1768 Sir Brydges Baldwin; Dr. Lawson; and Mr. Lobb, of Peter-house, Cambridge. 1769 Rev. Mr. Wettenhall, Minister of Waltham


1772 Dr. Michael Festing, rector of Wyke Regis, Dorset; Richard Phelps, esq. Provost-marshalgeneral of the Leeward Islands; and Messieurs Richardsons,eminent Portrait-painters, of Queen


1775 Sir Thomas Abdy, Bart. of Albyns; Rev. Stotherd Abdy, Minister of Coopersall; Dr. Dowset, Physician to the Charter-house; and the medical part of Dr. Daniel, of Colchester. 1776 Rev. Joseph Sims, Prebendary of St. Paul's; Dr. Edward Jackson, Rector of Christ church, Surrey.

1777 Mr, John Channing*, Apothecary, of Essexstreet; and Dr. John Roberts, of Ross. Ballard, Samuel and Edward, Little Britain. 1758 Randolph Walker, esq.; Jervase Scot, esq.; Rev. Dr. Bar. Bulkeley,

1777 Miscellaneous.

1778 Wayman, M. D.

Barker, J. Russel-court, Drury-lane, 1790.
Bathoe, William, near Exeter-'change, Strand.
William Hogarth, esq. Serjeant-painter.
Baynes, William, Paternoster-row.

1796 Thomas Lloyd, Bristol; Wm. Taylor, Bath. Becket and De Hondt, Strand.

Books imported 1761-1766. Bickerton, William, Devereux-court, Temple bar. 1727 Paul Beach, esq. Bingley, William (by commission).

* The very learned Editor of " Rhazes de Variolis, 1767." This very intelligent Bookseller died Oct. 2, 1768.

A man of some notoriety in the days of Wilkes and Liberty. He began his political career, May 10, 1768, by publishing, at a shop opposite Durham-yard in the Strand, "The North Briton," No. XLVII. in continuation of the celebrated papers under that name by Mr. Wilkes; and, for a letter to Lord Mansfield in No. L. was called on by the Attorney-general to shew cause why an attachment should not be issued against him as Publisher; when he wished to have pleaded his own cause, but was not per



Dorne, bankrupt, at Feversham in Kent. mitted. His intended speech, with the proceedings of the Court, are given in No. LI. He was committed to Newgate, whence he addressed, July 1, a remarkable letter to Mr. Harley, then Lord Mayor, occasioned by some cruel reflections of his Lordship's, No. LV; another to the North Briton, No LIX. In Numbers LXIV. and LXXV. he is stated to have been the first person, independent of a Court of justice, imprisoned by attachment from the abolition of the court of Star Chamber. Nov. 7, after having been 72 days in Newgate, he was committed to the King's Bench, for "not putting in bail to answer interrogatories upon oath." Assisted, as he doubtless was, by the private advice of some distinguished Lawyers, the defence of the English subject's freedom, in his case, is nervously stated in No. LXXV. The esult was, that, on Dec. 5, on entering into recognizance for his appearing on the first day of the next term, he was discharged out of custody. His declaration to the public on this head is in No. LXXXI. Jan. 23, 1769, persisting in his refusal to answer interrogatories, he was remanded to the King's Bench, No. LXXXVII.; and, Feb. 16, made a solemn affidavit that he never would, without torture, answer to the proposed interrogatories, No. XCI. June 14, 1769, he brought from the King's Bench prison to the Common Pleas, by habeas corpus, to surrender himself to an action of debt, in order to be removed to the Fleet; but, though it appeared, by the return of the writ, that he was not in execution at the suit of the Crown, but in custody to answer interrogatories, the Court was of opinion they were not authorized to change the place of his confinement, and he was therefore remanded back. In August that year he published a new edition of the first XLVI numbers of the "North Briton," with explanatory Notes; and" an Appendix, containing a full and distinct Account of the Persecutions carried on against John Wilkes, Esq. With a faithful Collection of that Gentleman's Tracts, from 1762 to 1769." He still pursued the continuation of that work; and No. CXVII. was published July 22, by W. Bingley, a Prisoner in the King's Bench, and sold at his shop, No. 31, Newgate-street. In 1769 he was one of the editors of " L'Abbé Velly's History of France," of which only one volume was published. In June 1770, being" suddenly and unexpectedly released from two years' confinement," he commenced a new weekly paper, under the title of" Bingley's Journal." He still also continued "The North Briton" till No. CCXVIII. May 11, 1771; after which day he incorporated those Essays, for a few weeks longer, in his Weekly Journal; till at length, after having been long flattered, by the party which had made him their tool, with the vain hope of a gratuity of 500l. his credit in trade became exhausted, and he suffered for his temerity and credulity by an enrolment in the list of bankrupts. He afterwards sought refuge in Ireland, where for several years he carried on the business of a Bookseller; but, returning into this country in 1783, found an asylum in the of

