The Coal Question: An Enquiry Concerning the Progress of the Nation, and the Probable Exhaustion of Our Coal-mines

Macmillan, 1865 - 383 pagina's
Reproduction from the The Goldsmiths' Library of Economic Literature, Senate House Library, University of London. Publisher's advertising: [2] p., 3rd count. Includes bibliographical references. Access is available to the Yale community.

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Pagina vii - Day by day," the author says, "it becomes more evident that the coal we happily possess in excellent quality and abundance is the mainspring of modern material civilization.
Pagina viii - Coal, in truth, stands not beside but entirely above all other commodities. It is the material energy of the country — the universal aid - the factor in everything we do. With coal almost any feat is possible or easy; -without it we are thrown back into the laborious poverty of early times.
Pagina 342 - Taylor. — WORDS AND PLACES; or, Etymological Illustrations of History, Ethnology, and Geography. By the Rev. ISAAC TAYLOR, MA Third and Cheaper Edition, revised and compressed. With Maps. Globe 8vo.
Pagina 114 - But in speculations like these, the probable, if not certain progress of improvement and discovery ought not to be overlooked ; and we may safely pronounce that, long before such a period of time shall have rolled away, other and more powerful mechanical agents will supersede the use of coal. Philosophy already directs her finger at sources of inexhaustible power in the phenomena of electricity and magnetism.
Pagina 114 - ... and rewards which begin to be conferred upon them, all justify the expectation that we are on the eve of mechanical discoveries still greater than any which have yet appeared; and that the steam...
Pagina 85 - Beaumont, a gentleman of great ingenuity, and rare parts, adventured into our mines with his thirty thousand pounds ; who brought with him many rare engines, not known then in these parts — as the art to bore with iron rods, to try the deepnesse and thicknesse of the coale, rare engines to draw water out of the pits, waggons with one horse, to carry down...
Pagina 92 - When I first entered this city," said Mr. Fairbairn, in his address to the British Association at Manchester, in 1861, "the whole of the machinery was executed by hand. There were neither planing, slotting, nor shaping machines ; and, with the exception of very imperfect lathes, and a few drills, the preparatory operations of construction were effected entirely by the hands of the workmen.
Pagina iv - ... acquisition, rather than when it has acquired its full complement of riches, that the condition of the labouring poor, of the great body of the people, seems to be the happiest and the most comfortable. It is hard in the stationary, and miserable in the declining state. The progressive state is in reality the cheerful and the hearty state to all the different orders of the society. The stationary is dull ; the declining melancholy.
Pagina 18 - Let us inquire, then, what will be the duration of our coal-fields if this more moderate rate of increase be maintained. By combining the known thickness of the various workable seams of coal, and computing the area of the surface under which they lie, it is easy to arrive at an estimate of the total quantity comprised in our coal-bearing strata. Assuming...
Pagina 19 - England will have ceased to be a coalproducing country on an extensive scale. Other nations, and especially the United States of America, which possess coal-fields thirty-seven times more extensive than ours, will then be working more accessible beds at a smaller cost, and will be able to displace the English coal from every market.

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