pictures of human kind had neither been so various nor so natural. Had he possessed less of literature, he could not have infused such a spirit of classical elegance. Had his genius been less fertile of wit and humour, he could not have maintained that uninterrupted pleasantry, which never suffers his readers to feel fatigue *."

There are not so many little anecdotes preserved concerning Mr. Fielding as might perhaps have been expected considering the eccentricity of his disposi tion, and his talents for conversation. In the opinion of Lord Lyttelton, he had more wit and humour than Pope, Swift, and all the other wits of that time put together. But when our author died, the passion for collecting every trivial incident concerning literary men, or every expression uttered by them, had not taken place; or, at least, was far from being carried to the height which has lately been done. In the Gentleman's Magazine for August, 1786, a story is told concerning Mr. Fielding, of which we shall content ourselves with an abridgment, as the narrative of the writer is verbose, and as he aims at a pleasantry in which he has not been remarkably successful. The fact is simply as follows: Some parochial taxes for Fielding's house in Beaufort buildings being unpaid, and for which demands had been made again and again, he was at length given to understand, by the collector, who had an esteem for him, that no longer procrastination could be admitted. In this dilemma he had recourse to Jacob Tonson, and mortgaging the future sheets of some work he had in hand, received the sum he wanted, which might be ten or twelve guineas. When he was near his own house, he met with an old college chum, whom he had not seen for many years. They retired to a neighbouring tavern, and gave free scope to their conviviality. In the course of the

* Harris's Philological Inquiries, pp. 163, 164.
+ Beattie, ubi supra, p. 571.


conversation, Mr. Fielding found that his friend had been unfortunate in life, upon which he immediately gave him the whole of the money he had obtained from Mr. Tonson. Early in the morning he returned home in the full enjoyment of his benevolent disposition and conduct, when he was told that the collector had called for the taxes twice on the preceding day. His reply was laconic, but memorable: "Friendship has called for the money, and had it; let the collector call again." A second application to Jacob Tonson enabled him to satisfy the parish demands *. The following anecdote has been communicated to Dr. Kippis by a friend, who had it from the present Mr. Fielding, our author's son. Henry Fielding being once in company with the Earl of Denbigh, and the conversation turning on Fielding's being of the Denbigh family, the Earl asked the reason why they spelt their names diffe rently; the Earl's family doing it with the E first, (Feilding), and Mr. Henry Fielding with the I first, (Fielding.) "I cannot tell, my Lord," answered Harry, "except it be that my branch of the family were the first that knew how to spell."


Mr. Fielding has afforded another instance how much it is to be lamented that genius and talents are not always accompanied with the uniform practice of virtue. His irregularities exposed a strong and athletic constitution to the inroads of disorder, the depredations of the gout and the dropsy, and a premature death. His extravagance obliged him to pro duce hasty and imperfect compositions, especially for the stage; and it involved him in necessities, which, it is to be feared, sometimes triumphed over the independance of his mind. A contrary conduct, while it would most probably have been blessed with length of days, would certainly have procured him higher esteem in the world, and have enabled him to give a more finishing hand to many of his writings,

* Gentleman's Magazine, vol. LVI. pp. 659, 660.


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Henry Fielding's third sisterSarah, made some figure among the literary ladies of the age. She was born in the year 1714, and early applied herself to the cultivation of her mind. Soon after the appearance of her brother's Joseph Andrews, she published a novel, in two volumes, 12mo, intituled, "The Adventures of David Simple, in Search of a faithful Friend." The book had a considerable run, and is not yet forgotten. In 1752, she produced a third volume, which, we believe, never became so popular as the former work. Her next production, which appeared iu 1753, was, "The Cry; a new dramatic Fable,' in three volumes. It is a novel, in a singular form. This publication was too abstracted, and too remote from the common taste of romance readers, to be generally pleasing. It was not, however, destitute of ingenuity. Mrs. Sarah Fielding's last and principal performance was, "Xenophon's Memoirs of Socrates; with the Defence of Socrates before his Judges;" translated from the original Greek. This work does credit to her abilities, being executed with fidelity and elegance. She had the honour of being favoured with some valuable notes by the ingenious and learned Mr. James Harris of Salisbury, who probably might contribute to the correctness of the translation. Mrs. Fielding resided at Bath, where she died in April 1768.

Dr. John Hoadly, who was her particular friend, erected a monument to her memory, on which is the following encomium:

"Her unaffected manners, candid mind,
Her heart benevolent, and soul resign'd,
Were more her praise than all she knew or

Though Athens' Wisdom to her sex she taught *."

