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paw, and then with the other paw she rubbed its face all over, the wrong way, beginning at the nose; and just now, as I said, she was hard at work on the white kitten, which was lying quite still and trying to purr-no doubt feeling that it was all meant for its good.
3. But the black kitten had been finished with earlier in the afternoon; and so, while Alice was sitting curled up in a corner of the great arm-chair, half talking to herself and half asleep, the kitten had been having a grand game of romps with the ball of worsted that Alice had been trying to wind up, and had been rolling it up and down till it had all come undone again; and there it was, spread over the hearth-rug, all kinds of tangles, with the kitten running after its own tail in the middle.
4. "Oh, you wicked, wicked little thing!" cried Alice, catching up the kitten, and giving it a kiss to make it understand that it was in disgrace. "Really, Dinah ought to have taught you better manners!—You ought, Dinah; you know you ought!" she added, looking reproachfully at the old cat, and speaking in as cross a voice as she could manage; and then she scrambled back into the arm-chair, taking the kitten and the worsted with her, and began winding up the ball again.
5. But she didn't get on very fast, as she was talking all the time, sometimes to the kitten and sometimes to herself. Kitty sat very demurely on her knee, pretending to watch the progress of the winding, and now and then putting out one paw and gently touching the ball, as if it would be glad to help, if it might.
6. "Do you know what to-morrow is, kitty?" Alice began. "You'd have guessed if you'd been up in the window with me; only Dinah was making you tidy, so
you couldn't. I was watching the boys getting in sticks for the bonfire; and it takes plenty of sticks, kitty! But it got so cold, and it snowed so, they had to leave off.
7. "Never mind, kitty; we'll go and see the bonfire to-morrow." Here Alice wound two or three turns of the worsted round the kitten's neck, just to see how it would look this led to a scramble, in which the ball rolled down upon the floor, and yards and yards of it got unwound again.
8. "Do you know, I was so angry, kitty," Alice went on, as soon as they were comfortably settled again, "when I saw all the mischief you had been doing, I was very nearly opening the window and putting you out into the snow? And you'd have deserved it, you little, mischievous darling! What have you got to say for yourself? Now, don't interrupt me!" she went on, holding up one finger. "I'm going to tell you all your faults. Number One: You squeaked twice while Dinah was washing your face this morning.
9. "Now, you can't deny it, kitty; I heard you What's that you say?"-pretending that the kitten was speaking.—“ Her paw went into your eye? Well, that's your fault, for keeping your eyes open. If you'd shut them tight up, it wouldn't have happened. Now, don't make any more excuses, but listen. Number Two: You pulled Snowdrop away by the tail, just as I had put down the saucer of milk before you were thirsty, were you? How do you know she wasn't thirsty too? Now for Number Three: You unwound every bit of the worsted while I wasn't looking!
10. "That's three faults, kitty, and you've not been punished for any of them yet. You know, I'm saving up
all your punishments for Wednesday week.-Suppose they had saved up all my punishments," she went on, talking more to herself than to the kitten, "what would they do at the end of a year? I should be sent to prison, I suppose, when the day came. Or let me see-suppose each punishment was to be going without a dinner? Then, when the miserable day came, I should have to go without fifty dinners at once. Well, I shouldn't mind that much. I'd far rather go without them than eat them."
FOR PREPARATION.-I. From "Through the Looking-Glass."
thing was certain: that the white kitten had had nothing to do with it" (tangling up Alice's worsted). Snowdrop" is the name of the white kitter: "Dinah" is the old cat.
II. Mis'-chief (-chif), ear'-li-er, talk'-ing (tawk'-), worst'-ed (woost'-), a-gain' (-gĕn'), heärth (härth), wick'-ed, eătch'-ing, knee (nee), toŭch'ing (tŭch'-), faults, thirst'-y.
III. When an action-word is used, it tells something that an object does. Make a list of ten of the action-words in this piece, and write before each the name of the object which it tells about (Dinah-washed, held, etc.).
IV. Certain, considering, tangle, disgrace, reproachfully, manage, demurely, pretending, progress, bonfire, deserved, interrupt, excuses, punished, miserable, "Wednesday week" (i. e., a week from next Wednesday).
V. "Wicked little thing." Is wicked a word that can be applied to animals? Why not? Is it laughable to apply it to animals? Is it laughable to speak of a kitten as the cat's "child"-of a kitten "feeling that it was all meant for its good "- -as if the kitten were human, and could think? Find the other laughable expressions which speak of the animals as though they had human thoughts and feelings ("Dinah ought to have taught you better manners," etc.). We sometimes laugh at a person who says or thinks one thing and does another: was it laughable for Alice to call the kitten "wicked," and then kiss it? Find other absurd things like this ("mischievous darling," etc.).
XV. THE SPIDER.
1. A child went with his father into the vineyard, and there saw a bee in the web of an ugly spider. The spider was just opening his fangs to attack the bee, when the child took his stick, broke the web, and set the little prisoner free.
2. When his father saw this, he asked the boy how he could be so regardless of the toilsome and beautiful web which the spider had prepared with so much ingenuity.
3. The child replied, "Has the spider not directed all his ingenuity to blood and malice, while the bee collects honey and wax, from which man derives much pleasure and benefit?"
4. "But," said the father, "perhaps you have done the spider injustice; for, see how his web protects the grapes from flies and wasps, that otherwise would do much mischief!"
5. "Ah!" said the boy, "it is not with the intent to shield the grapes, but to satisfy his thirst for blood, that the spider labors with so much dexterity."
"True," said the father; "probably the spider has little reason to be concerned about the grapes."
6. "Then," said the boy, "the good the spider does is of no avail to his spiteful character; for a good intention is certainly the only merit in a good deed."
7. "True," said the father; "but Nature, you see, knows how to apply even malicious things for the preservation of the good and useful."
8. "And why," asked the boy, "does the spider not work his web in social union, like the bees, that live together with so much comfort and happiness?"
9. "Dear child," said the father, "only for good ends can multitudes associate. The bond of malice and selfishness carries the seed of destruction within itself; but Nature has placed the hostile and the friendly, the malicious and the good, side by side, so that the contrast might be the greater, and thus convey a lesson to those who are willing to learn."
F. A. Krummacher.
FOR PREPARATION.-I. Is this story a fable, or could the event here described have actually happened? (See Lesson X.)
II. Vine'-yard (vin'-), beau'-ti-ful (bu'-), un'-ion, ǎs-sō'-ci-ate (-shi-at), hỏn'-ey, mis'-chief (-chif).
III. Action-words express the time in which the action is performed. To express past time, some add ed; some make other changes. Make a list of ten action-words in this piece that express past time, and write opposite each the word expressing present time (went-go; saw-see; wasis; took-take; broke-break; set-set; asked—ask, etc.).
IV. Ugly, fangs, attack, regardless, toilsome, web, replied, directed, malice, derives, benefit, avail, spiteful, intention, merit, apply, malicious, social, multitudes, destruction, hostile. (The stiff, pompous language into which this fable is translated should all be paraphrased into such words as the pupil uses. It will make a good language-lesson.)
V. The spider's labors are spoken of as showing "ingenuity," "dexterity," and what else? Illustrate the meaning of these words by telling what the spider does that shows dexterity, etc. What do you think of the reason which the father gives for the fact that spiders do not work together in company? ("social union.") Do not wolves hunt in droves, and robbers and burglars work together? But, on the other hand are evil men likely to be faithful and kind toward each other?
XVI.-ALICE'S DREAM OF THE CHESS-QUEENS.
1. "I didn't know I was to have a party at all," said Alice; "but if there is to be one, I think I ought to invite the guests."