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hons, Last year he had four acres in tion of the city of Constantinople to hops, which he poled about the mid- its conquest by the Turks." Jle of November: they coulinued

Spain. to look remarkabiy well, the weather being moist and favourable, until the

The following description of Cadiz, widdle of December; after which as it is at present, was written by a several hot days so affected the lines, person on the spot:-that, though the crop was estimated “ Cadiz has a most beautiful ap. at a ton, noi more than one-third of pearance from the harbour; it is en that quantity was obtained.

tirely surrounded by fortifications,

the houses are all built of stonc, lofty, Russia.

andi neatly wliitened with lime. The M. Fischer, president of the Natural city has only two entrances, ode at the History Society of Moscow, has pub- quay, the other at the end of the pelished a brief account of their labours ninsula. At each an oflicer's guard for i:e last four years, in which par- is always on duty, and the gates are ricular mention is made of the journ locked every night at beat of drum. ney to Siberia. This expedition set The streets are so narrow, that two out on the oth of February, 1809, and carriages abreast can pass but in very is to last iliree years. It consists of few of them: but as they run in all Professor Tauber, Mr. James Mohr, angles, a current of air is always Aowknown from his travels in France, ing through them. The outsides of Germany, England, aod Swerlen, and the houses, however, very much re21. leim, botanist and chemist.- semble a row of prisons; for, though Fliese gentlemen, accompanied by te windows are glazed, they are detwo pupils, are provider wiil hooks, fended by massive iron bars, and very charis, instruments, and a chemical tew have any apartments below stairs, laboratory. They were to be occu- warchouses excepted. pied the first year with the Qural “ The shops cut a very indifierent chain of morniains, the second with fignre, few of them having any sasbes; that of the Altai, the third with the their only light is from tlie door way: mountains of the Daourie; and, if if they lcari into the house, as they circumstances permit, they are to seldoin do, the shop dvor is always visit Kamchatka. They are also ac. locked while ihe family is at dinner. companied by a drauguinman, and by The entrance into the house is by a a person acquainted with the art of large folding door into a porch, where stuting and preserving animals. there is a bell; on ringing it the se

VI. Fischer, the professor and direc- cond door is openeu: ibis doon leads top of the Academy, is collecting ina

10 the staircase by the side of a court terials for a comparative Cramonosy marble; around this are the ware:

cailea ine paliw, lisually covered with tin accurate knowiedise of the cra. !!!!11, as one of the chief organs of loomis, cellais, &c.; underneath is a three animal frame, wiil fill up an impor: though pipes from the tiat roof sente

tank, containing van water, running The Craniology of Dr. Call wil only to the early consumption. be user to demonstrate the influence of the brain on the form of the exca- side of ibe bai bous, and used to ein

St. Mary is a part on the opposite vations of the skull. li will appear in Latin and French, accompanied plov a great number of boatmen from with engravings.

Cadiz before it was in the hands of

the irench: ile torvier were jubidy 1. Tilesills, associate of the Aca: employed in fetching water anu care demy, well known by his talents as a pig passengers. Water i:ed :0 to Jointer in Datural history, bas pre- be sold in the streeis of dillz bi baru pared ferty folio cravings of the mam- row-men, who wheeled it about iu moth; but his observations do not jars, and sold it in mani glas-en, &c. iu exactly coincide with those of Cuvier. The poor, mixed with aionate secas,

A prize of 100 ducats has been of. viz. cairamas, coriander, &c. fered for the lone“ chronology of the The Spanisir dinner, in good Ezzanine auctiors, from the founda- companies, consists of a number of

dishes. Soup is always at table, made two dollars per day; the hour of dineither of pulse, or animal food, but ner is generally two o'clock among boiled so long as not to retain any persons of all ranks; but the English flavour of the meat: this is eaten with wishing to introduce a later hour, the vegetables, as cauliflower, cabbages, Spaniards have begun to complain of &c. and is called an Olio; a dish much this encroachment upon their native esteemed. Poultry, wild fowl, fish, customs." and game, form the rest of the courses;

