"We gave you the opportunity of doing it," the Red Queen remarked; "but I dare say you've not had many lessons in manners yet."

2. "Manners are not taught in lessons," said Alice. "Lessons teach you to do sums, and things of that sort."

"Can you do addition?" the White Queen asked. "What's one and one, and one and one, and one and one, and one and one, and one and one?"

3. "I don't know," said Alice. "I lost count." "She can't do addition," the Red Queen interrupted. "Can you do subtraction? Take nine from eight." "Nine from eight! I can't, you know," Alice replied, very readily; "but-"

4. "She can't do subtraction," said the White Queen. -"Can you do division? Divide a loaf by a knife— what's the answer to that?"-"I suppose-" Alice was beginning; but the Red Queen answered for her: "Bread and butter, of course. Try another subtraction sum: Take a bone from a dog, what remains?"

5. Alice considered. "The bone wouldn't remain, of course, if I took it; and the dog wouldn't remain-it would come to bite me; and I'm sure I shouldn't remain ! "

"Then you think nothing would remain?" said the Red Queen.

"I think that's the answer."

6. "Wrong, as usual," said the Red Queen; "the dog's temper would remain."

"But I don't see how—”

"Why, look here!" the Red Queen cried.

dog would lose his temper, wouldn't he?"

66 Perhaps he would," Alice replied, cautiously.


7. "Then, if the dog went away, his temper would remain!" the Red Queen exclaimed, triumphantly.

Alice said, as gravely as she could, "They might go different ways." But she couldn't help thinking to herself, "What dreadful nonsense we're talking!"

"She can't do sums a bit!" the queens said together, with great emphasis.

8. "Can you do sums?" Alice said, turning suddenly on the White Queen; for she didn't like being found fault with so much.

The queen gasped, and shut her eyes. "I can do addition," she said, "if you give me time; but I can't do subtraction under any circumstances."

9. "Of course you know your A B C?" said the Red Queen.

"To be sure I do!" said Alice.

"So do I," the White Queen whispered; "we'll often say it over together, dear. And I'll tell you a secret: I can read words of one letter! Isn't that grand? However, don't be discouraged; you'll come to it in time."

10. Here the Red Queen began again. "Can you answer useful questions?" she said. "How is bread made?" "I know that!" Alice cried, quickly. "You take some flour ""

"Where do you pick the flower?" the White Queen asked "in a garden, or in the hedges?

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"Well, it isn't picked at all," Alice explained; "it's ground-"

"How many acres of ground?" said the White Queen. "You mustn't leave out so many things."

11. "Fan her head!" the Red Queen anxiously interrupted. "She'll be feverish after so much thinking."

So they set to work, and fanned her with branches of leaves, till she had to beg them to leave off, it blew her hair about so.

"She's all right again now," said the Red Queen. "Do you know languages? What's the French for 'fiddle-de-dee'?"

"Fiddle-de-dee' is not English," Alice replied,


"Who ever said it was?" asked the Red Queen.

12. Alice thought she saw a way out of the difficulty this time. "If you'll tell me what language 'fiddle-dedee' is, I'll tell you the French for it!" she exclaimed, triumphantly.

But the Red Queen drew herself up rather stiffly, and said, “Queens never make bargains."

"I wish queens never asked questions," Alice thought to herself.

13. "Don't let us quarrel," the White Queen said, in an anxious tone. "What is the cause of lightning?"

"The cause of lightning," Alice said, very decidedly, for she felt quite certain about this, "is the thunder-no, no!" she hastily corrected herself; "I meant the other way."

"It's too late to correct it," said the Red Queen; "when you've once said a thing, that fixes it, and you must take the consequences."

Lewis Carroll.

FOR PREPARATION.-I. From "Through the Looking-Glass," or Alice's dream of what she saw when she walked through the looking-glass into the room on the other side.

II. Guests, quick'-ly, ex-plained', a'-ereş (ā ́kerz), lăn'-gua-ġeş, eon'-se quen-çes.

III. Make a list of five action-words in this piece that express past time with ed; of fivc expressing past time in other ways.

IV. Invite, opportunity, addition, interrupted, subtraction, replied, readily, division, remains, considered, usual, temper, cautiously, triumphantly, gravely, nonsense, fault, gasped, circumstances, secret, grand, discouraged, hedges, difficulty, bargains, quarrel, correct, fixes:

V. The opportunity for absurd and laughable situations is found in this story, in the fact that everything seen in a looking-glass is changed from right to left. There is a change of this sort even in the methods of thinking of the chess-queens that Alice meets.


1. In the cottage it was dull and close and quiet, while out of doors everything seemed to smile and exult in the clear air and boundless world. So the child went out into the green wood, of which the dragon-fly had told him so many pleasant things.

2. There he found everything even more beautiful and lovely than he had been told. For, wherever he went, the tender mosses kissed his feet, the grasses clasped his knees, the flowers caressed his hands, the bushes stroked his cheeks kindly and coolingly, and the tall trees welcomed him to their fragrant shadow.

3. There was no end to his delight. The little birds of the forest piped and sang as well as they could, and skipped and flitted gayly about, and the little wood-flowers vied with each other in beauty and fragrance, and every sweet sound took a sweet odor by the hand, and so went down into the heart of the child and had a merry wedding-dance.

4. The nightingale and the lily of the valley led the dance. Each lived so entirely-single and alone-in the

heart of the other, that one could not tell whether the notes of the nightingale were winged lilies, or the lilies nightingale-notes visible like dew-drops.

5. The child was filled with joy. He sat down, and almost thought he must take root and dwell among the little plant-people, that he might take part more intimately in their tender joys.

6. For he had an inward satisfaction in the secret, quiet, obscure life of the moss and heather, which knew nothing of storm, nor of frost, nor of the burning heat of the sun; but were well content with their many neighbors and friends, refreshing themselves, in peace and goodfellowship, with the dew and the shadow bestowed upon them by the lofty trees.

7. For them indeed it was always a high festival when a sunbeam sought them out; while the tops of the tall trees above them found great delight only in the glowing red of morning and evening.

Translated by J. C. Pickard from F. W. Carové.

FOR PREPARATION.-I. In the "Story without an End," from which also the piece about "The Lark" (Lesson XI.) was taken, the child goes out into the forest to see for himself the wonderful things which the dragon-fly has described to him.

II. Cot'-tage, pleas'-ant, beau'-ti-ful, whêr-ěv'-er, de-light' (-t, evuld (kood), night'-in-gāle, lil'-y, văl'-ley, breathed, naught (nawt), bowed (boud), lil'-ies, thought (thawt), pēo'-ple (pē'pl), heath'-er, neigh'bors (nā'burz), growths, sôught (sawt).

III. Change the following so as to express present time: was, seemed, went, told, kissed, clasped. Find other action-words expressing past time, in the third, fourth, and fifth paragraphs.

IV. Exult, boundless, dragon-fly, clasped, "birds piped," vied, fra grance, visible, intimately, obscure.

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