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1785 Drs. Huck-Saunders and Petit, Professor Brockett, Dr. Paul Wright* (at Bishop's Stortford), Edward Wynne, Mr. Tutet, Henderson the famous Tragedian, Jeacock and Bromfield, Toup, Dr. Robertson's Spanish library, Lord George Sackville, Bourdillon, Dr. Richard Bentley, rector of Nailstone (sold at Leicester). 1786 Dr. Andrew Coltee Ducarel.

1787 Edward Wortley Montague's MSS. Dr. Adee, Paul Henry Maty, Dr. Wright, Benjamin Bartlett, William Bayntun, Major Pearson, Mr. Henderson. 1788 E. Bettesworth, A.M.; S. Edmondson, Mowbray herald, Dr. J. G. King||, Dr. Sydenham, Col. borough of Leicester. In the House of Commons he was particularly active in all Committees relating to Trade and Commerce; an upright Legislator, influenced only by the dictates of an honest heart. A portrait of him is placed in the Town Hall at Leicester. He died Feb. 8, 1784, ætat. 62; leaving two daughters; of whom one was married to sir George-AugustusWilliam Shuckburgh, bart. M. P. for the county of Warwick, and died s. p.; the other, to Joseph Nash, esq. a very considerable grocer in London (only son of Alderman William Nash) by whom she has one daughter; and, secondly, Aug. 19, 1785, to Edward-Loveden Loveden, esq. of Buscot Park, Berks, M. P. for Abingdon.

* Of whom see before, p. 179.

+ See P. 151.

Of whom see memoirs, vol. VI. p. 380.

§ Of whom see momoirs, vol. IV. p. 625.

|| Dr. John Glen King was a native of Norfolk; admitted of Caius College, Cambridge; where he proceeded A. B. 1752, A. M. 1763; incorporated at Oxford March 19, 1771; B. and D. D. (of Christ Church) August 21, 1771. He was also F. R. S. and F. S. A.; and Chaplain to the English factory at St. Petersburg. In 1772, he published "The Rites and Ceremonies of the Greek Church in Russia, containing an account of its Doc trine, Worship, and Discipline," 4to. In 1778, "A Letter to the [late] Bishop of Durham, containing some Observations on the Climate of Russia, and the Northern Countries, with a View of the Flying Mountains at Zarsko Sello, near St. Petersburg," 4to. And in the VIIIth volume of "Archæologia," p. 307, "Observations on the Barberini Vase." He was engaged in a medallic work, having been appointed medallist to the Empress of Russia. He was presented to the rectory of Wormley by Sir Abraham Hume, bart. in July 1783; and, on the death of the Rev. Wheatly Heald, in the summer of 1786, he purchased the chapelry of Spring Garden. He died in 1787, and was buried in the church-yard at Wormley, with the following epitaph:

"Here

Calderwood, duplicates of British Museum, second sale (for 4461.28.9d.), Dr.Martin,Gen.Oglethorpe*. And innumerable others of inférior note.

Among the dealers out of this learned lore we find John Whiston, Thomas Wilcox, Thomas, Samuel, and Edward Ballard, Samuel Bathoe, Samuel Paterson, Samuel Baker, and George Leigh, among the booksellers; and among the general Auctioneers, Cooper, Cock **, Langford, Gerard, Christie, Greenwood, Compton, Ansell.

None have distinguished themselves more in the scientific part of the business than the two Sams, Baker and Paterson, or been better assisted than Cock and Langford.

If, from Sellers of Books by the hammer, we pass to Retailers of Libraries by marked Catalogues, perhaps the pre-eminence in point of time is due to Montague, to the Ballards, T. Green, C. Davis, and John Whiston; to whom succeeded an ample series,

"Here lie the remains of the Reverend John Glen King, D.D. late Rector of this parish.

He died Nov. 2, 1787, in the 56th year of his age.
He married, first, Ann-Magdalene,
daughter of Michael Combrune, esq.

by whom he had one daughter, Anna Henrietta ;
he married secondly, Jane, daughter of John Hyde, esq."
* Of whom see memoirs, vol. II. p. 17.

