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extraordinary things they saw done, Dancing is an accomplishment of as at the facility withi which the, which the Blind are very capable, means of doing them were commu- ' when properly taught. That degree nicated by the teacher, and the of attention which partners generally promptness and success with which bestow upon each other, with a prothey were comprehended and prac- per regard to the figure on the part tised by the pupil.
of those who, in turn, have to coIt ise
sextremely consoling to observe, operate with blind subjects, will be that these representations suggest no- sufficient to render them quite correct thing that may not be easily verified; in a country dance. They will never nothing that a master of intelligence, fail to be perfect in the figure: their application, and temper, may not distances and their time will be exact; prove, on any pupil of ordinary capa- and, if irregularity or confusion should, city; and, it is with a perfect convic- at any time, arise, it will be owing io tion of the practicability of the plan, no want of precision on their part. that a select number of blind pupils A familiar acquaintance with the are invited to participate in the bene- most prevalent games at cards, may fits of a domestic Institution, formed be easily acquired. Draughts, backfor the express purpose of instructing gaminbn, and chess in particular, they them in any of the following branches may be taught to excel in, and other of learning, which their genius, capa- amusements, in which the being quacities, and inclinations may qualify lified to take a part, constituies an them for attaining, and induce them admitted claim to a favourable recepto apply to: viz. reading, writing, tion; contributes to the common enarithmetic, music, geography, mathe- joyment, and, from a consciousness matics, languages, history, ihe belles of the share which the blind visitor lettres, natural and moral philosophy, takes in, and contributes to, the geand the pure principles and practice neral pleasure, he will derive a satisof the Christian religion.
faction not to be surpassed by the Hence, they may derive, from a feelings of any individual of the party. systematical plan of education, suited In speaking of cards, &c. it is not in all respects to their state and con- to be imagined that a spirit of gaming dition, the invaluable means of coun- is meant to be excited.
There can teracting, in a very great degree, its be no notive in the inind of a blind melancholy effects; of qualifying them person, for wishing to play for any for the attainment of general know- stake, and the winning or losing will ledge; of enabling them, not only to be a matter of perfect indifference, so participate in, but to contribute their far as the stake is concerned, whilst share of the enjoyments which ilow the exercise which the play affords, from the conversation of refined so- to the intellectual faculty, will yield ciety; and, by still further attentions, him the most sensible gratification. they will be fitted for the display of
But of all the sources from which those personal accomplishments, and the Blind are to receive consolation that external deportment and beha- and comfort, religion pre-eminently viour, which add so much to the presents itself as the most important, charm of an elegant circle, and which The sure and certain means which it cannot be possessed by any one under - holds out, of an abundant compensaany circumstances, not even except. tion in a future life, for all the unaing those of blindness, without inspic voidable sufferings of inankind, in ring such a becoming assurance and this, it judiciously and earnestly inself approval, as contribute essentially culcated, is well calculated to beget to the satisfaction which arises from a that resignation, that tranquillity, and consciousness of acquirting ourselves that disposition to content here, which properly in the society we mix with. they are perfectly capable of compreThat which constitutes the pleasure hending to be inferior only to the of society with others, should be held perinanent enjoyment that awaits to be the business and the essential those, hereafter, who establish the employment of the higher classes of required claim to it. It is, however, the blind, with whom, as a pleasure peculiarly necessary, that the religious also, it will be inestimable.
instruction of a blind pupil should
lead him to repose, with an undis- A minute detail of particulars, with turbed confidence, on the cheering respect to the education of the Blind, consolations of the Gospel, unaccom- must be left to be determined by the panied by any intimation of the exis- genius, the capacity, the temper, and ience of those polemical opinions, a variety of circumstances connected which beget incredulities and doubts, with those to whom the general rules, from which their susceptible and te- which may be laid down, are to be nacious minds would, with great dif- applied; but, whatever peculiarities ficulty, be emancipared.
