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Imprint," Charles-Town: Printed by T. Whitmarsh, at the Sign of the Table Clock on the Bay. Where Advertisements are taken in, and all Persons may be supplied with this Paper at Three Pounds' a Year."
The South Carolina Gazette.
After the Gazette published by Whitmarsh had been discontinued some months, another paper with the same title was, in February 1734, begun by Lewis Timothy. This gained a permanency. It was published weekly, on Saturdays, printed on a half sheet of paper of pot size, but sometimes on a whole sheet, and often on a type as large as english, and at other times on long primer. Price 15s. currency, per quarter.
Timothy died about the year 1738, and the paper was continued by his widow for a short time, with the aid of her son. The son, in 1740, published it on his own account. His imprint was, "Charles-Town: Printed by Peter Timothy, in King-street, where Advertisements are taken in. Price 15s. a Quarter." Some years after, it was printed "in Broad-Street."
The size of this Gazette was enlarged from time to time, until the year 1760, when it was printed on a sheet of the size of medium, four columns in a page; and a cut of the king's arms was added to the title. The day of publication was changed to Monday; but it seldom made its appearance on that day. No mail was then established between the southern and northern colonies, and the Gazette depended on the arrival of vessels from distant ports for supplies of intelligence. The publisher often waited several days for arrivals; but the Gazette dated Monday was always issued within the week.
'Equal to two dollars.
The publication was interrupted a few weeks in 1765, at the time the British stamp act was to take place. The Gazette had a large number of advertising customers; and it was ably conducted. It supported the cause of the country, and energetically opposed the measures of the British administration.
In 1772, this Gazette was printed by Thomas Powell, who continued it two or three years, at Timothy's printing house. Powell, during this time, accounted to Timothy, the proprietor, for a certain proportion of the proceeds.
About May, 1775, the Gazette was discontinued; but it was revived by Timothy in April, 1777, when the title was altered to The Gazette of the State of South-Carolina. Timothy conducted this paper until the city was about to be surrendered to the British in 1780, when it was again suspended, and the publisher became a prisoner of war.
After the restoration of the city, Timothy being dead, his widow, Anne Timothy, revived the Gazette, and from December, 1782, published it twice a week, on Monday and Thursday, until her death, which took place in 1792.
On the death of Anne Timothy, the Gazette was published by her son, Benjamin Franklin Timothy, who soon took a partner, and the Gazette appeared under the title of The South-Carolina State Gazette, and Timothy and Mason's Daily Advertiser. "Printed at the corner of Bay and Broad Streets." When the partnership of Timothy and Mason was dissolved, the Gazette was printed by B. F. Timothy until 1800. In that year the publication of it finally ceased. B. F. Timothy died in 1804.
[See Peter Timothy, 1, 342; Thomas Powell, 1, 345.]
1 Peter Timothy Marchant, great grandson of Lewis Timothy, was in 1807 and 1808, one of the members of the house of Marchant, Willington & Co., editors of The Charleston Courier.
The South-Carolina and American General Gazette.
This paper was first published in 1758, by Robert Wells. It was printed on a medium sheet, four columns in a page; the day assigned for the publication was Friday, but although so dated, it did not regularly appear, but was at times delayed several days; it was published, however, without intermission once in a week. It had a cut of the king's arms in the title; and, some time after its first publication, the following motto from Horace was adopted: "Nullius addictus jurare in verba magistri." Imprint, Charlestown: Printed by R. Wells and G. Bruce, for Robert Wells, at the Great Stationery and Book-Store on the Bay."
After this Gazette had been printed a few years by Wells and Bruce, the connection between them was dissolved, and Wells printed and published the paper in his own name, a short intermission excepted when the stamp act of 1765 was to have taken effect, until 1775. Wells being a royalist he went to England soon after the war commenced, and this Gazette was continued by his son John Wells until 1780, when the city fell into the possession of the British; on which event the paper was discontinued, and John printed a Royal Gazette. Very few original essays appeared in The South Carolina and American General Gazette; but while it was published by the senior Wells, the intelligence it contained was judiciously selected, and methodically arranged, and it had a large share of advertisements; for which reason it was often accompanied by an additional half sheet.
After the younger Wells became the editor, it supported the cause of the country until about the period when it was discontinued.
The South Carolina Gazette, and Country Journal.
Containing the freshest Advices, both Foreign and Domestick.
This paper was established in opposition to the British American stamp act, November, 1765, and was published without stamps about the time the act was to have taken effect. The title bore a cut of the king's arms. Tuesday was the day of publication, and it was printed on a sheet of demy, folio, from a new bourgeois type. It was often accompanied by a half sheet supplement. Imprint, "CharlesTown: Printed by Charles Crouch at his Office in EliottStreet, Corner of Gadsden's Alley."
The general opposition of the colonies to the stamp act induced the public to patronize this Gazette. It immediately gained a large list of respectable subscribers, and a full proportion of advertising customers.
Of the three newspapers printed at that time in Charlestown, this only appeared regularly, on the day it was dated. These papers were all entitled Gazettes, in order to secure certain advertisements, directed by law to be "inserted in the South Carolina Gazette.”
Crouch published his Gazette till he died in 1775. His widow continued it a short time, but it finally ceased.
The Georgia Gazette,
Was first published on the 17th of April, 1763, printed on a new long primer type, on a foolscap sheet, folio, two columns in a page, and continued weekly, on Wednesday. Imprint, "Savannah: Printed by James Johnston, at the Printing-Office in Broughton-Street, where Advertisements, Letters of Intelligence, and Subscriptions for this Paper, are taken in.— Hand-Bills, Advertisements, &c., printed on the shortest Notice." After a few years, it was enlarged and printed on a sheet of crown size.
The publication of this Gazette was for some time suspended, like that of several others on the continent, when the British American stamp act was to take place in 1765; but it was, at the end of seven months, revived. It reappeared in May, 1766; and, in September of that year, a cut of the king's arms was introduced into the title. It was again suspended for some time during the war. The Gazette was published twenty-seven years by Johnston, and continued by his successors. It was the first and only newspaper published in the colony, before the revolution.