Proceedings in the Houses of Lords the chasm in the regal branch, and and Commons.

moved a call of the House to take it On the meeting of the Houses on in'o consideration on the 20th. The the 30th November, a report of the examination of the physicians pointed physicians on the state of the King's out the species of insanity under health was brought up in both Houses, which his Majestv laboured, held out and in the Lower House the Chancel. hopes of recovery, but could not lor of the Exchequer in hopes of the a certain its earlr removal. 'Above King's amendment, moved for the all, it brought to light various periods further adjournment of a fortnight, in whico bis majesty bail bren in and if none appeared, that then the similarsi uations, and matiersuriicient Houses should proceed to fill up the for very serious investigation, and due chasm in the royal authority. This regulation of the persons who are was opposed by Mr. Whitbread on the supposedl, when they jusue orders bribe ground of the impropriety of delay, kinu sauci vits and with his signature, but justified by Mr. Yorke. Mr. to have received them froin him. si Ponsonby went more at large into the the lieeling ni te ftouse the s'hin. ground; of opposition, declaring cell rohe Exquer brought foribis intention of dividing the House waitiove popunition the liist, leupon it, and moving for a coinmilce claring the incapacity of lie king to examine the physicians.-- Sir F. to perform tie royal functions; the Burdett reprobated in very apt terms second aserting inte rigit of the the pretended lelicacy of many gen- House to 4,ply the defect; and the tlemen, who forget that delicacy must third pointing out the necessity of give way in great affairs of moment devising some means thai the inval Mr. Wilberforce declared, that after asscut showiak begin to a bill on iho balancing the matter in his inind for exercise of the coval authority during a considerable time, he could see to the king's indispo jion. On each of harm in the adjournment, and should these he dilated at considerable length, therefore vote for it. Some other making the proceedings of 1758 hig members spoke, and on a division, precedent, according to which, the there appeared for it two hundied and Prince of Wales was to be Regent thirty-three, 2od against it one hun- under certain restrictions, and the dred and twenty-nine. In the House Muren to have the care of ille king's of Lords a similar adjournment was prsson. moved and carried.--Lord Grenville On the second resolution licin, put winded up a speech against it with a from the chair, Sir F. Buridest le school-boy quotation, but the Duke clared, that he could not acseni to ir, of Sussex made a deep impression on as it soke of the Lords spiritual and the flouse by the reasons which he temporal, and Commons of the United gave for resisting the adjournment, Kingdoms, lawfully, fullv, and foreig namely,that it was more consistent with representing all the estates of this the constitution to adjoru only from realm. This was contrary to trut), and day to day; and secondly, because he it was notorious that instances of corwished to ascertain in whose care the ruption had been proved of that King was to be placed, and that in House in which a hundred and fifty case of recovery the roval authoritv peers had great influence in the elecmight be restored to him pure and tion of its members. Ple denied that unimpaired.

the right of filling up the vacuity iu On the 13th of December the the roval power had devolved upon Houses met again, and in the flouse the house, and if a precedent was to of Lords it was agreed that a com- be looked for in similar circumstanmittee should be appointed, and in ces we should look to the revolution of the liouse of Commons one was fixed 1688, when religious bigotry had inon to examine the physicians, after capacitated the then king, as which it adjourned to the 17th, when malady had our present sovereign from a very voluminous report was bronght the exercise of his functions. In up and ordered to be printed. The 1688 the city of London, the respec. Chancellor of the Excheque! gave an table gentry throughout the country, cutline of his play for filling up whio bad sat in parliament, were called

nov Course



in a convention Parliament to settle King's illness.- Mr. Canning preferthe great interests of the nation : now red the precedents of 1788 to those of a House, of which he gave some strong the restoration and revolution, and features, sumoring op its titles in the spoke in ridicule of Sir Francis Bur. name of the Walcheren Parliament, dett, as he wished to call in the aswithout any appeal to the people, sistance of the Lord Mayor and Contheir constiibenis, 1-oped power for mon Council to settle the regency. themselves. The precedent of 1788 -Lord Teniple followed the sanie was formed by a faction which had no as Lord Joselvo ; but Mr. other end in view, except that of re. Adam stienuousiy resisted jt.-sir taining their own places and emolu Samuel Romilly considered the reso

As to the filling up the present lutions as inconsistent with each other, chasm, the Prince of Wales muighi In one, the right of the Lords and have no right, for no one could tave Commons to fill up the vacancy is asa right, where there was no law, but serted, and yet that vacacy being certainly his prcieusions to rule were acknowledged the roval assent to a bil greater than those of the House of was to be procuredd, in which his Ma. Commons. Where there is no righi, jesty could give no assent. The will expediency must be consulted ; and of the Lords and Commons can in surely it was more expedierit and more no wie be construed into the King's analogous to the constitution to place will, nor can they by any means legis. the regal power, where by legal course late for the nation. As well miglit a it would go. On the subject of the set of meu in common lise make a King's illness it appeareri, that the contract for a man under insanity, people had been deceivel, and that then employ a person as his solicitar ministers had dared carry on to anix bis seal and signature to the the government, while the executive deed. In fact, the personal preence was incapacitated. The plan of a of the hing, or of a commission siglio commission to give the King's assent ed his him, was essential to every act to a bill, would bear only the appear- of legi-lation, and if the House's could ance of fraud--they were thus maki- dispen-e with this in one case they ing a king which ile ministers might mighi in others; they might make put into their own pockets; far differ- war or peace, or any thing else, and ent thoughts did he entertain of the say such was the King's plea-ure. dignity and majesty or a king, who This mode of legislation was fraudu. onght to be a great and an eriicient lent, and inconsistent with that open magistrate. He should therefore enter and manly character which ought to his solemn protest against the whole characterise every act of the legisiaof the proceedings, asiniserable shans ture. - Mr. Whitbread spoke with and pretences, as aiming a mortal great animation in favour of the prostab at the constitution of the country, ceeding by address, which the House and making an oligarchical House of rejected, ihere being for it one ture Commons, varnished over with forms died and fifty seved, against it two to govern the country. The second hundred and sixti-nine, resolution was then read, and passed, On the next day the report of the with the dissent of Sir Francis, but committee was brought up; and, on without a division.

