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No. VII.

JOHN LOVEDAY, ESQ.

born in 1711, was entered at Magdalen College, Oxford, where he took the degree of M. A. June 12, 1734. This learned and worthy gentleman (who resided many years, and died, at Caversham, near Reading, May 16, 1789, æt. 78), to the steadiest Christianity added the pleasantest manners, and most refined learning; from the stores of which that he was ever ready to communicate, Mr. Urban's pages bear ample testimony, as do the Prefaces of very many writers, who have been indebted to him for useful information*. So re

* I have many of his interesting Letters to Dr. Ducarel; but shall only give a few of his brief but very useful and pleasant billets to the Editor of these Volumes, who in the former Edition of this work was considerably indebted to his communications.

"Nov. 9, 1779. Sir, I thank you for a copy of your late elegant publication †, and for some other curious articles accompanying it. You plainly (give me leave to tell you) set too high a value on what I am able to do in this way: for which you probably will always find me willing, however, for I really am, Sir, Your sincere well-wisher and servant, JOHN LOVEDAY." "Dec. 3. Sir, You have my hearty thanks for your curious' Appendix to Mores,' abounding with entertainment and instruction. The subject of the 2d paragraph brought to mind what disgusted me in Psalmanazar's Memoirs, the uncouth beginning of every paragraph. The article of Dr. Castell in Mr. Granger, as it is worth your perusal, has had it, I presume. As a well-wisher to your literary pursuits, I can be no other than, Yours, &c. J.L."

"March 25, 1780. J. L. not being able to furnish a word of observation on the sheet which arrived on Friday, and yet willing to say something more than that he should be glad to see Mr. Nichols whenever Caversham shall lie in his way, where he will please to observe that the board has always somewhat upon it at two of the clock, sends him references to books, which have somewhat regarding his Relation (for so says a Gentleman's Magazine) the famous John Cleiveland:

"Fuller's Worthies, in Leicestershire, p. 135.

Wood's Athen. Oxon. i. f. 274. ii. 758.

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"Dryden of Dramatick Poesie, p. 22. 4to pamphlet, 1668.
"Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, ii. 221. b.

"R. Jenkin's Defence of Bishop Lake's Profession, p. 2.
"Letter of Mr. John Cleveland to a learned Lord.

MS. in the Lambeth Library, No. 595. p. 99. [To the learned Librarian J. L. always begs his humble service.]

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Granger, by all means.

"The History of the Abbey of Bec, in Normandy.”

"Now

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spected was he by his family, friends, and neighbourhood, as to make his loss a calamity long to be felt.

"Now should all this be forestalled in the "Biographia," J. L. would not wonder; but 'tis more than he can tell, not having that Work in his study."

"June 3, 1780. J. L. having now a complete copy of that elegant publication, The Royal Wills; he proposes (as soon as he can find leisure) to entertain and improve himself by the study of them. When Mr. N. next sees that good Friend at the Commons, he will be so kind to present J. L's very best respects, and to say that it shall not be long before the Doctor shall receive them (with gratitude) under his hand."

Sept. 14, 1780. Our common Friend, Dr. Ducarel, has obliged me extremely by a truly curious letter received from him this day; satisfactory to the highest degree. So much shall be given under my hand to himself, as soon as any further matter arises for a letter. His health, not forgetting Mr. Nichols's, will go round a certain table at Caversham within these few hours. Ita testor, J. L." Nov. 27, 1780. "Thanks, in the gross, for some curious articles in Mr. Nichols's last packet. To mention only one of them. Christopher Wase was one of the most eminent Philologers which England could boast of in the last age. In 1687 he published in 4to, Senarius, s. de legibus & licentiâ veterumi Poetarum Oxen." But as for the sheet of "Metra Horatiana," it is well if, from the fugitive size of it, it may not too much have escaped the notice of the Learned."

