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disposed of to Thomas Osborne, of Gray's Inn, Bookseller; to the irreparable loss, and I had almost said, the indelible disgrace, of the country. It is, indeed, for ever to be lamented, that a collection, so extensive, so various, so magnificent, and intrinsically valuable, should have become the property of one, who necessarily, from his situation in life, became a purchaser, only that he might be a vender, of the volumes. Osborne gave 13,000l. for the collection; a sum, which must excite the astonishment of the present age, when it is informed that Lord Ox#ford gave 18,000l. for the Binding only, of the least part of them*. In the year 1743-4 appeared an account of this collection, under the following title, Catalogus Bibliothecæ Harleianæ,' &c. in four volumes (the 5th not properly appertaining to it.) Dr. Johnson was employed by Osborne to write the Preface, which, says Boswell, he has done with an ability that cannot fail to impress all his readers with admiration of his philological attainments.' In my humble apprehension, the Preface is unworthy of the Doctor: it contains a few general philological reflections, expressed in a style sufficiently stately, but is divested of bibliographical anecdote and interesting intelliThe first two volumes are written in Latin gence. by Johnson; the third and fourth volumes, which are a repetition of the two former, are composed in English by Oldys: and notwithstanding its defects, it is the best Catalogue of a large Library of which we can boast. It should be in every good collection."
"To the volumes was prefixed the following advertisement: As the curiosity of spectators, before the sale, may produce disorder in the disposition of the books, it is necessary to advertise the publick, that there will be no admission into the Library before the day of sale, which will be on Tuesday the 14th of February, 1744.' It seems that Osborne had charged the sum of 5s. to each of his first two volumes, which was represented by the Booksellers
* From Oldys's interleaved Langbaine. See Brydges's Censura Literaria, vol. i. p. 438.
' as an avaricious innovation;' and, in a paper published in The Champion,' they, or their mercenaries, reasoned so justly as to allege, that, if Osborne could afford a very large price for the library, he might therefore afford to give away the Catalogue,' Preface to vol. iii. p. 1. To this charge Osborne answered, that his Catalogue was drawn up with great pains, and at a heavy expence; but, to obviate all objections," those," says he, "who have paid five shillings a volume, shall be allowed, at any time within three months after the day of sale, either to return them in exchange for books, or to send them back, and receive their money." This, it must be confessed, was sufficiently liberal.
"Osborne was also accused of rating his books at too high a price. To this the following was his reply, or rather Dr. Johnson's; for the style of the Doctor is sufficiently manifest: If, therefore, I have set a high value upon books-if I have vainly imagined Literature to be more fashionable than it really is, or idly hoped to revive a taste well nigh extinguished, I know not why I should be persecuted with clamour and invective, since I shall only suffer by my mistake, and be obliged to keep those books which I was in hopes of selling. Preface to the 3d volume. The fact was, that Osborne's charges were extremely moderate; and the sale of the books was so very slow, that Johnson assured Boswell, there was not much gained by the bargain.' Whoever inspects Osborne's Catalogue of 1748 (four years after the Harleian sale) will find in it many of the most valuable of Lord Oxford's books; and among them, a copy of the Aldine Plato of 1513, struck off upon vellum, marked at 217. only: for this identical copy Lord Oxford gave 100 guineas, as Dr. Mead informed Dr. Askew; from the latter of whose collections it was purchased by Dr. Hunter, and is now in the Hunter Museum. There will also be found, in Osborne's Catalogue of 1748 and 1753, some of the scarcest books in English Literature, marked at two, or three, or four shillings, for which three times the number of pounds is now given."
The BALLARDS, of Little Britain*,
famed for more than a century as the supporters of literature, were noted for the soundness of their principles in Church and State. The Father of them was celebrated by John Dunton; and of the Son and Grandson there are a few Bibliomaniacs still living who recollect their integrity and civility. School Books and Divinity Catalogues were their par ticular forte. The father, Samuel, who was many years Deputy of the Ward of Aldersgate Within, died Aug. 27, 1761, The only son, Edward, died Jan. 2, 1796, at the age of 88, in the same house in which he was born. He had outlived his mental faculties: and for some time used to be moved about in a chair. He was the last of the profession in Little Britain, once the grand emporium of Books+.
