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of Dr. Benjamin Worsley, and two other learned nien, over-against the Hen and Chickens, in Paternoster-row, at nine in the morning.
1683, and I believe many years afterwards an eminent Bookseller in St. Paul's Church-yard. John Dunton, p. 250, places him at the head of the most eminent of the profession of the three kingdoms. "Mr. Richard Chiswell well deserves the title of Metropolitan Bookseller of England, if not of all the world. His name at the bottom of a title page, does sufficiently recommend the book. He has not been known to print either a bad book, or on bad paper. He is admirably well qualified for his business, and knows how to value a copy according to its worth; witness the purchase he has made of Archbishop Tillotson's octavo Sermons." He was born in the parish of St. Botolph's Aldgate; and was appointed one of the first Directors of the Bank of England in the original charter; and was buried in that church, with the following epitaph:
"Mr. Richard Chiswell, a noted Bookseller in St. Paul's Church-yard, lies buried in the North aile of this church; and also his father and mother, John and Margaret Chiswell; and his first wife Sarah, daughter of John King; and also five children, who died young, whom he had by Mary, daughter of Richard Royston, Bookseller, who lies buried in Christ Church, London [see p. 598.]; by whom he had likewise three sons more; John, who died in India, Richard, and Royston, who survived him. He was born in this parish Jan. 4, 1639, and died May 3, 1711, and was a man worthy of great praise. As a memorial whereof, his son Richard Chiswell, of London, merchant, caused a monument to be erected, which is against the wall in the South aile."-See in Gent. Mag. vol. LIV. p. 179; a list of the principal Books published by R. Chiswell from 1675 to 1709; and some of the family epitaphs. - Mr. Chiswell's first wife was Sarah, daughter of Mr. John King; and his second, Mary, daughter of Richard Royston, esq. bookseller to Charles I. and II. By the last wife he had five children, who died young, and three sons more; John, who died in India, Richard and Roystop, who survived him. Richard, the eldest son, was an eminent Turkey merchant, representative in Parliament for Calne, co. Wilts, 1714; several times a Director of the Bank, between the years 1714 and 1721. He bought the estate of DepdenHall, near Newport, in Essex, and married Mary, daughter and one of the coheiresses of Thomas Trench, of London, merchant, also several times a Director of the Bank between the years 1736 and 1751, in which year he died, and was buried at Depden. (Mr. Trench's other daughter married Dudley Foley, esq. merchant.) Mrs. Chiswell died 1796, aged 47, having had 10 children, of whom William and Trench died at Constantinople, aged about 18; a son, Richard, and two daughters survived their father. The son was also a Turkey merchant, and resided in the early part of his life at Constantinople, being
Nathaniel Ranew, those of Gabriel Sangart and another person, magni, dum vixit, nominis,at the Harrow, overagainst the College of Physicians, Warwick-1.
Moses Pits made an auction, for the trade only, of copies printed at the Sheldon theatre, and by himself, in Petty Canons-hall, Paul's church-yard.
In 1679, William Cooper sold the library of Stephen Watkins and Dr. Thomas Shirley, and another, learned man, at the Golden Lion, overagainst the Queen's-head tavern, in Pater-nosterCrow, at 9 in the morning, and 2 in the afternoon.
partner in the house of Hanger, brother to Henry Lord Colerane. After he came home, he was chosen a Director of the Bank in 1738, and was frequently re-elected till the year 1753; he was also a captain in the Essex militia, and one of the trustees of Sir John Morden's College on Blackheath for decayed merchants, and had a good house at Homerton in Hackney, where he resided some part of the year; but died unmarried at Depden-Hall June 1772, leaving behind him a very great fortune, the bulk of which descended to Richard, son of one of his sisters above-mentioned, who was married to Peter Muilman, of KirbyHall, Essex, ésq. an eminent Dutch merchant, younger brother to Henry Muilman, esq. renowned in antient story for having martried the once gay, once beautiful Teresia Constantia Phillips, of famous memory, who died some years ago in Jamaica. This gentleman was also an eminent merchant, and married one of the daughters of James Jurin, M. D. some time of Clapton in Hackney. After the death of his uncle, he took the names of Trench Chiswell; and laid out a great deal of money in improv Sing and embellishing his estate at Depden. He was F. S. A.;
M. P. for Aldborough, in Yorkshire; and assisted in publishing
William Cooper, those of John Godolphin, J.U.D. and Owen Philips, A. M. under-master of Winchester, in Westmoreland-court, Bartholomew-close.
Moses Pits, various libraries and collections, from that of Gisbert Voet*, at the White Hart, Bartholomew-close.
* A celebrated German Divine. He was Professor of Divinity and the Oriental Languages at Utrecht; and died 1677, aged 87. + Author of The Work of Faith; being a Repetition of some Morning Lectures, 1656," 8vo.
John Dunmore, bookseller, sold at his house, near the sign of the Woolpack in Ivy-lane, the Library of Sir Edward Byshe, knt. Clarenceux (the year not mentioned).
By MS prices in some of these Catalogues it appears, that one penny was a very cominon bidding.
Mr. Smith's books were sold by Mr. Chiswell in 1682; and I have seen a few of the prices in MS. *
Libraries of Mr. Wheatly, minister, near Banbury, and of Simon Rutland, M. D. of Brentwood, sold by auction, at Mr. Bridges's coffee-house, Pope's head alley, April 23, 1683.
The interval till 1686 I have not been able to fill up: but in that year I find the Library of Sir Robert Wyseman, Kt. LL. D. sold by Robert Scott.