of disposition may be observable in In arranging a plan for promoting the pupil, it should be a main object the future happiness of the Opulent with the preceptor to impress bim Blind, by laying down wholesome with a firm persuasion that he is unrules for training them in their youth, der the direction of an attached, a it is very important to urge a due ai- tender, and an affectionate friend. tention to bodily exercise. The se- The tutors of the Blind ought indentary life to which, by privation of cessantly to inculcare this maxim, that sight, ihey are in a great degree des- it is their indispensable duty to excel, tined, rerxes their frame, and sub- and that it is absolutely in their power jects them to all the disagreeable sen- to attain a bigh degree of proficiency sations which arise from dejection of in whatever course they resolve on. spirits. Hence, without regular ex- To impress this notion on their minds, ercise, the most feeble exertions create the first objects presented to their Jassitude ansi uneasiness. Hence, the observation, and the first methods of native tone of the system, which alore improvement applied to their underis compatible with health and plea- standing, oughi, with ro great dittisure, destroyed by inactivity', cxasper culty, to be comprehensible by those rates and embitters every disagreeable interpal powers and external senses impression. In order to avert these when they possess. Not that improveevils, a systematical daily course of ment should be rendered quite easy to exercise is indispensably necessary. them, if such a plan were possible; for Riding on horseback is particularly all dificulties, which are not really or recommended; but, for such pupils apparently insuperable, heighten the as may not be encouraged by their charnis and enhance the valne of those friends to preser it, walking, with a acquisitions which they seem to retard. variety of other salutary means, should Above all things, their own genius be uniformly resorted 10. for a part of and inclination when ascertained, the pupil's diurnal recrration. ought to determine the particular stii
The great relief which the Blind dies to be preferred: for, it is infiniteare capable of deriving from mecha- ly better to direct than to supersede nical pursuits, when they happen to the exertions of a blind pupil. The conceive a partiality for them, and are inventive faculties ought io be intolerably successful in their first ef. dulged with freedom. The data forts, demands that the use of certain which they explore may be presented simple tools should be a determined in such a manner, as to render discoobject of instruction. Eveo music, veries easy; but siill let invention be with all its charms, not unfrequently allowed to co operate. The internal becomes irksome, and ceases alioge- triumph and exultation wliich the ther to delight, or to amuse, if other mind feels, from the attainment and means of engaging the attention, and conviction of new truths, beightens of employing the active faculties, izoth their charms, impresses tliem deep on of body and mind, cannot be occa- the memory, and gives them an influsionally resorted to; whereas, a great ence in practice, of which they could variety of amuseinent may be derived not otherwise hare boosted. The from the least cultivation of a mecha- linitation of the powers of the Plin nical turn of mind, and, whether there naturally contracts their views and be a natural and voluntary disposition pursuits, and, as it were, concentres to it in the subject or not, he should iheir whole intellecual faculties in at least be enabled to resort to it, in one object, or at bes: in few. Care case the inclination should at any shouid therefore be taken to afford
the mind a field for its exertions, 29
extensive as possible, without divert- rious trades, by which they may be ing it from one great end, which, in able to provide, either wholly, or in order to excel, it ought for ever to part, for their own subsistence; and have in prospect.
thus, instead of being altogether a It is presumed that an instructor, burtben to the community, they will influenced by such considerations, be of some service to it; and instead yielding to such impressions, and 'ne- of being depressed and cheerless themver forgetting that his duty is not so selves, under a sense of their total much io make them learned as to dependence, and for want of regular make them happy; whose chief aim employment, habits of industry, will would be to store their minds with relieve their spirits, and produce the such materials and to accustom them most beneficial etlects on their state to such habits of corporeal exercise and character. The children of this as in each particular case may be best Institution are completely clothed, calculated to afford the means of fu- boarded, lodged and instructed gratis. ture happiness, health, and enjoy- The success that has crowned the mert, would have little reason to eíforts of this Institution, since its doubt of ultimate success in the ac- first establiment, affords sufficient complishment of his object.
