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soap ashes depends upon the sort of over-run with aquatic rubbish: proalkaline salt used by the soap-boiler: duced abundance of white clover, when kelp and barilla are the mate. (Gloucester Report, p. 272). The best rials, the ashes are found to be more method of using this manure ha: been than twice as strong and effective as a thought by some persons to be that of
than such as are the refuse of a compost with dung and earth, Mucommon potash; and to this circum- seum Rusticum, vol. iv. p. 399!. Tried stance may be attributed, not only the by Mr. Townlev, of Lancashire. different quantities per acre that are 1, No manure, 13+ lbs. potatoes; recommended, but also the different 2, stable dung and soap-ashes, 293 ; Tesc which have attended the use of 3, stable dung produced, 315; 4, soap this dressing in different parts of this ashes, 383; (Farmer's Mag. 1779, vol. kingdom, and any failures which may iv, p. 56). have taken place. The ashes to be Such farmers as are in the habits of procured at London are all made from making composts, will probably use barilla and kelp.
these ashes as a material in forming Ms. Tweed, of Essex, has used re- these heaps; and so far as earth is confuse potash; 160 bushels per acre cerned, there can be do objection 69 once in five years on grass land, more the practice; but in respect of dung, than doubled the produce, (Essex Re. it may admit a doubt. In proportion port, vol. ii. p. 246). In the North to the quantity of alkaline matter left Riding of York, kelp ashes have been in the ashes, it will tend to shorten the used, and found a very valuable ma- duration of the effect of the dung; nure for grass land, (Report, p. 237). and as the addition of the a-hes will On what Soil used.
render stirring and mixing pecessary, In Surrey, on strong coid soils, it merits consideration, whether the (Malco.u's Compendium, vol. ii.
better system be not to use these ma. 173). Of all the inamures tried on a
nures separately. It seems advisable, peat moss, soap-ashes an wer best, in the application of these ashes tó (Wright's Husb. scot. vol. 3, p. 183). arable crops, to sow and harrow them Best on strong soils, (Museum Rusti: in previously io sowing the seed, which cum, vol. iv. p. 339). Excellent on
will prevent the action of any acrid cold wet spongy meadow land, ( Bath or caustic quality on the germination Papers, vol. i. p. 129)., Effect on cold of the young plants. The saine cir. wet grass land very great, (
cumstance will point out the autuma to General Report upon Vandes, p. as the proper season for applying them 77). In Lancashire found very good on grass lands, though experiments and durable on dry pastures, (lieport, may be tried with them early in the
spring. When used with pond, river, p. 127).
or ditch mud, and used in about four For what Crop, and how applied.
months, are very successful. This also Generally reckoned better for pas. agrees with the practice 'of Robert ture than for a able, Donaldson's Thornton, Esq. of Clapham, who has Modern Agriculture, vol. ii. p. 228). used them about four years, and has The crops of clover bay love been thereby greatly improved a very sour. doubled by sixty bushels per acre, pasture. In Cheshire they plough (Baih Papers, vol. i. p. 129). six them into the land; but an Essex tar. crops of wheat rurning have been mer remarks, that these asbes are of so taken afer eight cubical yards por heavy a quality, ihat the village should acre, (Mortimer's Husb.la Excellent be shallow. on gras in autumn, (Museum Rusija
Efecta cum, yol.iv ). On barier the benefit In Surrey these ashes have been visible, but not great, (Eastern Tour, found in allibly to kill insects, (Main vol.i. p. 292). Sixty bushe's percre colin's Comp. vol. ii. p. 173). The for turnip, the benefit very great, effect of these ashes admirable both (ibid). Tried by Mı. Townley, of on grass and arable, (Adam's Essays Lana lire, for potatoes
, and the ef- on Agriculture, vol. i. p. 16;). Defect very great, (Farmers Mar. 1770, strovs slugs and vermin of every devol. iv. p. 56). in Gloucesterslile scription, Museura Rusticum. Alr. greaily approved for low meadows Mansfield, near Epping, on a pour
sour pasture that would not mow, nor profitable (price considered) as these would stock eat it, four waggon-loads ashes, and that the farmers in the vi. per acre effected a total change; soil cinity of London, and of all the navistrong, wet, and heavy, (Essex Rep. gations leading from it, may enbark vol. ii. p. 246). Mr. Sherwood, of largely in the use of this manure, Abbotts Langley, Herts, has used these without the smallest apprehension of ashes with very great success, mixed loss by so doing; but that, on the conin composts. They are very service- trarv, they will find the profit deciable in new plantations, particularly dedly great, and by the use of which where the soil is cold. A noble lord, they may prevent the continual ada member of the Board of Agriculture, vance of all sorts of manure. Barges possesses a grass field in Wiltshire, bringing liine, chalk, timber, bricks, which was manured with soap-ashes malt, and corn, to London, can get a near twenty years ago, and the im- freight back at twelve hours botice. provement was very great, and has