Obadiah Sedgewick, B.D.; Edward Millington, Bookseller, of London, at the Black Swan, Trumpington-street.
Physical, of Christopher Terne and Thomas Allen, F. R. SS. and Robert Talbot, Pyretiator ; Ditto, at his Auction-room opposite the Black Swan, Ave-Mary-lane.
Richard Davis, Bookseller, two parts, Oxford; Millington and Cooper, booksellers, London.
Choice English books, all folio, two Wednesdays in May; at Jonathan's coffee-house, Christopher Husseet, Bookseller, Little Britain.
Choice books, chiefly of Mr. Francis Bacon; Black Swan, Cambridge, En. Wyre, bookseller.
Dr. Bradford, and W. Cooper, A. M. Bridges's coffee-house, Pope's-head-alley.
Law books of Sir Richard Weston, Knight, Baron of the Exchequer; Millington.
Dr. Edmund Castell, Professor of Arabic at Cambridge; at the Eagle and Child there, Ditto.
*Mr. Bindley possesses the original Sale Catalogue, with the prices and purchasers names.
+ Of whom see vol. IV. p. 29.
"He is a downright honest man; and has always a large stock of books that are very scarce. He is a man of moderation, and my good friend." Dunton, p. 296.
§ Of whom see memoirs in vol. IV.
Medical; Child's Coffee-house, William Cooper. James Chamberlain, fellow of St. John's, Cambridge; in Cook's-row, Sturbridge fair, Millington. Library of Arthur Earl of Anglesey, 1686. Mr. Sheppard of London, and another Gentleman; Thomas Ward, Upholsterer.
1686-7, Feb. 28. Books in quires; Millington. French, of Charles Mearnet, late Bookseller to the King; King's-arms, Charing Cross, William Cooper. Bibliotheca cujusdam Viri literati; Ditto, Pelican, Little-Britain,
Charles Mearne's English books; Millington, Richard's Coffee-house.
Auction at Thomas Bowman's, Bookseller; Oxford. Jer. Copping, of Sion College, and Anscel Beaumont, esq. Jonathan's Coffee-house.
1687. The Library of Robert Scott, Bookseller, and Bibliotheca Jacombiana §, by Millington.
Vendible and useful English and Latin Books, on most subjects, and in all volumes, sold by Auction 1688-9, at the Three Half Moons, St. Paul's Churchyard .
Tooker's Catalogue of William Miller's famous Collection of Pamphlets to this day, no date.
* "Bibliotheca Angleseiana, sive Catalogus Variorum Librorum in quâvis Linguâ & Facultate insignium: quos cum ingenti sumptu & summâ diligentiâ sibi procuravit Honoratissimus Arthur Comes d'Anglesey, Privati olim Sigilli Custos, & Carolo Secundo à Secretioribus Conciliis. Quorum Auctio habebitur Londini, in ædibus Nigri Cygni, ex adverso Australis Porticus Ecclesia Cathedralis Pauline, in Coemiterio D. Paul. 25 die Octob. 1686. Per Thomam Philippum, Generosum, olim Economum prædicto Comiti. 1686." 4to, pp. 98 and 76.
† Son, probably, of Samuel Mearne; see p. 598.
§ The Rev. Dr. Thomas Jacomb, a respectable Nonconformist Divine, died March 27, 1687; and left a valuable Library, in all parts of Learning, which sold for 1300l.
These Catalogues are all in quarto; the different Sciences form distinct numbers, and sometimes distinct pages.
"His person was tall and slender; he had a graceful aspect (neither stern nor effeminate); his eyes were smiling and lively;
It is not to be doubted that from hence to the present year might be deduced a regular series of both sorts, distributing capital libraries of Books and MSS. among a succession of owners.
I can begin only with the Library of Mr. Charles Bernard, 1710-11; after which follows that of Dr. Nehemiah Grew, 1712, the title of which is too curious not to be inserted at large:
"A Catalogue of Part of the Library of that late eminent Nehemiah Grew, M. D. Fellow of the Royal Society, and of the College of Physicians; containing a curious Collection of many valuable Books, in Physick, Divinity, and History, together with Variety of uncommon stitched Pamphlets and
his complexion was of a honey colour, and he breathed as if he had run a race. The figure and symmetry of his face exactly proportionable. He had a soft voice, and a very obliging tongue. He was of the sect of the Peripatetics, for he walked every week to Hampstead. He was very moderate in his eating, drinking, and sleeping, and was blessed with a great memory, which he employed for the good of the publick; for he had the largest collection of stitched books of any man in the world, and could furnish the Clergy (at a dead lift) with a printed sermon on any text or occasion. His death was a public loss, and will never be repaired unless by his ingenious son-in-law, Mr. William Laycock, who, I hear, is making a general collection of stitched books; and as Mr. Miller's stock was all put into his hands, (perhaps) he is the fittest man in London to perfect such a useful undertaking." Dunton, p. 289.
*Serjeant Surgeon to Queen Anne (see vol. IV. p. 104).
The Library of Dr. Francis Bernard, Fellow of the College of Physicians, and Physician to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, was sold by auction in 1698. See the very curious advertisement to his Catalogue in Dibdin's Bibliomania, p. 418.-He was buried at St. - Botolph's, Aldersgate, with the following epitaph:
"Heic juxta situs est Franciscus Bernardus, M. D.
hujus Civitatis Delicia nuper, nunc Desiderium:
quem summa & penè certa Artis medica scientia,
And also Anne, his wife, died April 12, 1708."