evidence of the degree in which the Though the immediate purpose of situation and frienities of ihe blind are bis address is to invite attention to capable of improvement, and a view the means proposed for the relief of of it in its present prosperous state those blind subjects whose friends are must be gratifying to persons of hu. in circumstances to procure for them mane and compassionate feelings:--the invaluable advantages of a liberal Here they will not find the scholars and systematical education, it will sitting in listless indolence, which is scarcely be considered superfluous to commonly the case with the Blind, potice ihe very superior 'regard that or brooding in silence over their own has been bestowed on those of their defects, and their inferiority to the brethren in aifliction, whose loss of a rest of mankind; but they will besense was further aggravated by the hold a pumber of individuals, of a indigence of their lot in life. Indeed class hitherto considered as doomed it would be improper to omit the re- to a life of sorrow and discontent, and ference, because their interesting his to be provided for merely in worktory esoinplifies the important fact of houses, or by donations of charity, the great relief which the minds of not less animated in amusemenis, blind subjects draw from their being during the hours of recreation, and provided with the means of keeping and far more cheerfully attentive to their attention engaged on such suit- their work in those of employment, able objects and employments as tend than persons possessed of sight." to dissipate the ennui, by which they Such was Dr. Rees's* account of this are otherwise so apt to be overcome.
institution in the year 1804, five reais The progress that has already been afier its commencement, and the wrimade, and the increased efforts that ter of this Prospectus had lately, at
are still making in the school for the the further distance of six years, the | indigent blind, in St. George's Fields, indescribable pleasure of witnessing
(which is soon to be removed to a what the Doctor bas 50 justly de. neighbouring spot, exactly in front of scribed, with the additional delight of the Obelisk) cannot fail to gladden hearing their humble exertions acthe heart of every benevolent man companięd, at frequent intervals, by who chooses to be an eye witness of voluntary effusions of the most melothe activity and the happiness which dious hymns, in wbich sometimes a reigns amongst them, whilst engaged few, sometimes many, and sometimes in their several avocations.
all the pupils in each of the several “ The object, with a view to which work-rooms joined. The effect it this school was founded, is unques- produced in the rooms occupied by tionably one of the most important the females was rapturous.t and interesting kind ihat can excite compassion or demand encoura?e- * New Cyclopedia article Blindness. ment. It provides instruction for the + This institution has already reindigent Blind, of both sexes, in 'ya- turned thirty-three persons to their To this happy asylum for the Indi- ing at St. Petersburgh. God forbid gent Blind, it is not surprising that that the afflicted of the British empire their neglected brethren of the opu- should be the last to partake of its lent classes occasionally apply for per- beneficent effects. mission to associate. They reasonably By the foregoing extract is shewn calculate on becoming partakers of the vast importance of enabling the their cheerfulness, if allowed to ir- Blind to dissipate the melancholy take of their employments; and no which is incident to their situation, seminary being open to them for the by some such suitable occupations of communication of such instruction body or of mind, or both, as are con. and such amusing employments as genial with their habits of life, and are suitable to their rank and condi- according with their rank in society. tion in life, they naturally resort to Whilst this is done, to a considerable an establishment, where, however un- extent, in favour of the Indigent congenial its habits and its manners Blind, not only by the institution in with their own, they hope to acquire St. George's Fields, but by similar those means of consolation and men- establishments at Edinburgh, at Bristal relief which naturally spring from tol, at Liverpool, and elsewhere : how rational and rightly-directed exertions. much is it to be deplored, that it is left, Unhappily for applicants of this in a great measure undone, with respect description, their reception has to the Opulent Blind, all over the kingbeen deemed incompatible with the dom? It is not meant to contend principles of a charitable establish- that they are wholly uneducated. In ment, and they have necessarily the enjoyment of an agreeable and been denied a participation in re- refined intercourse with their famisources which are exclusively de- lies, and in listening to the reading of voted to dissipate the gloom of the books, they, no doubt, obtain a consimore fortunate sons and daughters of derable degree of mental culture, and poverty. In this view of their situa- so would their brothers and sisters, if tion, the Opulent Blind resemble the they were never placed within the famished merchant, whose apparent pale of scholastic discipline, or suband misconceived superiority of cir- jected to the tuition of the preceptor cumstances prevented' bis being ad- or the governess; but do parents, ou mitted to share with a community of that ground, ever withhold from those mendicants that morsel, for want of brothers and sisters the substantial which he expired.