Sweden. and fruit of various kinds succeed be- M. Viborg, professor in the Royal fore the cloth is renoved. Water, or Veterinary School, has published a sherry wine is taken with the dinner, Dissertation on the Use of Horse-flesh, and with moderation afterwards. Cof, as it seems that since the commencefee is next prepared in an adjoining ment of the late war by the infatualed room; sometimes a glass of liqueur monarch of that country, horse-flesh finishes the ceremony, and is a signal has been eaten as food by the poor, in for withdrawing. At dinner each conseqnence of which, butchers shops person is supplied with a napkin and are now supplied with many carcases a roll of bread; one knife will often of borses and few of oxen! M. Viborg, serve several persons; the fork and it is said, asserts that the flesh of the the spoon being mostly used by the borse, when roasted, is preferable to right hand, while the left holds a crust that of the ox. Some years since, a of bread which is continually soaked native of Sudbury, in Suffol's, came in the gravy, a Spaniard not eating to London to publish a small tract in the most delicately at table. The which he recommended the flesh of evening is commonly spent at the asses, as cheap and wholesome diet! theatre or at the card-table. The ex. This work the author, it is said, inpeoses for board and lodging are about tends to prepare for a second edition.

MEMOIRS OF REMARKABLE PERSONS. HAYDN, the celebrated Musician. the profession of music; a measure VE parentage of this celebrated to which he was not averse, as fae had

near Vienna, was of the lowest de- some ecclesiastical situation, and the scription; his father being in no bet- study of music appeared the first step ter situation in life than a common towards the promotion of his object. waggoner in Rohraw, an Austrian vil. In the distressed circumstances of lage on the frontiers of Hungary. Haydn's parents, it is not to be supThis man had learned to play on the posed they could afford io expend harp during his travels to Frankfort much mpon the education of their on the Mayn; a circumstance to which children; but here fortune stood the inay, in a great measure, be attributed child's friend, for the sector, who kept the proficiency his son Joseph after- the academy at Haimburg, took him wards displayed in his profession, as into his inusic-school, either for a very old Haydo was accustomed on a Sun- small premium, or totally free of exday evening to practise those songs pense. At this place he was instructed in with which he was acquainted, whilst ihe duties of his religion,learned to read his wife accompanied bim with her and write; to sing and play on several voice, and his little son seating him- instruments, an advantage Haydn ever self at the feet of his parents, and after gratefully acknowledged. He taking a piece of wood into his right had remaived nearly two years in band, scraped upon the left in imita. Haimburg, when Reiter, the court tion of performing on the violin. At musician, who conducted the music one of these domestic concerts, a at the cathedral of St. Stephen, at schoolınaster of a neighbouring vil. Vienna, came to pay a visit to the lage, who was a distant relation of dean, with whom he was an old and Haydo's, observing that the boy kept intimate friend. In the course of excellent time in his inovements, ad- conversation, Reiter mentioned that, vped his father to bring him up to as many of his choristers had lost their UNIVERSAL Mag. VOL. XIV.

T

voices, he was in search of others to during three years. In this period he replace them, and enquired if the was made lecturer at a convent in dean could assist him. This afforded Leopoldstadt, which brouglit him 10l. an opportunity for mentioning young per annum. He played also on the Haydn, who, with his wisher, were im- organ at Count Haugwize's Chapel, mediately sent for, and, after a trial of and sung at the Cathedral of St. Stehis powers and execution, he was re- phen. Haydn never went to Italy; if gularly appointed a chorister at the he had, he would have acquired a true cathedral of St. Stephen. He used taste for Italian Operas, which would to relate that at his first interview with have rendered his reputation as great Reiter, his appearance was more that for vocal, as it is all over the world for of a hedge-hog than a human being. his instrumental music.

Thus rose In his new office, Haydn was properly Haydn, by his own exertions, from the instructed in the theory of music; and greatest distress; and his compositions, so attached did he become to that fas- for the last fifty years, have immorcinating science, that soon after he talized his name. He left a moderate attempted to compose in eight and fortune at his decease, chiefly saved sixteen parts.