Biographia Dramatica, or, a Companion to the Playhouse, edit. 1812, vol. I. p. 242.






was literally the artificer of his own fortune. By consummate industry, and a happy train of successive patronage and connexion, he became one of the most eminent Booksellers of the eighteenth century. He had little pretensions to Learning; but had a thorough knowledge of mankind; and a nice discrimination in selecting his literary counsellors; amongst whom it may be sufficient to mention the late eminent Schoolmaster and Critick, Dr. William Roset, of Chiswick; and the late

* The names of several other eminent Booksellers and Printers will be found by consulting the Index.

+Millar, says Mr. Boswell," though himself no great judge of literature, had good sense enough to have for his friends very able men to give him their opinion and advice in the purchase of copy-right, the consequence of which was his acquiring a very large fortune, with great liberality. Johnson said of him, "I respect Millar, Sir; he has raised the price of literature." The same praise may be justly given to Panckoucke, the eminent Bookseller of Paris. Mr. Strahan's liberality, judg ment, and success, are well known.—Mr. Millar took the principal charge of conducting the publication of Johnson's Dictionary; and as the patience of the proprietors was repeatedly tried, and almost exhausted, by their expecting that the work would be completed within the time which Johnson had sanguinely supposed, the learned Author was often goaded to dispatch, more especially as he had received all the copy-money, by dif ferent drafts, a considerable time before he had finished his task. When the messenger who carried the last sheet to Millar returned, Johnson asked him, "Well, what did he say?" "Sir, (answered the messenger) he said, Thank God I have done with him." "I am glad (replied Johnson, with a smile) that he thanks God for any thing.' [Sir John Hawkins, p. 341, inserts two notes as having passed formally between Andrew Millar and Johnson, to the above effect. I am assured this was not the case. In the way of incidental remark it was a pleasant play of raillery. To have deliberately written notes in such terms would have been morose.] It is remarkable, that those with whom Johnson chiefly contracted for his literary labours were Scotchmen, Mr. Millar, and Mr. Strahan. Life of Johnson.


A gentleman well known in the republick of letters, and highly esteemed for his public spirit, his friendly disposition, his


William Strahan, Esq. * the early friend and associate of Mr. Millar in private life, and his partner in many capital adventures in business.

Mr. Millar had three children; but they all died in their infancy. He was not extravagant; but contented himself with an occasional regale of humble port at an opposite Tavern; so that his wealth accumulated rapidly. He was fortunate also in his assistants in trade. One of these was the present worthy veteran Mr. Thomas Becket, who afterwards colonized into another part of the Strand, in partnership with Mr. P. De Hondt; and thence transplanted himself, first to the corner of the Adelphi, and afterwards to Pall Mall, where he has long been stationary, and, it is hoped, will remain so whilst he can enjoy the comforts of life.

Mr. Millar's next assistant was Robin Lawless †, a name familiar to every Bibliomaniac and every

amiable and chearful temper, and his universal benevolence. He published an edition of Sallust, and was largely concerned in the Monthly Review. He left one son, Samuel Rose, Esq, barrister at law, a young man of considerable talents, and universally beloved for his truly mild and unobtrusive manners; who was the friend and correspondent of Cowper the Poet; and in 1804 was the Editor of Goldsmith's Works, 4 vols. 8vo. He distinguished himself also in his profession by editing some valuable Law books, He married the daughter of Dr. Farr, of Plymouth; and died Dec. 24, 1804, aged only 37, leaving four sons.

* Of whom see p. 390.


+ This diligent and honest servant, who, for considerably more than half a century, had been so well known to, and much distinguished by, the notice and regard of many of the most eminent literary characters of his time, as one of the prin eipal assistants to Mr. Andrew Millar, afterwards to Mr. Alderman Cadell, and finally, to Messrs. Cadell and Davies, the present conductors of that extensive business, died at his apartments in Dean Street, Soho, June 21, 1806, at the advanced age of 82. He was a native of Dublin, and related, not very distantly, to the respectable and recently ennobled family of the same name, as well as to the Barnewalls and Aylmers. He was a Roman Catholick, and strictly observant of the duties and obligations of his religion, yet per. fectly free from the bigotry and uncharitableness which have, on too many occasions, marked the conduct of members of the Romish Church. In his character were united the soundest integrity of mind with a simplicity of manners rarely equalled. His cc2 reading

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