz, vz, thz; nz, mz, zn

28. sh.

29. Substitution of s for z and z for s; s for sh and sh for s

30. zh

31. ch

32. j

33. Final combinations—dz, zd, sht

34. Substitution of sh for ch and ch for j .

35. 1

36. Initial and final combinations-pl, bl; fl, sl

37. Final combinations—tl, dl, zl, lz, lp, lm, lf, lv, lth, lt, ls, ld

38. r as in run

39. r as in oar

40. Omission of a sound

41. Addition of a sound-

42. Substitution of r for l; w for p

43. Initial combinations—pr, br; fr, thr; tr, dr; str, shr

44. K

48

50

51

52

54

56

58

60

62

64

65

66

68

70

72

74

76

77

45. g

46. Initial combinations-kr, gr; skr, spr

47. Initial and final combinations—kl, gl; sk

48. Final combinations—kt, kn, ks, lk; gz, gd

49. x as in extra

50. x as in examine

51. qu

78

80

84

86

88

90

92

94

95

96

98

100

101

102

104

106

107

108

109

110

52. h

53. Substitution of k for g and g for k

g

54. Omission and addition of the sound-h

55. Y

56. ng

57. n as in bank

58. Substitution of n for ng

59. Addition of the sound of k or g to the sound of ng

60. Final combinationsngd, ngz, ngk

61. Words containing silent letters—k, g, b, w; 1,

PART II

VII. EXERCISES IN THE VOWELS

1. i as in it

2. e as in end

3. Substitution of i as in it for e as in end

4. Omission of a sound- -e as in towel, i as in cabin

114

116

118

119

5. a as in at

120

6. o as in odd

122

7. u as in up

124

8. Substitution of a as in at for e as in end;o as in odd for u as in

up

126

9. 00 as in book

128

10. Substitution of e as in eve for i as in it; oo as in ooze for oo as

in book; e as in end for u as in up; e as in eve for y, as in lily 130

11. Addition of a sound—a as in among

133

12. a as in among

134

13. a as in arm

136

14. o as in orb

138

15. a as in ask

140

16. o as in soft

141

17. Substitution of o as in odd for o as in orb

142

18. Words frequently interchanged

143

19. e as in eve

144

20. oo as in ooze

146

21. ai as in air

148

22. u as in urn

150

23. a as in ate

152

24. o as in oak

154

25. Substitution of a as in sofa for o as in piano; u as in urn for

ai as in air

156

26. Omission of a vowel sound

158

27. Addition of a vowel sound

159

28. į as in ice

160

29. u as in use

162

30. oi as in oil

164

31. Substitution of oo as in ooze for u as in use; u as in urn for oi

as in oil

166

32. ou as in out

168

33. Words stressed on the first syllable

170

34. Words stressed on the second syllable

171