*The "New View of London, 1708," describing Little Britain, observes, "Here now live many eminent Booksellers, "This street and other trades ;" and Mr. Strype, in 1720, says, is well built, and much inhabited by Booksellers, especially from the pump in Duck-lane, which is also taken up by Booksellers, for old Books."-Macky, in his Journey through England, in 1724, thus describes the situation of the Trade at that period: "The Booksellers of Antient Books in all Languages are in Little Britain and Paternoster-row; those for Divinity and Classics on the North side of St. Paul's Cathedral; Law, History, and Plays, about Temple Bar; and the French Booksellers in the Strand. It seems then that the bookselling business has been gradually resuming its original situation near this Cathedral ever since the beginning of George I. while the neighbourhood of Duck-lane and Little Britain has been proportionably falling into disuse."
† Of the elder Ballard, and also of Scott and Bateman, see before, in vol. I. pp. 423, 424. The original name, as appears by the auction catalogues, was Bullard.
It is not many years since two Booksellers resided there who were used to sport their rubric posts close to each other, as Tom Davies once did in Russel-street. Perhaps Sewell in Cornhill was the last who exhibited the leading authors in his shop in that How few people now remember when it was not an unway. common thing to do so!
Sir JAMES HODGES, Knight,
was many years a considerable Bookseller (particularly in what were called Chap Books) at the sign of the Looking-glass on London Bridge. He was also a member of the Common Council for Bridge Ward; and was one of the Court of Assistants of the Stationers' Company.
April 15, 1757, he made his famous speech in the City Senate, on moving the Freedom of the City to Mr. Pitt, beginning with "History, the Key of Knowledge, and Experience, the Touchstone of Truth, have convinced us that the Country owes the preservation of its most excellent Constitution to the frequent Fears, Jealousies, and Apprehensions of the People*." Being a popular man, and of considerable ability, he was elected in 1757 Town Clerk of the City of London; and was knighted in 1758, on presenting an Address to King George the Second.
In 1759, having been accused, by the friends of Mr. Alderman Beckford, of partiality in the execution of his office, in respect to some matters relative to the election of the Lord Mayor, he vindicated himself by an affidavit, which he thought it necessary to publish. He died at Bath, in October 1774.
Sir STEPHEN THEODORE JANSSEN, Bart,
This worthy gentleman's family was originally of Guelderland, and descended from the baron de Heez, who, in the troubles of the Netherlands, headed a party of those who opposed the Inquisition, and the tyranny of the Duke of Alva, and was made by them Governor of Brussels.
The Duke of Parma, some years after, getting the better of the malecontents, the Baron de Heez was taken prisoner, and beheaded, and all his estate was confiscated. His family deing dispersed by this ac
*See it in the Appendix to Maitland's London, p. 27.
cident, his youngest son, Theodore Janssen de Heez, took refuge in France, and settled in Angoulesme; and living there to a very advanced age, left a great estate, and a numerous issue.
Abraham, the eldest son, had issue, Theodoré Janssen, his eldest son, the first Baronet, who, in the year 1680, removed into England, with a considerable estate, and, in the reign of King William, had the honour of Knighthood conferred on him.
Having in that reign, and the succeeding one, given ample proofs, on several occasions, of his zeal for the interest of Great Britain, particularly in relation to the commerce with France, when that affair was depending in Parliament, after the treaty of Utrecht, being then of Wimbledon * in Surrey, he was, at the special request of his then Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, created a baronet, March 11, 1714-15, 1 Geo. I.; and in the same year he was chosen member of parliament for the borough of Yarmouth, in the Isle of Wight.
By forty years' success in trade, and with an unquestionable reputation, he had acquired a very great estate but in the year 1720, having the misfortune of being a Director of the South-Sea company, he was involved in the common calamity with those unhappy gentlemen; although his innocence was thought to have been sufficiently evident, inasmuch as it did appear that, far from being a gainer by that fatal project, he had considerably lessened his estate by it.
By his wife, Williamsa, daughter of Sir Robert Henley, of the Grange, in Hampshire (who died in September 1731), he had issue, five sons, Sir Abraham, Sir Henry, and Sir Stephen-Theodore, who were all successively Baronets, William, who married a daughter of James Gaultier, Esq. (who died in January 1737-8), and Robert; and three daughters, Henrietta, Barbara, mar
*The manor of Wimbledon (which had been purchased by Sir Theodore) was sold to the Duchess of Marlborough for 15,000%.