+ See vol. I. p. 494.

Ibid. p. 422. vol. III. p.
See pp. 161.630.

"

405. § See before, p. 438. ** Portraits of Mr. Cock, the celebrated Auctioneer, and of his ¶ Ibid. wife, who was famed for her knowledge of the Polite Arts, and for her taste in Literature, are noticed in the "Memoirs of Hogarth, 1810," vol. II. p. *287.

++ Mr. Langford's portrait is also noticed in the above-cited page. Many years well known and justly celebrated as an auctioneer, and the successful disposer of property of every kind, whether by public sale or private contract. With an easy and gentleman-like flow of eloquence, he possessed, in a great degree, the power of persuasion, and even tempered his public address by a gentle refinement of manners. He died in Pall Mall, after a long and lingering illness, Nov. 8, 1803, aged 73, and was buried, on the 14th, in St. James's burial ground. His son, the present Mr. Christie, has distinguished himself no less in the lite rary world than in the profession in which he succeeds his Father.

who

who annually distribute their Books at fixed prices, for ready money, and from a certain date, and some of them have attained to issue out Catalogues twice a year, as bargains fall in, or the town continues full.

Among these Catalogists stands foremost Tom Osborne, who filled one side of Gray's-inn with his lumber, and, without knowing the intrinsic value of a single book, contrived such arbitrary prices as raised him to his country house and dog-and-duck-huntings.

For his nearest imitator of the genuine breed, rank we Lockyer Davis; next in succession, Thomas Payne and Son, Benjamin White and Son, Robson and Clarke, Leigh and Sotheby, and Otridge.

For emulous and successful rivality, Samuel Hayes, T. Edwards, and the Egertons; for quantity, Lackington. And among the Čatalogists whose race is run, F. Clay, Olive Payne, Fletcher Gyles, A. Lyon, Herman Noorthouck, Nicholas Prevost, Charles Marsh, J. Wilcox, David Wilson, T. Davies, and T. Evans.

Among imitators in a second class *, G. Wagstaffe, Andrew Jackson, T. Lowndes, T. Corbett, all

* Let it be recollected that this was written in 1788.

† Andrew Jackson, well known to many dealers in old books, and black letter, kept a shop for more than forty years in Clare Court, Drury Lane. Here, like another Magliabechi, midst dust and cobwebs, he indulged his appetite for reading; legends and romances, history and poetry, were indiscriminately his favourite pursuits. Unlike a contemporary brother of the trade ‡, he did not make the curiosity of his customers a foundation of a collection for his own use, and refuse to part with an article, where he found an eagerness in a purchaser to obtain it. Where he met with a rarity, he would retain the same till he had satisfied his own desires in the perusal of it, and then part with it agreeable to his promise. Though placed in an humble rank in life, he was easy, chearful, and facetious. If he did not abound, his wants were few, and he secured enough to carry him to his journey's end. He was retainer to the Muses, but rather traversed the plains than ascended any steps up the hill of Parnassus. In 1740 he published the first Book of Paradise Lost in rhime: and ten years afterwards, with somewhat better success, "Matrimonial Scenes; consisting of the Seaman's Tale, the Manciple's

John King, of Moorfields, whose curious library, consisting of ten days' sale, was sold by auction by Baker in 1760. Tale,

S s

VOL. III.

deceased; Fox, quitted; Pridden, Gardner, Collins, Chapman, King, Ogilvie, Joseph White, W. Lowndes, Dennis, Sheppardson and Reynolds, John Hayes, Anderson, Cuthell, Marson, Manson, Thornton, Jefferys, and Barker.

Of late years also the Booksellers in many of our Provincial Towns have exhibited Catalogues of no small bulk or value; particularly Oxford, Canterbury, Norwich, Cambridge, York, Exeter, Halifax, Woodbridge, &c. &c. &c.

