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mons, preached in the Parish Church of St. Maryle-Bow, in the Years 1769, 1770, and 1771; for the Lecture founded by the Hon. Robert Boyle, Esq. By the Rev. Dr. Henry Owen, Rector of St. Olave, Hart-Street, and Fellow of the Royal Society." Svo. Fragmenta duo Plutarchi *,* published by Thomas Tyrwhitt, esq. a single sheet, 8vo.

66

A new Edition of Hutchinson's “ KYPOY HAI¬ AEIA," 8vo.

"The Antiquities of Herculaneum. Translated from the Italian, by Thomas Martyn and John

British Empire in America; including all the Countries in North America and the West Indies, ceded by the Peace of Paris, 1770." 2 vols. 8vo. "The Prostitute, a Poem, 1771;"" Choice Emblems, 1772;" "Fables of Flowers, 1773;" "A general History of Ireland; from the earliest Accounts to the present Time, 1772," 2 vols. Svo; "Evelina, a Poem, 1773;" and "The Four Seasons, a Poem, 1774;" which was "a wretched fricassee in rhyme, of some passages in Thomson's charming work on that subject."

"Fragmenta hæc Plutarchi huc usque, ut opinor, inedita, ex Codice manuscripto, qui inter Harleianos in Museo Britannico asservatur, N. 5612, visum est typis describere, non quod ipse de illis magnificè nimis sentirem, sed ut, proposito hujus iguaia exemplo, homines otiosos, et eos præsertim quibus Bibliothecarum cura deinandata est, ad codices manuscriptos diligentius excutiendos stimularem." Editor's Advertisement.-See p. 148.

† In the course of printing this Volume Mr. Bowyer made an accurate "Index to the places of the N. T." which is inserted in a later Edition of the Volume, 1781.

Mr. Thomas Martyn is one of the three sons of Mr. John Martyn, the very eminent Professor of Botany at Cambridge (see vol. I. p. 482), by Eulalia, youngest daughter of the Rev. John King, D. D. rector of Chelsea, and prebendary of York. Mr. T. Martyn was admitted first at Emanuel College, Cambridge; where he took his degree of B. A. 1756; he was elected thence to a Fellowship in Sidney college; proceeded A. M. 1759; and B. D. 1766.—In 1761 he was elected Professor of Botany in the University of Cambridge, in the room of his father; who had resigned that office, after having filled it most ably for nearly thirty years.—Mr. T. Martyn was one of those patriotic gentlemen who established the Society for the Improvement of Naval Architecture. He has published, "A Sermon for Addenbrooke's Hospital." "Plante Cantabrigienses: or, a Catalogue of the Plants which grow wild in the County of Cambridge, disposed according to the System of Linnæus. Herbationes Cantabrigienses; or, Directions to the Places where they may be found, compre

hended

Lettice, Bachelors of Divinity and Fellows of Sidney College, Cambridge. Vol. I. Containing the Pictures; 4to. This Translation was not continued.

hended in thirteen botanical Excursions. To which are added, Lists of the more rare Plants growing in many Parts of England and Wales, 1763," 8vo: "A short Account of the late Donationof a Botanic Garden to the University of Cambridge, by the Rev. Dr. Walker, Vice-master of Trinity College; with Rules and Orders for the Government of it. Camb. 1763," 4toIn 1770 he favoured the publick with his Father's very learned

