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1797 James Dodsley', Esq.
useful Corrector of the Press, and occasional Editor for the Booksellers. The son was for some years principal clerk to Thomas Curtis, esq. (a worthy Member of the present Court of Assistants); in which station he had saved a considerable sum of money. He became a Liveryman in 1785; died in January 1795; and was buried, with his father, in Hendon church-yard. In his last Will, dated Jan. 3, 1795, he says:
"I give and bequeath all the Remainder of Property whatever to the Worshipful Company of Stationers, upon the following conditions: That they will allow my sister Mary Johnson, Fifty Pounds per annum, to be paid half-yearly to her only; and Ten Pounds per annum, to my uncle Lockington Johnson, or to his wife Elizabeth Johnson, during their natural lives. So that after the deaths of my sister Mary Johnson, my uncle Lockington Johnson, or his wife Elizabeth Johnson, all my whole Property to be divided Half-yearly, viz. the Interest as the Dividends shall become due (after deducting one guinea for an annual sermon at Hendon, and three guineas for a dinner for the Master and Wardens, when they hear the sermon and visit his grave) among "Five very poor widows who have seen better days, above the age of sixty, whose Husbands were Liverymen, and in a good way of business; were either Stationers, Printers, Booksellers, or Binders:" the choice of these objects to be left to the Master, Wardens, and Court of Assistants of the Company of Stationers. N. B. To avoid any Dispute, in case my Uncle and Aunt outlives my Sister, the Fifty not to go to them, but to be divided amongst the Five Widows. [Besides the Sum of 1000l. Four per Cent. Bank Annuities, found in the Testator's name, the Executors, with his other property, purcha sed 800l. like Annuities; the whole of which has been transferred to, and stands in the name of the Corporation, with a balance in cash of 421. 10s. 10d. paid over by the Executors to the Master and Wardens. Since which the Sum of 50l. like Annuities has from a surplus of cash been purchased, and stands in the name of the Corporation.-There is also a Sum of 50l. Five per Cent. Bank Annuities, in the name of the Testator's Father, which cannot be transferred until the event of the Testator's Sister either marrying or arriving at the age of Forty; but the Dividends of it are received by the Company.-The half yearly Dividend on the whole 19007. being 381. 5s.]
Mr. Dodsley, by his will, gave 320l. to the Company. See memoirs of him in vol. VI. p. 437.
• This gentleman (partner with Mr. Wright, as stated in p. 604) was several years one of the Common Council of the ward of Candlewick, and was elected Alderman of Walbrook in 1781. He served the office of Sheriff the same year, and that of Lord Mayor in 1788; and was elected Treasurer of Christ's Hospital in 1785. He died March 26, 1798; and by his will gave 30 shillings a year, to be added to Cater's dinner.
1801 Thomas Cadell, Esq. Alderman.
**The Company pay 51. annually to the Churchwardens of St. Mary at Hill, under the name of Mrs. Revell's gift [widow of John Revell]; but her name does not occur among the Benefactors.
CLERKS OF THE COMPANY.
1578 Richard Collins; died 1613.
1696 Benjamin Tooke, pro tempore.
1605 Nathaniel Butler; resigned 1606.
■ Mr. Alderman Cadell was Master of the Company in 1799. gave the fine window which adorns the Hall. See before, p. 581.; and memoirs of him in vol. VI. p. 441.
1 Mr. Dilly (who had been Master in 1802) gave 7001. Three per Cent. Annuities; the interest to be paid to two poor widows of Liverymen, 10 guineas to each. See vol. III. p. 190.
3 See among the Benefactors, p. 600.
See pp. 607. 626.—Mr. Tooke is also noticed in vol. I. pp. 107.115.
5 See among the Benefactors, p. 602.
Mr. Partridge retired to Croydon, where he died March 3, 1809, at the advanced age of 90, having for several years befo re been totally blind.
7 Mr. Baldwin was many years Deputy Clerk of the Crown, and Registrar of the Amicable Society in Serjeant's Inn. He died universally respected, March 15, 1800, aged 75.
8 Youngest son of John Rivington, esq. Master in 1775; of hom see p. 400.
1610 Edward Weaver; resigned 1635.
See among the Benefactors, p. 594.
* See p. 597.
3 Mr. Hett had been for many years a Bookseller in the Poultry, of considerable reputation amongst the Dissenters. He died in 1780; leaving two sons, one of whom, Mr. Richard Hett, a man of mild and amiable manners, was a Printer of considerable business in Wild-court, Lincoln's-inn-fields, in the office which had formerly belonged to Mr. John Watts. He died May 9, 1805, leaving an only daughter.-The other son, Mr. John Hett, was bred to the Law; and in 1775, became a Master in Chancery; which he resigned in 1792; and died soon after, paralytic, at Bath. His niece (the daughter of Richard) was married, Feb. 5, 1795, to John Mackintosh, esq.
• Mr. Hawkins was many years a Bookseller in Fleet-street, near the Temple Gate. He died in 1780, at a very advanced age.
5 Mr. Wilkie was a Bookseller in St. Paul's Church-yard; and much respected for his pleasant and engaging manners. He died July 2, 1785; leaving two sons, now living, and very worthy Members of the Company. The eldest, Mr. George Wilkie, has been already mentioned in p. 449. - Mr. Thomas Wilkie, the younger son, is settled in Salisbury, of which City he has had the honour of being Chief Magistrate.
