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away on a crusade. Richard has returned incognito, and is looking on at the various tournaments held by his brother John, and now and then exhibiting his prodigious strength and skill in behalf of those oppressed by the tyranny of John or his minions. Robin Hood, the ideal of perfection in English archery, makes his appearance at the trial of archers here described, under the name of Locksley. He has been chief of the highwaymen in Sherwood Forest, and desires to attach himself to Richard's service. Malvoisin (mål-vwä-zăng') is one of the favorites of Prince John, who finally succeeded Richard as king.

II. South'-ern (sŭth'-), al-low'-ing, pre-çēd'-ence, prov'-ost (prov'ust), yeō'-man-like, fòr'-est-er, ăn'-swered (-serd), whis'-tled (hwis'ld), în-terrupt'-ed, ex-hôrt'-ed, guärdş (gärdz), strāight (strāt).

III. "Sith" (old form for since); "it be no better" ("be" was the correct form in old English; we should now say, "Since it is no better").

IV. Target, lists, "contending archers," access, previously, "order of precedence," shafts, inferior, provost, "held degraded,” ranged, “try conclusions," baldric, jerkin, braggart, deliberation, runagate, "set speech," resumed, competitor, antagonist, adversary, dexterity, composure, “headless shaft," bucklers, whittle, vindicated, "jubilee of acclamations," livery, reluctance.

V. "Sports of the yeomanry." (Archery belonged to the common people; to fight, or "joust," with spears, and on horseback, belonged to the nobles.) "In the clout " (piece of white cloth on the center of the target). "An it were the stout King Richard himself" ("an" was formerly much used where we now use if). Is there any sarcasm in Locksley's allusion to Hubert's grandsire at Hastings, as he gives him the twenty nobles?

LXXXVII. ELEGY WRITTEN IN A COUNTRY
CHURCHYARD.

1. The curfew tolls the knell of parting day; The lowing herd winds slowly o'er the lea; The plowman homeward plods his weary way,

And leaves the world to darkness and to me.

2. Now fades the glimmering landscape on the sight,
And all the air a solemn stillness holds,
Save where the beetle wheels his droning flight,
And drowsy tinklings lull the distant folds;

3. Save that, from yonder ivy-mantled tower,

The moping owl does to the moon complain
Of such as, wand'ring near her secret bower,
Molest her ancient, solitary reign.

4. Beneath those rugged elms, that yew-tree's shade, Where heaves the turf in many a moldering heap, Each in his narrow cell for ever laid,

The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep.

5. The breezy call of incense-breathing morn,

The swallow twitt'ring from the straw-built shed, The cock's shrill clarion, or the echoing horn,

No more shall rouse them from their lowly bed.

6. For them no more the blazing hearth shall burn,
Or busy housewife ply her evening care;
No children run to lisp their sire's return,

Or climb his knees the envied kiss to share.

7. Oft did the harvest to their sickle yield,

Their furrow oft the stubborn glebe has broke; How jocund did they drive their team a-field!

How bowed the woods beneath their sturdy stroke

8 Let not Ambition mock their useful toil,
Their homely joys, and destiny obscure;
Jac No Grandeur hear with a disdainful smile, mo? č
The short and simple annals of the poo3 {T

9. The boast of heraldry, the pomp of power,

And all that beauty, all that wealth e'er gave,
Await alike the inevitable hour:

The paths of glory lead but to the grave.

10. Nor you, ye proud, impute to these the fault, If Memory o'er their tomb no trophies raise, Where, through the long-drawn aisle and fretted

vault,

The pealing anthem swells the note of praise.

11. Can storied urn, or animated bust,

Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath?
Can Honor's voice provoke the silent dust,

Or Flattery soothe the dull, cold ear of Death?

12. Perhaps in this neglected spot is laid

Some heart once pregnant with celestial fire— Hands that the rod of empire might have swayed, Or waked to ecstasy the living lyre :

13. But Knowledge to their eyes her ample page, Rich with the spoils of time, did ne'er unroll; Chill Penury repressed their noble rage,

And froze the genial current of the soul.

14. Full many a gem of purest ray serene

The dark, unfathomed caves of ocean bear;
Full many a flower is born to blush unseen,

And waste its sweetness on the desert air.

15. Some village Hampden, that, with dauntless breast, The little tyrant of his fields withstood;

Some mute, inglorious Milton here may rest-
Some Cromwell, guiltless of his country's blood.

16. The applause of listening senates to command,
The threats of pain and ruin to despise,
To scatter plenty o'er a siniling land,
And read their history in a nation's eyes,

17. Their lot forbade; nor circumscribed alone

Their growing virtues, but their crimes con-
fined;

Forbade to wade through slaughter to a throne,
And shut the gates of mercy on mankind;

18. The struggling pangs of conscious truth to hide, To quench the blushes of ingenuous shame, Or heap the shrine of Luxury and Pride

With incense kindled at the Muse's flame.

19. Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife, Their sober wishes never learned to stray; Along the cool, sequestered vale of life

They kept the noiseless tenor of their way.

20. Yet e'en these bones from insult to protect,
Some frail memorial still erected nigh,

With uncouth rhymes and shapeless sculpture decked,
Implores the passing tribute of a sigh.

21. Their name, their years, spelt by the unlettered Muse, The place of fame and elegy supply;

And many a holy text around she strews,
That teach the rustic moralist to die.

22. For who, to dumb forgetfulness a prey,

This pleasing, anxious being e'er resigned, Left the warm precincts of the cheerful day, Nor cast one longing, lingering look behind?

23. On some fond breast the parting soul relies,
Some pious drops the closing eye requires;
E'en from the tomb the voice of Nature cries,
E'en in our ashes live their wonted fires.

24. For thee, who, mindful of the unhonored dead,
Dost in these lines their artless tale relate,
If chance, by lonely contemplation led,
Some kindred spirit shall inquire thy fate-

25. Haply some hoary-headed swain may say:

"Oft have we seen him, at the peep of dawn, Brushing with hasty steps the dews away, To meet the sun upon the upland lawn.

26. "There, at the foot of yonder nodding beech, That wreathes its old, fantastic roots so high, His listless length at noontide would he stretch, And pore upon the brook that babbles by.

27. "Hard by yon wood, now smiling as in scorn, Muttering his wayward fancies, he would rove; Now drooping, woful-wan, like one forlorn,

Or crazed with care, or crossed in hopeless love.

28. "One morn I missed him on the customed hill, Along the heath, and near his fav'rite tree; Another came, nor yet beside the rill,

Nor up the lawn, nor at the wood was her

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