Dissertations and Critical Remarks upon the Æneids of Virgil, containing, among other interesting Particulars, a full Vindication of the Poet from the Charge of an Anachronism with regard to the Foundation of Carthage;" to which is prefixed an excellent and copious Account of his Father and his Writings; comprizing also many interesting particulars of the earlier branches of the family; also of their near relation (by marriage), Dr. Thomas Hodges, Vicar of Kensington, one of the Assembly of Divines, and, after the Restoration, Dean of Hereford, and Rector of St. Peter's Cornhill; whose second son, Nathanael Hodges, M.D. stayed in London, and attended patients unhurt during the great Plague. Memoirs likewise are given of Patrick Blair, M. D. F. R. S.; William Sherard, LL. D. F. R. S.; John James Dillenius, M. D.; Mr. Vincent Bacon, F. R. S. a surgeon and apothecary; Charles Deering, M.D. (who came over to England first in the train of a Foreign Ambassador, and afterwards practised physick at Nottingham); and Walter Tullideph (amanuensis to Dr. Douglas, who afterwards settled at Antigua); Mr. Richard Bradley, F.R. S.; the Rev. Dr. John King, rector of Chelsea, and his son, Mr. John King, of Stamford; with extracts of Letters to and from Dr. Patrick Blair, Mr. Miller the celebrated Botanist, Mr. Houston, the Rev. Mr. Arnald of Ema nuel College, Dr. Mead, Mr. Knapton, &c. Mr. Martyn published also "The English Connoisseur," in two small volumes, 12ino. "Catalogus Horti Botanici Cantabrigiensis, 1771," 8vo, with his botanical Lectures, and a Plan of the Gardens, prefixed to a second Edition, 1772. A Translation, from the Italian, of the First Volume of the Antiquities of Herculaneum, 1773 (as noticed above). Elements of Natural History. Letters on the Elements of Botany, from the French of J. J. Rousseau, with additional Letters. Botanical Plates illustrative of Linnæus's System of Vegetables. "Sketch of a Tour through Swisserland, with an accurate Map, 1787." Mr. Martyn also made considerable Additions and Improvements to the ninth Edition of "The Gentleman's Guide in his Tour through France, &c." 1787. "A Tour through Italy: containing full Directions for travelling in that interesting Country; with ample Catalogues of every Thing that is curious in Architecture, Painting, Sculpture, &c. Some Observations on the Natural History, and very particular Descriptions of the four principal Cities, Rome, Florence, Naples,

and

--

8vo.

The Original of this celebrated Work had been printed at the expence of his Neapolitan Majesty. and Venice, with their Environs. With a coloured Chart." 1791, "Aranei, or, the Natural History of Spiders," a large quarto volume. "The Language of Botany, being a Dictionary of the Terms made Use of in that Science, principally by Linnæus, with familiar Explanations; and an Attempt to establish significant English Terms, 1793," 8vo. He has also lately favoured the publick with a much-improved edition of "Miller's Gardener's and Botanist's Dictionary," in four volumes folio, 1807; dedcated to Sir Joseph Banks; to which he has for the first time added, "a complete Enumeration and Description of all Plants hitherto known, with their Generic and Specific Characters, Places of Growth, Times of Flowering, and Uses both medicinal and œconomical. With the Addition of all the modern Improvements in Landscape Gardening, and in the Culture of Trees, Plants, and Fruits, particularly in the various Kinds of Hothouses and Forcing-frames."

Dr. John Lettice was formerly Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge; where he proceeded regularly, B. A. 1761; M. A.. 1764; B. D. 1771; and D. D. 1797; and is now a Prebendary of Chichester; vicar of Peesmarsh, Sussex; and chaplain to the present Marquis of Douglas. - Dr. Lettice is also the author of the following works: "Letters on a Tour through various Parts of Scotland, in the Year 1792. Lond. 1794," 8vo; which possesses great merit, and is highly curious and entertaining. "The Immortality of the Soul: a Poem, from the Latin of Isaac-Hawkins Browne. Translated by John Lettice, B. D. late Fellow of Sydney College, Cambridge. To which is added, the original Poem; with a Commentary and Annotations by the Translator," 8vo. "A Sermon on the peculiar Necessity of renewed vigorous exertions on the Part of the Clergy, in the present extraordinary Conjuncture, for the Support of Religion, Peace, and Order,, in the Christian World; preached at the Primary Visitation of the Lord Bishop of Chichester, August 20, 1798."-The following elegant, truly poetical, and pathetic epitaph, by Dr. Lettice, is inscribed on the tomb of his Sister, in St. Martin's church, Leicester: "Here lieth the body of MARY Lettice, who departed this life June 11, 1770, aged 34. Now, should this tomb the stranger's step arrest, The virtues of its tenant to proclaim, He'd judge the eulogy by flatt'ry drest,

Or ostentation catching at a name.
Then silent rest her unambitious tomh:

She needs no fame sepulchral praises breathe:
Affection drops its tribute in their room,

And her own conscience twines th' immortal wreath." * See a good account of it in the Appendix to the Monthly Review, vol. XLVI. p. 629.