I thought at that from what he had acquired by his tra. time," said he, “ that it must be good vels, and particularly by comingtoEng. because the parts seemed full and the land, where he acknowledged that his paper black: but Reiter reprimanded works have been best rewarded, where me frequently for my presumption in he was universally respected; and undertaking what it was impossible where in 1791 he was created a Doctor for me at that time to execute." At of Music in the University of Oxford. the age of 16, Haydn was discharged He took, on his return from this coun. from the cathedral church, because try, a small huuse and garden at Gumhis voice was broke: he was then pendorf, where he lived as a widower, obliged to live in Vienna for several until the time of bis death. In form, years in the greatest distress. He Haydn was of middle size, and had no lodged in a garret six pair of stairs remarkable features. In 1805 he com. high, which had neither stove nor posed instrumental parts to a church windows; and he has often de service, which had been written only clared that his breath froze on his hed for voices in 1742; and afterwards covering, and the water, as soon as he presented it to his benefactor, the had carried it up stairs, turned to a Prince of Esterhazy, which was the solid piece of ice. At this time he last of his works. He composed from gave lessons in music, and played in his eighteenth to his seventy-third several orchestras; yet his poverty year, 113 overtures, 163 pieces for the prevented him from associating with viola di gamba, 20 divertimentos for his friends, and he had no other com- various instruments, 3 marches, 24 fort than that of amusing bimself on a trios, 6 violin sołos, 15 concertus for half-worm-eaten harpsichord. With different instruments, 50 services, 85 this instrument he sat down to quartetts, 66 sonatas for the pianocompose ;

but his genius soon forte, 42 German, English, and Italian overcame every difficulty. Fortune duetts, 5 German puppet operas (a now appeared weary of tormenting performance which ihe late Empress him, for Madame Martini, an ac- Maria Theresa was much attached to,) quaintance of Metastasio, became his 5 oratorios, 366 Scotch airs, and 400 pupil in singing and playiug; and minuets and waltzes. He was born thus he got his board for nothing in 1750.

THEATRICAL RECORDER.
LYCEUM THEATRE.

escapes to a solitude between Briancon Jy ,

This is a melodrama in two acts. ter, Julia, remained with Count It appears that Geraldo, a nobleinan, D'Escars, lieutenant of police, and had been condemned at Paris upon whose son, Fripon, becomes enamoured the suspicion that he had assassinated a of her. The count at this is iudig. Count" Montgomery; he. therefore want, and Julia elopes with Carlo, a saucy pedlar, and they arrive before partner, Mr. Mortimer, whom, from day break at the cottage of Geraldo, an orphan left at his door, he had eduwhose house Carlo enters in the dark; cated, cherishell, and gifted with a ho surprise however is expressed ai share in his business, is the favoured this meeting. Fripon likewise pursues lover of Miss Danvers, his ward, who, his mistress, and bis father pursues at the opening of the scene, reaches them both over hedge and ditch, ac- town from a retired village in Yorkcompanied by a ralet called jacques. shire, where she has just lost her uncle. Coming likewise to Geraldo's hut, These, with John, an honest Yorkthey find he has sheltered Julia, not shireman, servant to Miss Darrers, knowing her; but after a few panto- form the group at the merchant's mimic tricks Geraldo discovers that bouse. The other characters (whose Julia is his daughter, and by a happy interests are connected with these mandrevre, a dispatch is made to ar. principal parts, by means of a bond, five most opportunely from Paris to which constitutes hin a chief creditor signity that Count D'Escars is re- of Piinento) aie, Mr. Duplex, a pawnmoved from bis inquisitorial office, broker, and deputy of Candlewie's which also opens the way for the re- Ward; Miss Duplex, his daughter; moval of all difficulties, and the piece Mr. C astinus, her suitor; Mr. Con ends with a marriage as expected: it naught, from the sister country, his was announced for repetition with friend, and ultimately his rival; and out a dissentient voice. The music, Mr. Frazer, who, in the fourth aci, by Mr. Walsh, was well received. returns trom lodiar

, claims his orphan

son from Duplex, with whom he had Monday, Aug. 12.- Jack the Giant- been lett, and to whom repçated le. Killer.- This well known story, drama- Inittances had been made for his main. tized, made its appearance liere, in a tenance. This son turns out to be new grand mock-heroic serio-comic Henry Mortimer; and Frazer, thrown ballet of action, so calleri. Bradbury into the same gaol with Pimento made his first appearance at this thie- and bis son, by the villainy of Du.

in the character of the squire to plex, restores them to liberty and Jack the Giant-Killer, and displaved atliuence; and the piece happily con. considerable pantomimic ability. cludes with the repentanee vi Lady Master Ivers, also, made a first ap- Janet, the disgrace of Duplex, and the pearance in the part of Juck the Giant. marriage of Mortimer and Emily Kilur, and dextrously contrived to Danveis. entrap the giant, who was at length killed, but in a very bungling manner.

