Bookseller who recollects the latter half of the eighteenth century.

In 1758 Mr. Millar met with an apprentice congenial to his most ardent wishes; who, combining industry with intellect, relieved bim in a great measure from the toil of superintending an immense concern; whom in 1765 he readily admitted as his partner: and in 1767 relinquished to him the whole business. I need not add, that this was the late worthy and successful Bookseller Mr. Alderman Cadell *.

Mr. Millar now retired to a villa at Kew Green. He died in the following year; and was buried in the cemetery at Chelsea, near the King's private road; where in 1751 Mr. Millar had erected an sk over a vault appropriated to his family, where three infant children were deposited; and

reading had been extensive; his judgment was remarkably correct; his memory uncommonly strong; and the anecdotes with which it was stored often afforded gratification to his friends, who delighted to draw him into conversation. Humble as was his walk in life, few men had stronger claims to affectionate regard. A purer spirit never inhabited the human bosom. One remarkable instance of his singleness of heart we can add on the most indisputable authority. Not very long before Mr. Cadell obtained the scarlet gown, on taking stock at the end of the year, honest Robin very seriously applied to his master, to ask a favour of him. Mr. Cadell, of course, expected that it was somewhat that might be beneficial to the applicant. But great indeed was his surprize to find that the purport of the request was, that his annual salary might be lowered, as the year's accompt was not so good as the preceding one; and Lawless really feared that his master could not afford to pay him such very high wages. On retiring from business, the benevolent master had a picture of the faithful servant painted by Sir William Beechey, which he always shewed to his friends as one of the principal ornaments of his drawing-room.

* See vol. VI. p. 443.

+ This Cemetery, about a quarter of a mile from the Church, was given to that parish by Sir Hans Sloane.

On which are the several following inscriptions:

"1. Mindful of Death and of Life;

of the Strand, London, Bookseller,
erected this

near the Dormitory


for himself and his beloved wife


afterwards his. own remains, and those of his widow, who had been re-married to Sir Archibald Grant, Bart. of Monymusk, Aberdeenshire. She died, at her house in Pall Mall, Oct. 25, 1788; and left many charitable benefactions; among others, the whole residue of her estate (supposed to be at least 15,000l.) to be disposed of at the discretion of her three executors, the Rev. Dr. Trotter, Mr. Grant, and Mr.Cadell.

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2. "ROBERT MILLAR, aged one year, died in 1736,
interred not far froin hence.
ELIZABETH MILLAR, of the same age, died in 1740,
Buried in the Church-yard of St. Clements Danes..
Innocent in their short lives,
and therefore happy in their Deaths.
Though lost to their human,
they live to their Eternal Parent.

3." Sacred to the Remembrance of

the fleeting Joy, the lasting Grief,
of those who dedicate this Monument.

Having shewn such goodness in this frail life

as attracted the love of all,
he was taken to a better

at Scarborough July 30, 1750, aged five years and six months, interred here August 28 following.

"Here lie the remains of ANDREW MILLAR, Esq.
who departed this Life, June the 8th, 1768,

aged 61 years."

5. "Dame JANne Grant,

widow of Sir ARCHIBALD GRANT, Bart.
who died Oct. 25, 1788, aged 81 years.
Her remains are deposited here,
near those of her first husband,

6. "Here lie the remains of Mrs. MARGARET JOHNSTON; who departed this life July the 30, 1757.”



a Bookseller of considerable eminence in Paternoster-row, and in the commission of the peace for the County of Essex; was Master of the Stationers' Company in 1758. He died Sept. 20, 1764, and was buried at East Ham. Elizabeth, his widow (daughter of Mr. Arthur Bettesworth*, Bookseller) died in 1777; and Charles Hitch, esq. (their son) died April 20, 1781.-Rev. Paul Hitch, M. A. Rector of Horton, co. Gloucester, died Sept. 19, 1786. Another Son died at Falmouth, Oct. 2, 1786.


This distinguished Printer was born in Scotland in April 1715; and was apprenticed there to the profession which he pursued through life. He came early to London, where his capacity, diligence, and probity, raised him to great eminence. The good

* Two other daughters of Mr. Bettesworth are also buried at East Ham; Catherine wife of Richard Heming died in 1758 (her husband in 1741). Thomasine wife of William Stepple, 1777, (her husband in 1781.)

†The following character of him is copied from "The Lounger," a periodical paper, published at Edinburgh, Aug. 20, 1785.

"The advantages and use of Biography have of late been so often mentioned, and are now so universally allowed, that it is needless for any modern author to set them forth. That department of writing, however, has been of late years so much cultivated, that it has fared with Biography as with every other art; it has lost much of its dignity in its commonness, and many lives have been presented to the publick, from which little instruction or amusement could be drawn. Individuals have been traced in minute and ordinary actions, from which no consequences could arise, but to the private circle of their own families and friends, and in the detail of which we saw no passion excited, no character developed, nothing that should distinguish them from those common occurrences,

• Which dully took their course, and were forgotten.'