"A Translation of so very great a Work, ought, perhaps, for the honour of this country, to have been formed only

under

"A Key to the New Testament;" by the Reverend Dr. Thomas Percy, Rector of Wilbye, and Vicar

It

$

under the patronage and support of Royal munificence. was not to be imagined that private persons could sustain so extraordinary a weight of expence without the aid of a very large subscription; a much larger one, indeed, than could (in our apprehension) be expected, from the amount of the sum required, and from the peculiar nature of the subject, -in which only the learned and the curious, the lovers of the.. arts, and the admirers of virtù, could be greatly interested; and they are, by no means, a majority of the reading part of the good people of England. This mode of publication was, however, adopted; and a considerable number of gentlemen have so far countenanced the attempt, as to fill up a respectable list of subscribers. But, as this list proved not extremely numerous, something beyond the bare purchase of a copy of the Work, at the fixed price, was certainly requisite, to afford the encourage ment due to so hazardous an undertaking; and to have effectually prevented those complaints which, with real concern, we find the ingenious Translators emphatically, though modestly, uttering, in their Prefatory Discourse.-From this Discourse we learn, that it is now more than five years since the Proposals for this Work were first published. The Translators then flattered themselves that they were engaged in an undertaking, which, at least, might prove acceptable to the publick.' The Original, they observe, beside its being in a language not universally read, was not then to be obtained, but either as a mark of Royal favour, or at an enormous expence.' Beside these considerations, they, farther, deemed it ' no absurd supposition, that, in an age so liberal as the present, a competent number among persons of rank and fortune might be found, who would be glad to see this celebrated Work in an English dress; and, at the same time, have an opportunity of encouraging English Artists.' The event, however, we are sorry to learn, has not justified the supposition; for the Translators find themselves much more obliged to their friends, than to those from whom alone they had expected support in so expensive an undertaking.'—But these Gentlemen had one adverse stroke to receive, of which they had not even the smallest apprehension. Little did they imagine,' we are told, 'that such humble members, as they are, of the Republic of Letters, could attract the resentment of Crowned Heads; little, indeed, did they expect that the serenity of the Court of the Two Sicilies and Jerusalem could be disturbed by any publication of theirs, which meddled not with politicks, morality, or religion: yet in these suppositions they find themselves as much mistaken as in the first; for their Royal Adversary, after attempting to stifle the work, from an imagination as false as it was ridiculous, that so respectable a Body as the University of Cambridge itself was engaged in the publication, was pleased to order that the book, which was not to be commonly purchased

·

"

before,

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of Easton Manditt, in Northamptonshire [afterwards Dean of Carlisle, and now Bishop of Dromore in Ireland]; 8vo.

before, for fear it might become of small value if it lost its rarity, should be sold at a price greatly below the prime cost: in order, it may be presumed, to supersede the Translation, and distress the Translators by underselling them.'-From the foregoing ac count of his Neapolitan Majesty's conduct, there seems to be a littleness in this Royal jealousy, which may tend to sink the share of reputation he had possibly acquired, among the friends of learning, and of the beaux arts, by that magnificent publication, which opened to their general view some of the choicest treasures of Antiquity. In truth, we must further observe, that the reality of this Prince's regard for the fine arts, and for the study of the Antients, has (to us) long seemed to be somewhat equivocal; from the strange havock that has been made of the valuable remains of Herculaneum, through the notorious mismanagement of the works originally undertaken for their preservation; and, especially, from his so long neglecting to lay open the ruins of Pompeii to the inspection of the learned world.'-Notwithstanding these discouragements, Mr. Martyn and his ingenious Associate, proceed to inform us, that their Translation, and the engravings, are at length finished; and 'in a manner they hope, that will not prove displeasing to the subscribers, or disgraceful to the British Artists." Monthly Review, vol. XLVIII. p. 169.

* The literary talents of this worthy Prelate need no encomium. In 1761 he published, "Hau Kiou Choaan, or the pleasing History, a Chinese Romance, in four duodecimo volumes; a translation from the Chinese language, revised from a manuscript (dated 1719) found among the papers of a gentleman who had large concerns in the East-India Company, and who occasionally resided much at Canton. In 1764 appeared "The Song of Solomon, newly translated from the original Hebrew, with a Commentary and Annotations," Svo; and in 1765 he presented the publick with a very elegant and curious work, under the title of " Reliques of Antient English Poetry; consisting of Old Heroic Ballads of our earlier Poets (chiefly of the Lyric Kind), together with some few of later Date," 3 vols. small 8vo. His other publications are, "A Sermon, preached before the Sons of the Clergy, at their Anniversary Meeting at St. Paul's, May 11, 1769," 4to. "The Hermit of Warkworth, a Northumberland Ballad; in Three Fits, or Cantoes, 1771," 4to. "A Key to the New Testament, 1773," 8vo. A Second Edition of the "Reliques of Antient Poetry" was published in 1775, a third in 1794; and a fourth is now in the press.

In 1777 the Rev. John Bowle addressed a printed Letter to Dr. Percy, announcing a new and classical Edition of Don Quixote."

In 1780 the Editor of these Memoirs was indebted to him for many useful communications for the "Select Collection of Miscellany Poems," which at the time was thus acknowledged:

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