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The fleece, the woolpack, the horns, A Dutch Epitaph translated. &c. were then mentioned to him, but On loving passenger, pray look, ja vain; till, at length, starting from Here Conrad lies, a famous cook; a sbort pause, he put this question, He dress'd each dainty, each kick-shaw, -“Vat do you Englishman call de But now the worms have ate him raw. sheep's son " " A lanıb," was the re

Another. ply. " By Gar," replied the Frenchmau, vous avez raison, you are right." death by a fall from the church:

Upon a clock-maker, who got his

Here lies Hans Lepel, An epitaph in Cheltenham church

Who liv'd by the clock, yard:

And died by the steeple.
Here lies the body of Molly Dickie,
the wife of Hall Dickie, tailor.

What Dr. Hutton observes of Hare
Two great Fisicians first
my loving Husband tried rowgate is, perhaps, a little applicable
to cure my pain

to most watering places. “Health,” in vain;

says he, “it seems, assisted by the At last he got a third,

waters and exercise, is allowed to goand then I died.

vern there in the morning; but

Disease, assisted by the savour; dish, With other instances of an absent the evening: so that, like Penelope's

the bowl, and the bottle preside in mind among the literati, that of Me- web, whatever is done in the day is zerai, the celebrated French historian, generally undone at night." is not the least remarkable. He was

in the habit of studying and writing 1 day and night by candle light, eren

Cornucopiana. at noon day in su: mer; and, consis- The fates to please and to torment him, tent with this eccentricity, he always Gave a rich wife to neighbour Thorn ; attended his company to the door Plenty he had for to content him, with a candle in his hand!

ludeed, and plenty of the horn.

a:

A clergyman once hearing a poor The following appears upon the man swearing violently in the street, front of a celiar' in the skirts of the suddenly stopped, took half-a-crown town: “This is to give notice, that out of his pocket, and presenting it, the rag business of this house is now said, “My friend, I will give you this carried on at the book shop opposite. if you will repeat that vaih." The man started: “What! Sir," said he, * do you think I will damn my soul

A handbill issued by a quack in the for half-a-crowo?"

The clergyman neighbourhood of Wapping, after replied, As you did it just now for stating that the doctor bad lately made nothing, I could not suppose you

the grand tour of Europe, that he was would refuse to do it for a reward." shortly going to remove, adds, The man, struck with this reprovt, present when not at his lodgings, he thankfully acknowledged its propri- may be heard of at the leg of beef ety, and expressed a hope that he shop over the way." should, in future, desist from the practice of swearing altogether.

A punster talking about an action at sea and the capture of a small ves

sel, called it a weighty affair. “You Soon after the Abbé de St. Pierre right," said a by-stander," have call. published his book on a perpetual ed it a gallant affair, as the most usual peace, a Dutch innkeeper set up a mode of expression." “ I differ ensign, inscribed " A la pair perpetuelle." tirely with you on that score," replied! But it represented a church-yard, in the former; "the prize was a very timating that the inischievous follics weighty affair; it was laden with mill. and passions of mankind would only stones and lead." terminate with their existence.

STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

IR Samuel Romilly has called the statesman is in his grave, but the cvil

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cruelly of cor civil code. Success with bim. Gold disappeared: paper will, we donist not, crown his endea- was circulated in its room; but could

The slaie-trade, that disgrace this be done without a change in the to buwan wanie and Christian pro- affairs of men ? The dividends on the fesijn, vid vict fall at the first blow: bak shares increased, bonuses were it iud jepeated strokes to fell it given, bank-stock arose in value. All to the ground. Frejudice will cling ilijs was natural; but ihe effects of pato any obje: tion. A judge has thrown per-money have been seen in Franco out an idra, that personal reformation and America, avd happily for this counis pecessary, before we relax in orr gry, the same effects have not followed severities : ' but we are of a diferent here; yet, as was to be expected, the opinion. Personai reformation is moro change froin gold to paper could not likely to succeed, when the laws are take place without some effects correjusi and liu nane; and 'raco did not sponding to the cause. The Report of understand wiran nature so well as the Bullion Comuiitee treats the subour great lawyiver Josus. Let our jert as delicately as the nature of the institutions beimproved to the utmost case would admit. It foresees the point of perfection; let our criminel evil that, from the continuance of the code be every where made consistent present system, must arise, and it sug. with justice and humanity; lei a re- gests a measure to prevent it. This is gard for morality and contort enter the return of the good old custom of into our prisons; wesha i not be afraid paying when you promise to pay: that personal reformation will be in and it fixes a time for the restoration the least retarded. But this we know, of it. This is to be, if their plan is that rigorous punishments produce adopted, in two years; at which tiine unfeeling, hearts, and are unworthy the bank is to resume its payments : of men who have so much occasion, but,äs, if this were done on the sudden, each for himself, to cry oulm-Lord be the change might be hurfui, the gramercifutio me a sinner.

