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"A Poem to the Memory of the celebrated Mrs. Cibber. By George Keate, Esq." 4to.

the "Observations on the Statutes." He also finds, upon looking into his own interleaved copy of the Book, that, by the perusal of many MSS. and other uncommon materials, he hath very considerable additions to make. He therefore thinks it would not be honest to sell the remaining 100 copies, when he is determined to print a new Edition, which will make perhaps the last nearly waste-paper. Mr. Barrington never intended to make any profit by this publication; and would therefore have from the first offered the copy-right to Messrs. Bowyer, Baker, and Sandby; but he really was apprehensive that they would be losers by such a present. The Book is of the Antiquary sort, and by no means calculated for a great sale. Mr. Barrington, therefore, still apprehends, that the proposed new Edition will be still less worth their acceptance, though perhaps the putting his name to it may contribute to the sale of a few copies. Mr. Barrington is at all events determined to print such a new Edition. If Messrs. Bowyer, Baker, and Sandby, think the right of copy worthy their acceptance, they are most heartily welcome to it, letting Mr. Barrington have 24 copies for his relations and particular friends. They will, however, consider of this, and give Mr. Barrington an answer without reserve." The offer was of course accepted; and the third Edition was accordingly printed soon after.-In 1773, desiring to second the wishes of the Rev. Mr. Elstob to give to the world the Saxon translation of Orosius, ascribed to King Alfred, in one volume octavo, he added to it an English translation and notes, which neither give the meaning nor clear up the obscurities of the Latin or Saxon authors, and subjected the Editor (who intended it chiefly for his own amusement, and that of a few antiquarian friends) to severe animadversions (Gent. Mag. vol. XLVII. p. 337). His next publication was, "Tracts on the Probability of reaching the North Pole, 1775," 4to. He was the first proposer of the memorable voyage to the North Pole, which was undertaken by Captain Phipps, afterwards created Lord Mulgrave; and, on the event of it, he collected a variety of facts and speculations, to evince the practicability of such an undertaking. His Papers were read at two meetings of the Royal Society; and, not being admitted into their "Philosophical Transactions," were published separately. It must be allowed that the honourable Author bestowed much time and labour on the investigation of the subject, and accumulated an amazing quantity of written, traditionary, and conjectural evidence, in proof of the possibility of circumnavigating the Pole; but, after all, when his testimonies were examined pondere non numero, they were far from proving so satisfactory as might have been wished. His Tracts on this subject were republished in his "Miscellanies on various Subjects, 1781," 4to, consisting of some of his papers in the " Philosophical Transac tions," and other miscellaneous Essays composed or compiled by

. The large "Greek Grammar, for the Use of Westminster School," 8vo.

him. The first tract among these was, "An Enquiry whether the Turkey was known before the Discovery of America." [This produced from Mr. Pennant, in the "Philosophical Transactions, 1781," an History of the Turkey, to prove that it was peculiar to America, and unknown before the discovery of that Continent. My respected friend Mr. Barrington," he says, "had taken the other side of the question; but this was not published by me polemically, or in any wise inimical to so excellent a character." (Literary Life, p. 27.)] Essays on the Rein-deer; the Bat, or Rere-mouse; the sudden Decay of several Trees in St. James's Park, within a Year after the Filling-up of Rosamond's Pond; the periodical Appearance and Disappearance of certain Birds at different Times of the Year (Phil. Trans. vol. LXII. p. 265; Gent. Mag. vol. XLIII. p. 501); the Torpidity of the Swallow Tribe when they disappear; on the prevailing Notions with regard to the Cuckoo; on the Linnean System (to which he objects, as obscure, complicated, and unintelligible, on many accounts); Particulars of the Agreement between the King of Spain and the Royal Society for an Exchange of Natural Curiosities; Account of Mozart, a remarkable young Musician, with other extraordinary Persons in the same Line (Phil. Trans. vol. LX. p. 54); of the Deluge in the Time of Noah (objecting to its universality, and confining the term Earth to the country where Noah lived); the History of the Gwidir Family, by Sir John Wynne, the first Baronet of the Name, who was born 1553 (first printed by Mr. Barrington in 12mo); a Letter, intended for Dodsley's Museum, on the English and French Writers (the Plan taken from the Battle of the Books); a Dialogue on the antient Tragedies, written at Oxford, 1746; the Voyage of Ohthere and the Geography of the IXth Century illustrated, extracted from the Anglo-Saxon Version of Orosius before mentioned; Journal of a Spanish Voyage, 1775, to explore the Coast of America Northward of California."—Mr. Barrington's communications in the "Philosophical Transactions" are, a Letter on some Particular Fish found in Wales (LVII. 204); Investigation of the Difference between the present Temperature of Air in Italy and some other Countries from what it was Seventeen Centuries ago (LVIII. 58, Gent. Mag. XL. 131); on the Trees which are supposed to be indigenous in Great Britain (LIX. 23); Letter concerning Chesnut Trees (LXI. 167), controverting Dr. Ducarel's Paper on that subject (ibid. 136, Gent. Mag. XLII. 527, XXXII. 54); Account of a Mole from North America (LXI. 292); some Experiments made in North Wales to ascertain the Quantities of Rain which fell at the same time at different Heights (ibid. 294); Investigation of the specific Character which distinguishes the Rabbit from the Hare (LXII. 4, Gent. Mag. XLIII. 294); Account of a Fossil lately found near Christ Church in Hampshire (LXIII. 171); Observations on the La