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1794 George Smith, of Peircefield, esq. including

fice of Mr. Nichols the Printer (in which capacity he originally set out in life), and where he in some degree found repose from the turmoils of political strife. He could not, however, refrain from authorship. In 1787 he illustrated with notes "The RidMdle," by the unhappy G. R. Fitzgerald, esq.; wrote an essay on the Basaltine fires in Ireland; a pamphlet on Smithfield Market, and against Carcase-Butchers; a curious letter on Stones falling from the air; and a quarto pamphlet on the late Rebellion in Ireland. He also published "The New Plain Dealer, or, Will Freeman's Budgets," a periodical work, " continued occasionally, at various prices, according to quantity." Defence Four numbers only of the work appeared between 1791 and 1794; consisting, chiefly, of a farrago of political spleen, and che invectives against courtiers and their dependents. Prefixed to dit was a portrait of the author, under the character of "an English Citizen, who was two years imprisoned in English Bastiles, without trial, conviction, or sentence," and a long account of his own sufferings, under the title of "A Sketch of English Liberty;" in which he states that 500l. was actually voted to him at a meeting of the Constitutional Society, on the suggestion of Mr. Horne Tooke; but that, at a subsequent meeting, Mr. Wilkes stood foremost in opposition to the money being raised for him on that Society. In the preface to No. IV. the writer modestly likens himself to a phoenix; "he exists merely of himself-he has passed through the fire of persecution, and, in imitation of that bird, has risen again from his own ashes; so that his subjects of Fires and Illuminations, singular as they appear, are only natural. But, although a phoenix, and perhaps such a one as may never again rise in this part of the globe, the citizens of London need be under no apprehension of his ever setting fire to the Thames. The principal danger lies against the writer himself, who, instead of possessing that energetic fire which might be expected of a phoenix, may, and he fears will too soon, appear to partake more of the heaviness of a goose." No. V. was announced as an intended "Sequel to the Memoirs of the late Jack Straw, Sinner, Saint, and Devil, who sold books by millions."

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In 1796 Mr. Bingley published, "A Supplement to Smithfield Market, shewing the Power of the People, and the Practicability of a Plan for reducing the Prices of Butchers' Meat."-He was a man of strong natural understanding, though not much assisted by literature; and was of the strictest integrity; but unfortu nately possessed an habitual irritability of temper, which proved a perpetual discomfort. With the most earnest inclination to do right, he frequently wandered into error; and a considerable portion of his time was employed in making apologies for mistakes which a slight consideration would have prevented.-He was for 36 years happy in a connubial connexion with a very worthy woman, by whom he left three daughters; all of whom being respectably married, he again engaged in a matrimonial connexion, Jan. 21, 1798, with the widow of a Captain in the India trade, whɔ survived to lament his almost sudden loss.


that of the late Dr. Joseph Smith, brother to the learned Editor of Bede *.

Brindley, P. New Bond-street, 1758. Brown, Daniel, Black Swan, without Temple-bar. 1727 Walter Richards, esq. and Dr. Woodhouse. 1728 Charles Spelman, esq.

