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ICHABOD DAWKS, died Feb. 27, 1730, aged 70.1

WILLIAM BOWYER, Sen. died Decem. 27, 1737, aged 80.1 DOROTHY, his Wife, Sister to I. DAWKS, died December 20, 1797, aged 63.

WILLIAM BOWYER, Jun. died Nov. 18, 1777, aged 77. ANNE, his first Wife, died Oct. 17, 1731, aged 26. ELIZABETH, his second Wife, died Jan. 14, 1771, aged 70.). In the Church also there is a neat marble monument erected to his Father's memory and his own, Anecdotes. In the MS Volume are some other little rough entries of property, copies on hand, &c. W. BUTLER.”

[The knot will be unraveled, by reading, in vol. I. p. 2. the daughter of Thomas Dawks, and sister of Ichabod.]

Thomas, the Father of Ichabod, was the only Son of an earlier Thomas, who was also a Printer. He was born at Kelmescote in Oxfordshire, Oct. 8, 1636: and admitted at Merchant Taylors school April 2, 1649.

"The Children of THOMAS and ANNE DAWKS. The Place and Time of my dear Children's Birth.

1. My first-born, Ichabod, at Westerham in Kent, Sept. 22, 1661, at almost 12 o'clock at noon.

[Ichabod married Aug. 3, 1687.]

2. My son Thomas, on St: Laurence Pountney Hill, March 1, 1663, between 10 and 11 morn.

3. My daughter Dorothy, March 6, 1665, nigh 5 in the morn, at St. Laurence Poultney's Hill.

[Dorothy married Oct. 10, 1685.]

4. My daughter Ann July 24, 1666, between 11 and 12 at night, in Scroop's-court [Ann married Jan. 22, 1693].

5. My daughter Jemima, at Low Leyton, in the little house, Feb. 27, 1668, between 3 and 4 in the morn.

[Jemima married June 23, 1692.]

6. Adoniah, Low Leyton, the great house, July 1, 1669, about

5 in the morning. Dead. Died Feb. 7, 1670.

7. Dorcas, Low Leyton, the great house, about 12 at noon, July 17, 1672. [Dorcas married May 5, 1691.]

8. Deborah, Black Fryers, Feb. 7, 1675, at 2 morn.

9. My dear William, Black Fryers, April 24, 1677, morning. 10. Another William ; born died 11. Malchiel, Puddle-dock, Dec. 12, almost 5 morn.

The following Notes are by ICHABOD DAWKS, the person mentioned in Tatler, Nos. 18, 178; and Spectator, No. 457.

"In 1651 my Father, Mr. Thomas Dawks, began to work at Printing, at Mr. Du-Gard's. He was married in Decem ber 1660.

I Ichabod, born Sept. 22, 1661.

My grandmother, Mrs. Frances Dawks, died May 1, 1667, at Low Leyton.

My

with the following inscription, written by himself many years before his death:

HUIC MURO AB EXTRA
VICINUS JACET

GULIELMUS BOWYER,
TYPOGRAPHUS LONDINENSIS,

DE CHRISTIANO ET LITERATO ORBE
BENE MERITUS;

AB UTROQUE VICISSIM REMUNERATUS:
QUIPPE CUNCTIS BONIS ET FORTUNIS SUIS
SUBITO INCENDIO PENITUS DELETIS,
MUNIFICENTIA SODALIUM STATIONARIORUM,
ET OMNÍUM BONORUM FAvor,
ABREPTAS FACULTATES CERTATIM RESTAURAVERE * ;
TANTI HOMINEM VITÆ INTEGRUM,
SCELERISQUE PURUM, ESTIMANTES,

UT INGENII PRÆMIO EXUTUM
REDONARENT MERCEDE VIRTUTIS:

VIRIDEM DEPOSUIT SENECTAM, DEC. 27;

{{

PATRI, PATRONIS, POSTERISQUE EORUM,

ANNO

ÆTATIS 74.

SALUTIS 1737.

My dear Grandfather, Mr. Thomas Dawks, died May 11, 1670, at Low Layton.

In the year 1672 I began to work, with my Father, at Mr. Darby's, in Bartholomew Close.

May 16, 1673, Father and I went to work at Mrs. Maxwell's. He was her Overseer.

Oct. 5, 1673. We went to work at Mrs. Flesher's.

May, in the year 1674, my Father set up to be a Master, in Black Fryars.

Ichabod.

Sister Allport married Oct. 10, 1685. This answers to Dorothy.
1. Dawks married Aug. 3, 1687.
Sister Prudom married May 5, 1691.
Jemima Baldry married June 23, 1692.
Anne Bishop married Jan. 22, 1692-3.
Anne Ryland married July 8, 1693.

Dorcas.

See above.

Ditto.