gopus,

"A larger Confutation of Bishop Hare's System of Hebrew Metre; in a Letter to the Rev. Dr. Ed

gopus, or Ptarmagan (ibid. 224); Experiments and Observations on the Singing of Birds (ibid. 249); of the Gillaroo (LXIV. 116, Gent. Mag. XLIV. 530, 531, 579). To the Third Volume of Mr. Pennant's "British Zoology" is added Mr. Barrington's " ingenious and learned Essay on the Language of Birds;" which having produced a slight remark in Gent. Mag. vol. LIII. p. 990; Mr. Barrington very placidly observed to a friend, "I could send a very short answer to this objection, which is, that I have expressly confined the power of imitation in birds to the respective powers from their organs. A duck undoubtedly can only quack, because its organs will produce no other sound. If I was to make this, or other defence, it would be expected that I should do the same to every other objection. I have, perhaps, published too many things, but mean to be quiet from controversy for the remainder of my days. When I say this, do not suppose me out of humour, either with the world, or my brother authors, whose treatment of me I have no occasion to complain of." In the Archæologia" of the Society of Antiquaries are the following Papers by Mr. Barrington: Observations on the Welsh Castles (I. 278); on Cæsar's Invasion of Britain, and more particularly his Passage across the Thames (II. 134, 141); Dr. Owen, in a subsequent Paper, printed in the same Volume, concurs with him in opinion that Cæsar's Tamesis was the Medway, and not the Thames. Some Account of Two Musical Instruments used in Wales, the Crwth and the Pib-gawn (III. 30); Mr. Pegge's Observations on the Growth of the Vine in England considered and answered (ibid. 67). [An unfounded conjecture advanced in "The Observations on the Statutes," that England never produced Grapes, was controverted by Mr. Pegge in the Paper preceding the present; and a defence of the latter's arguments, though read at the Society and approved, not being indulged with a place in their "Archæologia," appeared in the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. XLV. p. 513.] On the Expiration of the Cornish Language (III. 278); on the Corbridge Altars (ibid. 324); it was reserved for the penetration of the late Mr. Tyrwhitt to decypher this Crux Antiquariorum. The account of the body of Edward I, as it appeared on opening it, was drawn up by Sir Joseph Ayloffe (ibid. 376), to obviate a misconception of the writ for renewing the wax round it, as if it was a repeated cering, instead of renewing the wax tapers placed round the tomb. On the Term Levant (ÏV. 27); Observations on the Apamean Medal (ibid. 315), in which his objections to the universality of the Deluge are stated. And, in a second Paper, delivered to the Society, but not printed, without concerning himself with the genuineness of the Medal, which seems the most essential part of the controversy, and which had been completely overthrown by Dean Milles, he defended every argument he had before brought in favour of the Deuchalonic against the Noachic Deluge,

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wards, in answer to his Latin Epistle. By Robert Lowth, D. D. F. R. SS. Lond. & Goetting. and Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty.