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"July 2, 1782. J. L. hopes that Mr. N. and family have escaped the influenza, which has not been very grievous at Caversham. He congratulates Mr. N. on having thus finished his truly entertaining and instructive volume on Mr. Bowyer. J. L's hearty thanks are due for the good Doctor's much esteemed publication; that worthy gentleman has ever the best wishes in J. L's bestowal." Sept. 6. Thanks for your packet, containing valuable articles both from the rolling press and the printing press. To the curious charter, accounted for by Mr. Topham, you see that three of the witnesses are Bishops in Normandy. He of Lisieux has one letter wrong in his description: it should be Luxov. Having now recovered two bodily senses, if I can retain them till the winter evenings, my family depend upon hearing me read the "Anecdotes of Mr. Bowyer," my opinion of which they well know. And if, in the coure of reading, any thing occurs for a second edi tion, it shall be committed to paper. Vivas, valeasque! It is the sincere wish of your faithful servant, J. LOVEDAY."

"This, good Sir, to fulfill my promise; and this was all that occurred to commit to paper, after having entertained and instructed my family and self with reading your truly valuable book on evenings after supper; last night we finished it. With respectful compliments to yourself, and never (when opportunity serves) forgetting them to Dr. Ducarel, I remain, Sir, your faithful friend and servant, JOHN LOVEDAY, May 8, 1793." [Some valuable corrections accompanied this note.]

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As he had ever lived in the practice of virtue, he returned to his Redeemer with hope and resignation. So

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May a man in the 73d year of his age be pardoned for an oversight? Such J. L. was guilty of in the morning of that day, when he last penned down some notices on the Anecdotes. Before night he discovered another paper of like memoranda, as you see, which had before escaped his crazy memory.

The Earl of Orrery says in his Remarks on Swift, that many of Dryden's Dedications and Prefaces are as fine compositions, and as just pieces of criticism, as any in our language. No man can judge better than Mr. Nichols how far forth it may be advisable to collect these together for public use*. May 9, 1783.”

"The next leaf will shew, that your publications have a considerable weight with me; indeed I should be ashamed of myself, if they had not. You had pleasure in acquainting me with Dr. Ducarel's hearty state of health, and I no less in receiving such intelligence; which, with my sincere compliments, I would beg you to say to him, I am ever, &c. J. LOVEDAY, July 8, 1783."

"Nov. 8, 1784. You have my hearty thanks for the many curious articles you have put me in possession of. Happy should I be, were it in my power to communicate any notices, of service to your literary scheme†, which is quite to my goût. Be pleased, however, at the good Doctor's, our common friend, to consult a publication of my old friend Hearne's in 1729. "Hist. Vitæ & Regni Ricardi II, à monacho quodam de Evesham consignata;" subjoined to which you will find " Joannis Berebloci Commentarii de rebus gestis Oxoniæ, ibidem commorante Elizabethâ Reginâ, A. D. 1566." Among Professor Ward's papers, there now lies before 66 me, Oratio Rogeri Marbeck, coram Regina Elizabethâ Oxonii habita, August. 31, 1566." This, if to your purpose, might be sent you up by some safe hand. The mention of the good Professor reminds me of two passages in his Lives of the Gresham Professors, which you will meet with at pp. 16, 237.

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"The Biblioth. Askev. MS. must not pass without a particular acknowledgement, and a stricture or two. No. 391. "Inscriptiones singulares, Hadr. Beverlando collectore," occur in Mr. Hearne's Appendix to his Preface to P. Langtoft's Chronicle. No. 463. "Codex, literis majusculis, Vocibus nullo interposito spatio distinctis." See a publication in 1715 by the aforesaid Mr. T. Hearne," Acta Apostolorum, literis majusculis, etc."

"Dr. Henry Aldrich, the immediate predecessor of Atterbury in the deanery of Christ Church, has a Greek Harmony of the Gospels in MS. lodged in the Church-library at Henley, where his nephew

* The task here recommended by Mr. Loveday was many years after undertaken by a much abler hand. "The Critical and Miscellaneous Prose Works of John Dryden," which had been dispersed in a great variety of books, many of them not easy to be procured, were published by Mr. Malone in 1800; and form a very curious work, which ought to be in every gentleman's library.