* In grateful remembrance of these ample benefactions, the elder Mr. Bowyer had several metal cuts engraved, representing a Phoenix rising from the flames, with suitable mottoes; which were used by him, and by his Son, as ornaments in some of the most capital books they printed. See one of these original Tailpieces in p. 293.

IN

IN PII ET GRATI ANIMI MONUMENTUM
PONI CURAVIT FILIUS,
MORIENS NOV. 18, 1777;

ANNUM AGENS SEPTUAGESIMUM OCTAVUM.

Another Epitaph, proposed for Mr. Bowyer, was drawn up by the Rev. Edward Clarke:

"Memoriæ Sacrum
WILHELMI BOWYER,

Typographorum post Stephanos et Commelinos
longè doctissimi :

linguarum Latinæ, Græcæ, et Hebraica

peritissimi :

adeò ut cognovisse videatur
naturæ atque orbis alphabetum.
Quot et quanta Opera
ab illius Prelo

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A bust of him is placed in Stationers Hall; with a good portrait of his Father, and another of his Patron, Mr. Nelson.

A brass plate under the bust is thus inscribed, in his own words, in conformity to a wish he had many years before communicated to his Partner:

" To

"To the united munificence of
THE COMPANY OF STATIONERS,
and other numerous Benefactors:
who,
when a calamitous Fire, Jan. 30, 1712-13,
had in one night destroyed the effects
of WILLIAM BOWYER, Printer,

repaired the loss with unparalleled humanity:
WILLIAM, his only surviving Son,

being continued Printer of the Votes of the House of Commons, by his father's merits,

and the indulgence of three Honourable Speakers; and appointed to print the Journals of the House of Lords, at near LXX years of age,

by the patronage of a noble Peer *; struggling with a debt of gratitude which could not be repaid †, left this Tablet to suggest what worn-out Nature could not express.

EX VOTO PATRONI OPTIMI AMICISSIMI
PONI LUBENTER CURAVIT CLIENS DEVINCTUS
J. NICHOLS, MDCCLXXVIII."

* The Earl of Marchmont; see vol. II. p. 614. vol. III. p. 41. + After this line Mr. Bowyer had originally written as follows: "With an attachment to Literature which could not be indulged; with delusive hopes from a College interest or reputation; experienced the conflicts of two opposite passions, resignation and ambition."

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Early in 1778, on the suggestion of Mr. Pegge * some short Biographical Memoirs of Mr. Bowyer, the "little brochure" of 52 pages mentioned by Mr. Cole, was printed as a present to his parti

"DEAR SIR,

Whittington, Nov. 24, 1777.

"I am truly sorry for the death of my old friend Mr. Bowyer; though, in regard to him, I presume it may be rather an happy event. I doubt you are too full of business to give us some memorials concerning him and his Father, both eminent in their way; but, as this last Gentleman was an excellent Scholar, engaged in much business and very considerable Publications, and extended his life to a long stretch, a sketch of his Life would be highly acceptable to the publick.-You, I apprehend, are now sole at his press. I am much obliged to you for your share of trouble about my Archæologia, which I have just now received; and I thank you much for your kind present of the copies of my Paper on St. George. I pray God send you the enjoyment of better health, and am, Sir, your truly affectionate, and most obliged servant, SAM. PEGGE."

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See vol. I. p. 565. Of this pamphlet only 20 copies were printed; one of which was sent to St. John's College, Cambridge, and the others to particular Friends of Mr. Bowyer. Some of them are accounted for by the following notes:

66

Sept. 5, 1778. Dr. Ducarel thanks Mr. Nichols for his kind present of two of Mr. Bowyer's Lives (wishes to know whether Mr. Tutet might be favoured with one) will put the other in the Lambeth Library as soon as the Archbishop comes to town."-"Sir John Pringle returns Mr. Nichols many thanks for his late publication, which he was so good as to make a present of to him. Sir John Pringle, wishes that Mr. Nichols may to the end of his life find all his friends as grateful to him as he has been to his benefactor; and that, when he has finished his course, his heirs may be as studious to do justice to his memory, as he has been to honour Mr. Bowyer's. Pall Mall, Sept. 10, 1778.'- Sept. 11. "Mr. Tutet presents his compliments and thanks to Mr. Nichols for his kind present of the Anecdotes of Mr. Bowy'er. The plague and distraction of a house full of workmen has prevented Mr. Tutet from returning sooner his thanks." Sept. 11. I am much obliged to Mr. Nichols for his Memoirs of Mr. Bowyer; and only wish he had such materials for those of Mr. Clarke and Mr. Markland. R. GOUGH."-" I am ordered by the Standing Committee of the Trustees of the British Museum, to signify to you, that they have received the present of a pamphlet, intituled 'Anecdotes Biographical and Literary of the late Mr. William Bowyer, Printer,' which you were pleased

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