against both Mr. Bryant and the Dean; and concluded with saying, "that, having thus endeavoured to vindicate his former Dissertation on the Apamean Medal, he sees no room for an apology in that behalf, as it is the duty, he conceives, of every member so to do, while he continues unconvinced by the arguments of his opponents; and this duty also becomes the more necessary, when the objections are made from so respectable authority." The fate of this medal is truly singular. Mr. Bryant applied it in proof of the universality of the Deluge; Mr. Barrington wrested it to a contrary sense. Abbé Barthelemy, followed by Dean Milles, denied its genuineness; and on this and his other Papers in this Volume see Gent. Mag. XLVII. 336, 337. Some additional information relative to the Continuance of the Cornish Language (V. 81); Observations on Patriarchal Customs and Manr.ers (ibid. 119, Gent. Mag. XLIX. 444); on which review it was observed by a friend of Mr. Urban, half surmising the writer, that "somebody had taken the pains to go over the ground carefully and con amore with the Hon. Daines Barrington." The same Correspondent had before observed, "It is not often that Laymen get credit by meddling with the Bible; at least, we Clerks think so; yet, if any, surely the patriarchal life might have been properly treated." Observations on St. Justin (or Justinian's) tomb in Anglesey (ibid. 143); Observations on the earliest Introduction of Clocks (ibid. 416); on the vitrified Walls in Scotland, particularly Fort Dunagoyle, in the Isle of Bute (VI. 100), supposing the stones to be volcanic, or from the Bloomeries; Observations on the Progress of Archery in England (VII. 46); on the Progress of Gardening in England (ibid. 113); an Account of certain remarkable Pits or Caves in the Earth in the County of Berks (ibid. 236); Silver Denarii found in Lancashire (ibid. 414), and a Celt near Segontium in Wales (ibid. 417, Gent. Mag. LIII. 465); Observations on a Picture by Zuccaro, from Lord Falkland's Collection, supposed to represent the Game of Primero (VIII. 133*); on the Antiquity of Card-playing in England (ibid. 134); on the Grey-weathers in Berkshire (supposing them to have been blown thither from a volcano), and the Crypts in Canterbury Cathedral (supposing them and others to have been intended to keep the Choirs dry (Gent. Mag. LVII. 697); Disquisitions on the Game of Chess (IX. 16); on the Origin of the Arms belonging to the Two Honourable Societies of the Inner and Middle Temple, the Pegasus and the Holy Lamb (ibid. 127); a Seal found at Dunstar Castle (ibid. 369). After all these various literary productions, Mr. Barrington incurred the animadversions and ridicule of the author of the "Pursuits of Literature."-He was F. R. S. and was elected F. A. S. Feb. 18, 1768, and afterwards Vice-president; which rank he resigned on account of the ill state of his health. He

was

"An Historical Account of the Life of Charles the Second, King of Great Britain; after the Manner of Mr. Bayle. Drawn from original Writers

was also a member of the club in Essex-street, instituted by Dr. Johnson (see vol. II. p. 553).-He died, after a lingering illness, in the King's Bench Walk, Temple, March 11, 1900; and his remains were interred in the vault of the Temple church: where the funeral service was performed by the Master, Dr. Reynell, since Dean of Winchester. The pall-bearers were, the Master of the Rolls, Sir William Scott, Counsellor Graham, Mr. Popham, Sir William Wynne, the Attorney General, Mr. Graves, and Mr. Champion; his nephew Col. Price (son of his elder sister, by Robert Price, esq. of Hereford) chief mourner; other mourners, Mr. Stanley, Mr. Aldeney, Mr. Wynne, and Mr. Lascelles, brother benchers and particular friends.-To these particulars, originally compiled by Mr. Gough for the use of Mr. Urban, another correspondent adds, "There are certain men who, without the boast of great talents or resplendent abilities, obtain, by useful diligence, accurate investigation, and invariable integrity, that solid respect which the eccentricities of Genius will seldom suffer Genius to enjoy. Such respect did Daines Barrington possess throughout a long and honourable life. He was bred to the Bar; but, though esteemed a very sound lawyer, he never rose to any distinguished eminence as a pleader. He was, however, for some time Recorder of Bristol, a very respectable situation, in which he was preceded by that eminent judge Sir Michael Foster, and was succeeded by Mr. Dunning, the first lawyer of his day, afterwards created Lord Ashburton. He was also advanced to the rank of King's Counsel, and was, during several years, one of the Welsh Judges. If it had been his wish, he might, without doubt, have attained the English Ermine; but, possessed of an ample income, having a strong bias to antiquarian knowledge, natural history, and its concomitant studies, he retired from the practice of the law, and applied his legal knowledge to the purposes of investigating curious questions of legal antiquity. They have been published in a quarto volume. His enquiries into ornithology and various phænomena of Nature are well known; and his conversation on those subjects will not be forgotten by any one who has been admitted to reap the benefits of it. He was an old and most respectable fellow of the Royal Society, and a very ingenious contributor to the annual volume of its Transactions. He was also among those who, at a former period, frequented Tom's Coffee-house, near the Temple; where, during the early part of the evening, the literature and the theatrical history of the day were agreeably discussed, by men who were capable of deeper discussions; and where, in his earlier years, the writer of this article has frequently listened with pleasure and improvement to their conversation. But Tom's Coffee-house is no more; and Mr. Barrington was nearly the survivor of those who formed that pleasant society. He had for a great

number

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