Conclusion. continued so ever since. Two prin- It would be desirable to have the cipal farmers near Ealing, Mr. Thorne following particulars ascertained, in a and Mr. Knivett, have used them for more satisfactory inanner than hitherto many years for arable land, with great has been the case. success and advantage. Robert Thorn. 1. The soils and the crops for which ton, Esq. of Clapham, in some expe- this manure is best calculated ? rinients amounting to seven acres, 2. The quantity that should be laid found that these ashes added a load of on eaclı per açre? hay per acre to the crop. The Mar- 3. The proper period of the year for quis of Abercorn's bailiff says, his fa- laying it on? ther always considered one load of 4. Whether any mixture should be: boap-ashes equal to five loads of rotten used with soapers waste-what is the dung, and particularly improved the best mixture, and what are the best soil and verdure. The Rev. Mr. Dud- proportions ? ley formed, in Essex, composts of these 5. What are the effects of this arashes with marsh-banks, which were ticle compared with other manures, mixed well together, and spread on and its relative value? grass land with great effect. Hence Any information regarding these there is considerable reason for be particulars, transmitted to the Board lieving, that there is scarcely a manure of Agriculture, London, will be parto be procured that will be found so ticularly acceptable.
VARIETIES, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL; With Notices respecting Men of Lelters, Artists, and Works
in Hand, 8c. dc. THE HE author of Wallace has a vo- Bodvat its different Ages, the Diseases
lume of Poems nearly ready for to which it is predisposed in each pepublication.
riod of life, and the Principles of Lon. M. Bertrand de Moleville is print- gevity. ing, in English, an Abridgment of the Another volume on Capital PunishHistory of England, in the manner of ments, in addition to one already publlenault, in three octavo volumes. lished, is in the press; to which, by
The Meern Theatre, or A Collec, wav of appendix, will be added extion of Modern Plays, acted at the tracts on prisons, &c. from the followTheatres Royal, London, in ten vo- ing works: Liancourt's Travels in luies royal 18mo. is in the press. America, Isaac Weld's 'Travels through This work is edited by Mrs. Inchbald, North America, Lowrie's Account of and corresponds with her British the Penal Law; of Pennsylvania, and Theatre and Collection of Farces. Turnbull's Visits to the Philadelphia
Dr. Thomas Jameson, of Chelten- Prispus. hain, intends to publish, in the course Miss Eliza Rogers will shortly pubof next spring, an Enquiry into the lish the Lives of the Twelve Cæsars, l'hysiological Changes of the human preceded by a succinct account of the
foundation of Rome and its state, im- young green peas in a stew-pan, put mediately anterior to the birth of Ju- two or three table spoons full of sugar, lius Cæsar, comprising an abstract of and place the pay over a brisk char. the lives of the forty-eight succeeding coal fire. When the peas begin to emperors, in four vols. octayo.
feel the heat, stir them two or three Mr. John Stewart, author of The times, and when they yield water, pour Pleasures of Love, 'The Resurrection, them out on a dish' to drain; then &c. will shortly publish a new poem, spread them out on paper in an airy called Genevieve, or the Spirit of the rooni, out of the sun, and turn them Drave, with odes and other Poems. frequently that they may dry the
The History of Lynn, civil, com- sooner. If they are suffered to retain mercial, biographical, political, and any moisture, they will soon grow military, from the earliest accounts to mouldy: managed properly, they will the present time, by Wm. Richards, taste as well next season as when first A.M. will be speedily completed, in gathered. one large volume octavo.
Mr. Dumbell, of Vauxhall, LiverJesse Foot, Esq. executor to the late pool, has brought a new species of lint Arthur Murphy, Esq. is engaged in to great perfection. Considering we preparing the life of that gentleman are almost wholly indebted to foreignfor the press. This will contain the ers for the rags of which the lint biepistolary correspondence of Mr. therto has been made, any substitute Murphy with many distinguished per- must be desirable. Mr Dumbell's 'sons during a period of fifty years. process is something like hat-making,
Don Juan Baptista Aricza, well and in it the common venomous mix. known by his celebrated poetical ture of cotton, with which almost all works amongst the moderns who have English rags abound, are avoided; by hovoured Spain, lately arrived in this which, wounds have been retarded in capital, is preparing an edition of his their cure, festered, and made viru. patriotic songs, for which he was per- lent. The process is worked under a secuted by the French, from whom he patent, and the patentee is said to be escaped with difficulty. This gentle. now bringing into market, the best man's works, in general, have become lint at four shillings the pound, about scarce, and many of the amateurs of half the price of the article in comSpanish literature have sought them mon. It is got up in two different in vain.