advantages of being regularly trained At the success of the noble efforts in the rudiments of general learning ? in behalf of the Indigent Blind, every If it be a paramount duty to confer on benevolent heart must rejoice; but, children generally all those advan. though poverty has its privileges, it tages, how much more so is it, in has none that tend to lessen the claims cases where the hand of Providence of those among the opulent members has rendered the obligation and the of society, whom Providence has duty infinitely more insperative? To doomed to an endurance of evils that leave them unpossessed of any accall for every mitigation of which quirements which they can be put in their lot is susceptible. That they a situation to attain 'to, is to treat ought to experience those mitigations them as if the loss of one faculty were is as indisputable as that they do not; a sufficient reason for neglecting the and that they may, has ceased to be cultivation of all the rest. Hitherto a question, since the promulgation of the evil has been without a proper Mr. Haüy's system, which has been remedy, and its existence has been no extended over great part of the con- reproach to the parents of those untinent of Europe, and is now establish- fortunates. Their other children must
have suffered under the same disadfamilies, able to earn from 75. to 185. vantages, if, in the one case, as in the per week. Its pupils are increased to other, there had been no schools, nor thirty-cight males, and fifteen females, teachers, nor any other of the means and it has established a manutactory, and implements essential to their beat which articles were made last year, ing taught. Happily for the rising by the hands of blind persons, that generation, the genius and persevesold for 8311. 19s.
rance of M. Haüy have enabled us ta
supply all those deficiencies, and have render the dispensations of the Gospel laid a foundation for still farther and productive of the salutary effects they very considerable improvements on are known to be capable of affording, his inestimable plans.
without any tincture of superstition If the invention of the plough, or or melancholy. the mariners' compass, bad been dis- For the greater convenience of deregarded, it could scarcely have ex- riving assistance from competent cited more surprise, than that the masters, whenever the progress of benefits of discoveries, pregnant with pupils shall render such assistance blessings to so interesting a class necessary, the Author of this address of sufferers as the Opulent Blind, has quitted a residence at a distance, throughout the British dominions, for one of suitable dimensions in the should have been withheld from them vicinity of the metropolis, at No. 5, for so incredible a period as twenty- Prospect-place, Chelsea, within a few six years!
doors of the church; where infor. Had it been so with the inventions mation may be had, respecting the of the Abbé L'Epée for adıninistering terms of adinission, &c.; and he flatrelief to the Deaf and Dumb, what ters himself that such pupils as may numbers of the atllicted of that class be intrusted to his care, will make would have remained the njelancholy that progress in their studies which victims of an indifference, over which will be perfectly satisfactory to their the phil mothropic exertions of instruc- friends, and experience from him and tors in that line have long since tri- the joint associates of his labours, umphed !
such an uniform and unremitting exActuated by views of a higher na- ercise of tender, affectionate, and pature than the mere pecuniary recom- rental attentions, as shall contribute pence which his labours in the domes- largely to an increase of that dispotic plan he announces will entitle him sition to serenity and content, which to, ihe author contemplates, with a sa- no pains will be spared to excite and tisfaction winolly unallied to interested to encourage in every possible way considerations, the practicability of that can be devised and practised. qualifying instructors to accomplish Any exterior accommodations, that the same end in any part of the king; may be necessary to enable a larger dom, and of possessing them of all number to partake of the intended other necessary means and imple- benefits, may be procured in the ments for a proper performance of the neighbourhood, under the watchful important task, wherever their ser- superintendance of the preceptor, and Vices may be required. That, how. such young ladies or gendemen of ever, is a work which will require distinction as may be desirous of octime and a combination of auxiliary cupying apartments with their goveraid. His present purpose is to an. nesses or guardians in the houses of nounce that he has made arrange- respectable persons near the seminary, ments for the reception of a few blind may thereby be enabled to participate pupils, and for instructing them in in ihe advantages of the institution realing, writing, (including the under the most agreeable circunmeans of corresponding with their stances. distant friends), and the rudiments of arithmetic, geography, mathematics, music, and the sciences, as well as
THE DEATH OF ADAM. From
KLUPSTOCK. the arts, generally. The moral and religious duties will be inculcated in [Continuer from page 24.] a manner worthy of the subject, and
Serenth Scexe. under the superintendance of ? regli. lar clergyman. Thai habitual gloomi.
ADAM. SETH. ness and solemnity, bowever, which Allam. HAD she farried longer, I too commonly prevails, with blind could not have supported her look. subjects, will be avoidel, as certainly () Seth! thou canst hot conceive the not essential to the making a proper depth of my misery: she too must fall; and an ettectual impression.' In a like a flower she will fade away, and word, every exertion will be made to moulder into dis!: her childietti00),