the second resolutii n being read, Lord On the third resolution being put, W. Russell objected to it as unnecesMr. Ponsonby objected to it, denying sary, and to the calling on the House the right of ihe Houses to command to vote abstract propositions. he the Chancellor to apply the King's therefore moved the previous ques. seal to an act, and then to consider it tion, in which he was supported by sir as having the royal sanction. They F. Burdett, who said, that it became were agreed as to the person of the re- the proposers of the resolution to shew gent, but dittered on the mode, to in wh its necessity consisted. Ne. which he objected more than to the cessity implies the want of an aiterra. limitations; and he moved, that an tive, but here there was an alternative. address be presented to bis Royal He agreed also with the noble lerd in Highness. praying him to take the condemning abstract propositions, as soyal functions upon him during the the iatroduction of them teaded only

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to fill the journals with a chaos of in- Mr. Stephen contended that the pro-
consistences. The way of duty in the ceedings in 1788 ought to be viewed
present case is clear and plain. In as a complete precedent, and he con-
addressing the Prince we do not usurp cluded with so fulsome a panegyric
a disputed power, but exercise our on the sovereign for fifty years of vira
undoubted right: we adhere to the tues, as required no comment from
sound priuciples of the constitution any other speaker:--Mr. Wynne ob-
by keeping within the sphere of our served, that if the Houses could, at
own rights and duties. A gentleman this time, by their own power, declare
had been facetious in bis remarks on the royal prerogative suspended, then
the corporation of London, and the pass an act to render their own legis-
recovery of his powers of pleasantry lative powers complete, they may do
might be acceptable to the Honse. so at any other time when the King is
The gloon, occasioned by the deaths in perfect health.-Nr. Wilberforce
at Walcheren might well have re. said that the high character of the
suained bim; for the miseries of that Prince of Wales was no reason for in-
disgraceful expedition, in which he vesting him with unlimited power.
had been convicted as having acted His present conduct did him eternal
with a colleague' whom he had de honour, as he looked like a good sub-
nounced as unfit and inefficient, were ject of rea!ın to parliament to pro-
enough to suspend his droileries, espe. vide for the deficiency.
cially as he must reflect that there ne- Mr. Graitan asserted the plan of
ver was a minister in this country who ministers to be repugnant to thic con-
so much deserved in peachment. But stitution in two ways, first, as assum-
this gentleman might have recollected, ing an execuiive authority on the
that the corporation of London was an part of the two houses, and again, as
important body in our history; and it went in legislate without the royal
it liitle became him to despise the city assent. The proceedings of 1788. were
of London, who had not thouzlit it no precedent, as they had not passed
beneath his dignity to meet at a city into an act

Sir John Newport pas tavern a set of jobbers and contractors, surprised, that Mr. Stephen, represente whom he entertained with speeches on ing an Irish borough, had not conaffairs of state. A learned gentleman descended, in his love for the preceseemed to argue, that there was a law dent of 1788–9, to look to the con. beyond the law, a constitutional some- duct of the Irish parliament, which thing, to be found only in the practice was more simple, avoiding all fiction of parliament: to this he could not as, and fallacy, and preventing unnecesgent: he could take law as it was found sary delav. Including a recess of only in the acts of the legislature, not in four davs, nine days only elapsed bethe practice of different parts of it. A tween the message of the Lord Lieuconstitution ineans nothing but cer- tenant and the adoption of an addre's tain things established, and to talk of to the Prince - Mr. Elliot asked, a law beyond the law was to talk of what lower the House had of punishthings in the air. To the assertion ing the Chancellor if he should refuse then in the resolution he objected, the seal to this monstrous act.-Vr. as assuming a right not belonging to Perceral replied at length, asserting them, and to the proceeding upon it that he would not defer doing that, as making the blouse part of the which the interest of the country crown, and thus violating the first might require, though such principle of the coustitution.- Mrmight belong to the executive power, Lambe contended that the house had and even require the sign manual. the right of supplying the defect, and lle would hit risque a mutiny in cited the proceedinus of the Long the arny or navy for want of moner, Parliament. He allowed the defects because the letter of the law could in the representation; but though not be complied wiib? Would thie they were not removed, the Blouse was othcers of the Exchequer refuse the the legal representation, But the order of the Treasury? They could House could not make itself the King not refuse compliance, thouzh they to assent to its own act, and he should might protest against the authority; Therefore oppose the bill as illegal.-- and he would act upon his own re.


sponsibility, regardless of the result. the tone of this night will call on NIr. Whitbread asked wliether it was every one to examine past actions to be endured, that a Chancellor of with a scrutinizing eye.- After a few the Exchequer should invest himself words from Mr. Adlani and Mr. Perce. witli powers subversive of every cun- val, the House divided on the previous stitutional principle? should assume question, there being for it 15, ayant the controul over the public purse, it 98. Thus the proceeding is to be apply the public money when and by bill, and the people have sufficient how he thought proper, and on a pre. food for reflection, on the excel. tended responsibility, trample upon lencies of our constitution, on which that throne which lie is sworn to sup. theoretical writers take so much port, and which he is, by his very pleasure in dilating, whilst so great actions, now crumbling into the dusi. ditiiculty is found in bringing their The day of enquiry may conie, and theories into practice.


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