dual introduction of gold, within that The alarm occasioned by the num. time, would be left to the sense and ber of late failures begins to subside; discretion of the bank. We heartily but much calainity has followed, and wish that the House may improve up. the minds of men bare been prepared on the Report, and suggest some mode to reason upon a topic which is of the by which gold payments may be more utmost consequence to the country. easily and speedily restored. Averyable publication leads the way. A curious case has alisen out of this It is the Reort of the Billion Com- paper coinage. A Jew thought he millee; a commitee in the House of might make an advantageous traffic Conumons, appointed to inquire into with guineas, and he gave for a hun. the causes of ihe difference between dred of them more than a hundred the real and paper value of bullion. and five bank-notes passing current Mr. Colbeit his most ably writien for one pound. There is an old act upon this subject, and the two public of pariian ent prohibiting the giving cations place ihe whole in the clearest of more than twenty-one shiilidys light. It is now some years ago), since for a guinea; and the man bas that minster of expedients, Mr. Pitt, been tried under that act, found was terribly frighiened with a few guilty, with the reserve that the opistoppages in the north, and a run nion of the judges shall be taken, azpon the bank fur gold They want whether the man's guilt really does gold, do they, said he, they shall not or not come within the meaning of have it. We will order you not tu the act. Now it is to be recollected, pay any gold, and then there is an end that, when the act was made, the of this alarm. It is easy for power to legislature had not the least idea of ordain, but the consequences of an the present case; it was joipossible action once con.inanded do not rest that they should foresee the probawith the ordainer. The miserable bility of persons giving up a liundred

the paper.

guineas for so many pieces of paper. relcase of Sir Fraucis Burdett from Two questions then arise: first, whe- the Tower, sufficiently made known ther the giving of so many pieces of their opinion of his cause; and, as the paper for a hundred guineas, is any great question is to be tried on the more a breach of the statute than the 20th of November, we must leave the giving of so many bushels of corn, or farther consideration of it to that imso many pounds of sugar for them. portant time. His constituents, howSecondly, whether the man, allowing ever, took an early opportunity of rethe construction of paper-money, has questing the favour of a visit from given more than the guinea's worth their beloved representative, and the is shillings for a guinea : for, where Crown and Anchor was filled upon was the man to get his shillings for ihis occasion. Between eight hun

At the bank cash is not dred and a thousand persous were given : 'and, if he is to procure shil. assembled; and the joy diffused over lings for his paper, the difficulty would every co'intenance on the appearance be great to procure the sum, and he of Sir Francis Burdett may be imamust pay people for the trouble, or ginel, but cannot be described. lose his own time in getting them.-- After dinner, on his health being Crimninal laws are to be interpreted given, he delivered his sentiments in strictly: and, if the case was not con- a most eloqueni aldres, and the grace templated by the legislature, however of his person, the charms of his delidesirous it may be in future, that the very, the grandeur of his sentiments, legislature should make a new law, inspired an enthusiasm as perhaps was we cannot see how the present is an never equalled, much less surpassed, cffence against the statute. The on any similar occasion. He viodicated judges will, however, set us right upon himself and his friends from the unthis subject.