Yet there are few even of those comparatively insignificant lives, in which men of a serious and thinking cast do not feel a certain degree of interest. A pensive mind can trace, in seemingly trivial incidents and common situations, something


humour and obliging disposition, which he owed to nature, he cultivated with care, and confirmed by habit. His sympathetic heart beat time to the joy or sorrow of his friends. His advice was always' ready to direct youth, and his purse open to relieve

to feed reflection, and to foster thought; as the solitary Naturalist culls the trodden leaves, and discovers, in their form and texture, the principles of vegetative Nature. The motive, too, of the relater often helps out the unimportance of his relation; and to the ingenuous and susceptible, there is a feeling not unpleasant in allowing for the partiality of gratitude, and the tediousness of him who recounts his obligations. The virtuous connections of life and of the heart it is always pleasing to trace, even though the objects are neither new nor striking. Like those familiar paintings that shew the inside of cottages, and the exercise of village-duties, such narrations come home to the bosoms of the worthy, who feel the relationship of Virtue, and acknowledge her family wherever it is found. And, perhaps, there is a calmer and more placid delight in viewing her amidst these unimportant offices, than when we look up to her invested" in the pomp of greatness, and the pride of power.

"I have been led to these reflections by an account with which a correspondent has furnished me of some particulars in the life of an individual, a native of this country, who died a few weeks ago in London, Mr. William Strahan, Printer to his Majesty. His title to be recorded in a work of this sort, my correspondent argues from a variety of considerations unnecessary to be repeated. One, which applies particularly to the public office of the Lounger, I will take the liberty to mention. He was the author of a paper in "The Mirror;" a work, in the train of which I am proud to walk, and am glad of an opportunity to plead my relation to it, by inserting the eloge (I take that word as custom has sanctified it, without adopting its abstract signification) of one of its writers.

"Mr.Strahan was born at Edinburgh in the year 1715. His father, who had a small appointment in the Customs, gave his son the education which every lad of decent rank then received in a country where the avenues to Learning were easy, and open to men of the most moderate circumstances. After having passed through the tuition of a grammar-school, he was put apprentice to a Printer; and, when a very young man, removed to a wider sphere in that line of business, and went to follow his trade in London. Sober, diligent, and attentive, while his emolu-, ments were for some time very scanty, he contrived to live rather within than beyond his income; and though he married early, and without such a provision as prudence might have looked for in the establishinent of a family, he continued to thrive, and to better his circumstances. This he would often mention as an encouragement to early matrimony; and used to say, that he

indigence. Living in times not the purest in the English annals, he escaped unsullied through the artifices of trade, and the corruption of politicks. In him a strong and natural sagacity, improved by an extensive knowledge of the world, served only to

never had a child born, that Providence did not send some increase of income to provide for the increase of his household. With sufficient vigour of mind, he had that happy flow of animal spirits, which is not easily discouraged by unpromising appearances. By him who can look with firmness upon difficulties, their conquest is already half achieved; but the man on whose heart and spirits they lie heavy, will scarcely be able to bear up against their pressure. The forecast of timid, or the disgust of too delicate minds, are very unfortunate attendants for men of business; who, to be successful, must often push improbabilities, and bear with mortifications.

"His abilities in his profession, accompanied with perfect integrity and unabating diligence, enabled him, after the first difficulties were overcome, to get on with rapid success. And he was one of the most flourishing men in the trade, when, in the year 1770, he purchased a share of the patent for King's Printer of Mr. Eyre, with whom he maintained the most cordial intimacy during all the rest of his life. Besides the emoluments arising from this appointment, as well as from a very extensive private business, he now drew largely from a field which required some degree of speculative sagacity to cultivate; I mean, that great literary property which he acquired by purchasing the copyrights of some of the most celebrated Authors of the time. In this his liberality kept equal pace with his prudence, and in some cases went perhaps rather beyond it. Never had such rewards been given to the labours of literary men, as now were received from him and his associates in those purchases of copyrights from Authors.

"Having now attained the first great object of business, wealth, Mr. Strahan looked with a very allowable ambition on the stations of political rank and eminence. Politicks had long occupied his active mind, which he had for many years pursued as his favourite amusement, by corresponding on that subject with some of the first characters of the age. Mr. Strahan's queries to Dr. Franklin in the year 1769, respecting the discontents of the Americans, published in the London Chronicle of 28th July, 1778, shew the just conception he entertained of the important consequences of that dispute, and his anxiety as a good subject to investigate, at that early period, the proper means by which their grievances might be removed, and a permanent harmony restored between the two countries. In the year 1775 he was elected a member of parliament for the borough of Malmsbury, in Wiltshire, with a very illustrious colleague, the Hon. C. J. Fox; and in the succeeding parliament for Wotton Bassett, in the


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