states, thin and firm for the spatula, and soft, spongy, and porous for ab
sorbents, lotions, embrocations, cataARTS, SCIENCES, &c.
plasms, dossils, and pledgets. As this The following simple remedy against kind of lint must have a tendency to mice in corn-stacks, has lately been accelerate the healing of wounds, inerecommended for its undoubted effi- dical men, it is hoped, will give it
Sprinkle from four to six that attention which its merits de bushels of dry white sand upon the serve. roof of the stack before the tbatch is The horse chesnut may be substi. put on. The sand is no detriment to tuted for soap, if, when it is ripe and the corn. Whole nests of mice are drops from the tree, the brown husk said to have been found dead where is taken off and the fruit pounded in a this remedy has been used.
large mortar. Apply the farina, or Mr. Whitmore, of Dudinaston Hall, meal, thus obtained, to spots on linen, Shropshire, has completed a contri- and these spots will disapdear more vance or improvement in naval tac. readily than by the use of common tics, calculated to move ships in a soap. calon by the power of the crew; and Mr. Johnes, of Hafod, has engaged also to assist a ship's company in clear. Mr. Stuthard, the Royal Academician, ing her water, should she spring dan- to paint some splendid decorations at gerous leaks, by the action of the men his seat, which are already beguo. at the capstern.
Mr. J. Carter is making a series of M. Sonnini bas lately recommended drawings of York cathedral for Sir the following method of preserving M. Sykes, Bart. which, when finished, gicep peas and French beans. With will form the largest and most elabo
rate undertaking of the kind yet gone into cakes alone, or mixed with other into in this kingdom.
flour or meal.- It does not often hapClimate.The medium temperature pen that opportunities offer of drying of each year, calculated from actual in the sun in time of frost (in this observation, for a series of years, will climate); and I believe it will be be found to continue nearly a constant found, that, on exposing a frozen poquantity. It may be remarked, that tatoe to the sun, it will increase instead ome summers are hotter than others, of diminishing its moisture. I have but in general an equilibrium is re- also good reason to believe, that food stored by a cold winter, In Europe, so frozen, and used afterwards, is likely here certainly are evident marks of to cause dysentery, &c." he abielioration of climate: for the An enthusiastic promoter of the line or curve of congelation, in the cultivation of potatoes, states, as the central Alps, descended much lower result of several experiments made by at former periods than it does at pre- him, that an acre of land planted with ent. It is ob'erved by different tra- that root, will produce sufficient food ellers, that the glacier of Grindle. for 16,875 healthy men, for one meal; xald shews evident marks of this gra. while an acre of wheat will not feed ual contraction. In order to trace more than 2745. The expence of culthis progressive warmth, it will require tivating the potatoes, he estimated at the result of many years thermometri- 121. 1s. and that of the wheat, at cal observation. Those who are in the 11l. 155. ! practice of taking the mometrical oh. Cure for the Asthma. - The Straervations, generally observe the monium, or Thorn-apple, if dried; height of the thermometer at the the leaves, apple, and roots, cut up hours of 7 a. m. 3 p. m. and 10 p.m. together and smoaked three times a but the times of observation ought to day on an empty stomach, the person depend upon the seasons of the year. neither eating or drinking whilesmoakThe reason why three periods of the ing, and swallowing as inuch of the saday are taken, is to ascertain the mean liva as possible. This is reckoned an
emperature; and if the position of infallible cure for the asthma. Great che thermometer be fixed, it should be care slaould be taken not to take any in the shade, and exposed to every of the thorn-apple internally, or to let current of air. There are then three it lay about carelessly, as it is a deadly columns of observation, viz. the morn- poison. ng, doon, and night. By dividing Mr. John Cotton Worthington has the son of three heights by'three, you communicated an account of his pracobtain the mean beat of the day; by tice in cultivating sixteen acres of dividing the sum of the three columns, land, near Sidmouth, in Devon, enby three times the number of days in tirely by the labour of asses. the month, you have the mean heat of waggon ivas extremely liglit,calculated the month; and, lastly, by dividing to carry about a ton and a half, and the sum of the middle column (or cost 101. Six asses were harnessed noon heat) by the number of days, two abreast in it: the harness was a you obtain the mean greatest heat. miniature of that of a horse, except
A correspondeni, in answer to the that the collar divided at top, like an mention of a mode of preserving po- ox's harness, and buckled together; tatoes, by exposing them to frost and the pair of chains weighed about 6ib. then laying them in the sun, as used at 2s. perib. or Sd. per foot; the wheel. in Mexico, observes:---" I have heard harness with hames, pad, irop-work, It recommended, to cut the potatoes bridie, breeching, crupper, &c. cost into quarters,and then have then dried about 1l. 16s. the leading ditto, il. 75. on a kiln; after whirh, to have them expences of shoeing, Is. 60. a round. laid in stores, as corn usually is. Or I lu all still work, four asses were used. think, if they were ground or crushed at plough, harnessed two abreast, and into a very fine poip, and that pulp driven in hand with reins by the dried in the sun, a kind of meal might ploughman. Ten or eleven acres of be produced, whicli, being packed Mr. Worthington's land in aration, hard in large binns, could be preserved lay on the slope of a hill, so steep that a great length of time, and making it horses had not been able to plough it
FOREIGN LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.