"The Progresses of Queen Elizabeth," then in the press.

Mr. Loveday possessed the MSS. of Dr. Ward; which, by the liberality of his son the late Dr. Loveday, are deposited in the British Museum.

Dr.

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perfect a character as this excellent man has perhaps very seldom been exhibited. Others, many we would hope, may have made a proportionable progress, and some may have attained to equal degrees of excellence; but few have begun their course of virtue and religion so early, few have continued it so long, and few, in a retired station, have had the opportunity of exercising it to so great an extent. From his earliest youth to the age of 78, his life was an uniform series of undissembled piety, uninterrupted, perhaps, by the deviation of one day. He discharged the several duties of private and domestic life with the most exact justice and the most comprehensive liberality, with the most constant affection and tenderness as a friend, a parent, and a husband. So warm and diffusive was his philanthropy, that he felt the happiness or misfortunes of others as forcibly as if they were his own. With the most consistent strictness of virtuous and religious sentiments, his manners were those of the most accomplished gentleman, and his conversation was easy, chearful, and instructive. His erudition was solid and various; his mind active, capacious,

Dr. Charles Aldrich was rector. You will find nothing of Atterbury's there*, as I apprehend. For scarcity of covers, you will excuse me for writing to the Doctor under yours.

Ever Mr. Nichols's faithful and affectionate, JOHN LOVEDAY." "As to "curious remarks" in Registers †, see the two following publications of Hearne, both in the library of our good friend Dr. Ducarel: 1. "The History and Antiquities of Glastonbury," p. 272-284. By the by, the Clergyman of my name, occurring in the last page, was no relation of my family; pardon this uninteresting minute. See also the preface, p. xxxi, &c. 2. "T. de Elmham Vita Hen. V." p. 423. Not improbably there may be somewhat on this head, worthy of attention, in a 4to tract, printed in 1764. " Observations on Marriages, Baptisms, and Burials, as preserved in Parochial Registers, &c. By Ralph Bigland, esq. Somerset Herald." I need not say that this gentleman is now most deservedly Garter King at Arms."

"These notes, of little concern, had made part of my last letter, had the queries under consideration then reached my hands; which was not the case till last Saturday. J. L. March 22, 1785."

*Bp. Atterbury's "Epistolary Correspondence" was then in the press. "Illustrations of Antient Manners and Expences in England, 1797."

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and persevering, directed principally to the cultivation of sacred learning, but employing and delighting itself continually with whatever was great and excellent in literature; and the vigour of his intellectual enjoyments accompanied him to the last. He was one of those few remaining private gentlemen, who, constantly residing in the country, have made it their object, by their authority, their example, and their beneficence, to promote the good order and comfort of their parishioners. He was a true member of the Church of England, whose institutions and discipline he thoroughly understood, and whose worship he most conscientiously attended, till increased infirmities rendered him incapable. His memory will remain for the good of those who survive him, as a man whose piety and obedience to his Maker was most zealous, whose faith in his Redeemer was most pure and unshaken, whose affection to his family and his friends was most exalted, and whose charity and benevolence was most extensive and universal.

The preceding article, which first appeared in the Gentleman's Magazine, led to the following communication from a gentleman who knew him well, and very sincerely respected him,

"The following letter was printed in the Reading Mercury of May 23, 1789; and I have no doubt you will be glad, on every account, to preserve it in your valuable Magazine. The incomparable person who is the subject of it, never, I believe, gave any thing in his own name to the publick; for the tract which is called his in the Archæologia, vol. I. was inaccurately published without his knowledge or consent, and had not received his last hand. But the hints which he suggested, and the information which he most liberally communicated to others, frequently enriched the Gentleman's Magazine, as well as other learned works. Mr. Hearne, in many of his publications, acknowledges his obligations to

* The monument of Mr. Thomas Hearne at Oxford was well restored by Mr. Loveday in 175Q.

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