Several others.

Brown S, William, Essex-street, Strand, 1794. Cater, William, Holborn,

The following inscription is in St. Bride's Church-yard.

"In memory of Mary, late wife of William Bingley, of New Romney, county of Kent, but now of this parish, bookseller, and daughter of the late Richard Dann, of Hertsbury, Wilts. She was born March 6th, 1736, died June 18, 1796, in the 36th year of her marriage, which terminated, as it commenced, in the most cordial love and truest friendship.

"To you, dear wife, to worth but rarely known,
I raise with sighs this monumental stone;

And though mature from Earth to Heaven remov'd,
In death still honour'd, as in life belov'd.

Oft as I call to mind her love sincere,

Her virtue, friendship, all the world holds dear,
With what maternal tenderness endued,
Her truth, her more than female fortitude;
The rod of Power long patient to sustain,
A painful illness long, yet ne'er complain;
And now resign'd to everlasting rest,
She leaves a bright example to the best.
For when this transient dream of life is o'er,
And all the busy passions are no more,
Say, what avails them, but to leave behind
The footsteps of a good and generous mind.
Also the said William Bingley,
died 23d October, 1799, aged 61.
Cold is that heart that beat in Freedom's cause,
The steady advocate of all her Laws.
Unmov'd by threats or bribes his race he ran,
And lived and died the Patriot !-the Man."

W. B.

* Dr. John Smith, the Editor of Bede, died 1715; see vol. I. pp. 233. 705. George Smith, son of Dr. John, completed the edition of Bede, and died in 1756.

He was predecessor of Mr. James Robson; and the publisher of a remarkably elegant Edition of the Classics.

"I have always thought there's an unusual sweetness that reigns in this man's countenance: he's very humble; and I believe him a good man. He's a sincere lover of the Established Church; and yet his principles are moderate enough." Dunton, p. 284.

§ Mr. Brown served his apprenticeship with, and was afterwards many years journeyman to, Mr. Sandby; on whose quitting


1767 Lord Willoughby of Parham, P. A. S. 1774 The late eminent Antiquary, Cudworth Bruck, esq. of Wallingford.

- 1777, 78, 79, 80.

1781 Rev. Mr. Spooner, of Chesham, and an eminent Mathematician.

Des Carrieres, Union-street, Bishopsgate-str. 1788. Chapman, Henry, Old Round-court, Strand, 1776, 77, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 87.

1781 Dr. Henry Chapman, Dean of Worcester. 1783 Collection of Tracts by Dr. Mead; remainder 1796.

Chapman, Henry, with King and Collins, on Snowhill. with King, King-street, Covent

Garden, 1790.


1795 P. Hobler, auction.

removed to Woodstock-street, Oxfordstreet, 1796.

Clarke, William, New Bond-street, 1793. Collins*, William, 1778, Pope's head-alley, burnt out, 1779, Exchange-alley, 1781, 82, 83, 84. 1785 Part of Eve's and Mead's Tracts.

1787 Luke Trusfield, esq. of Reading.

John-street, Oxford-street, 1795.

Conant, Nathanael, Successor to Mr. Whiston, Fleet-street.

1776 Samuel Speed, M. A. Rector of Martyr Worthy, Hants.

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business, about 1765, he opened the shop in which he died. He married the only sister of Mr. Harrison, surgeon and apothecary, of Enfield, and of the Rev. Mr. Harrison, Dissenting Minister at Warrington; by her he had one son, who died an infant; and she died 1795.-Mr. Brown died of a fever, after a week's illness, Feb. 14, 1797, aged 63, and was buried at Enfield, near the remains of his wife, on the 24th. He divided his fortune between her brothers and their children, after making provision for his own poor relations, who were very few. He was succeeded in business by Mr. Robert Bickerstaff.

* His Catalogues, for a considerable number of years, furnished several curious articles to the literary collectors. He died, in Warwick-street, Golden-square, of a confirmed asthma, in March 1801.


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