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'ADAPTED TO

MURRAY'S

ENGLISH GRAMMAR,

CONSISTING OF

EXERCISES IN PARSING; INSTANCES OF FALSE OR⭑
THOGRAPHY; VIOLATIONS OF THE RULES OF
SYNTAX; DEFECTS IN PUNCTUATION:

AND

VIOLATION OF THE RULES RESPECTING PERSPICU.
OUS AND ACCURATE WRITING.

DESIGNED FOR THE

BENEFIT OF PRIVATE LEARNERS,

AS WELL AS

FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS.

BY LINDLEY MURRAY.

Baltimore:

PUBLISHED BY CUSHING & JEWETT, F. LUCAS, JR.
AND ARMSTRONG & PLASKITT,

BENJAMIN EDES, PRINTER
1828.

HARVARD UNIVERSITY

LIBRARY

INTRODUCTION.

THE principles of knowledge become most intelligible to young persons, when they are explained and inculcated by practical illustration and direction. This mode of teaching is attended with so many advantages, that it can scarcely be too much recommended, or pursued. Instruction which is enlivened by pertinent examples, and in which the pupil is exercised in reducing the rules prescribed to practice, has a more striking effect on the mind, and is better adapted to fix the attention, and sharpen the understanding, than that which is divested of these aids, and confined to bare positions and precepts; in which it too frequently happens that the learner has no further concern, than to read and repeat them. The time and care employed in practical application, give occasion to survey the subject minutely, and in different points of view: by which it becomes more known and produces stronger and more durable impressions.

These observations are peculiarly applicable to the study of grammar, and the method of teaching it. The rules require frequent explanation; and, besides direct elucidation, they admit of examples erroneously constructed, for exercising the student's sagacity and judgment. To rectify these, attention and reflection are requisite; and the knowledge of the rule necessarily results from the study and correction of the sentence. But these are not all the advantages which arise from Grammatical Exercises. By discovering their own abilities to detect and amend errors, and their consequent improvement, the scholars become pleased with their studies, and are animated to proceed, and surmount the obstacles which occur in their progress. The instructer, too, is relieved and encouraged in his labours. By discerning exactly the powers and improvement of his pupils, he perceives the proper season for advancing them; and by observing the points in which they are deficient, he knows precisely where to apply his directions and explanations.

These considerations have induced the Compiler to collect and arrange a variety of erroneous examples, adapted to the different rules and instructions of English Grammar, and to the principles of perspicuous ond accurate writing. It has not indeed been usual, to make Grammatical Exercise, in our language, very numerous and extensive; but if the importance and usefulness of them be as great as they are conceived to be, no apology will be necessary for the large field of employment, which the following work presents to the student of English Grammar. If he be detained longer than is

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