just aspersions of always endeavouring The army has afforded a very re- to run down public characters; and markable subject for inquiry. A paper of condemning party, when they were has been, it is publicly reported, cir- themselves a party. I never said, he culated for signatures; and it is a observed, that a party, acting upon petition to the King to recal the Duke public principles, was not desirable: of York to the command of the army. but merely means to express my disWho the authors of this design are is like of a party without principle; not generally known; but a more in- where all virtue was compromised; judicious step, as to the object in view, where nothing of principle was to be could not have been taken, nor one, found; but instead of public priu. in every sense, more detrimental tó ciple, private ambition. Earl Grey

the peace and happiness of the coun- had, in the House of Lords, advanced ! tryMr. Cobbett is in prison for some sentiments which surprised all i writing what is said to have a tenden- who remembered him to have been,

cy to degrade the army in the eyes of at one time of his life, one of the the nation; but what have the pub. friends of the people, and an advocate lishers of this petitiou been doing? for reform. Against the sophisnis in Been atteinpting to make the army a that speech, Sir Francis directed, with deliberative body: to give it a voice great success, his attacks; and, in a in the choice of its commander-in- very manly manner, contrasted with chief: for, when an army petitions, them his own sentiments. The practhe authority of the sovereign must tice of the borough-mongering ystem, be in danger. We hope and trust, said he, has been to hold up the power that the inconsiderate men, who have of the king, as that dreadful object given currency to this petition, will which is to alarm the whole country: see in its true light the error of their they tell us, that it is the power of the conduct; that it will be withdrawn king which is to be guarded agaiust; from the army; and that the throne whereas, in my opinion, the people of the King may never be surrounded have nothing to dread from the power by generals, who have had the au- of the king; the power of the king dacity or the weakness to sign such and the power of the people are equal; a petition

and no throne is or can be secure that The feelings of the public on the does not stand upon that principle. The interests of the people and the I shall not be able to get so much of king are one. It is important all should the Englishman out of me, as to bring feel, and that the king should know my mind to that condition. I feel they feel, that the interests of king that, if I must fall, I had rather fall and people are one and the same. It with a falling country, than stand should be known that our object is elevated on its ruins. The unbounded only the destruction of that infamous, applause that followed this speech, that legally-stigmatised monster, the declared the unanimous approbation borough-mongering faction. On the of his constituents: and, when Şir introduction of his own name in the Francis retired, between ten and ele. Earl's speech, he observed, I am said ven, tbe honest cheerings of every to hold myself forth as a martyr in heart accompanied him to his carriage, {he same cause with Sydney and Rus, and the multitude without testified sel. Nothing could be more unfor- their joy by conveying him in triumph tupate than such an observation; they to his house in Piccadilly. It was a were sacrificed to an arbitrary tyrant, grand day; and it proved that the through the medium of Aagitious mind of Sir Francis was not daunted juries. What matters it how our li- by his confinement in the Tower, and berties or lives are endangered? or, if that he will continue to perform the we must be robbed, whether it be from duty of an honest and independent the right pockel or the left? Here is representative of the people. a power assumed contrary to law, the The punishments in the army have fuudamental law of the country; con- excited much discussion, from the trary to reason and common sense; number of them lately publisbed to contrary to the bappiness and security the world. One extraordinary case of the public; and, whether this as- has occurred. A corporal was sensumption comes from the King, or the tenced to receive a thousand lashes ; House of Commons, or the House of but this sentence was commuted, and Lords, it is equally indifferent to us. he received only two hundred, the What I deny, therefore, on the part rest being remitted on his going to a of the people of England is, that foreign regiment. This commutation arbitrary sovereign power is entrusted of lashes for a peculiar service must any where. I say, that thiere is no put the regiment into a strange situsuch thing. I say, that the people ation : but we cannot conceal our have trusted sovereign power as far as satisfaction that, at any rate, the rethey could, with safety to themselves, maining lashes were remitted. The in ihe King, and that they have, for man may, by this mitigation of puthe purpose of checking that power, nishment, be led to perform bis duty reserved to themselves the right of better in this foreign regiment, and appointing their own stewards; that re-cstablish himself in the good opi. they have retained the right of con- nion of his officers. troling that power by their represen- The desertion of a French general tatives in parliament.--Our limits has also occupied some of the public will not permit us to dilate to the ex- attention; but far greater notice was tènt of our wishes in gratitying our taken of the circumstance than it dereaders with all the splendid passages served. The general was not high in in this speech: but we canuoi omit a rank in the service, por employed in noble expression on the effects of the such a manner as to give us any maloss of that liberty which was once the terial information on the internal poboast of this country. In time, the litics of Versailles. He was disconminds of Englishmen may become tented, and it is his interest, after the lowered to their condition. Gentle- step he has taken, to paint, in high men, the minds of slaves are uot at colours, the discontents of France, once adopted. When we consider and the atrocities of Bonaparte. Ou ourselves as freemen, various are the the latter subject, is is needless to exduties expected from us: but, when patiate. They are sufficiently before once we know ourselves to be slaves, the world, and we cannot, by abusing we must bear in our minds that the the hero, diminish his prowess in the slase has but one virtue, which is field of battle, nor destroy his re. obedience. I greatly apprehend that sources. The general's history may