Prices were at first fixed in the first leaf of each Book; afterwards, as at present, transcribed from thence into the printed Catalogue, where some books, however, of great value, are left without price. The Library of Sir Richard Gibbs, knt. of Great Waltham and Bury St. Edmund's, was sold in 1729 by T. Green, Spring Gardens, Bookseller (with fixed prices). Qu. If not the earliest?

I have seen an undated "Address to the Learned: or, an advantageous Lottery for Books in Quires; wherein each Adventurer of a Guinea is sure of a Prize of Two Pound Value; and it is but Four to One that he has a Prize of Three, Six, Eight, Twelve, or Fifty Pounds, as appears by the following Proposals:" 1500 lots, at il. 1s. each, to be drawn with the lots out of two glasses, superintended by John

Tale, the Character of the Wife at Bath, the Tale of the Wife at Bath, and her Five Husbands-all modernized from Chaucer; by A. Jackson.

The first refiner of our native lays

Chaunted these tales in Second Richard's days;
Time grudg'd his wit, and on his language fed!
We rescue but the living from the dead;

And what was sterling verse so long ago

Is here new coined to make it current now. Lond. 1750, Svo.“ The contents of his Catalogues of the years 1756, 1757, 1759, and one without date, as specified in their titles, were in rhime. In 1751, in conjunction with Charles Marsh, he republished, as Shakespeare's, a "Briefe conceipte touching the Commonweale of this Realme of England; originally printed in 1581." He quitted his business about a year before his death, which happened on the twenty-fifth of July 1778, having completed his 83d year the fourteenth of May preceding.

+,

Lilly* and Edward Darrel, esqrs. Mr. Deputy Collins, and Mr. William Proctor, stationer. 2 lots of 50l. 10 of 12l. 20 of 81. 68 of 6l. 200 of 3l. 1200 of 21. The undertakers were: Thomas Leigh and D. Midwinter, at the Rose and Crown, in St. Paul's church-yard; Mr. Aylmer, at the Three Pigeons, and Mr. Richard Parker t, under the Piazza of the Royal Exchange; Mr. Nicholson §, in Little Britain; Mr. Tooke, at the Middle Temple Gate, Fleet-street; Mr. Brown, at the Black Swan, without Temple Bar; Mr. Sare, at Gray's-inn Gate; Mr. Lownds, at the Savoy Gate; Mr. Castle, near Scotland-yard Gate; and Mr. Gilly flower, in Westminster-hall; Booksellers. D. H. Gent. Mag. vol. LVIII. pp. 1065-1069.

* Who had been Clerk to the Stationers Company. See p. 606. + "Mr. Brabazon Ailmer, a very just and religious man. I was partner with him in Keith's Narrative of the Proceedings at Turners Hall, and so had an opportunity to know him. He is nicely exact in all his accounts, and is well acquainted with the mysteries of his trade. He printed Bishop Tillotson's Works, so many of them as came abroad in his life-time. He published Doctor Barrow's Works and has been as often engaged in very useful designs, as any other that can be named through the whole trade." Dunton, p. 282.

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"His body is in good case; his face red and plump; his eyes brisk and sparkling; of an humble look and behaviour, naturally witty; and fortunate in all he prints; and is universally known and beloved by the Merchants that frequent the Royal Exchange." Dunton, p. 287.

§ "His talent lies at projection, though I am thinking his Voyages and Travels will be a little posthumous. He is usually fortunate in what he goes upon. He is a man of good sense, for I have known him lay the first rudiments and sinews of a design with great judgment, and always according to the rules of art or interest. He purchased part of my stock, when I threw up all concerns in trade; and I ever found him a very honest man. Dunton, p. 285.

"

Mr. Benjamin Tooke, immortalized as the Bookseller of Swift and Pope, was an eminent Bookseller at the Middle Temple Gate, Fleet-street. He died May 24, 1723, leaving a considerable estate to his younger brother Andrew Tooke, for many years Master of the Charterhouse School as under and head Master.-Dunton, p. 289, says, "he was descended from the ingenious Tooke, that was formerly Treasurer. He was truly honest, a man of refined sense (or could never have been related to Ben Tooke), and was unblemished in his reputation."

T "Both his eyes were never at once from home; for one

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