up and down, but which bis ass-team have been appointed to examine, and readily performed. The asses, none report upon the same. of which exceeded 11 hands in height, Coffee. It is stated in the Paris pa. cost 40s, or less, each: in the same pers, that M. Bamas, a cloth-tranu. team, stallions, mares, and goldings facturer in the Commune of Charns, were used; the mares were found the in the department of the Seine and most gentle and tractable, the geldings Marne, has found out the means of most stubborn and inactive, yet the growing coffee in France. He sowed most sagacious; the stallions some- some Mocha coffee, and this trial has what vicious, but of double the spirit, produced to him this year about fifstrength, and vigour of either of the teen pounds of beans, which have preothers. The asses were not found served both their flavour and form. liable to any maladies; were tem. In the culture of this coffee, it is said perate eaters, and throve best when that he neither employs a greenturned out into a neighbouring com- house with artificial' heat, nor glass mon to cater for themselves among frames, nor glass covers : his succes brambles.
arises wholly from the mode in which
The librarian of the Theresian A remedy for the gout has been pro- Academy at Vienna, has collected the posed by M. Pradier, wbich consists political papers and the familiar letters of a linsced-meal poultice, very thick, of Prince Eugene of Savoy, hitherto and very hot, having upon its surface not printed. They make nineteca a liquid of a yellow colour, which he volumes, and are now publishing at has the secret of preparing, and hav. Tubingen by M. Cotta, a celebrated ing the smell of spirits, mixed with bookseller there. These letters are that of saffron. With this poultice, said to contain a great number oi Rhe covers the legs, &c. to a consider- anecdotes and facts not generalls able extent. The liquid contains no known; and which, consequentls, substance, opium, &c. which can will throw great light upon severa possibly produce any pernicious ef- political events. foct. It mollities and softens the skin, It is said that Madam de Stael, who and even produces folds or wrinkles has now resided several years in Gerin the feet and the palms of the hands, many, is about to quit this part of the but without the least injury to its world for America, accompanied by texture, or change of colour. It also her friend Mr. William Schlegel. provokes a humid whitish exudation The literary life, public and prior discharge, whiclı partly adheres to vate, of Johannes Von Muiler, the the surface of the skin, and partly late historian of Switzerland, is the to the surface of the poultice when subject of several publications, among removed.
It likewise occasions a which those of Professors flerne, and pain something like a burning heat, leeren of Gottingen, are the must which, though particularly felt iv distinguished. the sole of the foot and the licel, is A Society at Munich have publish: unattended with redness or any appa- ed the prospectus of a work, intended rent sign of intlammation; sometimes to comprise the biography of all the slight, and sometimes insupportable. artists born in Bavaria, with descripLastly, in the process of the cure, it tions and engravings of their best produces a weakness and emaciation productions, which will forin in the of the lege, in consequence of repeat- whole six volumes, in thirty line ed applications, with a tenderness of port-folios, containing upwards of the sole of the foot, which in some 6000 original drawings, engravings, persons causes agitation, restlessness, &c. and, at times, a general increase of Sintgard, Oct. 8.-—V. de Granvogi, the activity of all ine functions. M. of Munich, has established at Auasa Pradier haring offered to sell this se- burgh a manufactory of sugar, tra cret to the government, a committee bertoot, which succeeds extremely of the Faculty of Jiedicine at Paris well, and promises the most importaat