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serve for a kind of political scandal to · cannot be immediately perceived. In air use gossiping statesmen: but we time, the same effects will be produced do not expect any important results as were in Wales and Scotland, Ly from it; and we should even think, their respective unions. The ignorance that the Englisbman, who for some of the Irish is only a call upon us for time conducted the Argus in Paris, greater efforts for their improvement. and is now come over to abuse Bona- The petition, however, for the repeal parte on this, as he did our country of the union will bring the subject on the other, side of the water, could under discussion: the petitioners will make as mighty discoveries. This shew in what manner their country puny warfare, however, will be of has been injured, and remedies will, very little service in the great contest it is hoped, be applied to their disin which we are enga yed; a contest tresses. But we apprehend, upon idin which we must not endeavour to quiry it will be found, that industry conceal from ourselves, that the enemy is, upon the whole, improving; and is as skilled in the cabinet as he is po- nothing, in fact, is wanting but to tent in the field.

throw down the barrier that separates Failures in trade, in England, hare Protestant and Papist, and to unite produced much distress ; but in Ire- the whole kingdom together upon land, the lower classes have been re- that general toleration of sentiment, duced to such a situation as to call which has been so humbly and yet so the attention of government, and re- firmly called for in the Christian's lief has been very liberally adininister- petition. ed. lo such a state of things, it is The Americans are lovers of liberty; natural that a variety of ca'ises should but many of them, like people of other be assigned for the calanity; and they countries, have not, when gain is in who were inimical, from the begin- view, any regard for the liberty of niug, to the union, would seize this others. One of them, however, has opportunity of expressing their aver- given rise to an important cause; or sion to it. Meetings have been held rather (for we may be doing injustico upon the subject, and it has been to the Americans) a vessel, under agreed on to petition parliament for their colours, has been the means of the repeal of the union. In this the bringing a great question to a proper petitioners can scarcely expect suc. issue. This vessel, laden with slaves ces, nor indeed will it be wished for from Africa, was captured in the West by any impartial person. If we look Jodies, and carried into Tortola. The to the government of Ireland for the captain pretended that she was bound last two hundred years, the horrors to Charleston, South Carolina, but committed in that unhappy country not being able to reach tiiat port bemust sbock every feeling mind, and fore the 1st of January, 1808, he was they cannot be greater: we should under the necessity of making for hope that they will disappear, when Cuba, there to wait the orders of his the subjects in both countries are employers. This prelence was denied treated in the same manner. That the by ihe captors. The judge stated that Irish have not, as a body, arrived at the vessel must be considered as emthe

par of civilization is evident, from ployed in the slave-trade to a Spanish a comparison which may be made colony, and that trade cannot, abfrequently in this country, of two re- stractedly speaking, have a lawful giments, the one Irish, the other existence. By this is meant, that Scotch, that pass through the same though our country has no right to district. It is not to be wondered at, interfere with the laws of other counsince the Irish have, for the last two tries on this subject, yet the trade hundred years, been kept in ignorance must be considered to be primâ facie and sloth; the Scotch, since the re- a: iliegal; and the burden of proving formation, have had the light of re- it otherwise falls on the claimant, who ligion and learning thrown into every must shew that it is allowed by the Cottage, and, since the union, have laws of his country. In this case the had an open field for the display of trade wis illegal under the American their talents.

Let us not despair of law, and therefore the claimant coud the Irish. The benefits of the union brave ho demand whaturer on the

UNIVERSÁL MAG. VOL. XIV.

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