6 Mr. Horsfield died March 4, 1798, aged 75.- He had been for several years a Bookseller in Ludgate-street; where he succeeded to the extensive business of Messrs. Knapton.-Mr. James Knapton, Master of the Company in 1727, and again in 1728, died Nov. 24, 1736. Mr. Paul Knapton married Feb. 14, 1741, Elizabeth Chilwell; and died June 12, 1755.—Mr. John Knapton, three times Master, 1742, 1743, and 1744, died in 1770.
A younger son of Thomas Greenhill, esq. many years a wholesale Stationer in Gracechurch-street. He was Master of the Company in 1787; but, having retired from business, died at Watford, Herts, Jan. 16, 1798.
PROGRESS OF SELLING BOOKS BY CATALOGUES.
If the circulation of Books be a mark of a learned age, no method has been thought of better adapted to that purpose, than by making what are commonly called Sale CATALOGUES of them. These are of two sorts; by auction and by hand. The practice has now obtained considerably above a century.
The oldest I have seen of the first class are those of Lazarus Seaman ‡, D. D. 1676, by Will. Cooper, bookseller, Warwick-lane; and Mr. Kidner, rector of Hitchin, by the same, in Little Britain. And that these were the first in the kind, may be gathered from
*First printed in the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. LVIII. 1066. + Maunsell's Catalogue of English printed Books, part I. inscribed "to the Queene's Most Sacred Majestie be continued the blessinge and protection of the Mighty God of Jacob;" and part II. dedicated to Robert Earl of Essex, &c. were both published in 1595, fol. This is rather analogous to the modern Catalogues of new publications.
"A Catalogue of the most vendible Books in England, digested under the heads of Divinity, History, Physick, &c. with School Books, Hebrew, Greek, and Latin; and an Introduction for the Use of Schools, by W. London," was published in 4to, Lond. 1658, with this motto, VARIETAS DELECTAT.
"Clavel's General Catalogue of Books printed in England since the dreadful Fire 1666, to the end of Trinity Term, 1676, was continued every Term until 1700.-" Mr. Robert Clavel is a great dealer, and has deservedly gained himself the reputation of a just man. Dr. Barlow, Bishop of Lincoln, used to call him the honest Bookseller. He has been Master of the Company of Stationers [1698 and 1699]; and perhaps the greatest unhappiness of life, was his being one of Alderman Cornish's Jury. He printed Dr. Comber's Works, &c." Dunton, p. 283. To this Catalogue is prefixed an Address to the Reader, wherein the custom of selling books by auction is mentioned as having been but of recent origin in our country. See some curious particulars concerning the sale, in Dibdin's Bibliomania, p. 402.
the preface to the next, which was, that of William Greenhill, minister of Stepney, at the Turk's-head coffee-house, in Bread-street (in ædibus Ferdinandi Stable, coffipole, ad insigne capitis Turca), by Zach. Bourne, who sets forth, that "the attempts in this kind (by the sale of Dr. Seaman's and Mr. Kidner's libraries) having given great content and satisfaction to the gentlemen who were the buyers, and no discouragement to the sellers, hath encou→ raged the making this trial by exposing (to auction or sale) the Library of Mr. William Greenhill *.”
William Cooper next sold the Library of Dr. Thomas Manton, at his late house in King-street, Covent Garden, 1678; and in the same year, John Dunmore and Richard Chiswellt, booksellers, those
* William Greenhill, a native of Oxfordshire, of plebeian parentage, was admitted, at the age of 13, a servitor of Magdalen College, Oxford; where he took the degree of M. A. in 1612. Embracing early the principles of the Puritans, and afterwards of the rigid Independents, he was appointed in 1643 Lecturer at Stepney and afterwards filled the same office at St. Michael's, Cornhill, and St. Giles, Cripplegate. Being a worthy and a moderate man, and much valued for his great learning and unwearied labours, he was appointed in 1643 one of the As, sembly of Divines; preached a Fast Sermon before the House of Commons April 26, 1643; and was fixed on as a proper person to be Chaplain to the King's children, the Dukes of York and Gloucester, and the Lady Henrietta Maria. In 1653, he was ap pointed by Cromwell a Tryer of Schoolmasters, Preachers, &c. and in 1654, Mr. Hoyle, the vicar of Stepney, having been sequestered, Mr. Greenhill was appointed to that cure by the Keepers of the Liberties of England; and held it till ejected after the Restoration; subsequently to which, he continued at Stepney as a Dissenting Minister, but in reduced circumstances. Mr. Howe, in his Funeral Sermon for Mr. Mead, speaking of his going to give Mr. Greenhill some assistance, styles him, "that eminent servant of Christ, whose praise is with God." He published "An Exposition of Ezekiel, to Chap. xxix. by William Greenbill, Lecturer in London, 1650," 4 vols, 4to, "Sermons of Christ his Discovery of himself, &c. 1656;" "A Sermon before the Par liament 165..; "The Sound Christian; or, a Treatise of the Soundness of the Heart, with some other Sermons, 1670," Svo; and is supposed to have died in 1676.
In the Address to the Reader, prefixed to Manton's Catalogue, it would seem that this was the fourth trial of this mode of sale in our own country. See Dibdin's Bibliomania, p. 408. Of Mr. Chiswell see vol. I. p. 62; vol.IV. pp. 67.73.-He was in VOL. III. Ꭱ Ꭱ 1683,