The play was well performed in all To give any critical character of such its parts, and contained much excela piece would be a waste of time. It lent moral, conveyed in pointeit diamay please children, and to them we

loglie; but the story wanted interest; must leave it. I had to encounter the incidents and characters were considerable disapprobation, and was

hacknied; and the audience, in the given out for a second representation course of the piece, grew careless as amidst hissing, aod cries of "No, no,'' to its result; which, at last, was brought which greaily predominated over the about in that stale method, the fortuie leeble applause of its friends.

nate arrival of a wealthy relative from India, who, of course, opens prison.

doors, sels merit ficé, punishes vilHAYMARKET THEATRE. lainy, and sees young lovers bappily

united. On Wednesday, July 25, was produced a new piece, written by Mr. The denouement was easily antici. Eyre, entitled 'High Life in the City. pated, and was received with inditterOf this play, the construction i. peaily ence. A tritling disapprobarion was as follows:---Mr. Pimento, a city mer- expressed early in the performance, chant, is brought to ruin by the extra- and was renewed at intcrvals; but toyagant pleasures of his wife, a Scots wards the close of the piece a storm lady (Lady Janet), whose sole am arose, which menaced the entire shinbition it is to ape the world of fashion wreck of the author's hopes. The at the west end of the town. llis fast act was much interrupted by the noise, and the conclusion of it was from the acting of Messrs. Liston, rendered merely dumb shew; not a Taylor, and Mathews, though the latword could be heard. Silence was, ter is by no means at home in his part. however, obtained for the Epilogue. Liston, who is often slovenly and It has one or two good points, appli- without a good conception of lofty cable to the business of the comedy, burlesque, is always droll when he but the contrast between the charac. brings his face into play: but Taylor tors of George III and Napoleon is has a better idea than either of them quite out of place. The loyalty is of mock dignity, of a consistent stiffgood, but coming in such a shape, it ness, and of the magnanimous pauses seemed very like a loyal clap trap, that usher in the more familiartouches. intended to catch a little good hu- With these aids, the piece goes off tomour for a bad comedy. The pro- lerably, but it drags not a little in Jogue was very common-place, but some parts, and it is not to be comhad one merit, that of being short. pared either in talent or effect to Tom

The piece was given out for repe. Thumb. The contrasts are over harsh; tition with pretty equal mixture of nothing in real life is ridiculed, becensure and applause.

cause nothing real is imitated, and

therefore the whole wants verisimili. Wednesday, Aug. 8.--Bombastes tude: the best of the jokes are borFurioso. In this histrionic abortion, we rowed, and not at all made better; are introduced to a mock court, and and the inability of the dying king to the whole of the persons consist of a get out his words, which is imitated king, a general, a prostitute with whom from the Critic, is made the vehicle they are in love, a lord, and an army of a gross piece of obscenity, which it of three men of different sizes, like the would well become the audience to recruits in the caricature. Some of suppress. Upon the wholc, this piece the touches are laughable, from the is hardly worth the notice of criticism, mere force of contrast between pom- and still less of the visits of any perpous tones and homely phrases, and sons of taste or delicacy.

MISCELLANEA, FACETIOUS AND ECCENTRIC.

THE following is the transcript of should beware of getting into Hell at tress of a boarding school ncąr town, by the father of one of the female boar- A handbill for a benefit club in this ders:

metropolis, being partly printed in A: I ad a good heddication my- very large characters, and read at self, I bam hintirely ashamed for to some distance, appears thus, -Sicksee in wat manor that Luccy his bitt ness, Fire, Death, and Freedom, in by the Buggs, and it is my desire for three months ! hur to sleep in the bedd that she alway do, and not for to sleep sum time The mistress of a boarding school in wun and then in annuther for to near town, walking through a part of reed all the buggs in the ouse, for ( Clerkenwell with some of her eldest think that be not right; neither shal pupils, was accosted by a working man abe do it. So I remane, yures, &c. in the following terms: “ Pray, Ma

dam, do you think that G-d Al-It being observed of a gentleman, is near us?” “G-d Al-My, Sir," partial to a frequent change of resi- said she, "near us !. Yes," replied dence, that it was rather singular that hc; “ I thought so, because I see you he should prefer places the names of hare some of his angels with you." which began with H, such as Harrow,' Hampstead, Highgate, Hendon, Hack A Frenchman being at Nottingham, ney, Hoxton, &c. an ill-natured critic, and having to find out a sigo, could from the tabernacle, remarked that not, with his utmost exertions, recolthis was a matter of ili omen, and that lect the name further than, as he said, this gentleman, so fond of aitches, it was something belonging to a sheep.

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